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E4 series
P14 Max Toki 321 Takasaki 20060115.JPG
E4 series at Takasaki Station, January 2006
In service 1997–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Family name "Max"
Number built 208 vehicles (26 sets)
Formation 8 cars per trainset
Capacity 817 (54 Green + 763 Standard)
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Sendai
Line(s) served Tōhoku Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 25,000 mm (intermediate cars), 25,700 mm (end cars)
Width 3,380 mm
Maximum speed 240 km/h
Acceleration 1.65 km/h/s
Deceleration 2.69 km/h/s (service),
4.04 km/h/s (emergency)
Traction system 16 x 420 kW
Power output 6.72 MW
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead
Safety system(s) DS-ATC
Gauge 1,435 mm

The E4 series (E4系 ?) is a high-speed shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan. They were the second series of completely bi-level Shinkansen trainsets to be built in Japan (the other being the E1 series. They operate on the Tōhoku, Jōetsu Shinkansen, and Nagano Shinkansen. E4 series trains feature double-decker cars to accommodate additional commuter traffic around Tokyo and other urban areas. They are often coupled to 400 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen at Fukushima.

Two eight-car sets can be coupled together for extra capacity: a sixteen-car E4 series formation trainset is the highest-capacity high-speed rail trainset in the world, carrying a total of 1,634 seated passengers. At holiday times and during rush hour traffic, shinkansen trains routinely carry even more passengers booked as 'standing only'.

26 units were built between 1997 and 2003. As with the earlier E1 series trains, maximum speed is 240 km/h.

In order to minimize trackside noise, large sections of the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen track are built in elevated concrete viaducts. The sides of the viaduct generally obstruct the view of passengers sitting in the lower floors of bi-level shinkansen.

See also


  • JR全車両ハンドブック2006 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.  
  • JR電車編成表 '07冬号 (JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007). Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9.  

External links

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