Duderstadt: Wikis

  
  

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Duderstadt
The historic town hall (April 2004)
The historic town hall (April 2004)
Coat of arms of Duderstadt
Duderstadt is located in Germany
Duderstadt
Coordinates 51°30′45″N 10°15′35″E / 51.5125°N 10.25972°E / 51.5125; 10.25972
Administration
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Göttingen
Town subdivisions 15 districts
Mayor Wolfgang Nolte (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 95.61 km2 (36.92 sq mi)
Elevation 180 m  (591 ft)
Population 22,833  (31 December 2004)
 - Density 239 /km2 (619 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate
Postal code 37115
Area code 05527
Website www.duderstadt.de

Duderstadt is a city in southern Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the district of Göttingen. It is the center and capital of the northern part of the Eichsfeld ("Untereichsfeld"). In earlier times it was the private wealth of the Roman Catholic archbishop of Mainz.

The earliest documentary mention of Duderstadt was in 929 AD, and the city celebrates its anniversaries counting from that year.

It is located on the German Framework Road.

Contents

Architecture

The city contains many historical buildings in the carcass style, most notably along the Market Street, which stretches from the St. Cyriakuskirche (Catholic, built 1250–1490), also called "Oberkirche" (upper church), down to the St. Servatiuskirche (Protestant, built 1370–1520), also called "Unterkirche" (nether church).

Old town gate Westerturm

Built in 1343, the Westerturm is one of at least eight gate towers and peels of the city's fortress wall, it burned down in 1424 and was rebuilt over the course of 12 years. The Westerturm has a very distinctive twisted roof. Though not the only tower in Germany with a twisted roof, its execution was particularly successful. There are a number of folk tales to explain the twist: one tale claims that an unoiled weather vane caused the wind to twist the roof. Another claims that when the devil was driving the men of Duderstadt to drink, the women drove him away, but not before he grabbed the tower and twisted it while passing over the wall, making his escape.

Construction of the Rathaus (city government building) began in 1302, with additional wings and components added until 1674. It was completely restored in the 1980s and most recently in 2002. At particular hours, a carillon plays from one of the towers as a bust of the "Anreis" (also: "Anreischke") comes out and nods.

The "Anreischke"

The city Innenstadt is surrounded by a 3 km long earthen wall which was constructed by a traveling master fortress builder named Andreas. The city council (Rat) of Duderstadt contracted with Andreas in 1506 to build the wall. Since the surrounding farmers were also to be protected by the wall, the Rat conscripted them to work on the construction of the wall. Andreas was reportedly a cruel taskmaster, and the farmers detested him. They soon also blamed the citizens of Duderstadt for their woes, and took to calling all of them "Anreischke", after Andreas, which was pronounced "Anreis" in the "platt" (low) German spoken by the farmers.

Main road Marktstraße

The citizens of Duderstadt, in turn, had a wooden bust of Andreas constructed and attached to a clockwork. Every two hours since then, the wooden "Anreischke" would come out and nod to the farmers coming to market, to remind them of the detested Andreas, and of their dependency on the city.

That wooden Anreischke nods until this day from the Rathaus tower at 9 am, 11, 1 pm, 3, 5 and 7.

Otto Bock

A Duderstadt-headquartered company is the Otto Bock corporation, named after its founder. Otto Bock produces state-of-the-art prosthetic limbs and other health products. Though now an international company, it is still headquartered in Duderstadt. Revenue in 2003 was 355.5 million euros. Otto Bock was a significant contributor to economic growth in the region in the postwar period.

Culture

The Duderstadt Heimatmuseum has a collection of locally significant artifacts.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DUDERSTADT, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, situated in a beautiful and fertile valley (formerly called Goldene Mark) watered by the Hahle, and on the railway Wulften-Leinefelde. Pop. (1905) 53 2 7 . It is an interesting medieval town with many ancient buildings. Notable are the two Roman Catholic churches, beautiful Gothic edifices of the -14th century, the Protestant church, and the handsome townhall. Its chief industries are woollen and cotton manufactures, sugar-refining and cigar-making; it has also a trade in singingbirds. Duderstadt was founded by Henry I. (the Fowler) in 9 2 9, passed later to the monastery of Quedlinburg, and then to Brunswick. It was a member of the Hanseatic League, and during the Thirty Years' War became a stronghold of the Imperialists. It was taken by Duke William of Weimar in 163 2; in 1761 its walls were dismantled, and, after being alternately Prussian and Hanoverian, it passed finally in 1866 with Hanover to Prussia.


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