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Dr. Norm Geddes holds a Doctoral degree in Systems Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology, with a specialty in Human-Machine Systems. He is a leading researcher on the creation and validation of real-time computer models of human beliefs and intentions, both as individuals and as groups.[1] His ground-breaking use of real-time models of human beliefs and intentions has been recognized by numerous awards, including the Grover Bell Award for research from the American Helicopter Society for his work on the Army Rotorcraft Pilots Associate, and a 2005 National Group Achievement Award from NASA for his contributions to modeling of human beliefs and intentions in collaborative air traffic management. Dr. Geddes also holds a Master of Science in Aeronautical Systems and a Bachelor of Science in Physics. From 1971 to 1977, he served as a Naval Aviator, completing tours as a jet flight instructor and as a project test pilot for tactical jet fighter projects at the Naval Air Development Center. After making several technical contributions to human interaction with complex systems and simulations, Dr. Geddes turned his main research interests to the creation of real-time intelligent systems that model the complex behaviors of skilled humans, as individuals and as groups.[2] Dr. Geddes holds patents in the use of real-time dynamic models of intentions as applied to intelligent network management and dynamic business process management.[3]


  1. ^ Smith, P.J., Geddes, N.D. and Beatty, R. (2006) Human-Centered Design of Decision Support Systems in Jacko, J. and Sears, A. (Eds) Handbook for Human Computer Interaction in Interactive Systems, 2nd Edition. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. In Press.
  2. ^ Geddes, N.D., (1997) Associate Systems: A framework for human-machine cooperation, in Smith, M. J., Slavendy, G. & Koubek, R.J. , (Eds) Design of Computing Systems: Social and ergonomic considerations. Advances in Human Factiors/Ergonomics Vol 21B. New York: Elsevier. 237-242.
  3. ^ US Patent 6751661 - Method and system for providing intelligent network management US Patent Issued on June 15, 2004

Selected Publications

Geddes, N.D. and Lizza, C. (2001) Practical applications of a real time, dynamic model of intentions, Proceedings of the 2001 AAAI Fall Symposium, (Keynote address for workshop on modeling intentions). Cape Cod MA September 2001.

Geddes, N.D. and Lizza, C.S. (1999) Shared plans and situations as a basis for collaborative decision making in air operations. SAE World Aeronautics Conference, Irving CA. SAE Paper 1999-5538.

Geddes, N.D., Smith, D.M. & Lizza, C.S. (1998) Fostering Collaboration in Systems of Systems. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Systems Man and Cybernetics, La Jolla, CA. October 8-11, 1998

Geddes, N.D., Brown, J.L.., Beamon, W., & Wise, J.A. (1996) A shared model of intentions for Free Flight, Proceedings of the 15th AIAA/IEEE Digital Avionics Systems Conference, Atlanta GA, October 27-31, 1996. 179-184.

Geddes, N.D. (1997) Large scale models of cooperative and hostile intentions, IEEE Computer Society International Conference and Workshop on Engineering of Computer Based Systems (ECBS’97), March 24-28, 1997, Monterey, CA.

Shalin V.L., Geddes, N.D. Bertram, D., Szczepkowski, M.A. & DuBois, D. Expertise in dynamic physical task domains. In Feltovich, P., Ford, K. & Hoffman, R. (Eds.) Expertise in Context: Human and Machine. Cambridge: MIT Press. 194-217.

Geddes, N.D. (1994) A model for intent interpretation for multiple agents with conflicts. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, SMC-94, October 10-12, 1994. San Antonio, TX.

Geddes, N.D., Pullum, L. & Hoffman, M.A. (1992) Intelligent interfaces in command and control systems. Proceedings of IEEE conference on C31 Technology and Applications, Rome, NY. June 1-4, 1992.

Geddes, N.D. (1991)Verification and validation testing of the Pilot’s Associate. Proceedings of the 10th AIAA Digital Avionics Systems Conference, Los Angeles, CA, October 14-18, 1991.

Rouse, W.B. Geddes, N.D. & Hammer, J.M. (1990) Computer-aided fighter pilots. IEEE Spectrum, March 1990, 38-41.

Sewell, D.R., Geddes, N.D., & Rouse, W.B. (1987) Initial evaluation of an intelligent interface for operators of complex systems. In G. Salvendy (Eds), Cognitive engineering in the design of human-computer interaction and expert systems 551-558. New York: Elsevier.

Rouse, W.B., Geddes, N.D., & Curry, R.E. (1987) An architecture for intelligent interfaces: Outline of an approach to supporting operators of complex systems. Human-Computer Interaction, 3, 87-122.

Geddes, N.D. (1986) The use of individual differences in inferring human operator intentions. Proceedings of the Second Annual Aerospace Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, 30-41.

Geddes, N.D. (1985) Intent inferencing using scripts and plans. Proceedings of the First Annual Aerospace Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, 160-172.



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