The Dusadh are traditionally a community of watchmen. They claim descent from Dushasana, a figure from the Mahabharat. The community are concentrated in the Awadh region, especially in the districts of Varanasi, Mirzapur, Ghazipur, Ballia, Gorakhpur and Azamgarh. The Dusadhs are the second largest Dalit community of undivided Bihar and is found mainly in the undived Bihar. They are also found in bordering areas of West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh with Bihar. . The community practice sub-caste endogamy. mostly dusadh community is living in Bihar,Jharkhand, Uttar pradesh, Uttarakhand,West Bengal, Orissa, Delhi(Migrated),Madhya Pradesh(Migrated) and other's states in migrated.
DR. S.P. RAM is NATIONAL PRESIDENT OF AKHIL BHARTIYA DUSADH KALYAN PARISHAD(REG.) He is working for the development of dusadh community like; education,economic, social condition. The people of Dusadh caste is very dedicated and sincere for society.
VIJAY KUMAR is NATIONAL YUTH PRESIDENT of AKHIL BHARTIYA DUSADH KALYAN PARISHAD(REG.)-He is working very sincerely to the development of dusadh community in the society and also running way for the upliftment of down-trodden people.
AKHIL BHARTIYA DUSADH KALYAN PARISHAD(Reg.) wants to raising the many problems of dusadh community along with other's down-trodden societies. It is also wants to the various scheems who is realising by central govt. and state govt. The condition of dusadh sub-caste and other's scheduled castes in this country is very poor. as who are living in the village they are not taking the service of the many scheems to the Govt. of India & States Govts. it is reason that they are not taking the good education, good economical condition and other facilities.
Shri Barelal Mandelia in National President of BHARTIYA DALIT VARG SANGH AND Vijay kumar is now national seceratary of BHARTIYA DALIT VARG SANGH (founded by Babu Jagjivan Ram Ji) and working the development of SCs/STs and down-trodden people. He is also NATIONAL YOUTH PRESIDENT OF ALL INDIA HARIJAN LEAGUE(FOUNDED BY Mahatma Gandhi Ji.)
The community has a traditional caste council, and each village sends representatives to the caste council. The council deals with issues of divorce, adultery, theft and disputes with in the community. They are Hindu, but also have a number of tribal deities, such Rahu, Ketu, Chhath, Bandi and Mansukh Deva.
SOME BOOKS OF DUSADH COMMUNITY FOR RESEARCH 01- Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal . caste, called ... Dhania Dusadh, a copper plate ; found by the wife of, 163. ... 02. Schichtungsmodelle, Schichtungstheorien und die Sozial-strukturelle Rolle von Erziehung: E.- Page 234by John P. (John Peter) Neelsen - 1977 - 240 pages The Flexibility of Caste Principles in a Kandyan Community, in: ER Leach (ed.), Aspects of Caste in India, Ceylon and North-West Pakistan, Cambridge Univ. ...Snippet view - About this book03.Caste and Race in India - Page 481 by G. S. (Govind Sadashiv) Ghurye – 2005 Dabhi, FB, and bill on re-moval of caste distinctions amongst Hindus, 417.... or Dusadh, 123, 134. Draupadi, objection agains/ Kama's low birth by, 88. .. Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book Natives of Northern India - Page 88 by Crooke E. W.
