Dragonair: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dragonair
港龍航空
IATA
KA
ICAO
HDA
Callsign
DRAGON
Founded 24 May 1985
Commenced operations July 1985
Hubs Hong Kong International Airport
Frequent flyer program * Asia Miles
* The Marco Polo Club
Member lounge * G16 Lounge
* The Arrival
Alliance Oneworld
Fleet size 28
Destinations 30
Parent company Cathay Pacific
Headquarters Hong Kong
Key people * Kuang-Piu Chao
(Honorary Chairman)
* Tony Tyler (Chairman)
* James Tong (CEO)
Website dragonair.com
For the Pokémon of the same name, see Dragonair.

Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Limited, operating as Dragonair, (traditional Chinese: 港龍航空有限公司Jyutping: gong2 lung4 hong4 hung1 jau5 haan6 gung1 si1) is an international airline headquartered in Hong Kong; with its corporate headquarters, Dragonair House, and main hub at Hong Kong International Airport. The airline operates a scheduled passenger network to 30 destinations in 12 countries and territories across Asia, including codeshares. It has an all Airbus fleet of 28 aircraft, consisting of A320s, A321s and A330s.

Dragonair is a wholly owned subsidiary of Hong Kong's flag carrier, Cathay Pacific, and an affiliate member of the Oneworld alliance. The airline was founded on 24 May 1985 by Kuang-Piu Chao, the airline's present honorary chairman. Its maiden flight departed Hong Kong for Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia after being granted an Air Operator's Certificate (AOC) by the Hong Kong Government in July 1985. In 2009, Dragonair, together with its parent, Cathay Pacific, operated over 56,000 flights, carried nearly 25 million passengers and over 1.52 billion kg of cargo and mail.

Contents

History

An Airbus A320-200 painted in Dragonair's livery taxiing on the taxiway
Dragonair Airbus A320-200
Advertisements

Early beginning

The airline was established in Hong Kong on 24 May 1985 on the initiative of Kuang-Piu Chao, the airline's present honorary chairman, as a subsidiary of Hong Kong Macau International Investment Co. It started operations in July 1985 with a Boeing 737-200 service from Kai Tak International Airport to Kota Kinabalu International Airport in Malaysia, after receiving an Air Operator's Certificate (AOC) from the Hong Kong Government. The airline commenced services to Phuket, Thailand, as well as six secondary cities in mainland China on regular charter basis in 1986. In 1987, the airline became the first Hong Kong-based airline to join as an active member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).[1]

Dragonair was the first local competitor for Hong Kong's largest airline, Cathay Pacific, in forty years; and since the airline's inception, Cathay Pacific fought vigorously to block the airline's flight-slot applications. In January 1987, the airline announced its expansion by the order of two long-range McDonnell Douglas MD-11 aircraft. However, after heated hearing before Hong Kong's Air Transport Licensing Authority, the Hong Kong Government adopted a one route-one airline policy, which lasted until 2001. The airline was not able to gain the scheduled routes it needed to compete effectively. The airline was disadvantaged in that Hong Kong's financial secretary back then, Sir John Bembridge, was a former Cathay Pacific chairman.[2][3][4]

Mr Stephen Miller, Dragonair's first CEO, said:

Our arrival on the scene was not hailed very enthusiastically by the then Hong Kong government...we got a lot of opposition from Cathay (Pacific).[4]

It was later discovered that Cathay Pacific was concentrating on a boom in travel elsewhere in the 1980s, and left the undeveloped China market to Dragonair. Forced into accepting lesser routes, the young airline focused on the mainland.[4]

1990s

In January 1990, Cathay Pacific, Swire Group and CITIC Pacific acquired an 89 percent stake in the airline, with CITIC Pacific holding 38 percent; while the family of the airline's chairman Kuang-Piu Chao reduced their holding from 22 percent to 6 percent, with the remainder held by minor shareholders. The change of ownership saw Cathay Pacific transferring its Beijing and Shanghai routes to Dragonair, along with a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar on a lease basis. The first Airbus A320 joined the airline's fleet in March 1993 and by December, there was a total of six A320 aircraft. This was followed by the introduction of the Airbus A330 wide-body aircraft into the Dragonair's fleet in July 1995.[2][5][6][7]

