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Duisburg
Schwanentor Bridge
Schwanentor Bridge
Coat of arms of Duisburg
Duisburg is located in Germany
Duisburg
Coordinates 51°26′0″N 6°46′0″E / 51.433333°N 6.766667°E / 51.433333; 6.766667
Administration
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban district
City subdivisions 7 boroughs, 46 suburbs
Lord Mayor Adolf Sauerland (CDU)
Governing parties CDUGreens
Basic statistics
Area 232.82 km2 (89.89 sq mi)
Elevation 31 m  (102 ft)
Population  494,920  (30 June 2008)[1]
 - Density 2,126 /km2 (5,506 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate DU
Postal codes 47001–47279
Area code 0203
Website www.duisburg.de

Duisburg (German pronunciation: [ˈdyːsbʊɐ̯k], About this sound Duisburg ) is a German city in the western part of the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet) in North Rhine-Westphalia. It is an independent metropolitan borough within Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf. With the world's biggest inland harbour and its proximity to Düsseldorf International Airport, Duisburg has become an important venue for commerce and steel production.

Today's city is a result of numerous incorporations of surrounding towns and smaller cities. It is the twelfth-largest city in Germany and the fifth-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia with 495,668 residents as of 31 December 2007. The city is renowned for its steel industry. The last remaining coal mine closed down in the Summer of 2009, but Duisburg has never been a coal-mining center to the same extent as other places in the Ruhr. All blast furnaces in the Ruhr are now located in Duisburg. 49% of all hot metal and 34.4% of all pig-iron in Germany is produced here (as of 2000). It also has a large brewery, the König Brauerei, which makes the König Pilsener brand. The University of Duisburg-Essen, with 33,000 students, ranks among the 10 largest German universities.

Contents

Geography

Duisburg is located in the Lowland Rhine area at the confluence of the Rhine and Ruhr rivers and near the outskirts of the Bergisches Land. The city spreads along both sides of these rivers.

Adjacent cities

The following cities border Duisburg (clockwise starting from north-east): Oberhausen, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Ratingen, Düsseldorf, Krefeld, Moers, Rheinberg and Dinslaken

Duisburg's inner harbour.

Districts

Since January 1, 1975 Duisburg is divided in seven districts or boroughs (Stadtbezirke) from the north to the south:[1]

History

Roman period

Latest archaeological studies show that today's market-place was already in use in the first century. It has been the major central trading place of the city since the fifth century. The city itself was located at the "Hellweg", an important medieval trade route, and at a ford across the River Rhine. The Romans already guarded the ford.

  • 420 The Franks usurp the Roman settlement and re-colonisation of the old part of the town.
  • 883 Normans conquer Duisburg and stay for the winter. First historic document mentioning Duisburg.
Map of Duisburg, 1566.

Middle Ages

Due to the town's favourable geographic position a palatinate was built and the town was soon granted the royal charter of a free city. Duisburg became a member of the Hanseatic League. Around 1000 the river Rhine moved westward from the city. This put an end to the city's development as a trading town and it soon grew into a quiet rural city. The productions of cartographer Gerardus Mercator and the foundation of a university in 1655 established the city's renown as "Educated Duisburg" ("Duisburgum Doctum").

Industrial revolution

The rise of tobacco and textile industries in the 18th century made Duisburg an industrial center. Big industrial companies such as iron and steel producing firms (Thyssen and Krupp) influenced the development of the city within the Prussian Rhine Province. Large housing areas near production sites were being built as workers and their families moved in.

  • 1823 a district ("Landkreis") Duisburg is established including the cities of Essen and Mülheim an der Ruhr.
  • 1824 construction of the sulfuric acid factory Fr. W. Curtius. Beginning of the industry age in Duisburg.
  • 1828 Franz Haniel builds a dockyard for steamships
  • 1846 railroad line to Düsseldorf
  • 1847 railroad line via Dortmund to Minden
  • 1873 Duisburg becomes an independent city borough.
  • 1904 Birth of the 100,000th resident (Ernst R. Straube)
  • 1921 French Infantry occupy the city on 8 March to secure war reparation payments incurred during World War I.
  • 1929 The city of Hamborn and Duisburg are joined together. The new city is given the name of Duisburg-Hamborn.
  • 1935 Duisburg-Hamborn is re-named Duisburg.
  • 1938 (November) The Nazis destroy the city's synagogue.

World War II

A major logistical center in the Ruhr and location of chemical, steel and iron industries, Duisburg was a primary target of Allied bombers. As such, it is considered by some historians to be the single most heavily bombed German city by the Allies during World War II, with industrial areas and residential blocks targeted by Allied incendiary bombs.

