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E1 series
JR East Shinkansen E1(renewal).jpg
E1 series train set, May 2008
In service 1994–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Family name Max
Constructed 1994–1995
Refurbishment 2003–2006
Number built 72 vehicles (6 sets)
Number in service 72 vehicles (6 sets)
Formation 12 cars per trainset
Capacity 1,235
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Niigata
Line(s) served Jōetsu Shinkansen
Car body construction Steel
Car length 26,050 mm (end cars), 25,000 mm (intermediate cars)
Width 3,430 mm
Height 4,493 mm
Doors Two per side
Maximum speed 240 km/h
Acceleration 1.6 km/h/s
Traction system (AC) MT204 (24 x 410 kW)
Power output 9.84 MW
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 50 Hz
Current collection method Overhead catenary
Bogies DT205 (motored), TR7003 (trailer)
Safety system(s) DS-ATC
Gauge 1,435 mm

The E1 series (E1系 ?) is a Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan. Introduced in 1994, they were the first double-deck trains built for Japan's Shinkansen. They are generally, along with their fellow double-deck class the E4 series, known by the marketing name "Max" (Multi-Amenity eXpress).[1]

Originally intended to be classified as 600 series[2], the E1 series trains were introduced specifically to relieve overcrowding on services used by commuters on the Tōhoku Shinkansen and Jōetsu Shinkansen.



Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Designation T1c M1 M2 T1 T2 M1 M2 Tpk Tps M1s M2s T2c
Numbering E153-100 E155-100 E156-100 E158-100 E159 E155 E156 E158-200 E148 E145 E146 E154
Seating capacity 86 121 121 135 124 110 110 91 75 91 91 80
Weight (t) 56.2 59.2 61.2 53.7 53.6 59.2 61.7 55.2 54.6 59.2 62.0 56.5

Cars 6 and 10 are each equipped with a PS201 pantograph.[3]

Fleet details

Set No. Manufacturer Delivered Reliveried Refurbished DS-ATC added
M1 Kawasaki HI 3 March 1994 17 September 2004 10 July 2004 15 September 2005
M2 Hitachi 23 March 1994 27 November 2004 4 June 2005 5 August 2005
M3 Hitachi/Kawasaki HI 6 February 1995 26 December 2003 31 March 2004 2 November 2005
M4 Hitachi 17 October 1995 25 November 2003 2 October 2003 2 February 2006
M5 Kawasaki HI 3 November 1995 11 March 2006 6 June 2006 11 March 2006
M6 Hitachi/Kawasaki HI 22 November 1995 27 November 2005 23 December 2005 27 November 2005



The E1 series was the first revenue-earning shinkansen to feature 3+3 abreast seating in standard class for increased seating capacity. The upper deck saloons of non-reserved cars 1 to 4 are arranged 3+3 with no individual armrests, and do not recline. The lower decks of these cars, and the reserved-seating saloons in cars 5 to 12 have regular 2+3 seating. The Green car saloons on the upper decks of cars 9 to 11 have 2+2 seating. The trains have a total seating capacity of 1,235 passengers.[4]


E1 series train in original livery, November 2004
"Alpen Snow Express" logo, March 2002

The first E1 series set, M1, was delivered to Sendai Depot on 3 March 1994, sporting "DDS E1" logos (DDS standing for double-deck shinkansen). The first two E1 series sets delivered entered revenue-earning service on the Tōhoku Shinkansen on 15 July 1994, with the original "DDS" logos replaced by "Max" logos.[2] The original livery was "sky grey" on the upper body side and "silver grey" on the lower body side, separated by a "peacock green" stripe.[3]

From 4 December 1999, all six trainsets were transferred from Sendai Depot to Niigata Depot for use on Jōetsu Shinkansen Max Asahi and Max Tanigawa services.[3]

Between 1 December 2001 and 31 March 2002, the E1 series fleet was adorned with "Alpen Super Express" logos as part of JR East's "JR + Snow" promotional campaign.[2]

From late 2003, the fleet underwent refurbishment, which included the installation of new seating and repainting in a new livery of "stratus white" on the upper body side and "aster blue" on the lower body side, separated by a "ibis pink" stripe.

All cars were made no-smoking from 18 March 2007.[3]

See also


  • Semmens, Peter (1997). High Speed in Japan: Shinkansen - The World's Busiest High-speed Railway. Sheffield, UK: Platform 5 Publishing. ISBN 1-872524-88-5.  
  1. ^ JR全車両ハンドブック2006 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.  
  2. ^ a b c Yamanouchi, Shūichirō (2002). "東北・上越新幹線" (Tōhoku & Jōetsu Shinkansen). Tokyo, Japan: JTB Can Books. p. 147. ISBN 4-533-04513-8.  
  3. ^ a b c d e JR電車編成表 2009夏 (JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009). Japan: JRR. June 2009. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8.  
  4. ^ The 新幹線 (The Shinkansen). Japan: Sansuisha. 2001.  

External links



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