A further redistribution of shares took place in April 1996, when China National Aviation Corporation (CNAC) purchased 35.86 percent of Dragonair and became the largest shareholder, with Cathay Pacific and Swire retaining 25.50 percent, CITIC Pacific retaining 28.50 percent and the Chao family retaining 5.02 percent. CNAC's holding was further increased to 43 percent when it was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on 17 December 1997. On 5 July 1998, Dragonair Flight 841 from Chongqing was the last scheduled arrival at Kai Tak Airport, landed runway 13 at 15:38 GMT (23:38 Hong Kong time).[2][7][8][9]

Operational expansion

Dragonair Boeing 747-400BCF freighter
Dragonair Boeing 747-400BCF Freighter

In 2000, the airline commenced an all-cargo service to Shanghai, Europe and the Middle East using a leased Boeing 747-200 freighter and a service to Osaka was added in May 2001. The airline purchased two Boeing 747-300 freighters in 2001 and extended freight operations to Xiamen and Taipei in 2002. The airline's net profits rose 60 percent to HK$540 million in 2002, with cargo operations accounting for 30 percent of revenues; and freight volume increasing nearly 50 percent to 20,095 tonnes.[2][10]

All regular flights were converted to scheduled services in March 2000, with passenger service to Taipei, Bangkok and Tokyo commenced in July 2002, November 2003 and April 2004, respectively. Dragonair Cargo continued to see steady growth and the airline began a Hong Kong–Shanghai freight route on behalf of DHL in June 2003 and leased an Airbus A300 freighter to start a cargo service to Nanjing in June 2004. A second daily European loop to Frankfurt and London, in addition to Manchester and Amsterdam, followed and by mid-2004 the airline had five Boeing 747 freighters and 26 Airbus passenger aircraft. In bitter Air Transport Licensing Authority (ATLA) hearings in 2004, Cathay Pacific applied to fly to three mainland cities to which Dragonair filed an objection, saying the move would have an effect on its very survival.[2][10][11]

A new passenger service to Sydney was scheduled to open in the second half of 2005, along with Manila and Seoul as the other anticipated destinations. The airline also planned services to the United States in 2005, at first with cargo flights. It was the airline's intention to more than double its freighter fleet to nine Boeing 747s by 2008.[2]

Cathay Pacific takeover

By 2005, Cathay Pacific owned 18 percent of the airline, with its parent, Swire Pacific owned 7.71 percent; CNAC owned 43 percent and CITIC Pacific owned 28.5 percent. A Hong Kong newspaper reported that Swire Pacific was in advanced negotiations that would see Cathay Pacific taking over Dragonair. This was dismissed outright by Tony Tyler, then Chief Operating Officer of Cathay Pacific who said "We have no plans to change that structure right now... we are happy with the structure of the shareholding in Dragonair at the moment. " Peter Hilton, transport analyst at CSFB, said Tyler's remarks were a "cut and dried" dismissal of the takeover talk.[12]

On 28 September 2006, Dragonair became a wholly owned subsidiary of Cathay Pacific after completion of a major shareholding realignment involving Cathay Pacific, Air China, CNAC, CITIC Pacific and Swire Pacific. Cathay Pacific claimed that Dragonair will continue to operate as a separate airline within the Cathay Pacific group, maintaining its own Air Operator's Certificate and with the brand unchanged, with 2,976 employees worldwide. However, the airline will be downsized with five percent of the airline staff retrenched or transferred into Cathay Pacific. No Cathay Pacific staff were to be affected by this announcement.[13][14][15][16]

By 2009, services to Bangkok and Tokyo; and the expansion plans to introduce services to Sydney, Seoul and the United States have been cancelled and terminated. In addition, the planned nine-aircraft freight operation has also been elminated, with three Boeing 747-400BCF freighters transferred to its parent fleet while the two remaining parked in Victorville.[17][18][19][20]

Service integration

Dragonair's own loyalty programme, The Elite, that was launched on 12 February 2001, was merged into Cathay Pacific's The Marco Polo Club from 1 January 2007. Existing Elite members were offered similar membership by The Marco Polo Club.[10][17][21] On 1 August 2007, the airline opened a joint regional office with Cathay Pacific in Beijing, that featured a dedicated area for the airline and its parent, and joined the Oneworld alliance as an affiliated member on 1 November, which its parent is a founding member.[22][23] In addition, they opened the first airline-branded arrival lounge, The Arrival, at Hong Kong International Airport on 1 October 2008.[24] The airline's ground handling services subsidiary, Hong Kong International Airport Services Ltd (HIAS), was merged with Hong Kong Airport Services Ltd (HAS) on 1 November 2008 and became a wholly owned subsidiary of Cathay Pacific on 1 December 2008.[25]

