Dungarvan: Wikis

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Dungarvan
Dún Garbháin
Motto: Ni Maraide Go Stiurtoir
Not a Mariner Till a Steersman
Cuan Dún Garbhán.jpg
Location
Location of Dungarvan
centerMap highlighting Dungarvan
Irish grid reference
X259930
Statistics
Province: Munster
County: Waterford
Elevation: 1 m (3.3 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Town:
 - Environs:

  7,813
  549
Website: www.waterfordcoco.ie/council

Dungarvan (Dún Garbháin in Irish) is a town and harbour on the south coast of Ireland in the province of Munster. Dungarvan is the administrative centre of County Waterford. The town's Irish name means "Garbhan's fort", referring to Saint Garbhan who founded a church there in the seventh century. The town lies on the N25 road (European route E30), which connects Cork, Waterford and Rosslare Europort.

Dungarvan is situated at the mouth of the Colligan River, which divides the town into two parts connected by a causeway and bridge of a single arch. Both bridge and causeway were built by the Dukes of Devonshire. The neighbouring parish is called Abbeyside, where portions of an Augustinian friary founded by the McGraths family in the fourth century survive incorporated with a Roman Catholic church. In Dungarvan proper, a castle built by King John of England stands by the harbour. Of the walls John built at the same time to fortify the town, no traces remain.

Contents

History

Dungarvan was incorporated in the 15th century, was represented by two members in the Irish Parliament until the Act of Union in 1801, and returned one member to the Westminster Parliament until 1885. Unlike nearby Waterford and Duncannon, Dungarvan surrendered without a siege in the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland (1649–53).

The 1921 Burgery ambush, an incident in the Irish War of Independence, took place near the town.

Geography

The Harbour

Dungarvan is situated on the mouth of the Colligan River. A long strip of land called the Cunnigar (Irish An Coinigéar) juts out through the mud flats from across the four kilometre-wide bay.

Transport

Until 1967 Dungarvan had a railway station on the Great Southern & Western Railway route from Mallow in County Cork to Waterford, which saw daily "Boat Express" trains between Cork and Rosslare Harbour. See history of rail transport in Ireland. Dungarvan railway station opened on 12 August 1878 and finally closed on 27 March 1967.[2]

It is positioned on the N25 national primary road and the R672 and R675 regional roads.

The town is separated from the open ocean by a shallow, eastward-facing bay. At its mouth, the bay is about two miles wide, with Dungarvan lying about four miles from the mouth. A meandering navigation channel marked by red/green buoys leads into Dungarvan from the ocean. For most vessels (except small dingies) this channel is not navigable at low tide. Even at high tide, cruising yachts and larger vessels must be careful to remain in the buoyed channel. There is a well-maintained concrete slipway in Dungarvan town, suitable for launching vessels up to eight metres in length. However, larger vessels should only use it up to three hours either side of high tide. The mudbank that dominates the harbour is the result of heavy silting. Moorings are usually made available to visiting yachts by Dungarvan Harbour Sailing Club, often free of charge.

Industry

One of the few major manufacturing facilities for GlaxoSmithKline consumer products is located in Dungarvan, employing more than 700 people. The town is also the home of Radley Engineering, the company responsible for manufacturing the Spire of Dublin.

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

In March 2007, the town became a sister city of Erie, Pennsylvania in the United States.

Literature

The British Poet Laureate, Sir John Betjeman (who lived in Ireland from 1941 to '43) mentions Dungarvan in his poem, "The Irish Unionist's Farewell to Greta Hellstrom". Each stanza closes with the line, "Dungarvan in the rain".

Also mentioned in the collection of short stories "Labyrinths" by Jorge Luis Borges: "He was Irish, from Dungarvan. Having said this, he stopped short, as if he had revealed a secret"

Poet Mai O'Higgins was born on St. Mary St. in the town centre.[3]

Féile na nDéise

This traditional Irish music and culture event is held every year in Dungarvan on the May Bank Holiday weekend. Since the foundation of the festival in 1995 performers and musical groups from all over Ireland and Europe have performed at Féile na nDéise.[4]

A number of events are held over the weekend, including dancing, street performances, music sessions and lectures.

People

  • Physicist and Nobel Laureate Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton (October 6, 1903 – June 25, 1995) was born in Abbeyside,near Dungarvan, to a Methodist minister father, Rev. John Walton (1874–1936) and Anna Sinton (1874–1906).[5] Walton was famous for his work with John Cockcroft on the splitting of the atom. The "Walton Causeway Park" in Abbeyside was dedicated in his honour. Walton himself attended the ceremony in 1989. After his death, a plaque was placed on the site of his birthplace in Abbeyside.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.cso.ie/census and www.histpop.org. Post 2002 figures include environs of Dungarvan. For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses” in Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, and also “New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850” by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 473-488.
  2. ^ "Dungarvan station". Railscot - Irish Railways. http://www.railscot.co.uk/Ireland/Irish_railways.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  3. ^ Waterford News & Star - Friday, October 08, 2004 - "Mai O’Higgins back on song"
  4. ^ Feile Na nDeise - Traditional Irish Music & Culture Festival Dungarvan
  5. ^ Ernest T.S. Walton - Biography

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

DUNGARVAN, a market town and seaport of Co. Waterford, Ireland, in the west parliamentary division, 281 m. W.S.W. from Waterford by the Waterford and Mallow branch of the Great Southern & Western railway. Pop. of urban district (1901) 4850. It is situated on the south coast, on the Bay of Dungarvan, at the mouth of the Colligan, which divides the town into two parts, connected by a bridge of a single arch. The eastern suburb is called Abbeyside, where the remains of an ancient keep, erected by the M ` Graths, still exist, together with portions of an Augustinian friary, founded by the same family in the 14th century and incorporated with a Roman Catholic chapel. In the main portion of the town a part of the keep of a castle of King John remains. Brewing is carried on, and there are woollen mills. The exports consist chiefly of agricultural produce. Dungarvan was incorporated in the 15th century, was represented by two members in the Irish parliament until the Union, and returned a member to the Imperial parliament until 1885. It was fortified with walls by John when the castle was built. A story is told that Cromwell spared the town from bombardment owing to the wit of a woman who drank his health at the town-gate.


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