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Drammen kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Buskerud within
Norway
Drammen within Buskerud
Coordinates (city): 59°44′16″N 10°12′18″E / 59.73778°N 10.205°E / 59.73778; 10.205Coordinates: 59°44′16″N 10°12′18″E / 59.73778°N 10.205°E / 59.73778; 10.205
Country Norway
County Buskerud
Municipality ID NO-0602
Administrative centre Drammen
Government
 - Mayor (2003) Tore Opdal Hansen (H)
Area (Nr. 366 in Norway)
 - Total 137 km2 (52.9 sq mi)
 - Land 135 km2 (52.1 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 60,145
 - Density 421/km2 (1,090.4/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) 8.2 %
 - Rank in Norway 9
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Neutral
Norwegian demonym Drammenser
Drammensar[1]
Website www.drammen.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

About this sound Drammen is a city and municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Drammen.

The municipality of Drammen was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipality of Skoger was merged with the municipality of Drammen on 1 January 1964 (it was transferred from Vestfold county to Buskerud county at the same time).

Contents

General information

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Name

The Old Norse form of the city's name was Drafn, and this was originally the name of the inner part of Drammensfjord. The fjord is, however, probably named after the river Dramselva (Old Norse: Dröfn), and this again is derived from the old word dröfn, which meant "wave".[2]

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 17 November 1960. The arms are blue with a gray/silver column on top of a foundation of rocks. A key and a sword are crossed in the middle forming an x. It is based upon the old seal for Bragernes from 1723. The motto for Bragernes (in Latin) was In Fide Et Justitia Fortitudo (English: in faith and justice is strength), and the items in the seal are referring to this: key = faith, sword = justice, column on rocks = strength.[3]

History

Rock carvings at Åskollen and Skogerveien are 6000 to 7000 years old, and are the first signs of human activity in the area. The largest rock carving at Åskollen depicts a moose.

Bragernes church.

Drammen originally consisted of three small seaports: Bragernes (on the northern side of the Drammenselva river) and Strømsø and Tangen (both on the southern side of the river). For trade purposes, small seaports were placed under market towns. Despite their geographical proximity, Bragernes was placed under Christiania and Strømsø under Tønsberg. For this reason, cooperation between the adjacent seaport towns was almost impossible. In 1662, a merger was proposed to unite Strømsø and Bragernes to form a market town with the name Frederiksstrøm. The proposal was rejected by Frederick III of Denmark. Bragernes received limited market town rights in 1715, and merged with Strømsø to gain status as a single city on 19 June 1811.[4]

Its unique geographical location made the city a centre for seafaring, ship building, log driving, timber trade, and (since the 19th century) paper and pulp industries. During the 1960s most of the pulp and paper factories along the Drammenselva were closed down.

Large parts of the city were ruined in the great fire of 12-13 July 1866, which led to the reconstruction of the city centre, including the characteristic town square and Bragernes church.[5]

In 1909, Drammen got the first trolleybus system in Scandinavia, the Drammen trolleybus. The lines ran until 1967. For many years the centre of Drammen suffered from heavy traffic, but in 1970 the European route E18 bridge helped somewhat, and in 1999 the opening of the Bragernes tunnel diverted much of the traffic away from the centre of the city. In recent years, the city centre has seen significant regeneration, with the introduction of new housing, shopping facilities, restaurants, cafes and bars, as well as a public pathway along the Drammenselva river.

Geography

The railway station in Drammen.

Drammen is one of the larger cities in Norway, and lies about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the capital of Norway, Oslo. The city centre lies at the end of a valley, on both sides of the Drammenselva river, and where the river meets the Drammensfjord. Drammen is also the main harbor for car and fruit import in Norway.

As of 1 January 2007, the population of the urban area of Drammen is 93,006. Drammen is the sixth largest urban area of Norway and occupies territory in five municipalities: Drammen (with about 61% of the population), Nedre Eiker (23%), Øvre Eiker (8%), Lier (5%), and Røyken (3%).[6]

The boroughs of Drammen are Austad/Fjell, Bragernes, Gulskogen, Konnerud, Skoger, Strømsø/Danvik, Tangen/Åskollen and Åssiden.[7]

The Øvre Sund area, situated along Drammenselva, will be regulated by the municipality in order to restore this area's character. The buildings there are from the 18th and 19th century, and contribute, as well as the river and the brewery, to give the city a special identity.[8]

In 2008 Drammen won the prestigious prize for the best city development in Europe.