On the night of 12–13 June 1941, British bombers dropped a total of 445 tons of bombs in and around Duisburg. As part of the Battle of the Ruhr, another British raid of 577 bombers destroyed the old city between 12–13 May 1943 with 1,599 tons of bombs. During the bombing raids, 96,000 people were made homeless with countless lives lost.

In 1944 the city was again badly damaged as a total of 2,000 tons of bombs were dropped on 22 May. On 14 October, the tonnage was doubled to 2,018 tons when Halifax, Lancaster, and Mosquito bombers appeared over Duisburg as part of Operation Hurricane. This daylight raid was followed by a night attack; over 24 hours about 9,000 tons of HE and incendiaries had been dropped on Duisburg. Numerous similar attacks followed until the end of 1944.

In the last stages of the war in Europe, the city was under artillery barrage from 3 April 1945. On 12 April 1945 military units of the U.S. 9th Army entered Duisburg. On 8 May 1945 the ADSEC Engineer Group A, led by Col. Helmer Swenholt, commanding officer of the 332nd Engineer General Service Regiment, constructed a railroad bridge between Duisburg and Rheinhausen across the Rhine River. This bridge was 860 meters long, and constructed in six days, fifteen hours and twenty minutes, a record time. This Bridge was named the "Victory Bridge".[2]

Post war period

A total of 299 bombing raids had almost completely destroyed the historic cityscape. 80% of all residential buildings had been destroyed or partly damaged. Almost the whole of the city had to be rebuilt, and most historic landmarks had been lost.

Duisburg celebrated its 1100th anniversary in 1983. On 19 July 2004 it was hit by a tornado. The municipal theatre and parts of the city center were damaged. The city hosted the 7th World Games in 2005.

Turks in Duisburg

Duisburg is home to 60,000 Turkish Muslims. The new Merkez Mosque, the largest Muslim place of worship in a non-Muslim country, is being built with a contribution of 3.2 million euro from the EU and the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.[3] Turks began arriving as "guest workers" in Duisburg in the 1960s, typically work in physically difficult, low paying jobs, and typically have had limited German language skills.[4]

Economy and infrastructure

Transport

Watershed of the Rhine River

Duisburg Port

"Duisport"[5] is the largest inland port in the world. It is officially regarded as a "seaport" because sea-going river vessels go to ports in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Numerous docks are mostly located at the mouth of Ruhr river where it joins the Rhine.

Each year more than 40 million tonnes of various goods are handled with more than 20,000 ships calling at the port. The public harbor facilities stretch across an area of 7.4 km². There are 21 docks covering an area of 1.8 km² and 40 km of wharf. The area of the Logport Logistic Center Duisburg stretches across an area of 2.65 km². A number of companies run their own private docks and 70 million tonnes of goods yearly are handled in Duisburg on average.

Road and rail

Duisburg is connected to the German Autobahn system. Five such roads extend through the city area or pass it. Duisburg main station is serviced by the InterCityExpress and InterCity long-distance network of the Deutsche Bahn, in addition line  S1  and  S2  of the S-Bahn line connect Duisburg with other cities of the Rhine-Ruhr area.

A Stadtbahn light rail and a bus system, both operated by the Duisburger Verkehrsgesellschaft provide local traffic. The Stadtbahn line U79, the so-called D-Bahn, is a connection to the neighbouring city of Düsseldorf and serviced in joint operation with the Rheinbahn of Düsseldorf. All S-Bahn, Stadtbahn and bus lines operate under the umbrella of the VRR transport association.

Media

There are several newspapers reporting on local events and politics, including the "Westdeutsche Allgemeine" (WAZ), the "Neue Ruhr Zeitung" (NRZ) and the "Rheinische Post" (RP). The local radio station "Radio Duisburg" was the first local radio broadcaster in the German state of North Rhine Westphalia. It started broadcasting in 1990. There is a local TV station ("STUDIO 47"), which was the first local station to broadcast in North Rhine-Westphalia. It started broadcasting in 2006. In its Duisburg studions the WDR produces a local programme for the city of Duisburg and the lower rhine region north of Düsseldorf. WDR is part of the German TV and radio network ARD.

Culture

Duisburg hosts a comprehensive range of cultural facilities and events. A highlight is the annual "Duisburger Akzente" [2], a festival focusing on modern social, political and cultural topics.

Landschaftspark by night.

Besides Düsseldorf Duisburg is a residence of the Deutsche Oper am Rhein, one of the major opera houses in Germany. The Duisburg Philharmonic Orchestra is one of Germany's orchestras with an international reputation.

