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Dyess Air Force Base

Air Combat Command.png
Air Combat Command

Dyess Air Force Base.jpg
Location of Dyess Air Force Base
IATA: DYSICAO: KDYSFAA: DYS
Summary
Airport type Military: Air Force Base
Owner United States Air Force
Operator Air Combat Command
Location Abilene, Texas
Built 1942
In use 1942-Present
Occupants 7th Bomb Wing
Elevation AMSL 1,789 ft / 545 m
Coordinates 32°25′15″N 099°51′17″W / 32.42083°N 99.85472°W / 32.42083; -99.85472
Website www.dyess.af.mil
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
16/34 13,500 4,115 PEM
161/341 3,500 1,067 GRE
162/342 3,500 1,067 Asphalt
Sources: official web site[1] and FAA[2]
Dyess Air Force Base is located in Texas
Dyess Air Force Base
Location of Dyess Air Force Base Texas
Main gate entrance sign
7th Bomb Wing Headquarters
Abilene Army Airfield, mid-1940s.

Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) (IATA: DYSICAO: KDYSFAA LID: DYS) is a United States Air Force base located approximately 7 miles (11 km) west-southeast of Abilene, Texas.

The host unit at Dyess is the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) assigned to the Air Combat Command Twelfth Air Force. The 7 BW is one of only two B-1B Lancer strategic bomber wings in the United States Air Force, the other being the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.

Dyess AFB was established in 1942 as Abilene Army Air Base (AAB). It is named in honor of Texas native and Bataan Death March survivor Lieutenant Colonel William Dyess. The 7th Bomb Wing is commanded by Colonel Robert F. Gass. Its Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant David A. Goldie.

Overview

Dyess AFB is a 6,409 acre base with over 13,000 military and civilian people. It is home to the 7th Bomb Wing, which consists of four groups. Two squadrons, the 9th and 28th Bomb Squadrons, fly the B-1B. In addition, the 28th Bomb Squadron is the Air Force schoolhouse for all B-1B aircrew members.

The base is located in the southwest corner of Abilene, TX and is about 200 miles west of Dallas. The base employs more than 5,000 people, making it the single largest employer in the area. Dyess AFB has nearly 200 facilities on base, plus 988 units of family housing, and encompasses 6,117 acres of land. The base has a total economic impact of nearly $310 million yearly on the local community.

Units

The host unit at Dyess is the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) of the Air Combat Command (ACC), which was activated on October 1, 1993. The 7 BW performs combat training with the North American B-1B Lancer bomber and is the Air Force's premier operational B-1B unit with 36 aircraft.

The 7 BW consists of the following groups:

  • 7th Operations Group (Tail Code: "DY")
Responsible for executing global conventional bombing directed by proper command authority. It is the Air Force's largest B-1 operations group comprising 36 B-1s.
  • 7th Mission Support Group
  • 7th Maintenance Group
  • 7th Medical Group

The 317th Airlift Group (317 AG), an Air Mobility Command (AMC) tenant unit, performs Lockheed C-130 Hercules airlift operations with 33 C-130s assigned to the group.

The 317th AG consists of the following squadrons:

  • 39th Airlift Squadron "Trail Blazers" (C-130H) ("Dyess" Red tail stripe)
  • 40th Airlift Squadron "Screaming Eagles" (C-130H) ("Dyess" Blue tail stripe)
  • 317th Maintenance Squadron
  • 317th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
  • 317th Maintenance Operations Squadron
  • 317th Operations Support Squadron

Dyess AFB is also home to several tenant units, including Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) Detachment 222.

History

The base is named after Lt Col William Edwin Dyess, a native of Albany, Texas, who was captured by the Japanese on Bataan in April 1942. Dyess escaped in April 1943 and fought with guerilla forces on Mindanao until evacuated by submarine in July 1943. During retraining in the United States, his P-38 Lightning caught fire in flight on December 23, 1943 near Burbank, CA. He refused to bail out over a populated area and died in the crash of his P-38 in a vacant lot.[3]

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Previous names

  • Established as: Abilene Army Air Base, 18 Dec 1942
Prior to this date popularly known as Tye Field and Tye Army Air Base
  • Abilene Army Airfield, 8 Apr 1943-13 Jan 1947
  • Abilene Air Force Base, 1 Oct 1953
  • Dyess Air Force Base, 1 Dec 1956-Present

Major Commands to Which Assigned

  • Second Air Force, 13 Oct 1942
  • Third Air Force, 2 Mar 1943
  • Second Air Force, 15 Nov 1943
  • Continental Air Forces, 16 Apr 1945-31 Jan 1946
  • Strategic Air Command, 1 Oct 1953
  • Air Combat Command, 1 Jun 1992-Present

