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Dunbartonshire
County constituency
House House of Commons
Elects One MPs
Created 1708 (1708)
Abolished 1950 (1950)

Dunbartonshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain (Westminster) from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also Westminster) from 1801 to 1950, electing one Member of Parliament (MP).

Contents

Boundaries

The constituency was created to cover the county of Dumbarton (later Dunbarton) minus any parliamentary burgh or part thereof within the county. From 1832 to 1918, however, under the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868 and the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the boundaries of counties and burghs for purposes of parliamentary representation were not necessarily those for other purposes.

The Representation of the People Act 1918 brought constituency boundaries generally into alignment with local government boundaries established under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 and subsequent related legislation, but there were later changes to local government boundaries which were not reflected in new constituency boundaries until 1950, the same year that the Dunbartonshire constituency was abolished, under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949.

For the period 1832 to 1918 boundary details below are nominal, and for the period 1918 to 1950 they are those applicable in 1918.

For the 1708 (first) general election and every subsequent election of the Parliament of Great Britain the Dumbartonshire constituency consisted of the county of Dumbarton minus the burgh of Dumbarton, which was a component of the Clyde Burghs constituency.

In 1801 the Parliament of Great Britain was merged with the Parliament of Ireland to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Dumbartonshire constituency retained its boundaries as a constituency of the Parliament of Great Britain for the 1802 (first) general election of the new parliament and for the general elections of 1806, 1807, 1812, 1818, 1820, 1826, 1830 and 1831.

Nominally, the constituency had the same boundaries for the 1832 general election, but the burgh of Dumbarton was now a component of Kilmarnock Burghs. 1832 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1835, 1837, 1841, 1847, 1852, 1857, 1859, 1865, 1868, 1874, 1880, 1885, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910, and December 1910.

For the 1918 general election the constituency was defined as covering the county of Dunbarton minus the burghs of Dumbarton and Clydebank, which comprised Dumbarton Burghs. 1918 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.[1]

For the 1950 general election new constituency boundaries divided the county of Dunbarton between the East Dunbartonshire and West Dunbartonshire constituencies, both entirely within the county.[1]

Members of Parliament

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MPs 1708–1832

MPs 1832–1950

Election Member Party[2][3][4]
1832 John Campbell Colquhoun
1835 Alexander Dennistoun
1837 Sir James Colquhoun
1841 Alexander Smollett Conservative
1859 Patrick Boyle Smollett Conservative
1868 Archibald Orr-Ewing Conservative
1892 John Sinclair Liberal
1895 Alexander Wylie Conservative
1906 James Dundas White Liberal
1910 (December) Arthur Acland Allen Liberal
1918 Sir William Hannay Raeburn Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 William Henry Porteous Martin Labour
1924 David Pinkerton Fleming Conservative
1926 by-election John Gibb Thom Conservative
1929 Willie Brooke Labour
1931 John Gibb Thom Conservative
1932 by-election Archibald Cochrane Conservative
1936 by-election Thomas Cassells Labour
1941 by-election Adam McKinlay Labour
1950 constituency divided: see East Dunbartonshire and West Dunbartonshire

Election results

By-election 1941: Dunbartonshire [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Adam McKinlay 21,900
Communist M. MacEwen 3,862
By-election 1936: Dunbartonshire [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Cassells 20,187
Conservative A.P. Duffes KC 19,203
SNP R. Gray 2,599
By-election 1932: Dunbartonshire[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Com Hon Archibald Douglas Cochrane DSO RN 16,749
Labour Rt Hon Thomas Johnston 13,704
SNP R. Gray 5,178
Communist H. McIntyre 2,870
General election 1929: Dunbartonshire [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Willie Brooke 18,153
Conservative Lieut Col John Gibb Thom 16,576
Liberal Thomas Maule Guthrie 5,071
By-election 1926: Dunbartonshire [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lieut-Col John Gibb Thom 12,680
Labour W.H. Martin 11,610
Liberal William Reid 2,146
General election 1924: Dunbartonshire [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Pinkerton Fleming KC 16,223
Labour W.H. Martin 12,872
General election 1923: Dunbartonshire [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour W.H. Martin 11,705
Conservative David Pinkerton Fleming KC 9,802
Liberal Stanley Holmes 5,726
General election 1922: Dunbartonshire [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Raeburn, 1st Baronet 13,407
Labour W.H. Martin 13,216
General election 1918: Dunbartonshire [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Sir William Raeburn 12,765
Labour W.H. Martin 7,072
Liberal Arthur Acland Allen 3,048
General election Dec 1910: Dunbartonshire [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Acland Allen 8,579
Conservative William Thomas Shaw 7,267
General election Jan 1910: Dunbartonshire [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Dundas White 8,640
Conservative Col Henry Brock 7,607
General election 1906: Dunbartonshire [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Dundas White 7,404
Conservative Henry Brock 6,937
General election 1900: Dunbartonshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Wylie 6,083
Liberal P.R. Buchanan 5,393
General election 1895: Dunbartonshire [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander Wylie 5,375
Liberal Capt John Sinclair 5,342
General election 1892: Dunbartonshire [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Capt John Sinclair 5,249
Conservative Alexander Wylie 4,956
General election 1886: Dunbartonshire [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing 4,249
Liberal Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson 4,217
General election 1885: Dunbartonshire [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing 4,514
Liberal Robert Threshie Reid QC 4,357


At the General election 1868 Archibald Orr-Ewing was returned unopposed. [22]

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, 1972
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 582. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 536. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 622. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  8. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  9. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  10. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  11. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  12. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  13. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  16. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  18. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  19. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  20. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  21. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  22. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1870

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