... the Dom and Dusadh menials, the Gujar cattle-breeder, the Jat husbandman, the Meo, a half- ... a caste largely derived from specialisation of function. ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
05.Journal - Page 12 by University of Calcutta. Dept. of Letters - 1920 ... its carcase is given to the Dusadh menials of the village to eat, whilst the... or the cowherd caste and is performed on the day next to the ... Snippet view - About this book 06. The Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India. Volume 1 - Page 4 by William Crooke worshipped on a Sunday, and the officiating high-caste priest accepts the offerings. ... In the plain country the priest is a non- Aryan Chamar, Dusadh, .. Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 07. Bihar District Gazetteers - Page 236 by Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1957 This task was accomplished by a Dusadh and the princess in order to escape the shame of being married to a man of a low caste prayed that the earth would ...Snippet view - About this book 08. The North-western provinces of India: Their History, Ethnology, and Administration - Page 212by William Crooke - 1897 - 361 pages... a wandering cutler and knife-grinder; the Dusadh, a village menial, a swineherd and petty cultivator; the ... From this caste are drawn many of the best ... Snippet view - About this book 09. India's Silent Revolution: The Rise of the Lower Castes - Page 382
by Christophe Jaffrelot, Centre for Educational Research and Innovation - 2003 - 505 pages CASTE AND COMMUNITY OF THE mlas IN THE 1995 BIHAR ASSEMBLY (by party,.14.3 7.2 (lamar 3 3.4 0.6 1.8 Dusadh 10.2 8 14.3 1.8 ..Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
10.Studies in the Social Background of the Forms of Marriage in Ancient India - Page 323 by Heramba Nath Chatterji - 1972In his Caste system of Northern India202, Blunt makes mention of the custom of bride-price among the following castes of ... , Bhuiya, Chero, Dom, Dusadh ... Snippet view - About this book 11. Social Dimensions of Agricultural Development. - - Page 45 by Sachchidananda - 1972 - 197 pages A few examples are given below : (/) Twelve years ago, a Dusadh of this village, eloped with a girl of his own caste belonging to this village. .. Snippet view - About this book
12. Social Organisation of Amnari: A Village Study in Chotanagpur -Page 69 by Poornima Varma -1977- 276 pages
The Dusadh claim to be descendants of Arjun Pandava, a great traditional personage of the Mahabharat epic. The Bhuiya caste have a lower ritual rank because ... Snippet view - About this book 13. Journal of Social Research - Page 20
by Bihar Council of Social and Cultural Research, Ranchi University. Dept. of Anthropology For important caste matters, like divorce, or irregular sexual union, the decision of the caste panchayat is linai. But the peculia-rity
of the Dusadh caste ...Snippet view - About this book 14. Political Economy and Class Contradictions: A Study - Page 48 by Jose J. Nedumpara - 2004 - 330 pages
though the North Bihar region has a great concentration.45 Twenty three caste groups have been declared as Scheduled in Bihar. 4 The Chamar, the Dusadh .. Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
15. Colonial Subjects: Essays on the Practical History of Anthropology - Page 130
by Peter Pels, Oscar Salemink – 2000 In 1894, he published a brief notice of a Dusadh song in which a man of this low On oral traditions as sites of low-caste dissent, see Prakash 1991; Limited preview - - About this book
16. Contemporary Indian society: essays in honour of Professor Sachchidananda - Page 132
by Vijay S. Upadhyay - 1995 It has been reported that some Rajputs have Chamar and Dusadh caste women as their concubines by supporting their families financially. ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
17. Impact of Rural Development on Scheduled Castes - Page 144 by Rabindra Kumar - 2002
Small criminal cases and other minor complaints are settled in the caste council. II. The Dusadh The second largest group among the scheduled castes in ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 18. Census of India, 1901: Volume I. India. Ethnographic appendices, being the data upon which the... - Page 232 by Sir Edward Albert Gait, India Census Commissioner - 1902 ... and Dusadh are castes of labourers many of whom take service as village ... a small caste in Bundelkhand formerly occupied in dyeing especially with ai, ...Snippet view - About this book
