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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Metropolitan Area  —

Nickname(s): Edinburgh of the South[1]
Dunners (colloquial)[2]
Dunedin is located in New Zealand
Location of Dunedin
Coordinates: 45°52′S 170°30′E / 45.867°S 170.5°E / -45.867; 170.5
Country  New Zealand
Region Otago
Territorial authority Dunedin City
Settled by the UK 1848
Incorporated [3] 1855
Electorates Dunedin North
Dunedin South
Government [4]
 - Mayor Peter Chin
 - Territorial 3,314 km2 (1,279.5 sq mi)
 - Urban 255 km2 (98.5 sq mi)
Population (June 2009 estimate)[5]
 - Territorial 123,700
 Density 37.3/km2 (96.7/sq mi)
 Urban 115,700
 - Urban Density 453.7/km2 (1,175.1/sq mi)
 - Demonym Dunedinite
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 - Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Postcode 9010, 9011, 9012, 9013, 9014, 9016, 9018, 9022, 9023
Area code(s) 03

Dunedin (En-nz-dunedin.ogg /dəˈniːdɪn/ ), (Māori: Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago Region. The city has a population of 123,700 (June 2009 estimate) and is the sixth-largest urban area in New Zealand, and the largest city by territorial land area (athough it will be superseded by Auckland on the creation of the Auckland Council in November 2010). For historic, cultural, and geographic reasons, Dunedin is considered to be one of New Zealand's four major urban centres.

The Dunedin urban area lies on the central-eastern coast of Otago, surrounding the head of Otago Harbour. The harbour and hills around Dunedin are the remnants of an extinct volcano. The city suburbs extend out into the surrounding valleys and hills, onto the isthmus of the Otago Peninsula, and along the shores of the Otago Harbour and the Pacific Ocean.

The city's largest industry is tertiary education – Dunedin is home to the University of Otago, New Zealand's first university (1869), and the Otago Polytechnic. The University accounts for about 20 percent of the city's population.




Māori settlements

Archaeological evidence shows the first human (Māori) occupation of New Zealand occurred between AD 1250–1300,[6] with population concentrated along the southeast coast.[7] A camp site at Kaikai's Beach, near Otago Heads, has been dated from about that time.[8] There are numerous archaic (moa hunter) sites in what is now Dunedin, several of them large and permanently occupied, particularly in the fourteenth century.[9] The population contracted but expanded again with the evolution of the Classic culture which saw the building of several , fortified settlements, notably Pukekura at (Taiaroa Head), about 1650.[10] There was a settlement in what is now central Dunedin (Ōtepoti) occupied as late as about 1785 but abandoned by 1826.[11]

Maori tradition tells first of a people called Kahui Tipua living in the area, then Te Rapuwai, semi-legendary but considered to be historical. The next arrivals were Waitaha followed by Kāti Mamoe late in the sixteenth century and then Kai Tahu (Ngai Tahu in modern standard Māori) who arrived in the mid seventeenth century.[12] These migration waves have often been represented as 'invasions' in European accounts but modern scholarship has cast doubt on that. They were probably migrations like those of the European which incidentally resulted in bloodshed.[13]

The sealer John Boultbee recorded in the 1820s that the 'Kaika Otargo' (settlements around and near Otago Harbour) were the oldest and largest in the south.[14]

European settlement

Lieutenant James Cook stood off what is now the coast of Dunedin between February 25, 1770 and March 5, 1770, naming Cape Saunders on the Otago Peninsula and Saddle Hill. He reported penguins and seals in the vicinity, which led sealers to visit from the beginning of the 19th century.[15] The early years of sealing saw a feud between sealers and local Maori, from 1810–1823, the "Sealers' War" sparked by an incident on Otago Harbour, but William Tucker became the first European to settle in the area in 1815.[16] Permanent European occupation dates from 1831 when the Weller brothers founded their whaling station at Otago, modern Otakou, on the Otago Harbour. Epidemics badly reduced the Maori population. By the late 1830s, the harbour was an international whaling port. Johnny Jones established a farming settlement and a mission station, the South Island's first, at Waikouaiti in 1840.[17]

In 1844, the Deborah, captained by Thomas Wing and carrying, among others his wife Lucy and a representative of the New Zealand Company, Frederick Tuckett, came south to determine the location of a free church settlement.[18] After inspecting several areas around the eastern coast of the south island, Tuckett selected the site which would become known as Dunedin.[19]

The Lay Association of the Free Church of Scotland founded Dunedin at the head of Otago Harbour in 1848 as the principal town of its special settlement. The name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the Scottish capital.[12] Charles Kettle the city's surveyor, instructed to emulate the characteristics of Edinburgh, produced a striking, 'Romantic' design.[20] The result was both grand and quirky streets as the builders struggled and sometimes failed to construct his bold vision across the challenging landscape. Captain William Cargill, a veteran of the war against Napoleon, was the secular leader. The Reverend Thomas Burns, a nephew of the poet Robert Burns, was the spiritual guide.

Gold rush era

In 1852, Dunedin became the capital of the Otago Province, the whole of New Zealand from the Waitaki south. In 1861 the discovery of gold at Gabriel's Gully, to the southwest, led to a rapid influx of population and saw Dunedin become New Zealand's first city by growth of population in 1865. The new arrivals included many Irish, but also Italians, French, Germans, Jews and Chinese.[21] The Dunedin Southern Cemetery was established in 1858, the Dunedin Northern Cemetery in 1872.[22]

Dunedin Railway Station, built in 1906.
360° Panorama: Railway Station from inside.

Dunedin and the region industrialised and consolidated and the Main South Line connected the city with Christchurch in 1878 and Invercargill in 1879. The University of Otago, the oldest university in New Zealand, was founded in Dunedin in 1869.[23] Otago Girls' High School was founded in 1871. Between 1881 and 1957, Dunedin was home to cable trams, being both one of the first and last such systems in the world. Early in the 1880s the inauguration of the frozen meat industry, with the first shipment leaving from Port Chalmers in 1882, saw the beginning of a later great national industry.[24]

After ten years of gold rushes the economy slowed but Julius Vogel's immigration and development scheme brought thousands more especially to Dunedin and Otago before recession set in again in the 1880s. In these first times of prosperity many institutions and businesses were established, New Zealand's first daily newspaper, art school, medical school and public art gallery the Dunedin Public Art Gallery among them.[25] There was also a remarkable architectural flowering producing many substantial and ornamental buildings. R.A. Lawson's First Church of Otago and Knox Church are notable examples, as are buildings by Maxwell Bury and F.W. Petre. The other visual arts also flourished under the leadership of W. M. Hodgkins.[26] The city's landscape and burgeoning townscape were vividly portrayed by George O'Brien 1821–1888.[27] From the mid 1890s the economy revived. Institutions such as the Otago Settlers Museum and the Hocken Collections – the first of their kind in New Zealand – were founded. More notable buildings such as the Railway Station and Olveston were erected. New energy in the visual arts represented by G.P. Nerli culminated in the career of Frances Hodgkins.[28]

Early Modern era

Historic panorama of the Botanical Gardens

By 1900, Dunedin was no longer the country's biggest city. Influence and activity moved north to the other centres ("the drift north"), a trend which continued for much of the following century. Despite this, the university continued to expand, and a student quarter became established. At the same time people started to notice Dunedin's mellowing, the ageing of its grand old buildings, with writers like E.H. McCormick pointing out its atmospheric charm.[29] In the 1930s and early 1940s a new generation of artists such as M.T. (Toss) Woollaston, Doris Lusk, Anne Hamblett, Colin McCahon and Patrick Hayman once again represented the best of the country's talent. The Second World War saw the dispersal of these painters, but not before McCahon had met a very youthful poet, James K. Baxter, in a central city studio.

