From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Drug tourism is travel for the purpose of
obtaining or using drugs for personal use that are unavailable or
illegal in one's home jurisdiction. Drug tourism can be also
defined as the phenomenon by which one's travel experience involves
the consumption and usage of drugs that are considered to be
illegal or illegitimate in either the visited destination or the
tourist’s country of origin. This would include crossing a national
border to obtain drugs over the counter that are not sold in one's
own country, or traveling to another country in order to obtain or
use narcotics that are illegal in one's own country, or even
traveling from one U.S. state to another in order to buy alcohol or tobacco more easily. Drug tourism to other
countries is also popular among college students in the United States
younger than 21 who are not yet of the legal
drinking age for alcohol purchasing and consumption. Empirical
studies show that drug tourism is heterogeneous and might involve
either the pursuit of mere pleasure and escapism or a quest for
profound and meaningful experiences through the consumption of
Drug tourism has many legal implications, and persons engaging
in it sometimes risk prosecution for drug smuggling or other
drug-related charges in their home jurisdictions or in the
jurisdictions they are visiting, especially if they bring their
purchases home rather than using them abroad. The act of traveling
for the purpose of buying or using drugs is itself a criminal
offense in some jurisdictions.
In Europe, Amsterdam is a popular
destination for drug tourists, due to the Dutch government's
liberal attitude toward marijuana use and possession. Another Dutch
city which is visited frequently by drug tourists is Maastricht because of its
position close to the borders of Germany and Belgium. Drug tourism thrives because
legislation controlling the sale, possession, and use of drugs
varies dramatically from one jurisdiction to another.
In Australia, the
Australian Capital Territory and South Australia have a more
liberal approach to marijuana use, promoting interstate drug
tourism, particularly from Victoria and New South Wales. In
addition, some areas of northern New South Wales have a liberal
recreational drug culture, particularly areas around Nimbin where
the annual MardiGrass festival is held. Other popular destinations
include Melana, India where famous Indian hashish is produced, and
the Rif Mountains in Morocco where hashish is produced. In South America, some
tourists are attracted to Amazonian villages to try a local liquid
called ayahuasca which is a mixture of psychedelic plants that is
used in traditional ceremonies. Similarly, tourists in Peru try hallucinogenic cactus called
San Pedro which originally has been used by local tribes.
- Belhassen, Y., Santos, C.A., & Uriely , N. (2007).
“Cannabis Use in Tourism: A Sociological Perspective.” Leisure
Studies, 26(3), 303-319.
- Bellis, M. A., Hale, G., Bennett, A., Chaudry, M. &
Kilfoyle, M. (2000). "Ibiza Uncovered: Changes in Substanceuse and
Sexual Behaviour amongst Young People Visiting an International
Night-Life Resort." International Journal of Drug Policy, 11(3),
235–244. de Rios, M. (1994). "Drug Tourism in the Amazon: Why
Westerners are Desperate to Find the Vanishing Primate." Omni 16,
- Josiam, M. B, J. S. P. Hobson, U. C. Dietrich, & G. Smeaton
(1998). “An Analysis of the Sexual, Alcohol and Drug Related
Behavioral Patterns of Students on Spring Break.” Tourism
Management, 19 (6), 501-13.
- Sellars, A. (1998). “The Influence of Dance Music on the UK
Youth Tourism Market.” Tourism Management, 19 (6), 611-15.
- Uriely, N. & Belhassen, Y. (2006) “Drugs and Risk Taking in
Tourism.” Annals of Tourism Research, 33(2), 339-359.
- Uriely, N. & Belhassen, Y. (2005). “Drugs and Tourists’
Experiences.” Journal of Travel Research, 43(3), 238-246.
- Valdez, A., & Sifaneck, S. (1997). "Drug Tourists and Drug
Policy on the U.S.-Mexican Border: An Ethnographic Investigation."
Journal of Drug Issues, 27, 879-898.