19. East India (constitutional Reforms) - Page 161 by Great Britain. Indian States. Enquiry committee (Financial) – 1932 - 277 pages . The Dusadh are primarily a North Bihar caste and possibly the aboriginal inhabitants of this area, as they have, I believe, traditions of a ... Snippet view - About this book 20. Politics of Poverty: A Study of Bonded Labour - Page 27 by A. K. Lal - 1977 - 107 pages This caste in spite of being numerically weak accounts for 15% ... Caste Rajput Brahmin Ahir Kahar Hajam Lohar Barhi Kumhar ... Dom Dusadh Dhobi Halwai ...Snippet view - About this book 21. Pottery Making Cultures and Indian Civilisation - Page 54 by Saraswati Baidyanath - 2004
But it may be stated that the occupational mobility of caste is not a modern phenomenon. ... For instance, in Bihar, there is a caste by name Dusadh ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
22. A Reference Grammar of Maithili - Page 66 by Ramawatar Yadav – 1996 das 'servant/slave' dasin sap 'snake' sapin r&t 'a caste name' m^in dusadh 'a caste name' ... (Most of these nouns refer to traditional caste-professions. . Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 23. Bureaucracy in India: A Sociological Study - Page 125 by G. K. Prasad - 1974 - 152 pages Scheduled Caste—the lowest and poorest (landless) in the caste hierarchy; a sizable percentage of these ... , Nai, Dhobi, Kumhar (b) Untouchables—Dusadh, ... Snippet view - About this book
24. Bonded Histories: Genealogies of Labor Servitude in Colonial India - Page 57 by Gyan Prakash-2003 -266 page In the past they were defined as the caste of ... By showing the Pathan warrior in the Dusadh chief's service, Rahu ...Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 25. Culture, Creation, and Procreation: Concepts of Kinship in South Asian Practice - Page 228 by Monika Böck, Aparna Rao - Social Science - 2001 - 336 pages
.. endogamy was mar-riages within the low castes, the Rajput (Dusadh) and the ... It was dif-ferent of course, for people having few fellow caste members ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 26. Human Rights in the New World Order - Page 239 by Nayyar Shamsi - 2004 - 437 pages upper-caste families. Dalits are often forbidden from performing marriage or ...Dusadh, Dom, Chamar, etc., face a similar problem: repayment of loans is ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
27. Leadership in India - Page 152 by Lalita Prasad Vidyarthi - 1967 - 375 pages Dusadh by caste, he is the lowest representative of the police. It is his duty to report all happenings in or about the village to the police sta-tion at ... Snippet view - About this book 28. Naxal Violence: a socio-political study - Page 117 by Sachchidanand Pandey - 1985 At places the divide converged—primarily at the conjuncture of caste and class... A Dusadh girl had been raped by the Rajput landlords of ...Snippet view - About this book 29. Agrarian Movements in India: Studies on 20th Century Bihar - Page 123 by Arvind N. Das - History – 1982
... Dusadh, than about 50 to 60 persons began to shower brickbats and cry, ‘Assault the ... The upper-caste press in Patna concluded a Chauri report saying: ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
30. The Eastern Anthropologist - Page 25 by India) Ethnographic and Folk-Culture Society (Uttar Pradesh
1, will throw light on the structure of caste, family I Patti in this village. As it is clear from the table No. ... The same is the s with Dusadh and ...Snippet view - About this book
31. Language in South Africa - Page 172 by Rajend Mesthrie Thus terms such as dusadh, ‘corpse bearer', dom, ‘a type of out-caste' and kamangar. ‘bow maker', are unknown to South African Bhojpuri speakers. ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 32. Rural India - Page 98 by Adarsh Seva Sangha
It may also be interesting to note that the deviants, who switched over to other occu-pations leaving aside their respective caste occupations, ..Snippet view - About this book
33. The Chero of Palamau - Page 9 by Bikash Raychaudhuri, Bhabananda Mukherjee, B. C. Roy Choudhury, Deepali Ghosh - 1973 - 88 pages Muslim 61 Bhuiya Ahir 16 7 Chamar Dusadh 4 2 Brahman Dhobi 1 1 Rajput 2 A single—The conflict with high caste, like the Rajput, is manifest only in ... Snippet view - About this book 34. Early Revolutionary Movement in Bihar - Page 17 by Jata Shankar Jha - 1977 - 560 pages It inspired them to organise themselves on caste lines. ... Association (1907), The Dusadh Sabha (1911), The Gope Jatiya Mahasabha (1912), The . Snippet view - About this book ..