Numerous large companies had been established in Dunedin, many of which became national leaders. Late among them was Fletcher Construction, founded by Sir James Fletcher in the early 20th century. Kempthorne Prosser, established in 1879 in Stafford Street, was the largest fertiliser and drug manufacturer in the country for over 100 years. G. Methven, a metalworking and tap manufacturer based in South Dunedin, was also a leading firm, as was H. E. Shacklock, an iron founder and appliance manufacturer later taken over by the Auckland concern Fisher and Paykel. The Mosgiel Woollens was another Victorian Dunedin foundation. Hallensteins was the colloquial name of a menswear manufacturer and national retail chain while the DIC and Arthur Barnett were department stores, the former a nationwide concern. Coulls, Somerville Wilkie – later part of the Whitcoulls group – had its origins in Dunedin in the 19th century. There were also the National Mortgage and Agency Company, Wright Stephensons Limited, the Union Steamship Company and the National Insurance Company and the Standard Insurance Company among many others, which survived into the 20th century.

Post War developments

The Dunedin Botanic Garden

After World War II prosperity and population growth revived, although Dunedin trailed as the fourth 'main centre'. A generation reacting against Victorianism started demolishing its buildings and many were lost, notably William Mason's Stock Exchange in 1969. (Dunedin Stock Exchange building) Although the university continued to expand, the city's population growth slowed and then contracted, notably from 1976 to 1981. This was, however, a culturally vibrant time with the university's new privately endowed arts fellowships bringing such luminaries as James K Baxter, Ralph Hotere, Janet Frame, and Hone Tuwhare to the city.

During the 1980s Dunedin's popular music scene blossomed, with many acts, such as The Chills, The Clean, The Verlaines, and Straitjacket Fits, gaining national and international recognition. The term "The Dunedin Sound" was coined to describe the 1960s-influenced, guitar-led music which flourished at the time. The music scene continues to thrive, with bands and musicians playing and recording in many styles, from electronica to reggae to folk.

By 1990, population decline had steadied and Dunedin had re-invented itself as a 'heritage city' with its main streets refurbished in Victorian style[30] and R.A. Lawson's Municipal Chambers (Dunedin Town Hall) in the Octagon handsomely restored. The city was also recognised as a centre of excellence in tertiary education and research. The university's and polytechnic's growth accelerated. Dunedin has continued to refurbish itself, embarking on redevelopments of the art gallery railway station and the Otago Settlers Museum.

The city has flourishing niche industries including engineering, software engineering, bio-technology and fashion. Port Chalmers on the Otago Harbour provides Dunedin with deep-water facilities. It is served by the Port Chalmers Branch, a branch line railway which diverges from the Main South Line and runs from Christchurch by way of Dunedin to Invercargill.

The cityscape glitters with gems of Victorian and Edwardian architecture – the legacy of the city's gold-rush affluence. Many, including First Church, Otago Boys' High School and Larnach Castle were designed by one of New Zealand's most eminent architects R A Lawson. Other prominent buildings include Olveston and the Dunedin Railway Station. Other places advertised as tourist attractions include Baldwin Street, the world's steepest street; the famous Captain Cook Tavern; Cadbury Chocolate Factory (Cadbury World); and the local Speight's brewery.

Dunedin is also a centre for ecotourism. The world's only mainland Royal Albatross colony and several penguin and seal colonies lie within the city boundaries on the Otago Peninsula. To the south, on the western side of Lake Waihola, are the Sinclair Wetlands.

The thriving tertiary student population has led to a vibrant youth culture (students are referred to as 'Scarfies' by people who aren't students), consisting of the previously mentioned music scene, and more recently a burgeoning boutique fashion industry.[31][32] A strong visual arts community also exists in Dunedin and its environs, notably in Port Chalmers and the other settlements which dot the coast of the Otago Harbour, and also in communities such as Waitati.

St Clair Beach, Dunedin.

Sport is catered for in Dunedin by the floodlit rugby and cricket venue of Carisbrook, the new Caledonian Groundsoccer and athletics stadium near the University at Logan Park, the large Edgar Centre indoor sports centre, the University Oval cricket ground, and numerous golf courses and parks. There are also the Forbury Park horseracing circuit in the south of the city and several others within a few kilometres. St Clair Beach is a well-known surfing venue, and the harbour basin is popular with windsurfers and kitesurfers. Dunedin has four public swimming pools: Moana Pool, Port Chalmers Pool, Mosgiel, and St Clair Salt Water Pool.


Dunedin (grey area to lower left) sits close to the isthmus of the Otago Peninsula, at the end of Otago Harbour.

Dunedin City has a land area of 3,314.8 square kilometres (1,279.9 sq mi), slightly smaller than the American state of Rhode Island or the English county of Cambridgeshire, and a little smaller than Cornwall. It is the largest city in land area in New Zealand. The Dunedin City Council boundaries since 1989 have extended to Middlemarch in the west, Waikouaiti in the north, the Pacific Ocean in the east and south-east, and the Waipori/Taieri River and the township of Henley in the south-west.

Dunedin is the most remote city in the world from London at 19,100 km (11,870 mi) (90 km (56 mi) more than Invercargill, and 100 km (62 mi) more than Christchurch), and from Berlin at 18,200 km (11,310 mi). Its antipodes are some 300 km (190 mi) north of the Spanish city of A Coruña, in the Bay of Biscay.

Inner city

The heart of the city lies on the relatively flat land to the west of the head of the Otago Harbour. Here is The Octagon – once a gully, filled in the mid nineteenth century to create the present plaza. The initial settlement of the city took place to the south on the other side of Bell Hill, a large outcrop which had to be reduced in order to provide easy access between the two parts of the settlement. The central city stretches away from this point in a largely northeast-southwest direction, with the main streets of George Street and Princes Street meeting at The Octagon. Here they are joined by Stuart Street, which runs orthogonal to them, from the Dunedin Railway Station in the southeast, and steeply up to the suburb of Roslyn in the northwest. Many of city's notable old buildings are located in the southern part of this area and on the inner ring of lower hills which surround the central city (most of these hills, such as Maori Hill, Pine Hill, and Maryhill, rise to some 200 metres (660 ft) above the plain).

Dunedin is home to Baldwin Street, which, according to the Guinness Book of Records, is the steepest street in the world. Its gradient is 1 in 2.9.[33] The long since abandoned Maryhill Cablecar route had a similar gradient close to its Mornington depot.

