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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A dynasty is a succession of people belonging to the same family, who, through various means and forms maintain power, influence or authority over the course of generations. Most commonly the term is used specifically in reference to royal houses and imperial dynasties — their authority manifests itself as the sovereign of a state or territory. Usually in much of the world, such dynasties and noble houses are defined patrilineally, with inheritance and kinship being predominantly viewed and legally calculated through descent from a common ancestor in the male line. The female line is normally only considered once the male lineage has died out. Other forms of dynasties include political families in republics and also with the rise of mercantilism prominent business and financial dynasties, such as the Rothschild family. These do not carry the public prestige of a monarch but are influential.

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Dynasts

A ruler in a dynasty is sometimes referred to as a dynast, but this term is also used to describe any member of a reigning family who retains succession rights to a throne. For example, following his abdication, Edward VIII of the United Kingdom ceased to be a dynastic member of the House of Windsor.

A "dynastic marriage" is one that complies with monarchical house law restrictions, so that the descendants are eligible to inherit the throne and/or other royal privileges. For instance, the 2002 marriage of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange to Máxima Zorreguieta was dynastic, and their eldest child is expected to eventually inherit the Dutch crown. But the marriage of his younger brother Prince Friso to Mabel Wisse Smit in 2003 lacked government support and parliamentary approval. Thus Friso forfeited his place in the order of succession, lost his title as a Prince of the Netherlands, and his children have no dynastic rights.

In historical and monarchist references to formerly reigning families, dynastic describes a family member who would have succession rights if the monarchy's rules were still in force. For example, after the 1914 assassinations of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie von Hohenberg, their son Max was bypassed for the Austrian throne because he was not a Habsburg dynast. Even since abolition of the Austrian monarchy, Max and his descendants have not been considered the rightful pretenders by Austrian monarchists, nor have they claimed that position.

The term "dynast" is sometimes used to refer to agnatic descendants of a realm's monarchs, and sometimes to those who hold succession rights through cognatic royal descent. The term can therefore describe overlapping but distinct sets of people. For example, David Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley, a nephew of Queen Elizabeth II through her late sister, Princess Margaret, is in the line of succession to the British crown, and in that sense is a British dynast. Yet he is not a male-line member of the royal family, and is therefore not a dynast of the House of Windsor.

On the other hand, the German aristocrat Ernst August, Prince of Hanover (born 1954), although a male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom, is a remote descendant with no legal British titles and styles (although he is entitled to re-claim the once-royal dukedom of Cumberland). Yet he was born in the line of succession to the British crown and is bound by the Royal Marriages Act 1772. Thus, in 1999 he requested and obtained formal permission from Elizabeth II to marry the Roman Catholic Princess Caroline of Monaco. But immediately upon marriage he forfeited his right to the British throne because the English Act of Settlement 1701 dictates that dynasts married to a Roman Catholic are considered dead for the purpose of succession. However, the couple's daughter, Princess Alexandra of Hanover (born 1999), remains a legal dynast of both the United Kingdom and Monaco[citation needed], not to mention her father's claim to dynasticity as pretender to the former royal crown of Hanover.

Dynasties by region

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Africa

Chad

Egypt

Ethiopia

Guinea

Morocco

Somalia

Asia

Afghanistan

China

Ancient India (Central and South Pakistan, India, Bangladesh)

Central Asia

Sri Lanka

North
South

Israel

Japan

Ryūkyū

Korea

Maldives

Malaysia

Mongolia

Myanmar

Philippines

Royal Families

  • Malay Dyasties
  • Hindu Dynasties
  • Muslim Dynasties

Business Houses

Political Dynasties in the Republic

  • The Macapagal Family (1660–Present)
  • The Aquino Revolutionary Dynasty (1874–Present)
  • The Lacson Family (1857–Present)

Saudi Arabia

Tibet

Thailand

  • Hari Pun Chai dynasty (663-1293)
  • Phra Roung dynasty (Sukhothai Empire) (1237–1438)
  • Mangrai dynasty (1261- 1578)
  • Eu Thong dynasty (1350–1370),(1388–1409)
  • Suphanabhumi dynasty (1370-1350),(1409–1569)
  • Phra Roung Dynasty (Ayuthaya Empire) (1569–1629)
  • Prasart Thong dynasty (1629–1688)
  • Bann Plu Luang dynasty (1688–1767)
  • Thonburi dynasty (1767–1782)
  • Chakri dynasty (1782–present)