Attractions

Brewery

The Aass Brewery is the oldest surviving brewery in Norway, and has won acclaim for both its beer and its conservative building.

Bridges

Sport clubs

  • Drammen FK. Founded 23 August 2008.
  • Drammen golfklubb. Founded in 1988. Golf club with 18-hole course situated in the southern part of Drammen, on the border to Sande in Vestfold. The course gives both the beginner and the experienced player relevant challenges. The view from tee on hole 7 gives a beautiful view of the region.
  • Drammen HK Handball club competing in Men's European Champions League (07/08)
  • IF Hellas
  • IF Sturla
  • Konnerud IL Sport club most famous for its cross-country skiing facilities.
  • SBK Drafn Founded Sept. 15, 1910, 21 Norwegian Championships in bandy, 1 lost cup final in football (1927).
  • SBK Skiold
  • Strømsgodset IF. Founded 10 February 1907. Four Norwegian championships in football (1969, 1970, 1973, 1991). Winner of the Norwegian football league in 1970. Won 6 Norwegian championships in bandy.
  • Drammen Bandy plays in the highest division.

Sports events

The Bandy World Championships for women will be played in the city 2010.

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

The following cities are twinned with Drammen:[9]

References

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. http://www.sprakrad.no/Sprakhjelp/Rettskriving_Ordboeker/Innbyggjarnamn.  
  2. ^ Unger, Carl Rikard (1896). Sproglig-historiske studier. Kristiania, Norge: H. Aschehoug & Co.. p. 37. http://books.google.com/books?id=5sQYYO_JIXMC. Retrieved 2009-01-06.   (Norwegian)
  3. ^ "Kommunevåpen". Flags of the World. 5 July 2006. http://fotw.us/flags/no-06-02.html. Retrieved 2009-01-06.  
  4. ^ Søbstad, Per Ivar. "Kort oversikt over Drammens historie". History of Drammen. http://drammenshistorie.com/kort.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-07.   (Norwegian)
  5. ^ Søbstad, Per Ivar. "Bybranner". History of Drammen. http://drammenshistorie.com/bybranner.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-07.   (Norwegian)
  6. ^ Statistics Norway (1 January 2006). Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. http://www.ssb.no/english/subjects/02/01/10/beftett_en/tab-2007-06-07-01-en.html.  
  7. ^ Søbstad, Per Ivar. "Bydeler i Drammen". History of Drammen. http://drammenshistorie.com/bydeler.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-07.   (Norwegian)
  8. ^ "About the preservation of the Øvre Sund area". http://www.ovresund.no/.  
  9. ^ "City of Drammen". OsloRegion.org. http://www.osloregion.org/english/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=19&Itemid=47. Retrieved 2009-01-06.  

External links

General

Media

Culture

Political parties


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Town bridge and docks.
Town bridge and docks.

Drammen is a city in Buskerud, 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Oslo. Drammen is where the Drammen river runs into the Drammensfjord, an arm of the Oslofjord. The part north of the river is called Bragernes, the part south of the river is called Strømsø. Drammen is promoted as "the river city". Drammen earlier had a reputation for beeing a grim industrial town. The city was also dubbed the biggest road intersection in Norway, due to the heavy traffic. Today the industry is gone or cleaned, and the traffic passes on highways outside the city. So Drammen today is a nice city, and a pleasent side-trip from Oslo. Or a destination of its own. The city has a long history as a centre for timber-trade and paper production. The paper mills however are closed today.

Get in

By plane

Either Oslo airport (IATA: OSL)or Sandefjord airport (IATA: TRF).

By rail

Most long-distance trains from Oslo travelling in the western and southern directions pass through Drammen. The following line passes Drammen: the Oslo-Skien line, the Oslo-Bergen line and the Oslo-Kongsberg-Kristiansand-Stavanger line. Drammen also has frequent local trains from Oslo.

By car

E18 from Oslo, Larvik and Kristiansand. It is a 40 min drive from Oslo, depending on the traffic. E134 connects Drammen with Kongsberg. E134 continues to Notodden and Haugesund.

Get around

By bus

Local buses are operated by Nettbuss. [[1]]

By foot

There are many pleasant walking paths along the river.

