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Dwight Morrow
A younger Dwight Morrow

Dwight Whitney Morrow (January 11, 1873 – October 5, 1931) was an American businessman, politician, and diplomat.

Contents

Life

Born in Huntington, West Virginia, he moved with his parents to Allegheny, Pennsylvania in 1875. After graduating from Amherst College in 1895, he studied law at Columbia Law School and began practicing at the law firm Simpson Thacher & Bartlett in New York City. In 1903, he married Elizabeth Reeve Cutter, his college sweetheart, with whom he would have four children. In 1913, he partnered at J.P. Morgan & Co., the largest, most powerful commercial bank in the United States in this era, financially backing industrial giants such as General Motors and 3M. As a partner at Morgan, he served as a director on many corporate and financial boards.

With the onset of World War I in Europe, the bank lent Britain and France large sums of money, and purchased war materials in the U.S. with it. When the United States joined the War, he became the director of the National War Savings Committee for the State of New Jersey; served abroad as advisor to the Allied Maritime Transport Council, as a member of the Military Board of Allied Supply and as a civilian aide. With his proven logistical and intellectual talents, he was moved to France and made chief civilian aide to Gen. John J. Pershing.

In 1925, Morrow was called upon by his old Amherst College classmate, President Calvin Coolidge, to head the Morrow Board. In September 1925, Coolidge ordered the court-martial of Col. William L. Mitchell of the Army Air Service for "conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline." Anticipating adverse political reaction to the trial scheduled for November, and desirous of shaping aviation policy to his own economic views, Coolidge asked Morrow to take charge of a board of military, political, and civilian aviation experts to inquire into all aspects of American aviation. The board's report, published before Mitchell's conviction, recommended the creation of an Air Corps within the Army equivalent to the Signal Corps or Quartermaster Corps, which resulted in the establishment of the U.S. Army Air Corps in July 1926.

He was appointed United States Ambassador to Mexico by Coolidge from 1927 to 1930. He was widely hailed as a brilliant ambassador, mixing popular appeal with sound financial advice. In 1927, he invited famed aviator Charles A. Lindbergh for a goodwill tour of Mexico. His daughter, Anne Morrow, was introduced and soon engaged to Lindbergh. To thank the town of Cuernavaca, where Morrow had a weekend house, Morrow hired the Mexican artist Diego Rivera to paint a mural inside the Palace of Cortez.

In 1930 he was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Walter Evans Edge. At the same time he was elected for the full term commencing March 4, 1931. He served in the Senate from December 3, 1930, until his death in Englewood, New Jersey, on October 5, 1931.

Death

A partner in J.P. Morgan, Morrow was one of the richest men in New Jersey. Morrow's death on October 12, 1931, within 30 days of the next election, allowed Republican Governor Morgan Foster Larson to appoint William Warren Barbour as Morrow's successor in the U.S. Senate.[1]

Morrow was interred at Brookside Cemetery in Englewood.[2]

Morrow's will was dated January 24, 1927, and made over $1 million in specific bequests, including $200,000 to Amherst College, $200,000 to Smith College, $100,000 to the Smithsonian Institution $100,000, and several other bequests to family and friends.[3] The Estate was valued at about $10 Million. In addition, a $1 million dollar trust fund had been set up for Anne Morrow Lindbergh in 1929.[4]

Trivia

References

  1. ^ "Death of Morrow", Time (magazine), October 12, 1931. Accessed May 24, 2007.
  2. ^ Dwight Whitney Morrow, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Dwight Morrow's Will, accessed May 24, 2007.
  4. ^ "Milestones", Time (magazine), November 2, 1931. Accessed May 24, 2007.

External links

See also

  • List of people on the cover of Time Magazine: 1920s
United States Senate
Preceded by
David Baird, Jr.
United States Senator from New Jersey
1930–1931
Succeeded by
W. Warren Barbour
Party political offices
Preceded by
Walter E. Edge
Republican Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 2) from New Jersey
1930
Succeeded by
W. Warren Barbour
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
James R. Sheffield
U.S. Ambassador to Mexico
1927–1930
Succeeded by
J. Reuben Clark
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