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Dundalk
Dún Dealgan
Coat of arms of Dundalk
Dkit aerial view.jpg
The southern part of Dundalk
Location
Location of Dundalk
centerMap highlighting Dundalk
Irish grid reference
J048074
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County: County Louth
Dáil Éireann: Louth
European Parliament: East
Dialling code: 042, +353 42
Area: 115 km2 (44 sq mi)
Population (2006) 35,090[1]
Website: www.dundalk.ie

Dundalk (from the Irish: Dún Dealgan meaning "Dalgan's stronghold") is the county town of County Louth, Ireland. It sits where the Castletown River flows into Dundalk Bay. The town is close to the border with Northern Ireland and equi-distant from Dublin and Belfast.

The town's name, which was historically written as Dundalgan,[2] has associations with the mythical warrior Cú Chulainn. The town's crest reads Mé do rug Cú Chulainn Cróga, meaning "I gave birth to brave Cú Chulainn".

It was granted its charter in 1189. Within legally defined boundaries it is the largest town in Ireland.[1] In 2003, Dundalk was amongst nine cities and towns to be designated Gateway status in the Irish Government's National Spatial Strategy.[3]

Dundalk is twinned with the town of Reze in France.[4]

Dundalk main thoroughfare - Clanbrassil Street

Contents

History

Around 3500 BC, the Neolithic people came to Ireland. One of the lasting features they left behind is the Proleek Dolmen at Ballymascanlon, on the northern side of Dundalk.

Celtic culture arrived in Ireland around 500 BC, having colonised most of Europe. The group that settled in North Louth were known as the Conaille Muirtheimhne and took their name from Conaill Carnagh, legendary chief of the Red Branch Knights of Ulster. Their land now forms upper and lower Dundalk. The poets in Celtic society were known as the fili and were responsible for mythological tales and legends, the most famous being the tales of the Red Branch Knights, the Táin Bó Cuailgne and Cúchulainn.

Dundalk had been originally developed as an unwalled Sráid Bhaile (meaning village; translates literally as "Street Townland"). The streets passed along a gravel ridge which runs from the present day Bridge Street in the North, through Church Street to Clanbrassil Street to Earl Street, and finally to Dublin Street.

In 1169, the Normans arrived in Ireland and set about conquering large areas. By 1185 a Norman nobleman named Bertram de Verdun erected a manor house at Castletown Mount and subsequently obtained the town's charter in 1189. Another Norman family, the De Courcys, led by John de Courcy, settled in the Seatown area of Dundalk, the "Nova Villa de Dundalke". Both families assisted in the fortification of the town, building walls and other fortification in the style of a Norman fortress. The town of Dundalk was developed as it lay close to an easy bridging point over the Castletown River and as a frontier town on the northern extremities of the Pale. In 1236 Bertram’s granddaughter, Rohesia commissioned Castle Roche to fortify the region, and to offer protection from the Irish territory of Ulster.

In the 17th century, Lord Limerick (later James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Clanbrassil) created the modern town we know today. He was responsible for the construction of streets leading to the town centre; his ideas came from many visits to Europe. In addition to the demolition of the old walls and castles, he had new roads laid out eastwards of the principal streets. The most important of these new roads connected a newly laid down Market Square, which still survives, with a linen and cambric factory at its eastern end, adjacent to what was once an army cavalry and artillery barracks (now Aiken Military Barracks). In the 19th century, the town grew in importance and many industries were set up in the local area. This development was helped considerably by the opening of railways, the expansion of the docks area or 'Quay' and the setting up of a board of commissioners to run the town.

The town's first rail links were to Dublin in 1849 and Belfast in 1850, placing the town on the main line between these two cities. Further railway links opened to Derry by 1859 and Greenore in 1873.

The partition of Ireland in May 1921 turned Dundalk into a border town and the DublinBelfast main line into an international railway. The Irish Free State opened customs and immigration facilities at Dundalk to check goods and passengers crossing the border by train. The Irish Civil War of 1922-23 saw a number of confrontations in Dundalk. The local Fourth Northern Division of the Irish Republican Army under Frank Aiken tried to stay neutral but 300 of them were arrested by the new Irish Army in August 1922. However, a raid on the barrack freed Aiken and two weeks later he took Dundalk barracks and captured its garrison before freeing the remaining republican prisoners there. Aiken did not try to hold the town, however, and before withdrawing he called for a truce in a meeting in the centre of Dundalk.

