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Smoushond and Border Terrier
|Country of origin
The Dutch Smoushond (Hollandse
Smoushond, Dutch Ratter) is a small breed of dog, descended from a type of terrier-like dog kept in stables to eliminate
rats and mice
in Germany and the Netherlands. They are considered to be
related to the Schnauzer.
The Dutch Smoushond is small in size, at the maximum
10kg in weight and 43cm at the withers. Its waterproof coat is rough and shaggy, and of any shade
of yellow colour. The characteristic shape of the head is broad and
short, with drop ears set high on the head.
The Hollandse Smoushond Club (Smoushondenclub) was formed in
1905 to document and register the small stable dog as a purebred
breed, as it was in danger of dying out. Its origins may have been
with the ancestor of the Schnauzer breed, as an incorrect yellow
colour. The name refers to its shaggy fur and face, as Jewish men
(called Smouzen in the 1800s) had beards and long hair.
They were called "Dutch" to prevent confusion with the similar Belgian griffons. During World War II, the
breed nearly disappeared. In 1973, several breeders began to
reconstruct the breed with the few remaining dogs, most of whom had
been crossbred with other breeds. Much of the reconstruction was
accomplished with the use of Border Terrier crosses.
Although popular in the Netherlands, the breed is not well known
elsewhere in the world. It was recognised in 2001 by the Fédération
Cynologique Internationale and placed in Group 2, Section 1,
Pinscher and Schnauzer. Of the major kennel clubs in the
English-speaking world, it is recognised only by the United Kennel
Club in the United States (in its Terrier Group.) It also may be found
listed by some of the vast number of internet based minor
registries and dog registry businesses as a "rare