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Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria: Wikis


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Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria
Spouse Princess Sophie of Saxony
Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal
Amalie, Duchess of Urach
Sophie, Countess Hans Veit zu Toerring-Jettenbach
Elisabeth, Queen of Belgium
Marie Gabrielle, Crown Princess of Bavaria
Duke Ludwig Wilhelm in Bavaria
Duke Franz Joseph in Bavaria
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
Mother Princess Ludovika of Bavaria
Born 9 August 1839(1839-08-09)
Possenhofen Castle, Bavaria
Died 30 November 1909 (aged 70)
Kreuth, Bavaria
Burial Schloss Tegernsee

Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria (9 August 1839 - 30 November 1909) was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a well-known ophthalmologist. He was the brother of the Empress Elisabeth of Austria.



Karl-Theodor was born at Possenhofen Castle, the third son of Duke Maximilian in Bavaria and of his wife, Princess Ludovika of Bavaria.

At the age of fourteen Karl-Theodor joined the Bavarian Army. In 1866 he fought in the Austro-Prussian War. When he left active duty, he became a student at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, where he studied philosophy, law, economics, and medicine. Among his teachers were the chemist Justus von Liebig, the pathologist Ludwig von Buhl, and the physicist Philipp von Jolly.

In 1870 Karl-Theodor's studies were interrupted by the Franco-Prussian War in which he served as a proprietary colonel of the 3rd Bavarian Light Horse. After the war he returned to his studies. In 1872 he was named an honorary Doctor of Medicine by the Ludwig Maximilians University; the following year he completed the requirements for the degree. Then he studied ophthalmology under Professor Deutschland and continued his education in Vienna and in Zurich.

In 1877 Karl-Theodor began practicing medicine in Mentone. He was often assisted by his wife Maria Josepha. In 1880 he opened an eye-clinic in his castle at Tegernsee. In 1895 he founded the Augenklinik Herzog Carl Theodor (English: Duke Charles Theodore Eye Clinic) in Munich; the clinic in the Nymphenburger Strasse remains one of the most respected eye clinics in Bavaria to the present day. Between 1895 and 1909 Carl Theodor personally carried out more than 5,000 cataract operations as well as treating countless other eye disorders.

Karl-Theodor received a number of honours:

  • honorary colonel of the 5th Regiment of Prussian Dragoons.
  • honorary member of the Academy of Medical Sciences in Brussels.
  • knight of the Order of Saint Hubert.

Karl-Theodor died at Kreuth in 1909. He is buried in the family crypt in Schloss Tegernsee.

Marriages and family

On 11 February 1865, at Dresden, Karl-Theodor married his first cousin Princess Sophie of Saxony (1845 - 1867), daughter of King John of Saxony and his maternal aunt Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria. They had one child:

On 29 April 1874, at Kleinheubach, Karl-Theodor married Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal (1857 - 1943), daughter of exiled King Miguel I of Portugal and Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. They had five children:



  • Sexau, Richard. Fürst und Arzt, Dr. med. Herzog Carl Theodor in Bayern: Shicksal zwischen Wittelsbach und Habsburg. Graz: Verlag Styria, 1963.
  • Trevor-Roper, Patrick Dacre. "The Royal Oculist". British Journal of Ophthalmology 43 (1959): 1-2.

External links



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