35. Working of Nyaya Panchayats in India: A Case Study of Varanasi District - Page 138 by R. Kushawaha, L. M. (Laxmi Mall) Singhvi - 1977 - 149 pages No statistical record of population on caste basis is maintained, Conse-quently, caste—wise distribution of population cannot be given. ...Snippet view - About this book 36 Rural Leadership in the Context of India's Modernization - Page 37 by Parmatma Saran - 1978 - 172 pages The major castes of the village were Beldar, Dusadh, and Pasi— all scheduled castes. There were a few Kurmis, which is an inter-mediate caste. ...Snippet view - About this book 37. The Journal of the Administrative Sciences - Page 212 by Patna University. Institute of Public Administration
There was an increase of about 42..000 in total Scheduled Caste population only ... the more prominent among Scheduled Castes are Chamar, Dusadh, Dom, Fasi, ... Snippet view - About this book
38. Urban Development in India - Page 31 by Kamaldeo Narain Singh - 2003 Gaya town constitutes a multi-caste area. Its main castes are Bania, ... , Dom, Dusadh, Gwala, ... Caste emerges as an important factor during elections. ...Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 39. Democracy and Development: the grass-roots experience in India - Page 73 by Ram Chandra Prasad -1971- 336 Dusadh is a Harijan caste. 38. The concept of patrons and 'clients' have been developed by MN Srinivas. Cf. MN Srinivas, 'The Social System of a Mysore ... Snippet view - About this book 40. Rural Labour Relations in India - Page 365 by T. J. Byres, Karin Kapadia, Jens Lerche - 1999 - 369 pages.. 311,
321 Dalit, see under Scheduled Castes Dhobi 236, 274, 302, 304 Dusadh 321..322, 332. see also Scheduled Castes Mallah 236 middle caste 228, 237, .Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
41. Political Science Review - Page 191 by University of Rajasthan. Dept. of Political Science
This book seeks to examine (on the basis of 200 case studies of educated elite drawn from five scheduled caste groups i.e. Dusadh, Chamar, Pasi, ... Snippet view - About this book
42. India's Silent Revolution: The Rise of the Lower Castes - Page 329 2003 - 420 pages was nor an OBC but a Dusadh (the member of a Scheduled Caste of pig herders). Paswan had a socialist background — he had been secretary of the Bihar SSP ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book 42. Life in the Indian Police - Page 253 1912 - 568 pages .. for, although suspicion pointed to a local bad char-acter, a ' Dusadh' or low-caste Hindu, no evidence could
be found to connect him with the crime. ...Snippet view - About this book
43. Life in the Indian Police - Page 253 by Charles Elphinstone Gouldsbury
the police to detect or even to obtain the smallest clue, for, although suspicion pointed to a local bad char-acter, a ' Dusadh ' or low-caste Hindu, ... Limited preview - Table of Contents - About this book
44. Indian National Movement, with Special Reference to the District of Old Saran, Bihar, 1857-1947 - Page 95 by Nagendra Kumar - 1979 - 270 pages from the Board.63 Sonar, Kurmi, Kahar, Chamar, Dusadh and other back-wards of .. area held their caste meetings and decided to give up drinking. ...Snippet view - About this book
45. Report - Page 85 by India (Republic) Advisory Committee on the Revision of the Lists of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes - 1965 - 115 pages .Caste Synonym Sub-caste KANJAR .. DUSADH ...Snippet view - 46. Community Development and Economic Development - Page 81 by United Nations. Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East – 1960 For example, pigs are usually possessed by "Dusadh", ... The high caste Hindus, who are often vegetarians, have a prejudice against poultry keeping. ...Snippet view - About this book 47. India's Parliament, 1971: Who's who of Indian M.P.s.: encyclopaedia of India's Parliament, 1971 - Page 141
by Vasant Sitaram Kulkarni, Suniti Vasant Kulkarni, Prakash Kokil - 1971 - 432 pages
Presided over the Annual Conference of the All India Dusadh Mahasabha an organisa-tion of a Scheduled Caste Community. Spent most of the time in serving the ... Snippet view - About this book 48 Sozialistische Opposition in einem dominanten Parteiensystem: Eine Studie über Faktoren des... - Page 273
by Wolfgang Massing - 1973 - 276 pages Die höchste der vier Varnas Chamar scheduled caste (Gerber, Schuster) ... (die drei obersten Varnas) Dhobi scheduled caste (Wäscher) ...Snippet view - About this book
49. Contributions to Indian Geography - Page 553 by Rameshwar Prasad Misra - 1994
.piggery and poultry is traditional occupation of Dusadh and Muslim families thus It can be organized on a more scientific basis by other caste also.Snippet view - About this book
50 Notable Indian Trials by Subodh Chandra Sarkar - 1962 - 143 pages [Sorry, this page's content is restricted]
Snippet view - About this book
51. The Tribes and Castes of the North-western Provinces and Oudh by William Crooke – 1896 No preview available
52. Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress
by Indian Science Congress Association, Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal No preview available
53. Dynamics of Development: An International Perspective : [essays in Honour of J. N. Khosla]
by J. N. (Jagan Nath) Khosla, Sudesh Kumar Sharma - 1978 [Sorry, this page's content is restricted] Snippet view - About this book 54. Regionalism in Hindi Novels by Indu Prakash Pandey - 1974 - 179 pages [Sorry, this page's content is restricted] Snippet view - About this book
BIHAR DATA HIGHLIGHTS : THE SCHEDULED CASTES Census of India 2001
The State of Bihar was bifurcated, with the formation of the State of Jharkhand in November 2000. Presently, the State has 37 districts, after its reorganization.The Scheduled Caste (SC) population of Bihar State is 13,048,608 as per 2001 census constituting 15.7 per cent of the total population (82,998,509) of the State. The State holds 3rdrank among all the States and UTs in terms of SC population. The growth of SCpopulation during 1991-2001 has been 30.7 per cent which is 2.1 per cent higher than thegrowth of total population (28.6 percent). The State has a total of twenty three (23) Scheduled Castes and all of them have been enumerated at 2001 census. Overall, the State accounts for 1.3 per cent of the total SC population of the country.