Base Operating units

  • 474th HQ and Air Base Sq, 18 Dec 1942
  • 261st AAF Base Unit, 1 Apr 1944
  • 233d AAF Base Unit (Det), Mar 1946-c. Jan 1947
  • 4021st Air Base Sq, 1 Jan 1955
  • 341st Air Base Gp, 1 Sep 1955
  • 819th Air Base Gp, 15 Jun 1956 (rdsgd 819th Combat Support Gp, 1 Nov 1958)
  • 96th Combat Support Gp, 25 Jun 1961
  • 7th Mission Support Group, 1 Oct 1993-Present

Major Units Assigned

  • 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, 10 Sep 1943-12 Nov 1943
  • 77th Reconnaissance Group, 6 Apr-12 Sep 1943
  • 408th Fighter-Bomber Group, 10 Nov 1943-Jan 1944
  • 341st Bombardment Wing, 1 Sep 1955-25 Jun 1961
  • 819th Air Division, 1 Feb 1956-2 Jul 1966
  • 96th Bombardment Wing, 8 Sep 1957-1 Oct 1993
  • 64th Troop Carrier Wing, 8 Feb 1961-1 Jan 1963
  • 516th Troop Carrier Wing, 19 Jul 1962-1 Jun 1972
  • 12th Air Division, 30 Sep 1976-15 Jul 1988
  • 7th Bomb Wing, 1 Oct 1993-Present

Operational History

World War II

In 1942, the United States Army Air Forces built Tye Army Air Field, as it was popularly known, on the site of what is now known as Dyess AFB. On December 18, 1942, the field was opened and was initially named Abilene Army Air Base. The name was changed on April 8, 1943 to Abilene Army Airfield. The first host unit as Abilene AAB was the 474th Base HQ and Airbase Squadron, established on December 18, 1942. The airfield was initially assigned to Second Air Force and it's mission was to be a flying training center for cadets.

Known groups which trained at the base during the war were:

  • 77th Reconnaissance Group (April 6, 1943 – September 12, 1943)
  • 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group (September 10, 1943 – November 12, 1943)
  • 408th Fighter-Bomber Group (November 10, 1943 – January 1944)

The 77th and 69th groups were units that trained reconnaissance personnel who later served overseas. The 408th was a new group which received A-24, A-26, P-40, and P-47 aircraft in October 1943 and began training. It was disbanded shortly after leaving Abilene on April 1, 1944.

On March 25, 1944, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt training for flight cadets was taken over by the 261st Army Air Force Base Unit. Training continued until April 1, 1946.

With the end of the war, the base was declared inactive on January 31, 1946. Although assigned to Continental Air Command, Abilene AAF was classified as an inactive sub-base of Fort Worth Army Airfield and was sold to the city of Abilene for $1. It was used as a training facility for the Texas Army National Guard for several years.

Cold War

Shortly after the Korean War broke out, the city of Abilene called for the need of a military installation. They believed the 1,500 acres (6 km²) of the former Tye AAF were the perfect site for a new base. The city's leaders went to The Pentagon with their request. The city showed their determination for a new base by raising almost $1 million dollars to purchase an additional 3,500 acres (14 km²) adjacent to the site. They were able to attract U.S. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson's (D-TX) attention, who had the power to persuade military officials to reactivate the base in Abilene. Finally, in July 1952, Congress approved the $32 million needed to construct an Air Force Base on the Tye AAF site. It was to be called Abilene Air Force Base and a little over three years after first starting construction, the base was opened on April 15, 1956.

Dyess' first active combat unit was the 341st Bombardment Wing, which activated on September 1, 1955. The 341st was part of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), flying the B-47 Stratojet, which it continued to operate until its deactivation on June 25, 1961.

On December 1, 1956, the name of the base was changed to "Dyess Air Force Base" in honor of the late Lt Col William E. Dyess, USAAF.

The 96th Bomb Wing moved to Dyess on September 8, 1957 and for a few years worked alongside the 341st. It included not just B-47 and B-52 nuclear bombers, but also the KC-97 and later on the KC-135 refueling aircraft. During the Cold War, the base was constantly on alert in case of nuclear attack. There were even signs in the base's movie theater that would instantly alert pilots in the scenario that the USSR would initiate a nuclear attack during a movie. These can still be seen today at the theater.

C-130 aircraft depart from Dyess during a mass airdrop exercise, December 1988.