Beyond the inner range of hills lie Dunedin's outer suburbs, notably to the northwest, beyond Roslyn. This direction contains Taieri Road and Three Mile Hill, which between them formed the original road route to the Taieri Plains. The modern State Highway 1 follows a different route, passing through Caversham in the west and out past Saddle Hill. Lying between Saddle Hill and Caversham are the outer suburbs of Green Island and Abbotsford. Between Green Island and Roslyn lies the steep-sided valley of the Kaikorai Stream, which is today a residential and light industrial area. Suburban settlements – mostly regarded as separate townships – also lie along both edges of the Otago Harbour. Notable among these are Portobello and Macandrew Bay, on the Otago Peninsula coast, and Port Chalmers on the opposite side of the harbour. Port Chalmers provides Dunedin's main deep-water port, including the city's container port.

The Dunedin skyline is dominated by a ring of (traditionally seven) hills which form the remnants of a volcanic crater. Notable among them are Mount Cargill (700 m/2,300 ft), Flagstaff (680 m/2,230 ft), Saddle Hill (480 m/1,570 ft), Signal Hill (390 m/1,280 ft), and Harbour Cone (320 m/1,050 ft).[34]


The hinterland within Dunedin city encompasses a variety of different landforms. To the southwest lie the Taieri Plains, the broad, fertile lowland floodplains of the Taieri River and its major tributary the Waipori. These are moderately heavily settled, and contain the towns of Mosgiel, East Taieri, and Allanton.[34] They are separated from the coast by a range of low hills rising to some 300 metres (980 ft). Inland from the Taieri Plain is rough hill country. Close to the plain, much of this is forested, notably around Berwick and Lake Mahinerangi, and also around the Silverpeaks Range which lies northwest of the Dunedin urban area.[35] Beyond this, the land becomes drier and opens out into grass and tussock-covered land. A high, broad valley, the Strath-Taieri lies in Dunedin's far northwest, containing the town of Middlemarch, one of the area's few concentrations of population.

To the north of the city's urban area is undulating hill country containing several small, mainly coastal, settlements, including Waitati, Warrington, Seacliff and Waikouaiti. State Highway 1 winds steeply through a series of hills here, notably the The Kilmog.[34] These hills can be considered a coastal extension of the Silverpeaks Range.

To the east, Dunedin City includes the entirety of the Otago Peninsula, a long finger of land that formed the southeastern rim of the Dunedin Volcano.[34] The peninsula is lightly settled, almost entirely along the harbour coast, and much of it is maintained as a natural habitat by the Otago Peninsula Trust. The peninsula contains several fine beaches, and is home to a considerable number of rare species, such as penguins, seals, and shags. Most importantly, it contains the world's only mainland breeding colony of Royal Albatross, at Taiaroa Head on the peninsula's northeastern point.

List of suburbs

Inner suburbs

(clockwise from the city centre, starting at due north)
Woodhaugh; Glenleith; Leith Valley; Dalmore; Liberton; Pine Hill; Normanby; Mt Mera; North East Valley; Opoho; Dunedin North; Ravensbourne; Highcliff; Shiel Hill; Challis; Waverley; Vauxhall; Ocean Grove (Tomahawk); Tainui; Andersons Bay; Musselburgh; South Dunedin; St Kilda; St Clair; Corstorphine; Kew; Forbury; Caversham; Concord; Maryhill; Kenmure; Mornington; Kaikorai Valley; City Rise; Belleknowes; Roslyn, Otago; Kaikorai; Wakari; Maori Hill.

Outer suburbs

(clockwise from the city centre, starting at due north)
Burkes; Saint Leonards; Broad Bay; Company Bay; Macandrew Bay; Burnside; Green Island; Waldronville; Saddle Hill; Sunnyvale; Fairfield; Abbotsford; Bradford; Brockville; Halfway Bush; Helensburgh.

Towns within city limits

(clockwise from the city centre, starting at due north)
Waitati; Waikouaiti; Karitane; Seacliff; Warrington; Purakanui; Long Beach; Aramoana; Deborah Bay; Careys Bay; Port Chalmers; Sawyers Bay; Roseneath; Otakou; Portobello; Brighton; Taieri Mouth; Henley; Allanton; East Taieri; Momona; Outram; Mosgiel; West Taieri; Waipori; Middlemarch; Hyde.

Since local council reorganisation in the late 1980s, these are suburbs, but are not commonly regarded as such. They are usually regarded locally as towns or townships, and often do not have the qualities associated with suburbs. Most are separated by a considerable distance of open countryside from the urban area.


The climate of Dunedin in general is temperate, however the city is recognised as having a large number of microclimates and the weather conditions often vary between suburbs mostly due to the city's topographical layout.[citation needed] It is also greatly modified by its proximity to the ocean. This leads to warm summers and cool winters. Winter can be frosty, but significant snowfall is uncommon (perhaps every two or three years), except in the inland hill suburbs such as Halfway Bush and Wakari, which tend to receive a few days of snowfall each year. Spring can feature "four seasons in a day" weather, but from November to April it is generally settled and mild. Temperatures during summer can reach 30 °C (86 °F), but temperatures in the high 20s are rare.

Dunedin has relatively low rainfall in comparison to many of New Zealand's cities, with only some 750 millimetres (30 in) recorded per year. Despite this fact it is regarded by many as a damp city, probably due to its rainfall occurring in drizzle over a larger number of days (northern centres such as Auckland and Wellington receive more rain overall through heavy downpours on relatively fewer days). Dunedin is one of the cloudiest centres in the country, recording approximately 1650 hours of bright sunshine per annum [36] Prevailing winds in the city come from two directions, with cool, damp southwesterlies tending to alternate with northeasterlies.[37] Warmer, dry northwest winds are also characteristic Foehn winds from the northwest. The circle of hills surrounding the inner city shelters the inner city from much of Otago's prevailing weather, often resulting in the main urban area having completely different weather conditions to the rest of Otago.

Inland, beyond the heart of the city, the climate is sub-continental: winters are quite cold and dry, summers hot and dry. Thick freezing ground fogs are common in winter in the upper reaches of the Taieri River's course around Middlemarch, and in summer the temperature frequently reaches into the mid-30s Celsius.

Climate data for Dunedin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.9
Average low °C (°F) 11.3
Precipitation mm (inches) 72.9
Source: NIWA CliFlo data Musselburgh[38] 1947-02-01 to 2007-09-30


Dunedin features the world's most southern motorway, the eleven-kilometre (7 mi) Dunedin Southern Motorway between the suburbs of Caversham and Mosgiel. Dunedin is the northeastern terminus of the Southern Scenic Route tourist highway to The Catlins, Invercargill and Fiordland.

Although Dunedin's railway station, once the nation's busiest, is no longer served by regular commercial passenger trains, it is used by local tourist services. The most prominent of these is the Taieri Gorge Limited, a popular and famous train operated daily by the Taieri Gorge Railway along the former Otago Central Railway through the scenic Taieri Gorge. Taieri Gorge Railway also operates to Palmerston once weekly. The station is also sometimes visited by excursions organised by other heritage railway societies, and by trains chartered by cruise ships docking at Port Chalmers.

