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Duchess of Brabant: Wikis

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Mathilde, Duchess of Brabant is the current wife of Philippe, Duke of Brabant, and she is fourth woman to bear the Belgian title.

The Duchess of Brabant is the woman married to the heir to the Belgian throne, the Duke of Brabant. But this was only as of 1840 when it was revived as an honorific title for the Crown Prince of the newly created Kingdom of Belgium. There has been only three royal duchesses so far.

Historically the title went back 657 years before Belgium, and had been always associated with the wives of sovereign Dukes of Brabant, who were alived in their husband's reign. In the Duchy's 611 years of existence, it only saw three Duchesses who reigned by their own right and three Dukes who rule by the virtue of their wives: Joanna, Mary the Rich, Mary II; and their husbands Wenceslaus of Luxemburg, Maximilian of Austria, Francis of Lorraine. All these Dukes were reigning monarchs and not consorts. Also there were the two Co-sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands Isabella and Albert.

Before the elevation to a Duchy, Brabant was a Landgraviate of the Holy Roman Empire. After the death on 20 September 1085 of Hermann II, count palatine of Lotharingia, Henry III of Leuven became landgrave of Brabant, which was an imperial fief between the Dender and the Zenne and his wife, Getrude of Flanders, became Landgravine. Elevated to a Duchy by Frederick Barbarossa in favor of Henry I. In 1190, after the death of Godfrey III, Henry I also became Duke of Lotharingia. Formerly Lower Lotharingia, this title was now practically without territorial authority, but was borne by the later Dukes of Brabant as an honorific title. In 1288, the Duchess of Brabant became also Duchess of Limburg. The title fell to the Duchess of Burgundy in 1430. Later on, it followed with the Burgundian inheritance through the Habsburg dynasty until 1794. After the 15th century the title became one of the many appanages associated with the Holy Roman Empress. Spain also claims the title.

Contents

Landgravine of Brabant

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Landgravine Cease to be Landgravine Death Spouse
Blason Comte-de-Flandre.svg Gertrude of Flanders Flanders 1080  ? 20 September 1085
husband's ascension
July 1095
husband's death
1117 Henry III of Leuven
Coat of arms of Brabant.svg Ida of Namur Namur 1078 1099/1105 1117/25 Godfrey I of Leuven
Blason Bourgogne-comté ancien(aigle).svg Clementia of Burgundy Ivrea 1070/78 1120/25 1129/33
Austria coat of arms simple.svg Luitgarde of Sulzbach Babenberg 1109 1139 13 June 1142
husband's death
1162/63 Godfrey II of Leuven
Limburg New Arms.svg Margaret of Limburg Ardennes 1135 1155 1172 Godfrey III of Leuven
Loon Arms.svg Imagina of Loon Loon 1180 21 August 1190
husband's death
5 June 1214
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Landgravine Cease to be Landgravine Death Spouse

Duchess of Brabant

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House of Leuven (1183-1406)

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse
Blason Comte-de-Flandre.svg Mathilde of Flanders Metz c. 1170 c. 1179 1183/1184
husband's elevated to Duke
c. 1210 Henry I
France Ancient.svg Marie of France Capet c. 1198 22 April 1213 15 October 1224
Armoiries Famille Hohenstaufen.svg Marie of Hohenstaufen Hohenstaufen 3 April 1201 before 22 August 1215 1183/1184
husband's ascession
29 March 1235 Henry II
Coat of arms of Thuringia.svg Sophie of Thuringia Ludowinger 20 March 1224 c. 1240 1 February 1248
husband's death
29 May 1275
Blason fr Bourgogne.svg Adelaide of Burgundy Burgundy c. 1233 c. 1251 28 February 1261
husband's death
23 October 1273 Henry III
France Ancient.svg Marguerite of France Capet c. 1254 5 September 1270 c. 1271 John I
Blason Comte-de-Flandre.svg Margaret of Flanders Dampierre 1250/55 c. 1273 3 July 1285
England COA.svg Margaret of England Plantagenet 15 March 1275 8 July 1290 3 May 1294
husband's ascession
27 October 1312
husband's death
after 11 March 1333 John II
Armoiries Comtes Evreux.png Marie of Evreux Capet-Evreux c. 1303 c. 1311 27 October 1312
husband's ascession
31 October 1335 John III
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Valois (1406–1482)

