Drenthe: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Provincie Drenthe
Province of Drenthe
Flag Drenthe.svg Coat of arms of Drenthe
Flag Coat of arms
Map: Province of Drenthe in the Netherlands South Holland North Holland Friesland Groningen Drenthe Flevoland Overijssel Gelderland Utrecht Limburg North Brabant Zeeland
About this image
Capital Assen
Largest city Emmen (proper)
Queen's Commissioner Anneke Haarsma (acting, 2008-)
Religion (1999) Protestant 35%
Catholic 8%
 • Land
 • Water
2,642 km² (7th)
38 km²
Population (2006)
 • Total
 • Density

484,481 (10th)
183/km² (12th)
Inclusion 1796
Anthem Mijn Drenthe
Official website www.drenthe.nl

Drenthe About this sound pronunciation is a province of the Netherlands, located in the north-east of the country. The capital city is Assen. It is bordered by Overijssel to the south, Friesland to the west, Groningen to the north, and Germany (districts of Emsland and Bentheim) to the east.



Drenthe, unlike many other parts of the Netherlands, has been a sparsely populated rural area since medieval times. Except for some industry in Assen and Emmen, the lands in Drenthe are mainly used for farming.

Drenthe has been populated by people since prehistory . Artifacts from the Wolstonian Stage (150.000 years ago) are among the oldest found in the Netherlands. In fact it was one of the most densely populated areas of the Netherlands until the Bronze Age. Most tangible evidence of this are the dolmens (hunebedden) built around 3500 BC, 53 of the 54 dolmens in the Netherlands can be found in Drenthe, concentrated in the northeast of the province.

Drenthe was first mentioned in a document from the year 820, it was called Pago Treanth (district Drenthe). In archives from "Het Drents Archief" from 1024 to 1025 the "county Drenthe" is mentioned.

After long being subject to the bishops of Utrecht, Drenthe came under the control of Charles V in the 16th century. When the Republic of the Seven United Provinces was declared, Drenthe became part of it, although it did not gain provincial status until January 1, 1796.

Shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War, the Dutch government built a camp near the town of Westerbork to accommodate German (Jewish) refugees. Ironically, during the Second World War, the German occupiers used the camp (which they named KZ Westerbork) as a "Durchgangslager". Many Dutch Jews, Sinti, Roma, resistance combatants and political adversaries were imprisoned before being transferred to other camps in Germany and Poland. Anne Frank was deported on the last train from Westerbork.

The name of this region is said to stem from *thrija-hantja "three lands".


The provincial council (Provinciale Staten) has 51 seats, and is headed by the Queen's Commissioner, currently Anneke Haarsma (acting). While the provincial council is elected by the inhabitants, the Commissioner is appointed by the Queen and the cabinet of the Netherlands. With 19 seats, the social democratic PvdA is the largest party in the council. The daily affairs of the province are taken care of by the Gedeputeerde Staten, which are also headed by the Commissioner; its members (gedeputeerden) can be compared with ministers.

Amsterdam Almelo Almere Amersfoort Arnhem Assen Breda Den Haag Delft Delfzijl Den Bosch Den Helder Dordrecht Enchede Haarlem Hilversum Maastricht Middelburg Zwolle Lelystad Leiden Katwijk Nijmegen Eindhoven Vlissingen Rotterdam Leeuwarden Heerenveen Groningen (city) Emmen Almelo Apeldoorn Alkmaar Zaanstad Tilburg Venlo Heerlen Drenthe Flevoland Friesland Gelderland Groningen Limburg North Brabant North Holland Overijssel South Holland Utrecht Zeeland
Map of the Netherlands, linking to the province articles; red dots mark provincial capitals and black dots other notable cities or towns.


Due to reorganisations in the 1990s, the number of municipalities in Drenthe has been reduced to twelve. Most municipalities therefore now consist of several towns and villages.


Besides the capital Assen, Emmen, Meppel and Hoogeveen are the major urban centres of the province. Drenthe, consisting mostly of heathland, has no significant rivers or lakes.


Agriculture is an important employer, although industrial areas are found near the cities. The quietness of the province is also attracting a growing number of tourists.

Drenthe is known as the "Cycling Province" of the Netherlands and is an exceptional place for a cycling holiday, having hundreds of kilometres of cycle paths through forest, heath and along canals and many towns and villages offering refreshment along the way.