Viet Nam

Champa
  • 1st dynasty (192 - 336)
  • 2nd dynasty (336 - 420)
  • 3rd dynasty (420 - 529)
  • 4th dynasty (529 - 758)
  • 5th dynasty (758 - 854)
  • 6th dynasty (854 - 989)
  • 7th dynasty (989 - 1044)
  • 8th dynasty (1044–1074)
  • 9th dynasty (1074–1139)
  • 10th dynasty (1139–1145)
  • 11th dynasty (1145–1190)
  • 12th dynasty (1190–1318)
  • 13th dynasty (1318–1390)
  • 14th dynasty (1390–1458)
  • 15th dynasty (1458–1471)
  • vacant (1471–1695)
  • Dynasty of Po Saktiraidaputih (1695–1822)

Europe

Austria

Albania

Armenia

Belgium

Bosnia

Bulgaria

Barbarians

Bavarii
Franks
Huns
Avars
Lombards
See Early kings of the Lombards.
Ostrogoths

Suebi

Vandals
Visigoths

Byzantine Empire

Croatia

Denmark

France

Georgia

Germany

Bavaria
Saxony

Hungary

Monaco

Montenegro

Iberia

Aragon
Asturias, Spain
Barcelona
Castile
León
Navarre
Portugal
Spain
Before the unification of Castile and Aragon
After the unification of Castile and Aragon

Ireland

Italy

Netherlands

Norway

Turkey

Poland

Roman Empire

Romania

Russia

Serbia

Sweden

Two Sicilies

Sicily

British Isles (under English rule)

England
Ireland
Scotland
Kingdoms after the Union of the Crowns (1603-1707)

The crown of the Kingdom of England and Ireland merged with that of the Kingdom of Scotland to form a personal union between England-Ireland and Scotland (the former a personal union itself)

Personal Union between Great Britain and Ireland (1707-1801)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1921)
Personal Union of the UK [of GB and NI] and several other Irish states (1921-1949)
UK [of GB and NI] (Without the personal union with Ireland) (1949-present)

North America

Haiti

Mexico

Oceania

Hawaii

New Zealand Māori

Tahiti

Tonga

South America

Araucania and Patagonia

Brazil

Inca Empire

Political families in Republics

Though in elected governments rule does not pass automatically by inheritance, political power often accrues to generations of related individuals even in Republics. Eminence, Influence, familiarity, tradition, genetics, and even nepotism may contribute to this phenomenon.

Family dictatorships are a slightly different concept, where political power passes within a family due to the overwhelming authority of the leader, rather than informal power accrued to the family.

Some political dynasties:

References

  1. ^ a b THE TIMES ATLAS OF WORLD HISTORY- THIRD EDITION, ISBN, 0-7230-0304-1
  2. ^ The State of Yue

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Dynasty (TV series) article)

From Wikiquote

'ALEXIS CARRINGTON WHEN SHE SEES FALLON FOR THE FIRST TIME OUTSIDE THE COURTROOM:'--216.254.56.70 16:03, 11 June 2008 (UTC)"Well, Fallon it's nice to see that your father finally got your teeth fixed. If not your talent!"


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Dynasty

Developer(s) Magnavox
Publisher(s) Magnavox
Release date Magnavox Odyssey 2:
1979 (NA)
1980 (EU)
1982 (BR)
Genre Puzzle
Mode(s) Single player
Age rating(s) N/A
Magnavox Odyssey 2
Platform(s) Magnavox Odyssey 2
Input Magnavox Odyssey 2 Controller
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough

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This article uses material from the "Dynasty" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Dynasty means rulers who belong to the same family for generations. The term is also used to describe the era during which that family ruled.

Famous dynasties were:

from England: The House of Tudor (1485-1603) and the House of Stuart (1603-1714).

from China: The Shang Dynasty (1766 BC–1050 BC), the Yuan Dynasty (12711368), the Ming Dynasty (13681644) and the Qing Dynasty (16441912).