Subsidiaries and associates

Dragonair aircraft on the tarmac
Dragonair Major Subsidiaries and Associates (as of 26 July 2009 (2009 -07-26))[26]
Company Percentage owned
LSG Lufthansa Service Hong Kong Ltd 31.94%
Dah-Chong Hong-Dragonair Airport GSE Service Ltd (DAS) 30%
HAS GSE Solutions Ltd 30%

Hong Kong International Airport Services Ltd

Hong Kong International Airport Services Ltd (HIAS), a former wholly owned subsidiary, provides ground handling services to the airline at Hong Kong International Airport. Their services include airside/landside operations, airport lounge, baggage services, cargo services, ramp services, ticketing & Information, station control and flight operations.[27] On 1 November 2008, HIAS was integrated into Hong Kong Airport Services Ltd (HAS), a joint venture between Dragonair and Cathay Pacific, to become one of the Asia's largest airport services providers. On 1 December 2008, HAS became a wholly owned subsidiary of Cathay Pacific.[25]

Destinations

The airline currently operates its own aircraft to 26 destinations in Asia from its home in Hong Kong. Its passenger network includes 15 cities in China, including major metropolitan cities of Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. Additionally, Dragonair operates to Bengaluru, Busan, Dhaka, Hanoi, Kaohsiung, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Manila, Phnom Penh, Phuket and Taipei. The airline has a marketing codeshare agreement with Air China to Dalian and Tianjin; and with Royal Brunei Airlines to Bandar Seri Begawan, to serve these destinations without operating its own aircraft.[28][29]

Fleet

Livery

Dragonair Airbus A330-300 in special 20th Anniversary livery at Taipei Taoyuan International Airport
Airbus A330-300 (B-HWG) in special 20th Anniversary livery at Taipei Taoyuan International Airport

All of Dragonair's aircraft is in white colour with a red dragon on the cowling and on the vertical stabilizer; and the airline's name written in Chinese red lettering and in English black lettering above and below the front passenger windows, respectively. In addition, there is a 30 cm Oneworld logo next to the first left door and a Swire Group logo on the aft of the aircraft.[30][31]

On 5 May 2005, Dragonair celebrated its 20th Anniversary with a new Airbus A330-300 (B-HWG) painted in a special livery. The work of art took 14 months to realise, from design tender to completed image. The special livery featured a waterside view with a junk and fishes leaping out of the water at the front of the aircraft; a red dragon spread across the fuselage in the daylight; and children playing with traditional Chinese lanterns by the waterside of an ancient village on the left side of the aircraft, representing the past. It also featured a waterside view with a Star Ferry at front of the aircraft; and a red dragon spread across the fuselage in the Hong Kong night sky, representing the present. Stanley Hui, Dragonair's CEO at the time, described the special livery "embodies the spirit of the Chinese dragons of old – a spirit that aspires to excellence".[32][33]

Passenger

Dragonair operates 28 passenger aircraft, eight of which are fitted with three classes of service (First, Business and Economy) and 21 of which are fitted with two classes of service (Business and Economy). The airline has an all Airbus fleet with a mix of narrow- and wide-body aircraft, with an average age of 7.8 years.[34]

Dragonair Passenger Fleet (as of 14 March 2010 (2010 -03-14))[34]
Aircraft Total Orders[35] Passengers Note
F J Y Total
Airbus A320-200
9
2
0
8
150
158
Airbus A321-200
6
0
24
148
172
Airbus A330-300
13
8
12
42
230
284
Airbus A330-300s without First Class are fitted with
personal televisions in all cabin classes[36]
3
0
42
273
315
3
0
30
270
300
Total 28 2

Loyalty programmes

Dragonair shares two loyalty programmes with its parent company, Cathay Pacific: The Marco Polo Club (The Club), a loyalty programme, and Asia Miles, a travel reward programme.[37][38] Members of The Club are automatically enrolled as Asia Miles members.[39]