2. The Scheduled Castes are overwhelmingly rural, with 93.3 per cent residing in rural areas. Among the districts, Gaya has the highest proportion of SCs (29.6 per cent) followed by Nawada, Aurangabad, Kaimur, Vaishali and Nalanda. Kishanganj district has the lowest proportion of the SC population (6.6 per cent).
3. Out of twenty three (23) SCs, Chamar is the most populous caste with a population of4,090,070, constituting 31.3 per cent of the total SC population. Dusadh is the second largest SC, having a number of 4,029,411 forms 30.9 per cent of the SC population. Four other SCs in the descending order are Musahar, Pasi, Dhobi and Bhuiya. Along with Chamar and Dusadh, the six castes constitute 93.2 per cent of the total SC population of the State. Five castes, namely Chaupal, Bantar…up to Rajwar having population in the range of 100,111 to 213,795, constitute 5.8 per cent and the remaining 12 castes along with the generic castes constitute the residual 1.1 per cent of the total SC population. Eight (8) SCs have below 5000 population. Of them, two castes, namely, Ghasi and Lalbegi are very small, having population less than 1000.
4. Chamar constitute 58 – 67 per cent of the total SC population in Gopalganj, Siwan, Buxar and Kaimur districts. Dusadh constitute 54 per cent each in Vaishali and Begusarai districts. Pasi and Bhuiya are primarily concentrated in Gaya district whereas Musahar and Dhobi have maximum concentration in Purnia and Purba Champaran districts respectively.
5. The over all sex ratio of the SC population in Bihar is 923 females per 1000 males which is lower than the national average of 936 in respect of all SCs.
6. Among numerically larger groups, Bhuiya have recorded the over all sex ratio higherthan the national average. Other five major SCs have the over all sex ratio lower than the national average.
7. The sex ratio in the age group 0–6 years (963) is higher than that of the SCs at the national level. All the major castes have recorded child sex ratio higher than the national average with Bhuiya having equal number of male as well as female children. Statement - 1: Sex Ratio
Age All SCs All SCs Bhuiya Musahar Chamar Dhobi Pasi Dusadh Group(India) (Bihar)
936 923 940 932 927 922 920 912
938 963 1000 973 959 940 975 955
Source: Office of the Registrar General, India
Literacy & Educational Level 8. The literacy among the Scheduled Castes of Bihar is dismally low. The over all literacy rate of SCs is 28.5 per cent at 2001 census which is nearly half of that recorded for all SCs at the national level (54.7 per cent). Male and female literates constitute 40.2 per cent and 15.6 per cent respectively. These figures are lower than those at the national level (66.6 per cent & 41.9 per cent). Among the numerically larger castes, Dhobi have registered the highest over all literacy as well as female literacy followed by Pasi, Dusadh and Chamar. Musahar have shown the lowest literacy rate. Statement - 2 : Literacy Rate
Literacy All SCs Dhobi Pasi Dusadh Chamar Bhuiya Musahar
rate (Bihar) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Persons 28.5 43.9 40.6 33.0 32.1 13.3 9 Females 15.6 27.9 25.3 18.5 16.8 6.5 3.9
9. Among the literates, 39.7 per cent of SCs are either without any educational level or have attained education below primary level. The proportion of literates who have attained education up to primary and middle levels constitute 28.4 per cent & 13.1 per cent respectively. As many as 15.1 per cent literates are educated up to matric/ secondary/higher secondary etc. Graduates & above are 3.6 per cent while non -technical & technical diploma holders constitute a meagre 0.1per cent only.
