Dukes of Pomerania: Wikis

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Location of the residence cities of the Dukes of Pomerania (blue) and Pomerelia (ocre) within the modern borders of Pomerania

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10th and 11th century - Dukes of the Slavic Pomeranian tribes

  • 1046 mention of Zemuzil (in Polish literature also called Siemomysł)
  • 1113 Gallus Anonymus mentions several dukes of Pomerania: Swantibor, Gniewomir, and an unnamed duke besieged in Kołobrzeg (Kolberg).

Duchy of Pomerania

From 1155, the duchy was co-ruled by the dukes of Szczecin and Demmin.

After Wartislaw III died heirless in 1264, Barnim I became sole duke of the whole duchy. After Barnim's death, the duchy was to be ruled by his sons Barnim II, Otto I and Bogislaw IV. The first years, Bogislaw, being the eldest, ruled in place of his too young brothers, too. In 1295, after Barnim's death, the duchy was partitioned in a northern duchy (Wolgast, ruled by Bogislaw), and a southern duchy (Stettin, ruled by Otto).

After 200 years of partition, the duchy was reunited for a short period when all her parts were inherited by Bogislaw X.

Partitioned in Pomerania-Stettin, -Barth, -Wolgast and -Rügenwalde (Darłowo)

Pomerania-Demmin

(to 1156 part of Duchy of Pomerania)

In 1264, Pomerania-Demmin was inherited and incorporated into Pomerania-Stettin

Pomerania-Stettin (Szczecin)

(from 1625 part of united Duchy of Pomerania)

Pomerania-Wolgast

In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ihna rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Stettin south of these rivers.

  • 1474-1523 Bogislaw X (from 1478 all Pomerania)
  • 1523-1531 Barnim IX and George I

During the following partition, Pomerania-Wolgast comprised Vorpommern without Stettin and Gartz (Oder), but including Greifenberg

(from 1625 part of united Duchy of Pomerania)

Pomerania-Barth

(to 1376 part of Pomerania-Wolgast)

  • 1376-1415 Wartislaw VI
  • 1394-1415 Wartislaw VIII
  • 1415-1451 Barnim VIII
  • 1457-1478 Wartislaw X

(1478-1531 part of Duchy of Pomerania) (1531-1569 part of Pomerania-Wolgast)

(from 1603 part of Duchy of Stettin)

Pomerania-Rügenwalde (Darłowo)

(to 1569 part of Pomerania-Stettin)

  • from 1620 part of Pomerania-Stettin

Pomerania-Stolp (Słupsk)

(before 1316 Schlawe-Stolp, 1316-1368 part of Pomerania-Wolgast)

(from 1459 part of Pomerania-Wolgast)

Pomerania-Stargard

(to 1377 part of Pomerania-Stolp)

(from 1459 to Pomerania-Wolgast)

Lands of Schlawe and Stolp

  • 1121-1156 Ratibor I (from 1147/8 also duke of Pomerania)

(to ca 1190 part of Duchy of Pomerania)

  • 1190-1223 Bogislaw
  • 1223-1227 Ratibor II

In 1227, Stolp came to Pomerelia, Schlawe to Pomerania. In 1238-1316 both became part of Pomerelia, ruled by an autonomously acting dynasty of castellans, the Swenzones (German: Swenzonen, entering history in 1257 with Swenzo the Elder). In 1316, the area became part of the Pomerania-Wolgast, first as a pawn from Brandenburg, and definitely in 1347.

Principality of Rugia

1168-1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers:

  • 1162-1170 Tezlaw
  • 1170-1217 Jaromar I
  • 1218-1249 Wizlaw I
  • 1249-1260 Jaromar II
  • 1260-1302 Wizlaw II
  • 1303-1325 Wizlaw III

From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth:

  • 1325-1326 Wartislaw IV
  • 1326-1368 Bogislaw V, Wartislaw V, Barnim IV
  • 1368-1372 Wartislaw VI, Bogislaw VI
  • 1372-1394 Wartislaw VI
  • 1394-1415 Wartislaw VIII
  • 1415-1432/6 Swantibor II
  • 1432/6-1451 Barnim VIII
  • 1451-1457 Wartislaw IX
  • 1457-1478 Wartislaw X

from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast

Duchy of Pomerelia

The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae (=Duke of Pomerania) or dux Pomeranorum (=Duke of the Pomeranians).

  • ca. 1060–1106 Swietobor I (Świętobór I)
  • 1109,1113-1121 Swantopolk I (Świętopełk I)
  • 1121-1155 part of Poland
  • 1155-1178 Sobieslaw I (Subislaw I)
  • 1178-1207 Sambor I
  • 1207–1217 Mestwin I (Mściwój I), the Peaceful

1220-1271 divided into duchies of:

Further history:

Duchy of Białogarda (Belgard a.d.Leba)

  • 1207 Subislaw II
  • 1215/1229-1257 Ratibor

Duchy of Gdańsk (Danzig)

  • to 1215 part of Pomerelia
  • 1215-1266 Swantopolk II (Świętopełk II) the Great
  • 1266-1271 Wratislaw II
  • from 1271 part of Pomerelia

Duchy of Lubiszewo (Liebschau)

The dukes initially resided at a burgh located in the later village of Lubiszewo (Liebschau). After the town of Dirschau (Tczew) was founded nearby in the course of the Ostsiedlung, the dukes shiftet their residence to the town.

  • 1178-1200/1207 Grzymislaw II
  • 1215/1228-1266/1278 Sambor II
  • from 1266/1278 part of Pomerelia

Duchy of Świecie (Schwetz)

  • to 1178 part of Pomerelia
  • 1178-1200/1207 Grzymislaw II
  • 1215/1223-1229/1230 Wartislaw I of Schwetz
  • 1229-1255/1266 Swantopolk II (Świętopełk II) the Great
  • 1255/12661271 Mestwin II
  • from 1271 part of Pomerelia

See also

Further reading

  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1-4, Poznan-Torun 1969-2003
  • Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part I
  • Zugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznan 1969, 1978, 1996
  • Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
  • L. Badkowski, W.Samp. "Poczet ksiazat Pomorza Gdanskiego", Gdansk 1974
  • B. Sliwinski, "Poczet ksiazaat gdanskich", Gdansk 1997
  • Wojciech Myslenicki, "Pomorscy sprzymierzenscy Jagiellonczylow", Wyd. Poznanskie, Poznan 1979
  • J. Spors, "Podzially administracyjne Pomorza Gdanskiego i Slawiensko-Slupksiego od XII do poczatkow XIV w", Slupsk 1983
  • K. Slaski, "Podzially terytorialne Pomorza w XII-XII w.", Poznan 1960
  • Edward Rymar, Krewni i powinowaci ksiazat pomorskich w zrodłach sredniowiecznych (XII-początek XVI w.), Materially Zachodniopomorskie, vol. XXXI

External links


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