The Marco Polo Club

The Marco Polo Club logo
The Marco Polo Club logo

The Marco Polo Club is divided into four tiers, Green (entry level), Silver, Gold and Diamond, based on the member's past travel. A joining fee of US$50 is applicable for a Marco Polo Club membership. Members earn Club Miles and Club Sectors on eligible fare classes with Cathay Pacific, Dragonair and Oneworld member airlines. These are used to calculate the member's eligibility for membership renewal, upgrade or downgrade during the membership year. Higher-tiered members are provided with increased travel benefits such as guaranteed Economy Class seat, additional baggage allowance, priority flight booking and airport lounge access. The Marco Polo Club membership is terminated after 12 months of inactivity or failure to meet minimum travel criteria as outlined in the membership guide.[39][40]

Green

The Green tier is the entry level to the Marco Polo Club. Benefits include dedicated 24-hour club service line for flight reservations, designated Marco Polo check-in counters, excess baggage allowance and lounge access redemptions, and priority boarding. Members are required to earn four Club Sectors for membership renewal.[41]

Silver

Silver tier level is achieved or retained when the member earns 30,000 Club Miles or 20 Club Sectors during the membership year. Additional benefits for Silver Card members include advance seat reservations, priority waitlisting, Business Class check-in counters, 10 kg (22 lb) extra baggage allowance, priority baggage handling and Business Class lounge access when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated flights. Additionally, members are eligible to use the Frequent Visitor e-Channels, for seamless self-service immigration clearance at Hong Kong International Airport. Marco Polo Club Silver tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Ruby tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Ruby benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.[41][42]

Gold

Gold tier level is achieved or retained when the member earns 60,000 Club Miles or 40 Club Sectors during the membership year. Additional benefits for Gold Card members include guaranteed Economy Class seat on Cathay Pacific or Dragonair flights booked 72 hours before departure, 15 kg (33 lb) or one piece of extra baggage allowance, Business Class lounge access with one guest when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated flights and arrival lounge access when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated and marketed flights. Marco Polo Club Gold tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Sapphire tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Sapphire benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.[41]

Diamond

The highest tier in the Marco Polo Club. Diamond tier level is achieved or retained when the member earns 120,000 Club Miles or 80 Club Sectors during the membership year. Additional benefits for Diamond Card members include top priority waitlisting, guaranteed Economy Class or Business Class seat on Cathay Pacific or Dragonair flights booked 24 hours before departure, First Class check-in counters, 20 kg (44 lb) or one piece of extra baggage allowance, First Priority baggage handling, First Class lounge access with two guests when flying Cathay Pacific or Dragonair operated flights and Business Class lounge access with two guests when flying on any airline. Marco Polo Club Diamond tier status is equivalent to Oneworld Emerald tier status, which entitles members to Oneworld Emerald benefits when travelling on a Oneworld member airline.[41]

Asia Miles

Asia Miles logo
Asia Miles logo

Asia Miles is a more traditional travel rewards programme in which Mileage Credits are accumulated by flying on Cathay Pacific, Dragonair or a partner airline. Mileage Credits can also be earned by spending through a number of hotels, credit card companies, car rental agencies, telecommunication companies and other non-airline channels. These miles can then be redeemed for flights or other products and services. Asia Miles membership is free; however, membership will be suspended after 36 months of inactivity, and can be closed without notice, once all remaining mileage credits have expired.[43][44]

Services

Food and beverages served on flights from Hong Kong are provided by LSG Lufthansa Service Hong Kong Ltd, a Dragonair associate.[45] A variety of regional dishes, such as dim sum, Fokkien fried rice, barbecue pork with fried rice and chicken with Thai sweet chilli, is served on flights into Mainland China. However, only beverages will be served in Economy Class for flights between Hong Kong and Changsha, Guilin, Haikou and Sanya.[46]

Dragon On Air, the airline's in-flight entertainment system, offers up to ten video channels and 16 audio channels in all cabin classes on selected Airbus A330-300 aircraft installed with personal televisions (PTVs). Airbus A330-300s with no PTVs offer First Class passengers a choice of five channels; while Business and Economy Class passengers on Airbus A330-300 and A321-200 aircraft are shown video features on the overhead screen.[36] In addition, the airline provides a range different newspapers and magazines from around the world, including the airline's in-flight magazine Silkroad.[47]

Dragonair has codeshare agreements with the following partner airlines: Air China, on flights to and from Beijing, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian and Tianjin; Cathay Pacific, on flights to and from Beijing and Shanghai; Malaysia Airlines, on flights to and from Kota Kinabalu; and Royal Brunei Airlines, on flights to and from Bandar Seri Begawan.[28][29]