In the 20th century, Dundalk's secondary railway links were closed: first the line to Greenore in 1951 and then that to Derry in 1957. In 1966 Dundalk railway station was renamed Clarke. Dundalk continued as a market town, a regional centre, a centre of administration and a manufacturing centre during the first fifty years of Irish Independence. During the Northern Troubles period, it became a key security centre. The introduction of competition after Ireland's joining the Common Market revealed that local manufacturing enterprises were unable to deal with foreign competition, and Dundalk lost much employment. The town had the highest unemployment rate in Ireland's richest province, Leinster. This created numerous social problems. In addition it's proximity to the border during the Troubles meant that many people were sympathetic to the cause of the Provisional Irish Republican Army and Sinn Fein. It was in this period that Dundalk earned the nickname 'El Paso', after the American border town of the same name in Texas on the Mexican border.

The emergence of the Celtic Tiger investment boom resulted in rapid economic development in Dundalk since 2000. Harp Lager, a beer produced by Diageo, is brewed in the Great Northern Brewery, Dundalk. Today many international companies have factories in Dundalk, from food processing to high-tech computer components.

Education

Dundalk Institute of Technology (often abbreviated to DkIT) is the primary higher education provider in the North East of the country. It was established in 1970 as the Regional Technical College, offering primarily technician and apprenticeship courses. It has since evolved to become one of the major third level institutions, providing wide ranging full-time and part-time under-graduate and post-graduate courses.

The Cross Border Orchestra of Ireland (CBOI) is one of Ireland's primary youth orchestras. It is based in the Dundalk Institute of Technology and maintains a membership of 160 young musicians between the ages of 12 and 24 years. The CBOI was established in 1995 shortly after the implementation of the Peace Process and is recognised internationally and one of Ireland's flagship peace initiatives. The CBOI tours regularly to Europe and America and has sold out such prestigious venues as Carnegie Hall, New York and Chicago Symphony Hall.

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Secondary schools

Primary schools

Irish language

  • Gaelscoil Dhún Dealgan,[10]

English language

  • S.N Muire na nGael (also known as Bay Estate N.S)
  • St. Fursey's National School
  • St. Nicholas' National School
  • St. Joseph's NS
  • St. Oliver Plunkett's NS
  • C.B.S. Primary School
  • St. Malachy's National School (also known as the Friary)
  • De la Salle School
  • Dún Dealgan Primary School
  • Faughart N.S
  • Castletown Girls School
  • Scoil Eoin Baiste
  • Realt na Mara Primary School
Dundalk Infrastructure Hub & Gateway access

Infrastructure

Ongoing infrastructure evolutions continue in and around Dundalk to meet a programme deadline of 2020. These improvements embrace the road, rail and telecommunication infrastructures for—according to the National Development Plan—a better integration with the neighbouring Dublin, Midlands Gateway, and Cavan/Monaghan Hubs.

Sport

Dundalk has a long and proud history of sport with Dundalk F.C. and Dundalk R.F.C.

In recent years Dundalk has seen the development of new sporting facilities including the JJB Soccer Dome and the Dundalk Ice Dome where local ice hockey team the Dundalk Bulls play. The Ice Dome hosted the IIHF World Championship of Division III in April 2007[11].

Dundalk also has a long horseracing tradition. August 2007 saw Ireland's first all-weather horseracing track open up on the site of the old Dundalk racecourse[12]. The course held Ireland's first ever meeting under floodlights on September 27, 2007. Greyhound racing also takes place at Dundalk Stadium.

Dundalk also held its first ever National Fencing tournament in April 2007

Dundalk also has a basketball team The Dundalk Ravens

Dundalk Cricket Club has recently been founded and are hoping to start playing matches in 2010.[13].

People

Sister Towns

Dundalk,ON,CA (Southgate,ON,CA)

Dundalk, Maryland USA

Twin Rezé, France.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Census 2006
  2. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland
  3. ^ Irish Spatial Strategy
  4. ^ Dundalk - Reze twinning page
  5. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  6. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  7. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  8. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". in Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  9. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November), "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850", The Economic History Review Volume 37 (Issue 4): 473–488, doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 
  10. ^ [1]Gaelscoil Dhún Dealgan
  11. ^ IIHF - Div 3 Match reports
  12. ^ RTE - 2007 Irish Racing
  13. ^ [2]

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents
For other places with the same name, see Dundalk (disambiguation).

