The Full Wiki

More info on Duvenhage virus

Duvenhage virus: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Duvenhage virus
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((-)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Rhabdoviridae
Genus: Lyssavirus
Species: Duvenhage virus

Duvenhage virus is a member of the lyssavirus genus which also contains rabies virus. The virus was discovered in 1970 when a South African farmer (after whom the virus is named) died of a rabies-like encephalitic illness after being bitten by a bat [1]. In 2006, Duvenhage virus claimed a second victim when a man was scratched by a bat in North West Province, South Africa, 80 km from the 1970 infection [2]. He developed a rabies-like illness 27 days later and died 14 days after the onset of illness. A 34 year old woman who died in Amsterdam on December 8, 2007 was the third recorded fatality. She had been scratched on the nose by a small bat while travelling through Kenya in October 2007 and was admitted to hospital four weeks later with rabies-like symtpoms[3].

Microbats are believed to be the natural reservoir of Duvenhage virus. It has been isolated twice from insectivorous bats, in 1981 from Miniopterus schreibersi and in 1986 from Nycteris thebaica [2], and is closely related to another bat-associated lyssavirus endemic to Africa, Lagos bat virus.

References

  1. ^ Tignor GH, Murphy FA, Clark HF et al. (1977). Duvenhage virus: morphological, biochemical, histopathological and antigenic relationships to the rabies serogroup. Journal of General Virology. 37:595–611.
  2. ^ a b Paweska JT, Blumberg LH, Liebenberg C et al. (December 2006). "Fatal human infection with rabies-related Duvenhage virus, South Africa". Emerging Infect. Dis. 12 (12): 1965–7. PMID 17326954. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol12no12/06-0764.htm.  
  3. ^ van Thiel PP, van den Hoek JAR, Eftimov F et al. (January 2008). "Fatal case of human rabies (Duvenhage virus) from a bot in Kenya: th Netherlands, December 2007". Eurosurveillance. 13 (2): 1–2. PMID 18445390.  
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message