Awards

Incidents and accidents

References

  1. ^ "History - Year 1985–1989". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/history?refID=cb121dfcac000110VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Ltd.". fundinguniverse.com. http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Hong-Kong-Dragon-Airlines-Ltd-Company-History.html. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  3. ^ Birkett, Chris (11 January 1986). "The Year of the Dragon" (PDF). Flight International (Reed Business Information): p. 18. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1986/1986%20-%200060.html. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  4. ^ a b c Hilken, Daniel (2006-06-08). "The Dragon that was too hot to handle". http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=1&art_id=20377&sid=8309178&con_type=1. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  5. ^ "Year 1990 - 1994". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/history?refID=b1c01dfcac000110VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  6. ^ Hopkins, Harry (2–8 May 1990). "Cathay Prepares for 1997" (PDF). Flight International (Reed Business Information): p. 26. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1990/1990%20-%201254.html. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  7. ^ a b "Year 1995 - 1999". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/history?refID=6bea1dfcac000110VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  8. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International (Reed Business Information): p. 74. 3 April 2007. 
  9. ^ Wagstaff, John. "Goodbye Kai Tak". http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Cockpit/9695/goodbye_kai_tak.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  10. ^ a b c "Year 2000 - 2004". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/history?refID=036a1dfcac000110VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  11. ^ Li, Wen Fang (24 January 2003). "Cathay, Dragonair plead their case on mainland routes". China Daily. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-8798570.html. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  12. ^ "Cathay Happy With Dragonair Share Structure". Airwise. Ascent Pacific. 30 March 2005. http://news.airwise.com/story/view/1112179197.html. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  13. ^ "Cathay finally seals Dragonair takeover". The Standard. 9 June 2006. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=2&art_id=20470&sid=8326390&con_type=1. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  14. ^ Cathay Pacific (8 June 2006). "Joint Announcement" (PDF). Press release. http://downloads.cathaypacific.com/cx/investor/20060608CX_AirChina_English.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  15. ^ Cathay Pacific (9 June 2006). "Analyst Presentation" (PDF). Press release. http://downloads.cathaypacific.com/cx/investor/joint_announcement_presentation_eng.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  16. ^ "Dragonair to be downsized". Shanghai Daily. 2006-09-29. http://en.ce.cn/Industries/Aerospare/200609/29/t20060929_8780007.shtml. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  17. ^ a b "Annual Report 2006" (PDF). Cathay Pacific. 11 April 2007. p. 13. http://downloads.cathaypacific.com/cx/investor/2006_Annual_Results_EN.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  18. ^ "Annual Report 2007" (PDF). Cathay Pacific. 31 March 2008. p. 7. http://downloads.cathaypacific.com/cx/investor/2007_Annual_Report_en.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  19. ^ "Annual Report 2008" (PDF). Cathay Pacific. 6 April 2009. pp. 6–7. http://downloads.cathaypacific.com/cx/investor/2008annual_report_en.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  20. ^ "Dragonair". CH-Aviation. http://ch-aviation.ch/aircraft.php?search=set&airline=KA&al_op=1. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  21. ^ Dragonair (12 February 2001). "The Elite, Asia's Newest Prestige Club, Opens for Enrolment (Hong Kong)". Press release. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_INTL/aboutus/pressroomdetails?refID=bc0383d85f310110VgnVCM22000022d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  22. ^ "Dragonair's new Beijing office". Hong Kong Trade Development Council. 25 October 2007. http://www.hktdc.com/info/mi/a/st/en/1X007OAQ/1/Shippers-Today/Vol-30-5-Dragonair-S-New-Beijing-Office.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  23. ^ Oneworld (1 November 2007). "China's best airline Dragonair now part of Oneworld alliance". Press release. http://www.oneworld.com/ow/news/details?objectID=11166. Retrieved 24 June 2009. 