Dunedin International Airport is located southwest of the city on the Taieri Plains at Momona. It is primarily a domestic terminal, with regular flights to and from Auckland, Christchurch, Wellington, Rotorua, Palmerston North, and seasonal flights to and from Queenstown, Wanaka, and Fiordland, but it also has international flights arriving from and departing to Brisbane year round and seasonally to Sydney and Melbourne.

Ferries operated between Port Chalmers and Portobello in the late 19th and early 20th centures.[39] Occasional calls have been made to revive them, and a non-profit organisation, Otago ferries Inc., has been set up to examine the logistics of restoring one of the original ferries and again using it for this route.[40]

In 1866, plans were made for a bridge across the Otago Harbour between Port Chalmers and Portobello,[41] but this grand scheme for an 1140-metre structure never eventuated. Plans were also mooted during the 1870s for a canal between the Pacific coast at Tomahawk and Andersons Bay, close to the head of the harbour.[42] This scheme also never came to fruition.


The major daily newspaper is the Otago Daily Times, which is also the country's oldest daily newspaper and part of the Allied Press group. Weekly and bi-weekly community newspapers include The Star, Taieri Herald, D Scene, f*INK (entertainment), and student magazine Critic.

The city is served by all major national radio and television stations, with terrestrial television (both analogue and Freeview|HD) and FM radio broadcasting from Mount Cargill, north of the city. Local radio stations include Radio Dunedin, and the university's radio station Radio One. The city has one local television station, Channel 9, part of Allied Press.


180° view of Dunedin shot from the hills on the west. Mount Cargill is at the extreme left of picture, and the Otago Peninsula is beyond the harbour to the centre
A panorama from just east of the summit of Mount Cargill. The harbour runs from its entrance near the centre to the city centre on the right, the peninsula beyond. The base of a television mast is at the extreme left and right edges
The view from the summit of Mount Cargill. The base of a television mast can be seen on the left, with the harbour and the peninsula beyond. The city centre is in the middle
The view from the summit of Flagstaff. The city centre is on the right, and Mosgiel on the left. Mount Cargill is slightly right of centre
The view from the summit of Signal Hill. Dunedin CBD is in the center of the image. The Otago Peninsula stretches out to the left

Notable people


Annual events

Past events

Notable buildings and landmarks

Museums, art galleries, and libraries


Parks and gardens

Places of education




Major teams

Major grounds and stadia

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Dunedin is twinned with several cities throughout the world. These include:

Further reading

  • Herd, J. & Griffiths, G. J. (1980). Discovering Dunedin. Dunedin: John McIndoe. ISBN 0-86868-030-3.
  • Smallfield, J. & Heenan, B. (2006) Above the belt: A history of the suburb of Maori Hill. Dunedin: Maori Hill History Charitable Trust. ISBN 1-877139-98-X.



  • Anderson, Atholl (1983), When All the Moa-Ovens Grew Cold : nine centuries of changing fortune for the southern Maori, Dunedin, NZ: Otago Heritage Books 
  • Anderson, Atholl (1998), The Welcome of Strangers : an ethnohistory of southern Maori A.D. 1650–1850, Dunedin, NZ: University of Otago Press with Dunedin City Council, ISBN 1-877133-41-8 pb 
  • Anderson, Atholl; Allingham, Brian; Smith, Ian W G (1996), Shag River Mouth : the archaeology of an early southern Maori village, Canberra, Australia: Australian National University, ISBN 0-7315-0342-1, OCLC 34751263 
  • Bathgate, Alexander (ed) (1890), Picturesque Dunedin, Dunedin, NZ: Mills, Dick & Co., OCLC 154535977 
  • Beaglehole, J C (ed) (1955–67), The Journals of Captain James Cook, London, UK: The Hakluyt Society 
  • Begg, A Charles; Begg, Neil Colquhoun (1979), The world of John Boultbee : including an account of sealing in Australia and New Zealand, Christchurch, NZ: Whitcoulls, ISBN 0723306044 
  • Bishop, Graham; Hamel, Antony (1993), From sea to silver peaks, Dunedin: John McIndoe, ISBN 0-86868-149-0 
  • Collins, Roger; Entwisle, Peter (1986), Pavilioned in Splendour, George O'Brien's Vision of Colonial New Zealand, Dunedin, NZ: Dunedin Public Art Gallery, ISBN ISBN 0-9597758-1-1 
  • Dann, Christine; Peat, Neville (1989), Dunedin, North and South Otago, Wellington: GP Books, ISBN 0-477-01438-0 
  • Dunn, Michael (2005), Nerli an Italian Painter in the South Pacific, Auckland University Press., ISBN 1-86940-335-5 
  • Entwisle, Peter (1984), William Mathew Hodgkins & his Circle, Dunedin, NZ: Dunedin Public Art Gallery, ISBN 0-473-00263-0 
  • Entwisle, Peter (1998), Behold the Moon, the European Occupation of the Dunedin District 1770–1848, Dunedin, NZ: Port Daniel Press., ISBN 0-473-05591-0 
  • Entwisle, Peter (2005), Taka, a Vignette Life of William Tucker 1784–1817, Dunedin, NZ: Port Daniel Press., ISBN 0-473-10098-3 
  • Entwisle, Peter; Dunn, Michael; Collins, Roger (1988), Nerli An Exhibition of Paintings & Drawings, Dunedin, NZ: Dunedin Public Art Gallery, ISBN 0-9597758-4-6 
  • Hamel, J (2001), The Archaeology of Otago, Wellington, NZ: Department of Conservation, ISBN 0-478-22016-2 
  • Hayward, Paul (1998), Intriguing Dunedin Street Walks, Dunedin, NZ: Express Office Services 
  • Hocken, Thomas Moreland (1898), Contributions to the Early History of New Zealand (Settlement of Otago), London, UK: Sampson Low, Marston and Company, OCLC 3804372 
  • McCormick, E H (1954), The Expatriate, a Study of Frances Hodgkins, Wellington, NZ: New Zealand University Press., OCLC 6276263 
  • McCormick, E H (1959), The Inland Eye, a Sketch in Visual Autobiography, Auckland, NZ: Auckland Gallery Associates, OCLC 11777388 
  • McDonald, K C (1965), City of Dunedin, a Century of Civic Enterprise, Dunedin, NZ: Dunedin City Corporation, OCLC 10563910 
  • McLintock, A H (1949), The History of Otago; the origins and growth of a Wakefield class settlement, Dunedin, NZ: Otago Centennial Historical Publications, OCLC 154645934 
  • McLintock, A H (1951), The Port of Otago, Dunedin, NZ: Otago Harbour Board 
  • Morrell, W P (1969), The University of Otago, a Centennial History, Dunedin, NZ: University of Otago Press., OCLC 71676 