Thanks to its history as a harbor city and a trade and industrial center Duisburg offers a variety of architectural places of interest. The spectrum goes from old churches such as "St Johann Baptist" in Duisburg-Hamborn, which was built in 900, to modern age buildings like Micro-Electronic-Centrum in Duisburg-Neudorf, built in 1995. Another subject of interest is the Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord[6] an abandoned industrial complex open to the public and an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage. The city center locates the Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum,[7] the municipal theatre [3] and the shopping street known as "fountain mile".

The city also contains two botanical gardens, the Botanischer Garten Duisburg-Hamborn and the Botanischer Garten Kaiserberg, as well as a number of municipal parks.

Sport

Club Sport League Venue
MSV Duisburg Football 2nd Bundesliga MSV Arena
EV Duisburg Icehockey Regionalliga West (4th Destrict League) Scania Arena
FCR 2001 Duisburg Women's football around the world Bundesliga 1st German League PCC-Stadion
Duisburg Dockers Baseball, American football Landesliga II (2nd District League) Schwelgernstadion
Amateur SC Duisburg Water polo Deutsche Wasserball-Liga(1st Water Polo League) Schwimmstadion and club pool

Duisburg is involved in many kinds of sports. Nevertheless, most important for its inhabitants is the local football club MSV Duisburg. Recently, with the new MSV Arena the city received a brand new sports stadium for various kinds of sports such as football and American football. During the summer months of 2005 the World Games took place in Duisburg. During the 2006 FIFA World Cup, Duisburg was the stage for preparation of the Portuguese team and the residence of the Italian football team, who won the cup in the final match against France. Duisburg is also known for its rowing and canoeing regattas and the world championships that take place there regularly. Other popular sports are icehockey, baseball, American football, water polo and hockey.

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Duisburg is twinned with:[8][9]

References

  1. ^ a b "Population statistics". Statistisches Landesamt NRW. Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20080209015220/http://www.lds.nrw.de/statistik/datenangebot/daten/b/r311dichte.html. 
  2. ^ Jim & Tom Peacock. "duisberg". Geocities.com. http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/Bunker/7676/duisberg.html. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  3. ^ Quantara.de retrieved July 25, 2008
  4. ^ [1] Landleer, Mark, "After Lifetime in Germany, Turks Still Alone and Torn." New York Times, March 25, 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2008.
  5. ^ Duisport
  6. ^ "Duisburg-Nord Landscape Park". Landschaftspark.de. 2009-04-23. http://www.landschaftspark.de/en/home/index.php. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  7. ^ Cynapsis Kommunikationsagentur GmbH in Münster. "Cynapsis - Die Kommunikations-Agentur in Münster". Lehmbruck.cynapsis.com. http://lehmbruck.cynapsis.com/?part=en. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Cities Twinned with Duisburg". www.duisburg.de. http://www.duisburg.de/micro/english/introducing/102010100000187829.php. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr Destrict". © 2009 Twins2010.com. http://www.twins2010.com/fileadmin/user_upload/pic/Dokumente/List_of_Twin_Towns_01.pdf?PHPSESSID=2edd34819db21e450d3bb625549ce4fd. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  10. ^ Portsmouth City Council. Twinning. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
  11. ^ Portsmouth Duisburg Anglo-German Friends
  12. ^ Duisburger Portsmouthfreunde

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Duisburg [1] is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It has a population of 500,000.

Get in

By plane

Düsseldorf Interantional Airport (DUS) [2] 20 km south of Duisburg is home of several airlines.

By train

Duisburg's central station (Duisburg Hauptbahnhof) is the main junction of nationwide and regional railway lines.

  • Deutsche Bahn [3]
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DUISBURG, a town of Germany in the kingdom of Prussia, 15 m. by rail N. from Dusseldorf, between the Rhine and the Ruhr, with which rivers it communicates by a canal. It is an important railway centre. Pop. (1885) 47,5 1 9; (1900) 92,729; (1905), including many outlying townships then recently incorporated, 191,551. It has six Roman Catholic and six Protestant churches, among the latter the fine Gothic Salvatorkirche, of the 15th century. It is well furnished with schools, which include a school of machinery. Of modern erections, the concert hall, the law courts and a memorial fountain to the cartographer Gerhard Kremer (Mercator) are worthy of mention. There are important foundries, rolling mills for copper, steel and brass plates, chemical works, saw-milling, shipbuilding, tobacco, cotton, sugar, soap and other manufactures.

Duisburg was known to the Romans as Castrum Deutonis, and mentioned under the Frankish kings as Dispargu y n. In the 12th century it attained the rank of an imperial free town, but on being mortgaged in 1290 to Cleves it lost its privileges. At the beginning of the 17th century it was transferred to B randenburg, and during the Thirty Years' War was alternately occupied by the Spaniards and the Dutch. In 1655 the elector Frederick William of Brandenburg founded here a Protestant university, which flourished until 1802.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Duisburg

  1. Duisburg (city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany)







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