  24. ^ "Year 2008". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/history?refID=2e178fe424d77110VgnVCM10000010d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  25. ^ a b "Corporate Background". Hong Kong Airport Services Limited. http://www.has.com.hk/en/aboutus.php. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  26. ^ "Fast Facts - Major Subsidiaries and Associates". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/fastfacts?refID=1d67bf3c5f6ef010VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  27. ^ "Services". Hong Kong Airport Services Limited. http://www.has.com.hk/en/services.php. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  28. ^ a b "Fast Facts - The Network". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/fastfacts?refID=fc63bf3c5f6ef010VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  29. ^ a b "Schedules". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/manageyourtrip/schedules. 
  30. ^ "Airbus Industrie 330-300". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/whatonboard/fleet/a_330_300. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  31. ^ Dragonair (1 November 2007). "Dragonair Becomes a Member of the Oneworld Alliance". Press release. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/pressroomdetails?refID=cfb83d15729f5110VgnVCM32000011d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  32. ^ Dragonair (5 May 2005). "Dragonair's '20th Anniversary Aircraft' arrives in Hong Kong". Press release. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/pressroomdetails?refID=4967459e64510110VgnVCM22000022d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  33. ^ "Fact Sheet - The Livery Design on Dragonair's 20th Anniversary Aircraft". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/factsheet?refID=ca50b8bf02441110VgnVCM10000010d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  34. ^ a b "Fast Facts - Aircraft". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/aboutdragonair/fastfacts?refID=94a0bf3c5f6ef010VgnVCM10000021d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  35. ^ Cathay Pacific (5 August 2009). "Announcement 2009 Interim Results" (PDF). Press release. http://downloads.cathaypacific.com/cx/investor/2009_Interim_Results_EN.pdf. Retrieved 5 August 2009. 
  36. ^ a b "Overhead Screen / Personal Television (PTV)". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_INTL/whatonboard/entertainment/screen. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  37. ^ "The Marco Polo Club". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_INTL/ffp/mpo. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  38. ^ "Asia Miles". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_INTL/ffp/asiamiles. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  39. ^ a b "The Marco Polo Club". Cathay Pacific. http://www.cathayforbusiness.com/freqfly/marcopoloclub.asp. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  40. ^ "The Marco Polo Club - Terms and Conditions". Cathay Pacific. http://www.cathaypacific.com/cpa/en_HK/ffp/mpo/terms#termination. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  41. ^ a b c d "Club Benefits". Cathay Pacific. https://www.cathaypacific.com/cpa/en_HK/ffp/mpo/benefits. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  42. ^ Cathay Pacific (14 September 2009). "Cathay Pacific and Dragonair’s frequent flyers enjoy faster immigration clearance through Frequent Visitor e-Channels". Press release. https://www.cathaypacific.com/cpa/en_HK/aboutus/pressroomdetails?refID=436470304e6a3210VgnVCM62000007d21c39____. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  43. ^ "Asia Miles". Cathay Pacific. http://www.cathaypacific.com/cpa/en_HK/ffp/asiamiles. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  44. ^ "Asia Miles - Terms and Conditions". Asia Miles. Cathay Pacific Loyalty Programmes Ltd. https://www.asiamiles.com/am/en/site/terms#4. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  45. ^ "Hong Kong (HKG)". LSG Lufthansa Service Holding AG. http://www.lsgskychefs.com/en/c/locations/hkg.html. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  46. ^ "Inflight Dining". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/whatonboard/meals/inflightdinning. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  47. ^ "Reading Materials". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/whatonboard/entertainment/reading. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  48. ^ "Recognition". Dragonair. http://www.dragonair.com/da/en_HK/aboutus/recognition. Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  49. ^ "Report on the accident to Airbus A330-342 B-HYA Within the Manila Flight Information Region on 18 July 2003" (PDF). Civil Aviation Department Hong Kong. May 2005. http://www.cad.gov.hk/reports/main3.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 

