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The Dumbarton Oaks Conference (or Washington Conversations on International Peace and Security Organization) was an international conference at which the United Nations was formulated and negotiated.

It was held from 21 August to 7 October 1944 in Dumbarton Oaks, a mansion in Washington, DC, United States, and was attended by representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and China. It was chaired by U.S. Undersecretary of State Edward Reilly Stettinius.[1] The British delegation was headed by Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Sir Alexander Cadogan, while the Soviet delegation was led by Soviet Ambassador to the United States Andrei Gromyko.[2]

The conference's discussions on the make-up of the UN included which states would be invited to be members, the formation of the United Nations Security Council, and the right of veto that would be given to the Security Council's permanent members.

The conference was followed up by the Yalta Conference (February 1945) and, later, by the United Nations Conference on International Organization (the "San Francisco Conference", April-June 1945), at which the Security Council veto powers were established and the text of the UN Charter finalized.

Dumbarton Oaks mansion

Contents

See also

References

  1. ^ Stettinius, Edward Reilly, Jr. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
  2. ^ Hilderbrand, Robert C. Dumbarton Oaks, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001. pp. 67-68

Further reading

  • Hilderbrand, Robert C. (1990). Dumbarton Oaks: The Origins of the United Nations and the Search for Postwar Security. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-1894-1.  

External links

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