10. Among the major castes, Dhobi have the highest proportion of matriculates (19.7 percent) whereas Musahar and Bhuiya have the lowest proportion of matriculates (6 per cent each). Chamar have every 7th literates, a matriculate, whereas Dusadh and Pasi have every 6th literate, a matriculate.
11. It may be discerned from the educational levels attained by all SCs, the drop-out rate is high after primary level as the percentage of middle level literates is less than half of the primary level literates. Number of students decline sharply from secondary level onwards.
Statement - 5 : Levels of Education among the major Scheduled Castes
Educational levels attained Names of Literate
without BelowPrimary MiddlE Matric/ Secondary /Technical & Graduate & SCs educationallevel Primary Higher Secondary /Non-technical above
Intermediate etc. diploma etc. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
All Scheduled 6.6 33.1 28.4 13.1 15.1 0.1 3.6 Castes
Bhuiya 15.3 44.1 26.5 7.4 6 nil 0.6
Chamar 5.9 33.6 28.5 13.4 15 0.1 3.5
Dhobi 4.5 28.3 27 14.9 19.7 0.2 5.4
Dusadh 6 32 28.5 13.7 16.1 0.1 3.5
Musahar 15.3 44 27.8 6.7 5.5 Nil 0.8
Pasi 5.7 30 27.1 13.4 17.9 0.2 5.6
12. Out of the total 38.8 lakh SC children in the age group 5 –14 years, 11.4 lakh attend
school constituting 29.4 per cent. Alarmingly, as many as 70.6 per cent (27.4 lakh) children in the corresponding age group do not go to school. Among the major SCs, Dhobi have the highest share of school going children followed by Pasi, Dusadh and Chamar.
Statement - 4 : Percentage of school going population in the age group 5-14 yrs.
Age Group All SCs Chamar Dusadh Musahar Pasi Dhobi Bhuiya
5-14 yrs. 29.4 33.7 34.1 9.8 39.4 45.6 15.1
Work Participation Rate (WPR) 13. The Work Participation Rate (WPR) of the Scheduled Caste population is 39.7 per cent which is marginally lower than that of all SCs at the national level (40.4 per cent). While there has been a marginal decline in male WPR from 50.4 per cent to 49.2 per cent, female WPR has increased from 23.3 per cent to 29.5 per cent during 1991-2001. Among the total workers, 71 per cent are main workers and this proportion is almost comparable with that of all SCs at the national level (73 per cent).
14. Among the major groups, Musahar and Bhuiya have WPR higher than the national average for all SCs whereas Chamar, Dusadh, Pasi and Dhobi have WPR lower than thestate as well as national averages.
Category of Workers
15. ‘Agricultural Labourers’ constitute the highest proportion of 77.6 per cent among all workers. This implies that more than three fourth of the total SC workers are ‘Agricultural Source: Office of the Registrar General, India
Labourers’. This figure is higher than the national average (45.6 per cent). ‘Other Workers’ constitute 11.2 per cent which is lower if compared to the national average of 30.5 per cent in respect of all SCs. ‘Cutivators’ account for 7.9 per cent against the national average of 20 per cent. Workers engaged in Household Industry (HHI) constitute 3.3 per cent which is at par with the national average for SCs (3.9 per cent).
16. Among the major castes, Musahar have the highest proportion of ‘Agricultural Labourers’ followed by Bhuiya, Chamar and Dusadh whereas in ‘Other Workers’ category, Pasi are leading followed by Dhobi.
Statement- 5 : Percentage Distribution of Workers in four Economic Categories
Economic All Scheduled Castes Chamar Dusadh Musahar Pasi Dhobi Bhuiya Category
Cultivators 7.9 7.9 10.3 2.7 12.3 14.8 6.6
Agricultural 77.6 80.2 75.9 92.5 46.5 48.1 86.8 Labourers
HHI Workers 3.3 2.1 1.6 0.8 12.2 9.6 1.0
Other Workers 11.2 9.8 12.2 4.0 29.0 27.5 5.6 Marital Status 17. The data show that slightly more than half of the SC population is ‘never married’ (51.2 per cent) whereas ‘married’ persons constitute 45.5 per cent. ‘Widowed’ persons form 3.3 per cent while a negligible percent (0.1 per cent) are ‘divorced and separated’.
