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Brigadier Dudley Wrangel Clarke, born at Ladysmith, Natal,[1] (1899–1974), and educated at Charterhouse School was an officer in the British Army who was behind several deception operations during the Second World War and who founded the British Army's Commando Regiment during the Second World War.[2]

Second World War

During the Second World War, Clarke instituted a scheme whereby he would attempt to make the leadership of Italy think that British General Archibald Wavell would invade Italian Somaliland in 1940; whereas in reality Eritrea was the targeted country.[3] The Italian leadership was fooled, but instead of diverting troops to Italian Somaliland as the British hoped, they ordered their soldiers there to withdraw into Eritrea.[3] Clarke also thought up a number of ruses to con Germany.[3] One idea that was employed, was setting up a look-alike for Bernard Montgomery.[3] The look-alike was deployed to the Mediterranean region in an effort to distract the Germans away from the English Channel.[3]

Clarke also was responsible for the creation of the First United States Army Group, a fictitious army group based in south-east England, that was designed to fool Adolf Hitler, the leader of Germany, into thinking that the Allies of World War II were going to invade France at Calais.[3]

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