Dundalk is the largest town in Ireland. Its a bustling town midway between Dublin and Belfast.

Get in

Probably the best way to reach Dundalk from Dublin is the Matthews bus which runs on the half hour(during peak commute times) from Parnell street at the top of O'Connell street. The price of a ticket is € 7 for a single and €12 for a return.

Another good way is the train which runs from Connolly station at the east end of Talbot street

Get around

Dundalk is a rather compact town and walking is probably the best way around There is plently of good taxi services running in the town for example Sevens cabs (042 93 77777)

  • Dundalk has a very long and proud football history with Dundalk F.C..
  • The town has a wide range of sports facilities including the JJB Soccer Dome, the Ice Dome, the Sportsbowl and the newly refurbished Horse and Greyhound racing tracks which are a magnificent addition to the town's look!
  • Lisdoo, Armagh Road
  • Malthouse, Dublin Road
  • Fitzpatrick's,RockMarshall
  • The Europa,Earl Street
  • Kingfishers, Park Street.  edit
  • Spirit Store, The Quay
  • Oscars, Park Street
  • Bartender, Park Street
  • The Phoenix, Park Street
  • Cedarfield Lodge, Cedarfield Lodge Guesthouse, Dublin Road, Haggardstown, Dundalk, Co. Louth, +44 (0) 1229 432378, [1]. NOW CLOSED! Cedarfield Lodge is a small family run guest house that prides itself on comfort and friendliness providing a home from home experience in Dundalk. Cedarfield Lodge is in the coastal town of Dundalk, just off the M1 motorway connecting Dublin and Belfast. We are less than a 45 minute drive from Dublin or Belfast airports. FACILITIES Double Rooms Twin Rooms En-suite Bedrooms TV in all Bedrooms Breakfast Included Free Internet (Wireless) Free off street car parking  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DUNDALK, a seaport of Co. Louth, Ireland, in the north parliamentary division, on the Castletown river near its mouth in Dundalk Bay. Pop. of urban district (1901), 13,076. It is an important junction on the Great Northern railway, by the main line of which it is 54 m. N. from Dublin. The company has its works here, and a line diverges to the north-west of Ireland. Dundalk is connected with the port of Greenore (for Holyhead) by a line owned by the London & North-Western railway company of England. The parish church is an old and spacious edifice with a curious wooden steeple covered with copper; and the Roman Catholic chapel is a handsome building in the style of King's College chapel, Cambridge. There are ruins of a Franciscan priory, with a lofty tower. Adjacent to the town are several fine parks and demesnes. Until 1885 a member was returned to parliament. A brisk trade, chiefly in agricultural and dairy produce, is carried on, and the town contains some manufactories. Distilling and brewing are the principal industrial works, and there are besides a flax and jute-spinning mill, salt works, &c. The port is the seat of a considerable trade, mainly in agricultural produce and live stock. It is also the centre of a seafishery district and of salmon fisheries. Dundalk was a borough by prescription, and received charters from Edward III. and successive monarchs. Edward Bruce, having invaded Ireland from Scotland in 1315, proceeded south from his landing-place in Antrim, ravaging as he came, to Dundalk, which he stormed, and proclaimed himself king here. In this neighbourhood, too, he was defeated and killed by the English under Sir John de Bermingham in 1318, and at Faughart near Dundalk, near the ruined church of St Bridget, he is buried.


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Simple English

Dundalk
Dún Dealgan
Location
Irish Grid Reference
J048074
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County: County Louth
Dáil Éireann: Louth
European Parliament: East
Dialling Code: 042, +353 42
Area: 115 km²
Population (2006) 35,085[1] 
Website: www.dundalk.ie

Dundalk (Irish: Dún Dealgan) is a town in County Louth, Ireland, near the border with Northern Ireland. It takes its name from Dún Dealgan, "Dalga's fort" and officially became a town in 1189. It is located at a ford on the Castletown River. The town's crest reads "Mé do rug Cú Chulainn Cróga" (I gave birth to brave Cú Chulainn) Dundalk is twinned with the town of Rezé in France.[2]

Dundalk is the largest town in Ireland with a population of 29,037 inhabitants.[1] In 2003, Dundalk was amongst nine cities and towns to be given "Gateway status" in the Irish Government's "National Spatial Strategy". "Gateway towns" will be the first to get funding for improving their towns.[3].

References



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