Drammen Theatre.
Drammen Theatre.
  • Bragernes Torg (Bragernes Square). The town square.  edit
  • Drammens Museum, Konnerudgate 7, +47 32200930 (), [2]. Tu,W: 11AM-3PM Th: 11AM-8PM Sa,Su: 11AM-5PM. Town museum, with different exhibitions.  edit
  • Drammens Teater (Drammen Theatre), Øvre Storgate 12, Boxoffice: +47 32213100 (). Theater built in new renesance style.  edit
  • Spiralen. Is a tunnel in the hills, built like a corkscrew. It provides easy acess to the hills above Drammen. From the top it is a magnificent view of the city and its surroundings. This is also an excellent starting point for hiking, and cross-country skiing, in the winter.  edit
  • Bowling 1, Austadgata 21, +47 32260040 (, fax: +47 32260049). Bowling hall.  edit
  • Drammen skisenter, Kristian Brennersvei 140, +47 32822360 (, fax: +47 32825019). M-F: 10AM-9PM, Sa,Su: 10AM-6PM. Skiing slopes. Daypass: adults: kr 295, children: kr 240.  edit
  • Skoger Golfbane, (7 km south of the city), +47 32880303 (). 18 hole golfcourse, par 71. Greenfee: kr 350-kr 400.  edit
  • Glasshytta (Kari Ulleberg), Grønland 57, +47 91619270, [3]. M-F 11–17,Sa 11–15.. Glasshytta in Drammen makes art out of glass - drinking glasses, carafes, candle sticks, vases, saucers, plates and so on. Studio and shop on the same premises  edit
  • Magasinet Drammen, Nedre Storgate 6, +47 32213990, [4]. M-F 9-20,Sa 9-18. A mall with 65 shops, including a pharmacy, book store and optician  edit
  • Bighorne Steakhouse, Nedre Torggate 11, +47 32831888 (, fax: +47 32831887), [5]. M,Tu: 4PM-10PM, W,Th: 4PM-10.30PM, F,Sa: 4PM-11PM, Su: 3PM-10PM. Good steaks.  edit
  • Cafe Picasso, Nedre Storgate 16, +47 32890708. M-Sa:11AM-10.30PM, Su: 2PM-10PM. French and italian snack.  edit
  • Chinatown Restaurant, Konnerudgata 35 (+ 22464878). Chinese.  edit
  • Hannas Kjøkken, Gamle Kirkeplass 3 (At Rica Park Hotel). M-Sa:5PM-11PM. .  edit
  • Jonas B Gundersen, Bragernes Torg 8, +47 32890580 (). M-Th:11AM-12PM, F,Sa: 11AM-1AM, Su: 1PM-12PM. Pizza and pasta.  edit
  • Pavarotti Restaurant, Nedre Torggate 9, +47 32825530 (). M-Sa: 3PM-10.30PM, Su:3PM-10PM.  edit
  • Skutebrygga, Nedre Strandgate 2, +47 32833330 (, fax: +47 32832016). M-Sa: 11AM-10.30PM, Su: 1PM-9PM. Nice location by the riverdocks.  edit
  • Spiralen Cafe og Restaurant, Spiraltoppen 1 (On top of Spiralen), +47 32898600 (). Enjoy the view, over the city.  edit
  • Åspaviljongen, Bragernesåsen, +47 32833747 (, fax: +47 32831837). Classic restaurant. Along nice hiking paths in the hill.  edit

Drink

The city has a brewery with a somewhat embarrassing name, Aass. But if you like beer it's well worth a try. And the name... It is the name of the family who owns the brewery, Aass or Ås is norwegian for hill.

  • Dickens Pub, Øvre Torggate 8, +47 32838015.  edit
  • Elvebredden Cafe og Bar, Grønland 54, +47 32827400.  edit
  • Goggen Sportspub, Bragernes Torg 9, +47 32899210 (). M,Tu: 3PM-1AM, W-F: 3PM-3.30AM, Sa: 1-PM-3.30AM, Su: 1PM-1AM. Sports Pub, mainly showing soccer matches.  edit
  • Kings Arms Pub, Tollbugata 10, +47 32835993 ().  edit
  • Lauritz Restaurant og Bar, Bragernes Torg 2 A, +47 32837722 (). M,Tu,Th: 1PM-1.30AM, W: 1PM-3AM, F,Sa: 11AM-3.30AM, Su: 11AM-1.30AM. Wide selection of beer.  edit
  • Best Western Globus Hotel, Torgeir Vraas plass 13, +47 32890400 (, fax: +47 32890401).  edit
  • Clarion Collection Hotel Tollboden, Tollbugata 43, +47 32805100.  edit
  • First Hotel Ambassadeur, Strømsø torg 7, +47 31012100 (, fax: +47 31012111). (59.74012,10.20227) edit
  • Rica Park Hotel Drammen, Gamle kirkeplass 3, +47 32263600.  edit
  • The Council of the Drammen Region, Rosenkrantsgaten 17, +47 32 82 30 00, [6].  edit
  • The Tourist Office, Bragernes Torg 6, +47 32 21 64 50, [7].  edit
  • Blåfarveværket [8] in Åmot. An old mining industrial complex, made to museum and art galleries. The old mines are also open to the public. In the period 1770-1857 cobalt blue was manufactured here.