Drenthe has its own dialect of the Dutch language named after the province, but each town or village has its own version. All dialects are of low-Saxon-language-group.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Drenthe, sometimes written as Drente, is a province in the Netherlands.

  • Assen - Capital of Drenthe, once a year the famous TT Assen is staged here.
  • Emmen - Old village, nowadays it is bigger than Assen. Famous for its Zoo.
  • Zuidlaren - Old village in the north of the state, once a year a big animal market is held here.
  • Roden Old village
  • Norg
  • Dwingeloo - Good access point for the Dwingelose heide, a national park.
  • Westerbork - In WWII a large transport camp was outside this village. Many Jews had been transported from this place. It is now a museum. Also, there is a large radiotelescope.
  • Borger - The town itself is far from interesting, but in the wider region many people spend holidays there. Many forests are to be found here, with little lakes to swim in. Also, the largest hunnebed of the Netherlands is to be found here. This is not a flat region, by Dutch standards, but quite hilly. Also, a large sheep festival is held every year in Exloo.
  • Orvelte [1] - In Orvelte a park with old houses can be found. Very interesting, it gives a glimpse of the countryside in past centuries. It it free to enter the village, but some sights and activities charge €2-5, parking is €4.

Get in

It is easiest to come by train from Utrecht, or Groningen (city). If you want to visit Emmen you can take a bus from Groningen (city) or take a train from Zwolle.

Get around

Within the state, travel by bus is possible. But the best way to explore is by bike. As there are many little nice villages and small places to visit, it is a good idea to go exploring by bike. Many bikeroads have been build.

  • Dwingelose Heide - Explore the Dwingelose Heide.
  • Borger - Visit The Netherlands biggest Hunnebed.


Rent a bike and explore. Visit little villages, have a drink. Take in some food in some of the excellent restaurants you will come across. If you are getting too tired, put your bike on the train.

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Proper noun


  1. A province of the Netherlands.


See also



  • IPA: /ˈdrɛn.tə/

Proper noun

Drenthe n.

  1. Drenthe, a province of the Netherlands.


Proper noun


  1. Drenthe


Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia


Facts about DrentheRDF feed

This article uses material from the "Drenthe" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

.]]Drenthe (pronounce: "DREN-te") is a province in the northeast of the Netherlands. The capital city is Assen. South of it is Overijssel, west of it is Friesland and north of it is Groningen. East of it is Lower Saxony, that is a part of Germany.



Thousands of years ago, there were already people in Drenthe. Around 3500 BC people made dolmens (hunebedden), piles of big stones. 53 of the 54 dolmens in the Netherlands are in Drenthe. Most of them are in the northeast of the province.

The oldest paper with the name Drenthe on it is from 820. It was called Pago Treanth (district Drenthe). Papers from 1024 and 1025 show that is was a county at that time.

From 1046 until 1528, the bishops of Utrecht ruled over Drenthe. From 1581 until 1795 it was part of the Republic of the Seven United Provinces, but Drenthe itself was not a province. In 1796, under the Batavian Republic, Drenthe was a province for the first time.

In the Second World War, the nazis build a concentration camp near Westerbork. From there, they put Dutch Jews on the train to other camps in Germany and Poland. In the last train from Westerbork was also Anne Frank. She was a Jewish girl and she wrote a diary. She died in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen in Germany. After the war her diary became world famous.


Since the 1990s there are twelve municipalities in Drenthe.


Ther most important cities are Assen (the capital), Emmen, Meppel and Hoogeveen. In Drenthe there is many heathland.


In Drenthe many people speak Low Saxon dialects. The dialects in Drenthe are called Drents. These dialects are different in each town or village.

Drents in Emmen: We moet'n nie zo haas'n'n. (Dutch: We moeten niet zo haasten. English: We do not have to hurry).
Drents in Ruinen: een, tweej, drai, vier, vaif, zees, zeeve, aach, neuge, tein. (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10).
Drents in Noordenveld: ain, twai, drai, vaier, vief zes, zeum, aacht, neegn, tien. (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10).
Drents in Ruinerwold (about 10 km from Ruinen): iene, tweie, dreie, veere, vieve, zesse, zeum, achte, neegn, tiene. (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10).

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