Contents

Dynasties by region

Africa

Egypt

  • 1st dynasty (c. 3050 - 2890 BC)
  • 2nd dynasty (2890 - 2686 BC)
  • 3rd dynasty (2686 - 2613 BC)
  • 4th dynasty (2613 - 2498 BC)
  • 5th dynasty (2498 - 2345 BC)
  • 6th dynasty (2345 - 2181 BC)
  • 7th and 8th dynasties (2181 - 2160 BC)
  • 9th dynasty (2160 - 2130 BC)
  • 10th dynasty (2130 - 2040 BC)
  • 11th dynasty (2134 - 1991 BC)
  • 12th dynasty (1991 - 1803 BC)
  • 13th dynasty (1803 - 1649 BC)
  • 14th dynasty (1705 - 1690 BC)
  • 15th dynasty (1674 - 1535 BC)
  • 16th dynasty (1660 - 1600 BC)
  • 17th dynasty (1650 - 1549 BC)
  • 18th dynasty (1549 - 1292 BC)
  • 19th dynasty (1292 - 1186 BC)
  • 20th dynasty (1186 - 1069 BC)
  • 21st dynasty (1069 - 945 BC)
  • 22nd dynasty (945 - 720 BC)
  • 23rd dynasty (837 - 728 BC)
  • 24th dynasty (732 - 720 BC)
  • 25th dynasty (732 - 653 BC)
  • 26th dynasty (672 - 525 BC)
  • Achaemenid dynasty (525 - 404 BC)
  • 28th dynasty (404 - 398 BC)
  • 29th dynasty (398 - 380 BC)
  • 30th dynasty (380 - 343 BC)
  • Achaemenid dynasty (343 - 332 BC)
  • Argead dynasty (332 - 309 BC)
  • Ptolemaic Dynasty (305 - 30 BC)

Morocco

  • Idrisid dynasty (780-974)
  • Maghrawa dynasty (987-1070)
  • Almoravid dynasty (1073-1147) (also in Al-Andalus)
  • Almohad dynasty (1147-1269) (also in Al-Andalus)
  • Marinid dynasty (1258-1420) (also in Al-Andalus)
  • Wattasid dynasty (1420-1547) (also in Al-Andalus)
  • Saadi dynasty (1554-1659)
  • Alaouite dynasty (1666 to present)

Americas

Brazil

  • House of Braganza (1822-1889)

Haiti

  • Dessalines Dynasty (1804 - 1806)
  • Christophe Dynasty (1811 - 1820)
  • Soulouque Dynasty (1849 - 1859)

Hawaii

  • Kamehameha Dynasty (c.1810-1872)
  • Kalākaua Dynasty (c.1874-1893)
  • House of Kawananakoa (c.1868- ??)

Mexico

  • House of Iturbide (1822 - 1823)
  • House of Habsburg (1864 - 1867)

Asia

Afghanistan

East Asia

China

Japan

  • Imperial House of Japan (400-500 CE-now)

Korea

  • Silla Dynasty (57BCE-935)
  • Goryeo Dynasty (935-1392)
  • Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910)

Maldives

Thailand

  • Phra Ruang dynasty
  • Mengrai dynasty
  • U-Thong dynasty
  • Suphannaphum dynasty
  • Sukhothai dynasty
  • Prasatthong dynasty
  • Banpluluang dynasty
  • Thonburi dynasty (1767-1782)
  • Chakri dynasty (1782-)

Europe

Albania

Barbarians

Bavarii
  • Agilolfing Dynasty
Franks
  • Merovingian Dynasty (481-751)
  • Carolingian Dynasty (751-843)
  • Arnulfings or Pippinids, mayors of the palaces
Lombards
See Early kings of the Lombards.
  • Lething Dynasty (until early sixth century)
  • Gausian Dynasty (546-572)
  • Bavarian Dynasty (616-712)
Ostrogoths
  • Amal Dynasty (before 474-536)
Vandals
  • Hasdingi (before 407-534)
Visigoths
  • Balthi Dynasty (395-531)

Byzantine Empire

  • Constantinian dynasty (303-336)
  • Valentinian Dynasty (364-457)
    • House of Theodosius from 379
  • Leonid dynasty (457-518)
  • Justinian Dynasty (518-602)
  • Heraclian Dynasty (602-695 and 705-711)
  • Isaurian Dynasty (717-802)
  • Phocid Dynasty (802-813)
  • Phrygian Dynasty (820-867)
  • Macedonian Dynasty (867-1056)
  • Comnenid Dynasty (1057-1059 and 1081-1185)
  • Doukid Dynasty (1059-1081)
  • Angleid Dynasty (1185-1204)
  • Laskarid Dynasty (1204-1261), in exile in Nicaea
  • Palaeologid Dynasty (1261-1453)

Croatia

  • Trpimirović Dynasty (845-1091)
  • House of Savoy (1941-1943)