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Supersport's Good Week / Bad Week: An unhappy spectator". The New Zealand Herald. 1 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  3. ^ Dunedin Town Board
  4. ^ "Mayor Peter Chin". Dunedin City Council. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 
  5. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2009". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  6. ^ Irwin, Geoff (2009-03-04). "When was New Zealand first settled? - The date debate". Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  7. ^ (Hamel 2001); (Anderson, Allingham & Smith 1996); (Anderson 1998)
  8. ^ (Anderson 1983)
  9. ^ (Anderson, Allingham & Smith 1996) & (Hamel 2001)
  10. ^ (Anderson 1998)
  11. ^ Turton, Hanson "Introductory"in (Bathgate 1890); (Entwisle 2005)
  12. ^ a b (McLintock 1949)
  13. ^ (Anderson 1983) & (Anderson 1998)
  14. ^ Boultbee, J in (Begg & Begg 1979)
  15. ^ Cook, James in (Beaglehole (ed) 1955–67)
  16. ^ (Entwisle 2005)
  17. ^ (Entwisle 1998)
  18. ^ Byrne, T. B.. "Wing, Thomas 1810–1888". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  19. ^ Somerville, Ross. "Tuckett, Frederick 1807? – 1876". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  20. ^ (Hocken 1898)
  21. ^ (McLintock 1949); (McDonald 1965)
  22. ^ Betteridge, Chris (28 July 2004). "Landscapes of Memory – breathing new life into old cemeteries" (PDF). NZ Historic Places Trust. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  23. ^ (Morrell 1969)
  24. ^ (McLintock 1951)
  25. ^ (McLintock 1949); (McDonald 1965); (Entwisle 1984)
  26. ^ (Entwisle 1984)
  27. ^ (Collins & Entwisle 1986)
  28. ^ (McCormick 1954); (Entwisle 1984); (Entwisle, Dunn & Collins 1988); (Dunn 2005)
  29. ^ (McCormick 1959)
  30. ^ Dunedin City council page
  31. ^ Thread fashion magazine article
  32. ^ New Zealand Herald article
  33. ^ "Steepest Streets in Dunedin". Dunedin City Council. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  34. ^ a b c d (Dann & Peat 1989)
  35. ^ (Bishop & Hamel 1993)
  36. ^ Lambert, M. (ed.) (1988) Air New Zealand almanac. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Press Association, p. 394-5. Long-term average, 1951–1980.
  37. ^ A Descriptive Atlas of New Zealand, A.H. McLintock (ed), New Zealand Government Printer, 1959 (see Map 8)
  38. ^ "CliFlo data Musselburgh (5402, 15752)". NIWA. Retrieved 2007-10-15. 
  39. ^ Community archive. Retrieved 2 November 2009.
  40. ^ Otago Ferries Inc. Retrieved 2 November 2009.
  41. ^ Hayward 1998, p.65
  42. ^ Hayward 1998, p.66
  43. ^ "NZ’s biggest book sale reaches 25 year milestone". Scoop. 2005-05-09. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  44. ^ "Edinburgh – Twin and Partner Cities". © 2008 The City of Edinburgh Council, City Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1YJ Scotland. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 

External links

Coordinates: 45°52′0″S 170°30′0″E / 45.866667°S 170.5°E / -45.866667; 170.5

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Dunedin [1], old Gaelic for Edinburgh, is the second-largest city on the South Island of New Zealand, located in the Otago region.

Image:57455550 32363bfccb.jpg


Dunedin is known as the Edinburgh of the South and is proud of its Scots heritage. It has as its heart a statue of the poet Robbie Burns, and many of its streets carry the same name as streets in Edinburgh. It was built in a time before the car was king, when ships and railways moved people around. It is built in a natural harbour on a relatively small area of flat land surrounded by steep hillsides. Some of its streets are steep: Baldwin Street is claimed as being the steepest street in the world, a claim which is celebrated during the annual chocolate festival by rolling 15,000+ jaffas down it. It does get cold: many of the streets are iced over in winter, and every two or three years, the city gets a snowfall.

Dunedin's University of Otago, established in 1871, is the oldest university in New Zealand. It is the South Island's second largest employer, and by far the biggest contributor to the Dunedin economy. Dunedin is a University Town rather than just a town with a university. The students make up over a tenth of the population. A consequence of this is that the city is significantly quieter during the university summer holiday period (approx November to February).

Dunedinites (the Dunedin people) are generally friendly, seemingly more friendly than in the bigger cities of NZ (and the bigger cities anywhere else in the world).

  • Dunedin International Airport, DUD, [2]. A domestic and international airport.
    • Air New Zealand, 0800 737 000, [3]. Flies domestically to/from Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch, and internationally to/from Melbourne (October-March), Sydney, and Brisbane. Flying time ranges from 3 hours 20 minutes from Melbourne to 4 hours from Brisbane.
    • Pacific Blue, [4]. Flies domestically to/from Christchurch, and internationally to/from Brisbane. Flying time ranges from 45 minutes from Christchurch to 3 1/2 hours from Brisbane.

Dunedin airport is 30km out of town on the nearest piece of flat land that was big enough for the runway. Taxis and shuttle buses operate from just outside the terminal and are usually there when flights arrive. The fare for a shared shuttle is around $30 and for $45-60 for a taxi to Dunedin. All of the major rental car operators also serve the airport.

By train

The railway station is close to the centre of town. Unfortunately there is no longer a regular long distance passenger train service, but some people arrive in the city by the local scenic trains. These are operated by the Taieri Gorge Railway, which run out as far as Middlemarch. A connecting bus service to Queenstown can be arranged.

By car

State Highway 1 passes through Dunedin. Allow 4 hours 30 minutes hours travel from Christchurch and 2 hours 30 minutes travel from Invercargill. Be sure to get a good detailed map as soon as you can. Most hostels have very detailed maps for the downtown area with reasonable details for the outlying areas. Dunedin's urban roads can be very confusing with lots of one way streets, circles, and tight and winding hill routes.

By bus

There are several daily services from Christchurch, Invercargill, Wanaka and Queenstown. The major operators are [5], Atomic Shuttles, Wanaka-Connection and Knightrider. (which offers an overnight service from Christchurch to Invercargill via Dunedin). [6] has the cheapest bus fares starting at $1! The trip from (or to) Christchurch takes about 6.5 hours.

Get around

By bus

The Dunedin Bus Service is fairly average but cheap and does get you around. The main line service, St Clair-Normanby, runs every 15 minutes and is handy to about a dozen of the City's attractions. Most other routes are every 30-40 minutes. Some of the buses are not too attractive looking, but they are being added to by cast-off wheelchair friendly buses from other cities. The blue/gold coloured buses operated by Citibus [7] and the beige/dark red buses operated by Passenger Transport share all the town routes. Most drivers from either company will tell you where to find the right bus if you ask nicely, or you can ask the Otago Regional Council [[8]] or call 0800-474-082 free from a cell phone, but only during office hours. The Peninsula bus route from the Museum is a good way to see the Peninsula, unless you're terrified by oncoming traffic: in places the full sized buses are wider than the lanes they travel in. The traffic is generally used to this and travels very cautiously. All Buses on the Peninsula service are Wheel Chair Friendly.

By bicycle

There is a recycling centre down by the north-east end of the docks (in Wickliffe Street) which generally has one or two reasonable-condition bicycles lying about for NZ$10 apiece. Carefully add air (there's a service station due west back over the bridge) and oil and you're set to go. You will also need a skid-lid/stack-hat/helmet, which are generally unavailable second-hand for liability reasons, but can be had new for $20 from the KMart in Meridian, between George Street and Filleul Street. There is another recycling shop called "The Recover Store" at the Dunedin Landfill on Brighton Road, Green Island.