Since 1961, various models of C-130 Hercules aircraft have been stationed at Dyess AFB. The C-130s were originally assigned to the 64th Troop Carrier Wing (TCW) and from 1963 to 1972, the 516th Troop Carrier Wing was the host C-130 wing. In 1972, the 516 TCW was replaced with the 463d Tactical Airlift Wing (463 TAW). During the Vietnam conflict, TAC C-130 crews routinely rotated to forward based C-130 wings in the Pacific theater to support operations in Vietnam. In 1974, the 463 TAW was reassigned from Tactical Air Command TAC to Military Airlift Command (MAC) as part of a USAF-wide initiative to place both strategic and tactical airlift assets under MAC control.

From 1962 to 1965 Dyess Air Force Base had 13 SM-65 Atlas Missile sites Stationed around it. The Dyess sites were operated by the 578th Strategic Missile Squadron. After being decommissioned in 1965, the Atlas missiles were removed and all sites demilitarized.

In June 1985, the 96th received its first B-1B Lancer. It was intended to replace the base's B-52 Stratofortresses and in October 1986, officially took over the nuclear alert duties. Shortly after, the Soviet Union fell and left many wondering the fate of the base. In 1991 the 463d Tactical Airlift Wing was simply designated the 463d Airlift Wing (463 AW). In October 1992, the parent commands of both wings changed. The 96 BW being reassigned to the newly established Air Combat Command (ACC), and the 463 AW being assigned to the new Air Mobility Command (AMC).

Modern era

A B-1B from the 7th Bomb Wing releases a Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile over the White Sands Missile Range, N.M.
The No. 2 ship of the C-130 Avionic Modernization Program from Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., visited Dyess November 27. The program will update the avionics on more than 400 C-130s. Part of the program includes new navigation system, a heads-up display, an all-digital cockpit, and other technology advances.

On October 1, 1993, the 96 BW and 463 AW were both deactivated and replaced by the 7th Wing, a former B-52 and KC-135 wing that had been located at the former Carswell AFB which was being realigned as NAS Fort Worth JRB/Carswell ARS as a result of Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action. The 7th Wing incorporated Dyess' B-1Bs and C-130s, the latter which transferred from Air Mobility Command to Air Combat Command.

Within its first year, the 7th Wing's diverse mission made it one of the most active units in the United States Air Force. The C-130s were deployed around the globe performing several airlift missions to Europe and the Persian Gulf. The crews and support people of the B-1s focused on enhancing the purpose of the Lancer in a post-Soviet 21st century.

In the 1997, Dyess' C-130s were transferred back to Air Mobility Command, and the 317th Airlift Group was created as the parent unit for Dyess' C-130 squadrons. At the same time, the 7th Wing was redesignated the 7th Bomb Wing. Despite this separation as units, both the 7th Bomb Wing and the 317th Airlift Group remained at Dyess.

One of the many unique features of Dyess is its extensive collection of static military aircraft on display. Collectively known as the "Linear Air Park," it contains 30 aircraft from World War II to the present, many of them formerly based at Dyess, and is located along the base's main road, Arnold Blvd. All but one plane has been flown before. Its most recent addition is the first operational B-1B Lancer, known as "The Star of Abilene," which made its final flight in 2003. It can be seen at the front gate to Dyess along with a recently retired C-130 Hercules located on the other side of the road (a tribute to the two main aircraft currently housed at Dyess).

Another unique feature of Dyess is its main source of energy. In January 2003, Dyess became the first Department of Defense installation in the United States to be powered exclusively from renewable wind energy. Today, most of the energy Dyess receives is from other sources of renewable energy, such as biomass, and is considered one of the "greenest" bases in the U.S. Air Force.

The remnants of Tye AAF can still be seen today. Parts of the old runway still exist as well as part of its parking area on the west side of Dyess.

Global War on Terrorism

The 7th Bomb Wing and 317th Airlift Group were called to duty once again shortly after September 11, 2001. Both played and continue to play vital roles in both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Many of the 7th BW's B-1s and support personnel deploy to Southwest Asia. From there the 7 BW provides close air support to troops in the field and precision strike missions with the B-1B Lancer. The 317th Airlift Group has been deployed continuously to Southwest Asia since December 2003 where the group provides airlift support to OIF, OEF and Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa operations.

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Dyess Air Force Base".

  1. ^ Dyess Air Force Base, official web site
  2. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for DYS (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2007-12-20
  3. ^ "Comrades Pay Final Tribute to Lt. Col. William E. Dyess". Los Angeles Times. December 25, 1943. 
  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1961 (republished 1983, Office of Air Force History, ISBN 0-912799-02-1).
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
  • Mueller, Robert, Air Force Bases Volume I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989

External links


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