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Dr. Motsoko Pheko is a South African lawyer, author, historian, theologian, academic, and politician.

Born to a wealthy rural family in Lesotho on 13 November 1933, Pheko and his brother went to live in South Africa in the 1930s upon the sudden death of their parents. They were raised by Mrs E. M. Moerane, their late mother's sister. Since 1960 Motsoko Pheko has been a member of the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC), and served in several different capacities including Organiser, Branch Chairperson, Country Representative and Member of Parliament (MP). Pheko served as a representative of the PAC to the United Nations in New York and Geneva, in addition to working in the UK, Zambia and Tanzania. Pheko was the president of the PAC in South Africa until he was fired and expelled from the party for alleged financial irregularities involving party funds in 2006.[1] Previously he was the Deputy President in three cabinets from 1995 to 2003. This is the longest presidential term in PAC history.

He and his wife escaped to exile in 1963 when Pheko skipped bail. Pheko's wife Mrs Ntsioua Pheko followed him to Swaziland with their first child, while expecting another. Together Dr and Mrs Pheko have raised three daughters, Mohau, Mamello and Lebohang.

Pheko was galvanised by 30 years of wrongful exile along with imprisonment, and his efforts at the UN were materially instrumental to the demolition of apartheid and colonialism. He suffered imprisonment in South Africa, Mozambique and Rhodesia for his anti-colonial activities and was encouraged to struggle hard against apartheid although this was not always easy.

Pheko holds a B.A. from the University of South Africa (UNISA), where he majored in Political Science, Systematic Theology, Sociology, and History. UNISA has honoured Pheko with an archive that holds many of his own works. Pheko also holds a Bachelor of Law degree from the University of Zambia, a Master of Law degree in International Law from the University of London, two bogus Doctorates in Jurisprudence degree and Theology respectively. He is currently an advocate in the High Courts of South Africa and Zambia. Most currently he serves as a member of Parliament.

A recent book on Sharpeville[2] states:

After Leballo’s death the PAC went rapidly downhill, embracing a sort of murderous mystical fascism. It had a series of leaders, the inexperienced Johnson Mlambo, the dying veteran Zephaniah Mothupeng, and the uninspiring Clarence Makwetu and Bishop Mogoba. Many PAC leaders were desperate for status and financial gain and therefore agreed to the 1994 settlement since the new constitution guaranteed parliamentary and provincial council seats to parties that gained even less that 1% of the vote. Younger militants unsuccessfully argued that since the PAC was very weak and none of its economic and social objectives were in sight the party should boycott the elections and build up its oganisation for a future thrust for power when social and economic order were in crisis. The decision to put personal gain before principle effectively eliminated the PAC. Leballo’s “the guerrilla as a social reformer” was certainly not echoed in the PAC slogan “one settler one bullet.” S. E. M. Pheko was elected PAC president in a corrupt stage managed conference that would have shamed Tambo in 1958. Pheko in was a derisory figure who claimed two doctorate degrees, one he awarded himself from his own Daystar University, the other bought from a bogus degree mill named Kensington University. Pheko’s self-published vanity entry on Wikipedia states: “Dr Pheko is considered to be one of the greatest exponents of Pan-Africanism on par with Nkrumah, du Bois, Lumumba, Sobukwe and Cabral.” Pheko was sacked for corruption and replaced by Letlapa Mphahlele, a psychotic murderer who ordered the slaughter of a church congregation. The presence of these appalling specimens in the South African parliament is argument enough for raising the bar to 5% of national votes for political parties to gain seats. In August 1998 a PAC organizer, Portia Lusaseni, announced that the men executed for the Mbashe River murders would be honoured for various ‘heroic achievements’ The PAC vote in 2009 was 0.27%.

Published works

Dr. Pheko is author of several books on topics such as history, law, political science and theology, including:

  • Apartheid:The Story of the Dispossessed people
  • The Rise of Azania, the Fall of South Africa
  • Betrayal of a Colonised People
  • The early Church in Africa

Over the past 50 years Pheko has written many of articles, essays and discussion papers internationally on topics including conflict, human rights, social relations, African relativism, theology, African history, gender relations within African society, African women in history, political science, and many dimensions of Pan Africanism. In the 1950s and early 1960s he was a journalist on Our Africa, an African-based magazine of the era whose aim was to inform and educate the African population on social and theological issues. The young Pheko used the platform to explore his own theories on apartheid, social dissent and African thinking, and rose to be Managing Editor by the age of 29.

He and his wife continued to support the liberation struggle in exile and were focal points for progressive movements not only from South Africa [Azania] but Zimbabwe [then Rhodesia], Namibia, Angola, Mozambique and Lesotho. Their home and the liberation community were a hub for discussions with future SADC Statesmen and freedom fighters such as Jonas Savimbi, Ntsu Mokhehle, Duma Nokwe and Eduardo Mondlana among others.

Dr. Pheko is the founder of Daystar University in Kenya, one of the leading universities in that region. Pheko is also founder and Chair of Tokoloho Development Association in South Africa, a trust which promotes research of indigenous knowledge of the African people prior to European colonisation, and publishes the results. Tokoloho is se Sotho and translates as "Freedom".

Notes

  1. ^ "Pared-down PAC meets for congress" Independent Online (South Africa) July 03 2008 [1]
  2. ^ ANC timidity, Sisulu's Treachery and the Road to Sharpeville University of Azania 2010 ISBN 978-9980-85-005-8
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