Dunedin's hills are extremely steep but the town centre is reasonably flat There is an excellent flat ride out along the western shore of the Otago Peninsula to Harington Point, although it's a narrow road shared by lots of tour buses. A cycle track runs along of the industrial eastern shore of the harbour, about half way to Port Chalmers (busy highway the rest of the way).

If you like a bit of a hill-climb, ride out along North Road to the Organ Pipes, a collection of rapidly-cooled rocks which have self-formed into organ-pipe-like structures. The walk along a bush track up to the Pipes themselves is very scenic and well attended by small, harmless wildlife. The ride up along the ridge of the Peninsula to Lanarch Castle is also good high-energy exercise.

If you like pushing a bike up a hill because it's too steep, dive off North Road onto Norwood Street, or cross to the east side of the Peninsula, or head straight up the hill behind The Octagon past the Beverly-Begg Observatory to suburbs with a view like Roslyn.

By train

There are no suburban trains. The Taeri Gorge Railway [9] tel +64-3-477-4449 is a scenic tourist trip, ending at a small village called Middlemarch. Take your camera and lots of memory. The same company runs trips on the old Christchurch line as far as Palmerston, about 2 hours away. These go about twice a week in the summer.

  • Cadbury World, 280 Cumberland St,, 03, fax 03,, [10]. Daily tours running every half hour from 9AM-4PM, with hours extended to 7PM during the summer. Closed Christmas Day and the morning of Anzac Day. Take a guided tour of the Cadbury Chocolate Factory, a factory that accounts for more that 75% of New Zealand's chocolate production.
Robert Burns' statue in the Octagon.
Robert Burns' statue in the Octagon.
  • Speights Brewery, 200 Rattray St, 03 (Tours) or 03 (Office), fax 03,, [11]. Shop hours: M-Th 9:30AM-7PM, F-Su 9:30AM-5PM. Tours daily at 10AM, 12 noon, 2PM. Close Christmas day, Good Friday, Easter Saturday/Sunday, and shortened hours on ANZAC day. Children under fifteen require adult supervision. The brewery has been a Dunedin landmark since its founding in 1876. The guided tour takes you through the Speight's brewery, sharing the heritage and culture of beer, from the Babylonians to today. The tour's finale is a 25 minute beer tasting. You must be 18 years old to join in on the tasting.
  • Fortune Theatre, 231 Stuart St, corner of Stuart St and Moray Pl, Box office 03, Administration 03, fax 03, [12]. Housed in a converted stone church, the Fortune Theatre provides professional live performances to the citizens of Otago.
  • Hoyts 6 Octagon Cinemas, 33 The Octagon, 03. Catch a feature film in the Octagon.
  • The Octagon. The city centre - it is shaped like an Octagon instead of the standard square. This part of town is very active and lots of businesses strive to be near it.
  • Robert Burns statue. The over 100 year old statue of poet Robbie Burns sits in The Octagon and was recently restored. The statue was cast by a notable sculptor of Edinburgh, Scotland. This same sculptor made four other, nearly identical, statues, one of which rests in Central Park, New York.
  • The Organ Pipes small columnar rock format set in a hillside with splendid views. Pleasant hike up a steep bush track from a carpark about 5 km out of town along North Road.
  • The architecture especially the Old Railway Station a couple of blocks from the city centre.
  • Otago University [13] has some great old buildings to wander about and see, when Uni's in its a good place to sit, people watch and take it all in, some good food/cafes/bars are nearby too.
  • The Royal Albatross colony, at Taiaroa Head, [14] is the only mainland albatross nesting site in the world. It is an hour's drive along the western coast of Otago Peninsula on a road that skirts the water for most of its length without any guardrail. In places, the city buses which frequent the road are wider than the lanes (the local traffic is used to this, and drives very carefully), so if you don't trust your driving reflexes, take a coach instead. Albatrosses may be seen during the summer months, as well as other wildlife at all times of the year. Guided tours of the colony and the old fortifications on and under the headland are conducted daily.
  • Otago Museum - There is free internet in learning section on the second floor
  • Carisbrook - The House of Pain! Where great rugby and cricket games are won and lost.
  • Tunnel beach - The story goes that crazy old Cargill had a steep tunnel cut through the stone cliff, so his daughter could go to the beach. Some stories say she later drowned, but it's a lovely beach all the same, and the tunnel is very spooky. You need to walk over farmland to get there, so access is banned during lambing. See the visitor's centre in the Octagon for further information.
  • Otago Peninsula - much scenic coastline including rugged points and headlands, wildfowl-laden mud flats and beautiful Allans Beach (plus several smaller beaches) on the south/east coast, and picturesque hamlets on the north/west coast (including a pretty and peaceful cemetery on a little spit of land called Dunoon, many boat-houses and a miniscule beach). Seals, sea-lions and other interesting fauna turn up at all of the southern/eastern beaches. Ask nicely, and the locals may even tell you where the good spots are for gathering shellfish, catching Blue Cod, and viewing the wildlife without having to pay for the privelage.
  • Otakou marae - a Maori church and meeting-house, which gave the Otago Peninsula its name. Find it on a side-road near Harington Point, at the outer (northeast) end of the Peninsula.
  • Larnach Castle [15]. Billed as "the only castle" in New Zealand, it's very pretty but technically only a manor house and there is another (ruined, but being restored) building in the same predicament called Cargill's Castle in the southern suburbs of Dunedin. Lanarch Castle has a rich but rather unhappy but interesting history.
  • Dunedin Botanical Gardens - occupying over 50 hectares in the north end of the city; an excellent place for a several-hour stroll. Has an aviary along with many themed garden areas such as Rhododendron, Azalea and Rose Gardens.
  • Orokonui EcoSanctuary, Blueskin Road, Dunedin (accessed from Blueskin Road on the scenic route between Port Chalmers and Waitati.), +64 3 482 1755, [16]. Booked Tours Only.. The Orokonui EcoSanctuary – creating a future for our past. Home to some of New Zealands most fascinating and rare wildlife and providing visitors with exceptional experiences while allowing native flora and fauna to live naturally in a safe haven. The Orokonui EcoSanctuary is open exclusively for guided tours giving you the chance to get a preview of this inspirational conservation project.  edit
World's Steepest Street
World's Steepest Street
  • Baldwin Street. Located in Dunedin's North East Valley suburb. According to the Guinness Book of Records it is the steepest street in the world. Take the ten minute walk to the top or drive up to enjoy the view looking down! There is a drinking fountain at the top. Some people have tried, and a few have succeeded, cycling all the way up Baldwin Street - try it if you're a keen cyclist.
    • Baldwin Street Gutbuster. Take part in a run up and back on the world's steepest street during the city's summer festival.
  • Swim or surf the beaches. Much more fun if you wear a wetsuit. If it's a bit cold, there's a heated saltwater pool adjacent to the main beach a little north of the esplanade.