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse
Luxembourg New Arms.svg Jeanne of Saint Pol Luxembourg 1380/85 21 February 1402 1 November 1406
husband's ascession
12 August 1407 Anthony
Armoiries Luxembourg-Goerlitz.svg Elisabeth of Görlitz Luxembourg November 1390 16 July 1409 25 October 1415
husband's death
3 August 1451
Jakobaa.jpg Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut Wittelsbach 16 August 1401 18 April 1418 7 March 1422
obtained papal divorce
8 October 1436 John IV
- Margaret  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Philip I
Isabella of portugal.jpg Isabella of Portugal Aviz 21 February 1397 7 January 1430 15 July 1467
husband's death
17 December 1471 Philip II
Margaret of York.jpg Margaret of York York 3 May 1446 9 July 1468 5 January 1477
husband's death
23 November 1503 Charles I
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Habsburg (1482–1700)

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse
Johanna die Wahnsinnige,die junge Herzogin von Burgund.jpg Joanna of Castile Trastamara 6 November 1479 20 October 1496 25 September 1506
husband's death
12 April 1555 Philip III
Tizian 057.jpg Isabella of Portugal Aviz-Beja 24 October 1503 11 March 1526 1 May 1539 Charles II
Maria Tudor1.jpg Mary I of England Stuart 18 February 1516 25 July 1554 16 January 1556
husband's ascension
17 November 1558 Philip IV
Isabel de Valois2.jpg Elisabeth of Valois Valois 2 April 1545 22 June 1559 3 October 1568
Ana de Austria2.jpg Anna of Austria Habsburg 1 November 1549 4 May 1570 26 October 1580
IsabellavonBourbon2.jpg Elisabeth of Bourbon Bourbon 22 November 1602 25 November 1615 31 March 1621
husband's ascension
6 October 1644 Philip V
Retratodelareinamariana.jpg Mariana of Austria Habsburg 24 December 1634 25 November 1615 17 September 1665
husband's death
16 May 1696
Marie Louise of Orleans.jpg Marie Louise of Orléans Orléans 26 March 1662 19 November 1679 12 February 1689 Charles III
W. Humer 001.jpg Maria Anna of Neuburg Wittelsbach 28 October 1667 14 May 1690 1 November 1700
husband's death
16 July 1740
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Bourbon (1700–1706)

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
1688 Louise.JPG Maria Luisa of Savoy Savoy 17 September 1688 2 November 1701 c. 1706
Duchy ceded to Austria
14 February 1714 Philip VI
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Habsburg (1706–1794)

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Elisabeth Christine of Braunschweig Wolfenbuettel Austria.jpg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Welf 28 August 1691 1 August 1708 20 October 1740
husband's death
21 December 1750 Charles IV
Joseph Grassi 001.jpg Maria Louisa of Spain Bourbon 24 November 1745 5 August 1765 20 February 1790
husband's ascession
1 March 1792
husband's death
15 May 1792 Leopold
Maria Teresa di Borbone-Napoli.jpg Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily Bourbon-Two Sicilies 6 June 1772 15 September 1790 1 March 1792
husband's ascession
1794 13 April 1807 Francis II
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse

Royal Duchesses of Brabant

Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse
Queen Maria Hendrika of Belgium.jpg Marie Henriette of Austria Habsburg-Lorraine 23 August 1836 22 August 1853 6 December 1813
became queen
19 September 1902 Leopold II
Crown princess Astrid 1926.jpg Astrid of Sweden Bernadotte 17 November 1905 4 November 1926 17 February 1934
became queen
29 August 1935 Leopold III
Lilian baels.png Lilian Baels 28 November 1916 6 December 1941 16 July 1951
husband's abdication
as king
25 September 1983
husband's death
7 June 2002
21 juli 2008 - Nationale Feestdag 122.jpg Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz 20 January 1973 4 December 1999 - - Prince Philippe
Picture Name House Birth Marriage Became Duchess Cease to be Duchess Death Spouse

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