Kjøsterudjuvet Try gorge jumping at Kjøsterudjuvet The Kjøsterudjuvet is a 10,000-year-old gorge just ten minutes from downtown Drammen. This ravine in the mountain side is 1,300 metres long with a rise of 250 metres. The vertical walls are up to 60 metres high and the ravine is only 4 metres wide at its most narrow part.

Visit a farm Bring the children to one of the many open farms in the region. Here, they can go riding and play in the hay. At Sand Farm in Hurum they have hens, sheep, pigs, ducks, rabbits, turkeys, horses and cats. The farm also has a small café selling delicious cakes and bread.

Arena Vestfossen Arena Vestfossen in Øvre Eiker gives room to several contemporary artists. Paintings, photos, installations, furniture, design, performances and other visual art. Studios and galleries with possibilities of direct sales.[www.arenavestfossen.com]

Haugiani Glass/Maria og Magnus Hesslid At Haugiani Glass in Øvre Eiker you can see the making of glass and buy goods directly from the artists’ own store. They accept all kinds of commissions, also hand engraving. Haugiani Glass lies in Shoddyhuset, where also Galleri Møllabekken is located.

Routes through Drammen
KristiansandHorten  W noframe E  OsloKarlstad
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DRAMMEN, a seaport of Norway, in Buskerud and JarlsbergLaurvik amter (counties), at the head of Drammen Fjord, a western arm of Christiania Fjord, 33 m. by rail S.W. from Christiania. Pop. (1900) 23,093. Its situation, at the mouth of the broad Drammen river, between lofty hills, is very beautiful. It is the junction of railways from Christiania to Haugsund, Kongsberg and H8nefos, and to Laurvik and Skien. The town is modern, having suffered from fires in 1866, 1870 and 1880. It consists of three parts: Bragernaes on the north, divided by the river from Strbmso and the port, Tangen, on the south. The prosperity of Drammen depends mainly on the timber trade; and saw-milling is an active industry, the logs being floated down the river from the upland forests. Timber and wood-pulp are exported (over half of each to Great Britain), with paper, ice and some cobalt and nickel ore. The chief imports are British coal and German machinery. Salmon are taken in the upper reaches of the Drammen.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also drammen

Norwegian

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Wikipedia

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Drammen

Wikipedia no

Proper noun

Drammen

Drammen
  1. A municipality in Buskerud, Norway. The fifth-largest city in Norway.

Derived terms


Simple English

Drammen is a city and municipality in the county of Buskerud, Norway.

Drammen was established as a municipality January 1, 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipality of Skoger was merged with Drammen January 1, 1964. (And then transferred from the county of Vestfold to the county of Buskerud.)

Drammen is one of the larger cities in Norway, and lies about 47 km from the capital of Norway, Oslo. The city centre lies at the end of a valley, on both sides of the river Drammenselva, and where the river meets the Drammensfjord. Drammen is also the main city for car and fruit import in Norway.

Contents

The name

The Norse form of the name was Drafn, and this was originally the name of the inner part of Drammensfjord. The fjord is, however, probably named after the river Dramselva (Norse Dröfn).

History

Famous people

Sport clubs

  • SBK Drafn 21 Norwegian Championships in bandy.
  • Drammen golfklubb. Founded 1989.
  • IF Hellas
  • SBK Skiold
  • Strømsgodset IF. Founded February 10th 1907. Four Norwegian championships in football (1969, 1970, 1973, 1993). Winner of the Norwegian football league 1970. 6 Norwegian championships in bandy.
  • IF Sturla
  • Drammen HK Handball club in Men's European Champions League (07/08)

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