Tramping; Dunedin has some of the most easily-accessible tracks of any city in NZ. In less than half an hour you can be in pristine bush far from the worries of the world. Ask about Green Hut Track, Carey's Creek, Possum Hut, Rosella Ridge, Yellow Ridge, Rocky Ridge, Rongamai, Honeycomb, Powder Creek, Long Ridge, Swampy Ridge, Leith Saddle, Burns, Rustlers, Nichols Creek, Nichols Falls, to name just some of the fabulous tramping tracks around this city. Ask at the Visitor Centre or get "The Ultimate Tramping Guide for around Dunedin" at DoC ($10) and cut loose.

Have a few beers with the local students; alcohol is very reasonably priced at around $6 for a jug of ale.

  • Attend the University of Otago [17] or the Otago Polytechnic . The students in Dunedin are referred to as scarfies and provide most of the volume at Carisbrook - the city's main sports ground. It helps to have the image of a Southern man and drink copious amounts of Speights - the local brew.
  • Tapui Childrens Books, 449 Princess St, 03 479 2940, fax 03 471 8036,, [18]. M-Fr 9AM-5:30PM, Sa 10AM - 1PM. Founded in 1973, Tapui started focusing on children's books almost 20 years ago. The store is only 5 minutes walk from the Octagon and they also operate a travelling bookshop that visits area schools.


For the desperate, McDonalds is at 232 George Street, where an internet cafe is attached.

George Street is has many restaurants, starting about two blocks north of The Octagon (in the centre of Dunedin). There are also a few interesting places on Albany Street, which runs across the south of the University Of Otago.

The Friday bakery in Roslyn village is recommended. A cafe and wine shop called RHUBARB [19] across the road.

If you're looking for brunch type foods on Saturday the farmers market at the Railway Station has delicious delicacies such as crepes (including gluten free), the popular "bacon buttie", Whitebait fritters, and baking as well as fresh fruit and veges.


Being NZ, if you want Fish and Chips, you go to a Chinese restaurant for them.

The Good Oil down George Street (the main street) offers free coffee and herbal teas to tourists.

One interesting local speciality is kumara chips [20], made with a local sweet-potato variant and typically priced at about double the cost of potato chips.

The kiwis are also good at making ice cream, and many places (including little delis and general stores at places like MacAndrew Bay) sell cones for fairly reasonable prices (e.g. $1.90 for a double cone).

  • Satay Noodle House, Hanover Street (Opposite the Hannah's Meridian entrance) has good Cambodian and Thai food at cheap prices ~$7.
  • Circadian Rhythm Vegan Cafe, 72 St. Andrew St (03 474 9994), offers a buffet for just $8.50. And they are gluten and dairy free.

For the freshest local organic produce, including fruit, vegetables, eggs, bread, cheese, etc it's a good idea to check out the Farmer's Market. It's on Saturday mornings, 8AM til around 12:30PM next to the railway station.

  • Jizo, 56 Princes St, (03 479 2692). Japanese restaurant. If you want to be impressed, then order one of the Katsu dishes. Deluxe Katsu is good as is the Chicken Katsu. Damn good sushi to boot.
  • Zucchini Bros, 292 Highgate, Roslyn. (03-477 9373). Fantastic pizza & pasta from the Bros. Lovely staff and the menu is tried and true. Get a no.20 pizza, and the Chicken & Mushroom pasta is hard to beat. Serving Emersons and Green Man beer. These guys deliver also.


Bell Pepper Blues 474 Princes Street Dunedin - Reservations on +64 3 4740973 - Mains ($29.50 - $38.50) Amazing food for dinner, and also have an onsite bar that offers bar snacks. [21]

Plato Cafe 2 Birch Street Dunedin tel +64 3 4774235 - One of the best places for fresh seafood [22]

  • Bath St just before the Octagon off George St. Great small & dark. Music genres include drum n bass nights to reggae chill.
  • Manor House Backpackers, 28 Manor Place, 0800 4770484, ( Set in 2 colonial homes and surrounded with beautiful gardens there is nowhere more pleasant to stay in Dunedin. 10min walk to the octagon. Prices from $22
  • Arden Central Bed and Breakfast, 36 Arden Street, 03 473 8860, [23]. Offers B&B, homestay and ensuite. 20 minute walk to the Octagon. NZ$45-NZ$130.
  • Chalet Backpackers, 296 High Street, 03 479 2075, 0800 242 538. 10 minute walk to the Octagon. No bunks are to found in this backpackers - and only a maximum of 5 people in the largest room!
  • Dunedin Central Backpackers, 243 Moray Place, 03 477 9985, [24]. 1 minute from the Octagon in the heart of the city.
  • Elm Lodge, 74 Elm Row, 03 474 1872, 0800 356 563, [25]. Friendly backpackers/hostel located 5 minutes walk from the city's center the Octagon. Limited parking is found on the street.
  • Hogwartz Backpacker Hostel, 277 Rattray Street, 03 474 1487. 5 minute walk from the Octagon. Maximum 4 share room, no bunks.
  • Leviathan Heritage Hotel and Downtown Dunedin Backpackers, 27 Queens Gardens, 03 477 3160, 0800 773 773, [26]. 2 minute walk to the Octagon. Practically next door to a 24x7 Countdown supermarket and the railway station.
  • Next Stop Backpackers, 2 View Street, 03 477 0447 (fax 477-0430) [27], low $20s for a dorm, pretty, clean and quiet, very close to TheOctagon and central facilities. The street is nearly perpendicular, so not a good spot for wheelchairs.
  • On Top Backpackers, Filleul Street near TheOctagon and Moray Street, 03 477 6121 (fax 477 6141), [28], low $20s for a dorm bed, small dorms, good clean facilities, good staff, good attitude, right next to TheOctagon and two blocks from a 24x7 Countdown supermarket. Built over a pool hall and bar; literally one minute from most facilities including cinema, library, information centre, banks, food etc. 24x7 swipe-card access.
  • Penny's Backpackers, 6 Stafford St, freephone 0800 pennys (or 03 477 6027), fax: 03 477 6037, [29]. Close to The Octagon and Dunedin Nightlife, free Internet & DVDS, local phone, pickups, on street parking. Female only dorm. Dorms from $18. Renovated historical Dunedin hotel.
  • Cargills Hotel,678 George Street, 0800 737378,[30]. A 50 room property surrounding a beautiful courtyard garden, award winning restaurant and lounge bar. Close to University, Hospital and CBD.
  • 10 Trinity Court Motel, 10 Carroll St, 0800 444 909, 03 477 2767, fax 03 477 2724,, [31]. This Budget Motel Chain member offers private parking and all of the rooms are non-smoking with private facilities. NZ$60-NZ$105.
  • City Sanctuary Bed and Breakfast, 165 Maitland Street, 03 4745002, [32]. A lovely restored villa set in gardens justg minutes from the city's attractions. En suite. Spa bath. NZ$100-NZ$175.
  • Hilltop on High Street, 433 High Street, 03 477 1053, [33]. Offers backpackers, homestay, ensuite and B&B. NZ$70-NZ$90.
  • Leviathan Heritage Hotel and Downtown Dunedin Backpackers, 27 Queens Gardens, 03 477 3160, 0800 773 773, [34]. 2 minute walk to the Octagon.
  • Magnolia House Non-Smoking Bed and Breakfast, 18 Grendon, Maori Hill. 20 min walk to Octagon. Beautiful old Victorian villa set in gardens. NZ$120 dbl. NZ$100 sngl.
  • Boutique Bed and Breakfast, 107 Jefferis Road, 2 R. D Waikouaiti, 03 465 7239, [35]. Historic Bed and breakfast with remodelled suites set in the peaceful countryside 30 mins North of Dunedin. NZ$150.
  • 27 Pitt, 27 Pitt St, 03 477 5133, fax 03 477 5132, A quiet bed and breakfast NZ$220-NZ$250.
  • Elgin House, 31 Elgin Rd, 0800 272 940, 03 453 0004, fax 03 453 0004,, [36]. NZ$195-NZ$250. Bed and breakfast built in the late 1800s located 3km from town in the nearby suburb of Mornington.
  • Fletcher Lodge, 276 High St, 0800 843563, 03 477 5552, fax 03 474 5551, [37]. Bed and breakfast with beautiful suites. NZ$175-NZ$550.
  • Hyland House, 1003 George St, 0800 HYLAND, 03 473 1122, fax 03 473 6066,[38]. Suite rooms with private bathrooms. NZ$140 - NZ$300.
  • One Royal Terrace Bed & Breakfast, 1 Royal Terrace, 03 479 0772, fax 03 479 0775, [39]. NZ$180-NZ$495.
  • Peacocks, 304 York Place, 0800 327 333, 03 474 1300, 0276 200 345, [40]. Luxury bed and breakfast with ensuite rooms. NZ$200-NZ$350.
  • Station Masters Cottage, 300 York Place, 0800 327 333, 03 474 1300, 0276 200 345, [41]. 3 rooms in a historic cottage. NZ$220-NZ$390.
  • Quest Apartments Dunedin, 333 Cumberland Street Dunedin South Island 9001, +64 (0)3 470 1725, [42]. Quest Apartments in Dunedin, 40-room serviced apartment complexlocated in Central Business District and across the road from the famous Cadbury World Tour.  edit
  • Living Space Dunedin, 192 Castle Street, Dunedin, +64 (0)3 951 5000, [43]. LivingSpace provides several options of rooms, starting with a studio for $89 per night. There are also discounts for those staying weekly or monthly. Located a block from New World Market (grocery) and Countdown (grocery), a couple of blocks from Cadbury World, and a 5 minute walk to the restored train station (and home of the very popular Saturday farmer's market.) Some rooms have self-contained kitchens, while others have kitchenettes, but all guests are invited to use the large shared kitchens, TV rooms, theatre, and computer room, located throughout the building.  edit
  • Leith Valley Holiday Park is within decent walking range of downtown and close to the Botanical Gardens and the Otago Museum. It has all the normal holiday park facilities including showers, kitchen, internet access, etc. Although it caters mostly to camper vans and motor homes, campers with bikes and tents do stay there.