18.In Bihar, proportions of married girls below 18 years (4.4 per cent) and married boys below 21 years (5.3 per cent) are higher than those at the national level (2.8 per cent & 3.1 per cent). Among the larger castes, Bhuiya have registered the highest proportion of married girls and boys below the legal age followed by Pasi, Musahar etc.
19. The mean number of children ever born per ever married SC woman (45 – 49 years) is 3 which is less than that of all SCs at the national level (4).
Religion 20. Hinduism is the predominant religion of the SCs of Bihar. Nearly cent per cent (99.9per cent) SCs are Hindus. Only a negligible number of SCs are Sikhs(878) and Buddhists (4,842) who together constituting 0.04 per cent.
Jharkhand DATA HIGHLIGHTS: THE SCHEDULED CASTES Census of India 2001 ______________________________________________________ 1. Jharkhand, the 28thState of Indian Union came into existence on 15thNovember, 2000 by bifurcation of erstwhile composite State of Bihar. After its reorganization, the State consists of 18 districts. According to 2001 census, the Scheduled Caste (SC) population of Jharkhand is 3,189,320, constituting 11.8 per cent of the total population(26,945,829). It holds 14thposition among all the States / UTs in terms of the ScheduledCaste population. The decennial growth of SC population has been 23.2 per cent whichis almost the same as the growth of the total population (23.3 per cent). The State has atotal of twenty two (22) Scheduled Castes and all have been enumerated at 2001census.
2. The SCs are predominantly rural as 81.1 per cent of them reside in villages. At the district level, the SCs have registered the highest proportion (31.9 per cent) in Chatradistrict, followed by Palamu (25.7 per cent) and Garhwa (23.9 per cent). Pakaur andLohardaga have the lowest proportion of SCs (3.3 – 3.5 per cent).
3. Out of twenty two (22) SCs, Chamar is the most populous caste, having anumber of 837,333, constituting 26.3 per cent of the total SC population. Bhuiya andDusadh are the second and third largest SCs having population of 680,030 and 349,284respectively. The other SCs in descending order are Dhobi, Bhogta, Baurri, Turi andRajwas. Along with Chamar, Bhuiya and Dusadh, eight SCs constitute 85.5 per cent of the total SC population of the State. Four castes, Musahar, Pasi, Ghasi and Dom havingpopulation in the range of 42,647-137,465, account for 11.3 per cent; the remaining 10 castes along with the generic castes constitute the residual 3.2 per cent of the State’s SC population. Bantar, Choupal, Halalkhor and Kanjar are other Scheduled Castes which are small in number each having less than 1000 population.
4. Chamars are in large number in the districts of Palamu, Giridih, Hazaribaghand Garhwa. They have the highest percentage of the total SC population in Giridihdistrict (49.7 per cent). Bhuiya constitute more than half of the total SC population inChatra (52 per cent) district. Dusadh are concentrated in Palamu district and in respectof other five large groups, namely, Dhobi, Bhogta, Baurri, Turi and Rajwas, theirconcentration in Dhanbad, Chatra, Dhanbad, Giridih and Bokaro districts respectively.
Sex Ratio 5. The over all sex ratio of the Scheduled Caste population in Jharkhand is 944 females per 1000 males which is higher than the national average of 936 in respect of all SCs.
6. Among the numerically larger groups, Turi, Bhogta, Bhuiya, Baurri and Chamarhave recorded over all sex ratio higher than the national average. Other three SCs, Rajwas, Dhobi and Dusadh have over all sex ratio lower than the national average.
Page 2 of 4 Source: Office of the Registrar General, India
7. The sex ratio in the age group 0–6 years (984) is also higher than that of the SCs at the national level. All the major SCs have recorded child sex ratio higher thanthe national average with Bhuiya and Turi having preponderance of girl children.