Denmark

  • House of Olaf (late ninth century to c.917)
  • House of Harthacnut (917-1047)
  • House of Munsö (1047-1412)
  • House of Pomerania (1412-1439)
  • House of Wittelsbach (1439-1448)
  • House of Oldenburg (1448-1863)
    • House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1863 to the present)

England

France

Germany

Bavaria
  • Liutpolding Dynasty 889-947
  • Ottonian Dynasty 947-1017
  • House of Luxembourg 1017-1026, 1039-1047
  • Salian Dynasty 1026-1039, 1053-1061
  • Welf Dynasty 1070-1138, 1156-1180
  • Babenberg Dynasty 1138-1156
  • Wittelsbach Dynasty 1180-1918
Saxony
  • Liudolfing Dynasty 843-961
  • Billung Dynasty 961-1106
  • Supplinburger Dynasty 1106-1127
  • Welf Dynasty 1127-1138, 1142-1180
  • Ascanian Dynasty 1138-1142, 1180-1422
  • Wettin Dynasty 1422-1918

Hungary

Montenegro

  • Vojislavljević Dynasty (c. 7th century - 1186)
  • Nemanjić Dynasty (1186 - 1355)
  • Balšić Dynasty (1356 - 1435)
  • Crnojević Dynasty (1435 - 1516)
  • Petrović-Njegoš Dynasty (1696 - 1918)

Iberia

Aragón
Asturias
  • Peláyez Dynasty (718-739)
  • Pérez Dynasty (739-925)
Castile
  • House of Lara (930-1032), counts
  • Jiménez Dynasty (1035-1126), kings
  • House of Burgundy (1126-1369)
  • House of Trastámara (1369-1516)
León
  • Pérez Dynasty (910-1037)
  • Jiménez Dynasty (1037-1126)
  • House of Burgundy (1126-1369)
  • House of Trastámara (1369-1516)
Navarre
Portugal
Spain

Ireland

  • Fir Ol nEchmacht
  • Dal Fiachrach Suighe
  • The Connachta
  • Uí Briuin
  • Uí Fiachrach
  • Uí Néill
  • Eóganachta
  • Uí Failghe
  • Uí Maine
  • Uí Garrchon
  • Uí Enechglaiss
  • Uí Bairrche
  • Uí Dúnlainge
  • Uí Cheinnselaig
  • Dál Riata
  • Dál nAraidi
  • Dál Fiatach
  • Clann Cholmáin
  • Síl nÁedo Sláine
  • Cenél Coirpre
  • Síl Muiredaig
  • Clan Maelruanaidh
  • Cenél nEógain
  • Cenél Conaill
  • Uí Briuin Brefine
  • Muintir Maoilmhordha
  • Ua Mael Sechlainn
  • Ua Conchobhair
  • Dál gCais
  • Ua Briain
  • MacDermot
  • Mac Ivar
  • Mac Ragnaill
  • Mac Thorkell
  • Mac Murrough Kavanagh
  • FitzGerald
  • Butler
  • Burke
  • Ó Neill
  • Clann Aodha Buidhe
  • O Domhnaill
  • O Connor Sligo
  • O'Conor Don
  • Clanricarde
  • Maguire
  • MacCarthy
  • O Sullivan Beare
  • O Sullivan Mor
  • O Connor Kerry
  • O Flaherty
  • O Rourke
  • O Kelly
  • O More
  • O Byrne
  • O Toole
  • Magennis
  • MacMahon
  • O Reilly
  • Guinness

Italy

Norway

  • Fairhair Dynasty (890-1319)
  • House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1905 to the present)

Ottoman Empire

Poland

Roman Empire

  • Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC-AD 68)
  • Flavian Dynasty (69-96)
  • Nervan-Antonian Dynasty (96-192)
  • Severan Dynasty (193-235)

Romania

Russia

Scotland

Sweden

  • House of Munsö or House of Uppsala (970-1060)
  • House of Stenkil (1060-1130)
  • House of Sverker (1130-1222), interpsersed with House of Eric
  • House of Eric (1156-1250), interspersed with House of Sverker
  • House of Bjällbo or Folkung Dynasty (1248-1387)
  • House of Vasa (1521-1654)
  • House of Wittelsbach or House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg (1654-1720)
  • House of Hesse (1720-1751)
  • House of Holstein-Gottorp (1751-1818)
  • House of Bernadotte (1818 to the present)

Two Sicilies

Sicily


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