External links


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Dragonair
Image:Dragonair.png
Name Dragonair
Pokedex Number 148
Hoenn Number 303
Johto Number 242
Stage Stage 1
Evolves From Dratini (lv. 30)
Evolves To Dragonite (lv. 55)
Signature Attack Hyper Beam
Species Dragon Pokémon
Type Dragon
Height 13′01″ (4.0m)
Weight 36.4 lbs. (16.5kg)
Gender distribution 50% Male, 50% Female
Ability Shed Skin
1st Appearance Pokémon Red and Blue

The name Dragonair is a portmanteau of "dragon" and "debonair", referring to Dragonair's dragon-like form and their affable and suave nature. The last syllable may also be derived from "air", referring to Dragonair's ability to become airborne, or possibly even the "air" being a feminine-sounding suffix. Their English name was originally going to be "Dragyn". In the Japanese version, "Haku" in this case means older brother as they are the elder form of Dratini. "Haku" can also mean white, creating the possible interpretation of the creature's name as "white dragon".

Contents

Characteristics

Dragonair look like sea serpents, thus having some dragon-like characteristics. They have a long, sleek, blue and white body. They have a small horn on the forehead and two wing-shaped protuberances on the sides of the head which are often said to be ears, but are in fact wings, as evidenced in the short film preceding Pokémon: The Movie 2000. They have a blue orb placed at the neck and another two near the tip of the tail, similar to the rattle on a rattlesnake.

Dragonair live in large bodies of water, like lakes or the sea. They store an enormous amount of energy inside their bodies. This energy seems to manifest itself in two distinct fashions. First, even though they lack large wings, Dragonair has been seen flying with the wings on the side of the head greatly enlarged.

Furthermore, a Dragonair can discharge energy through the crystalline orbs on its neck and tail to envelop itself in a gentle aura. This aura, which makes its body shine slightly and gives it a mystical appearance, is said to enable the Dragonair to control the weather in the immediate area and change it in a matter of minutes.

Even though Dragonair are known best for their ability to control the weather, they do not naturally learn any moves that change the weather in battle (such as Rain Dance, Sunny Day, or Hail).

Appearance

In Pokémon Red and Blue, Dragonair are not found in the wild, but they can be evolved from Dratini, which are available in Pokémon Red, Blue and Yellow. They can learn strong attacks such as Ice Beam/Blizzard, Thunderbolt/Thunder, Flamethrower/Fire Blast and Water Pulse/Surf. In Pokémon Yellow, FireRed and LeafGreen, Dragonair are found by fishing in the Safari Zone, although they are rare. In Pokémon Gold, Silver and Crystal, Dragonair are found on Route 45 and in the Dragon's Den. In Pokemon Diamond and Pearl, Dragonair can be found by fishing inside a waterfall with a Super Rod near the peak of Mt. Coronet.

Dragonair's stats are about average, but they have a great array of elemental resistances thanks to their Dragon type. Sometimes trainers prefer using Dragonair over the evolved Dragonite because of Dragonite's double weakness against Ice. As well as this, Dragonair has the Shed Skin ability, allowing it to recover from status ailments without the use of items

Anime

Dragonair first appeared in the banned episode, The Legend of Dratini. The warden of the Safari Zone was protecting it. Clair's Dratini evolved in a Dragonair in Beauty is Skin Deep.

In An Olden Pond, a Dragonair was living in a lake that a businessman once planned to built a luxury resort on.

Manga

In Magical Pokémon Journey, a male friendly Dragonair appears in "The Legendary Articuno" as he flies through in the snowing sky. Pikachu, Clefairy and Jigglypuff ask him where Articuno's hideout is, Dragonair knows where she is so he told them she lives in the "snowcones" house where they could find Hazel, Almond and Squirtle. Although a male Dragonair, he has a crush on a female Articuno (she wears an apron). In Pokémon Adventures, Lance owns several Dragonair.

Trading Card game

Dragonair, as seen in the Pokémon Trading Card Game

Dragonair appears in the Pokémon Trading Card Game as Stage 1 Colorless-type Pokémon.

  • Base Set #18 - Dragonair
  • Team Rocket #33 - Dark Dragonair
  • Gym Heroes #4 - Erika's Dragonair
  • Neo Destiny #22 - Light Dragonair
  • Expedition #75 - Dragonair
  • EX Dragon #14 - Dragonair
  • EX Team Rocket Returns #31 - Dark Dragonair
  • EX Team Rocket Returns #32 - Dark Dragonair

References

External links

  • Official Pokémon website
  • Bulbapedia (a Pokémon-centric Wiki)’s article about Dragonair as a species
  • Dragonair on serebii.net
  • Pokémon Dungeon Pokédex entry, full of statistics analysis
  • PsyPoke - Dragonair Pokédex entry and Usage Overview
  • Smogon.com - Dragonair Tactical Data

This article uses material from the "Dragonair" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Dragonair is an airline based in Hong Kong International Airport. It has a fleet of 35 aircrafts, including Airbus A320s, A321s and A330s. It flies to 39 destinations in China and Asia. It has a four star rating from Skytrax, and has been named the "Best Airline in China" for seven consecutive years.[needs proof]



Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message