Statement -1: Sex Ratio
Age groups All SCs All SCs
(India) (Jharkhand) Turi Bhogta Bhuiya Baurri Chamar Rajwas Dhobi Dusadh
All ages 936 944 969 962 956 946 940 930 927 918 0 – 6 938 984 1004 993 1007 989 977 984 955 965
Literacy & Educational Level
8. Like in the State of Bihar, the literacy scenario among the Scheduled Castes ofJharkhand is low. Though there is an improvement in the over all literacy rate of SCsfrom 23.7 per cent at 1991 census to 37.6 per cent at 2001 census, it is still lower ifcompared with that of all SCs at the national level (54.7 per cent). Male and femaleliteracy rates (51.6 per cent and 22.5 per cent respectively) continue to be lower thanthose at the national level (66.6 per cent & 41.9 per cent). Among the numerically largercastes, Dhobi have the highest over all literacy as well as female literacy followed by Dusadh, Chamar and Baurri. Bhuiya preceded by Bhogta have registered the lowestliteracy rate. Statement - 2 : Literacy Rate
Literacy All SCs
rate (Jharkhand) Dhobi Dusadh Chamar Baurri Rajwas Turi Bhogta Bhuiya
Persons 37.6 56.4 52.0 43.5 37.6 34.7 28.7 23.4 20.7 Females 22.5 39.0 33.8 25.9 22.2 18.2 14.6 11.6 10.5
9. Among the literates, 37.3 per cent are either without any educational level or have attained education below primary level. The proportions of literates who have attained education up to primary and middle level constitute 28.9 per cent & 15.7 percent respectively. As many as 14.9 per cent literates are educated up to matric /secondary / higher secondary level. This implies that every 7th SC literate is a matriculate. Graduates & above are 3 per cent. 10. Among the major castes, Dhobi and Dusadh have every 5thliterate, a matriculate whereas Chamar have every 6thliterate, a matriculate. Bhogta, Bhuiya andTuri have only 7.3 – 8.4 per cent of secondary level literates. Dhobi have registered thehighest proportion of graduates followed by Dusadh and Chamar.
Page 3 of 4 Source: Office of the Registrar General, India
Statement – 3: Levels of Education among the major Scheduled Castes
Educational levels attained
Names of SCs Literate Below
Without Primary Primary Middle Matric/ Secondary Technical & Graduate & Educational Higher Secondary/ Non-technical above level Intermediate etc Intermediate etc
All SCs. 3.1 34.1 28.9 15.7 14.9 0.1 3.0
Chamar 2.7 33.2 28.4 15.6 16.2 0.1 3.8 Bhuiya 5.7 42.9 30.8 11.8 8.0 0.0 0.8 Dusadh 2.5 28.5 27.5 17.2 20.0 0.2 4.2 Dhobi 2.0 27.0 26.9 18.1 20.5 0.2 5.2 Bhogta 4.8 45.9 30.0 10.9 7.3 0.0 1.0 Baurri 3.7 37.2 29.9 17.1 10.9 0.1 1.1 Turi 3.9 43.0 30.9 12.9 8.4 0.0 0.9 Rajwas 3.0 33.2 30.2 18.1 13.8 0.1 1.6
11. It may be discerned from the educational levels attained by all SCs that the drop-out rate increases sharply from the higher secondary level onwards. Similar trend has been shown by the major SCs in attaining education. 12. 12.A major proportion (59.5 per cent) SC children in the age group 5 –14 years, have not been attending school. Out of 9.4 lakh children in the corresponding age group,only 3.8 lakh (40.5 per cent) have been going to school. The Statement below shows that among the major SCs, while Dhobi and Dusadh have more than half of the total children in the corresponding age group go to school, Bhogta, Turi and Rajwas and Baurri have 28 – 40 per cent school going children.
Statement - 4 : Percentage of school going children in the age group 5-14 yrs. Age group All SCs Bhuiya Dhobi Dusadh Chamar Baurri Rajwas Turi Bhogta 5-14 yrs. 40.5 23.0 60.3 55.5 47.6 39.7 38.1 31.4 28.0
Work Participation Rate (WPR)
13. The Work Participation Rate (WPR) of the SC population is 37.6 per centwhich is marginally lower than that of all SCs at the national level (40.4 per cent).Female WPR has increased from 24.3 per cent to 27.7 per cent whereas male WPR hasregistered a marginal decline from 48.8 per cent to 47 per cent during 1991-2001.Among the total workers, 58.2 per cent are main workers and this proportion is lowerthan that of all SCs aggregated at the national level (73 per cent).