As of November 2009, the Dunedin Public Library did not have WiFi Internet access. They do have some terminals for use by the public for checking e-mail and the like. This use is currently free.

Otherwise, Internet access is available at various cafes for a fee.

Stay safe

The Police Station is in Great King Street, next to Countdown and Real Groovy.

  • Albany Street Centre, 28 Albany St, 03 479 2169. M-Th 9AM-5PM. Professional counselling services.
  • Octagon Amcal Pharmacy, 2 George St, at the corner of the Octagon and George St, 0800 ASK AMCAL, 03 477 1289, fax 03 477 1289, [44]. M-Th 8:30AM-5:30PM, F 8:30AM-9PM, Sa 9:30AM-4PM, Su 10AM-2PM. Closed Christmas day, New Years Day, Good Friday, and Easter Sunday.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DUNEDIN, a city of New Zealand, capital of the provincial district of Otago, and the seat of a bishop, in Taieri county. Pop. (1906) 36,070; including suburbs, 56,020. It lies 15 m. from the open sea, at the head of Otago harbour, a narrow inlet (averaging 2 m. in width) on the south-eastern coast of South Island. The situation was chosen on the consideration of this harbour alone, for the actual site offered many difficulties, steep forest-clad hills rising close to the sea, and rendering reclamation necessary. The hills give the town a beautiful appearance, as the forest was allowed to remain closely embracing it, being preserved in the public ground named the Town Belt. The principal thoroughfare is comprised in Prince's Street and George Street, running straight from S.W. to N.E., and passing through the Octagon, which is surrounded by several of the principal buildings. From these streets others strike at right angles down to the harbour, while others again lead obliquely up towards the Belt, beyond which are extensive suburbs. There are several handsome commercial and banking houses.

1 In 1878, as the result of the report of a select committee of the House of Commons appointed in 1877, a grant of f,5000 was made to the then Lord Cochrane `° in respect of the distinguished services of his grandfather, the late earl of Dundonald." The town hall, Athenaeum and museum are noteworthy buildings, the last having a fine biological collection. The university, founded in 1869, built mainly of basalt, has schools of arts, medicine, chemistry and mineralogy. It is in reality a university college, for though it was originally intended to have the power of conferring degrees, it was subsequently affiliated to the New Zealand University. The churches are numerous and some are particularly handsome; such as the First church, which overlooks the harbour, and is so named from its standing on the site of the church of the original settlers; St Paul's, Knox church and the Roman Catholic cathedral of St Joseph. Finally, one of the most striking buildings in the city is the high school (1885) with its commanding tower. The white Oamaru stone is commonly used in these buildings. The primary and secondary schools of the town are excellent, and there is a small training college for state teachers. Besides the Belt there are several parks and reserves, including botanical and acclimatization gardens, the so-called Ocean Beach, and two race-courses.

Dunedin is connected by rail with Christchurch northward and Invercargill southward, with numerous branches. Electric tramways serve the principal thoroughfares and suburbs. The most important internal industries are in wool and frozen meat. The harbour is accessible, owing to extensive dredging, to vessels drawing 19 ft., at high tide; and Dunedin is the headquarters of the coasting services of the Union Steamship Co. Port Chalmers, however (9 m. N.E. by rail) though incapacitated by its site from growing into a large town, is more readily accessible for shipping, and has extensive piers and a graving dock. Dunedin is governed by a mayor and corporation, and most of its numerous suburbs are separate municipalities.

The colony of Otago (from a native word meaning ochre, which was found here and highly prized by the Maoris as a pigment for the body when preparing for battle) was founded as the chief town of the Otago settlement by settlers sent out under the auspices of the lay association of the Free Church of Scotland in 1848. The discovery of large quantities of gold in Otago in 1861 and the following years brought prosperity, a great " rush " of diggers setting in from Australia. Golddredging, in the hands of rich companies, remains a primary source of wealth in the district.

<< Thomas Cochrane, 10th earl of Dundonald

Dunes >>


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


Proper noun

Wikipedia has an article on:





  1. A city on the South Island of New Zealand

Simple English

Dunedin is a city in New Zealand, Ōtepoti in Maori, is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the main city of the region of Otago. The city stands on the hills and valleys surrounding the head of Otago Harbour. The harbour and hills are the remnants of an extinct volcano. It is the home of the University of Otago.


Dunedin is twinned with several cities throughout the world. These include:


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