|Montana Rail Link XDM SD40-2 diesel locomotive #250 at Everett, Washington, USA, January 1994.|
|Builder||GM Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
General Motors Diesel (GMD)
|Build date||January 1972 – February 1986|
|AAR wheel arr.||C-C|
|Driver size||40 in (1.02 m) diameter|
|Wheelbase||43 ft 6 in (13.26 m) between bolsters; 13 ft 7 in (4.14 m) between axles in each truck|
|Length||68 ft 10 in (20.98 m) over the coupler pulling faces|
|Width||10 ft 3⅛ in (3.127 m) over the grabirons|
|Height||15 ft 7⅛ in (4.753 m)|
|Weight||368,000 lb (167,000 kg)|
|Fuel capacity||3,200-4,000 US gal (12,100-15,100 L)|
|Prime mover||EMD 16-645-E3|
|Power output||3,000 hp (2,240 kW)|
The EMD SD40-2 is a 3,000 horsepower (2,240 kW) diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division between January 1972 and February 1986; 3,957 examples were built, and every class 1 railroad in North America has operated this locomotive. Part of the EMD Dash 2 line, the SD40-2 was an upgraded SD40 with modular electronic control systems, HT-C trucks, and many other detail improvements. The SD40-2 is one of the best-selling diesel locomotive models of all time. BNSF, CSXT, Union Pacific and Canadian Pacific operate some of the largest fleets of the type.
The SD40-2 was not the most powerful locomotive type even when introduced; EMD's SD45 and SD45-2 delivered 3,600 hp (2,680 kW), as did GE Transportation Systems' U36B/C and MLW's M636. However, the SD40-2 was significantly more reliable and economical than the higher-powered units, the latter becoming increasingly important with the oil crises of the 1970s.
The British Rail Class 59 was derived from the SD40-2.
Just as the SD38, SD39, SD40, and SD45 shared a common frame, so too did the SD38-2, SD40-2, and SD45-2. It was 3 ft (0.91 m) longer than the previous models, giving an overall locomotive length of 68 ft 10 in (20.98 m) over the coupler pulling faces. The SD38-2 and SD40-2 shared the same basic superstructure, since they both used the same 16-645E3 engine (in naturally aspirated and turbocharged form respectively); the long hood was 18 inches (46 cm) longer than the SD38 and SD40, but since the increase in frame length was even greater, the SD38-2 and SD40-2 were left with even larger front and rear "porches" than the earlier models. These empty areas at front and rear are distinctive spotting features to identify the Dash 2 models of both units. The SD40-2 can be distinguished from the SD38-2 by having three roof-mounted radiator fans instead of two. Another distinguishing feature of the SD40-2 as compared to the SD40 is the SD40-2's trucks (HT-C truck), which have shock absorbers on the outside of middle axle. However, this is not true of the former Conrail SD40-2s. After a rash of derailments involving Amtrak SDP40F units that were equipped with HT-C trucks, Conrail ordered the SD40-2 units and several orders of SD50s with the older Flexicoil trucks.
As of 2008, some SD45 units have been modified by replacing their 20 cylinder engine with the 16 cylinder removed from otherwise scrapped SD40-2 units. This was common practice for units owned by Union Pacific and possibly other owners. In many cases these are identified by the owner as SD40-2, SD40M-2 or some other such means. Confusion is created when what appears to be an SD45 is labeled as an SD40-2.
Also, some older SD40-2 units used in low-power modes such as yard switching or hump service have been de-turbocharged, resulting in the mechanical equivalent of a SD38-2. Units so modified may or may not be re-labeled.
There are several variations of the SD40-2. Such as the SD40T-2's (T for tunnel motor) bought by fallen flags: Southern Pacific, and Denver and Rio Grande Western; now operated by the Union Pacific Railroad. There is the SD40-2W (W for the 4-Window Safety Cab) bought and operated by the Canadian National railway. There were high-nosed versions of the SD40-2 bought by fallen flags: Norfolk & Western, & Southern Railway. These units are now operated by the Norfolk Southern Railway (Resulting merger of N&W and The Southern Railway). There are even some narrow gauge versions around the world called BB40-2's.
Three cabless SD40-2Bs were also rebuilt from standard SD40-2s by the Burlington Northern Railroad in the early 1980s. The units had been in collisions and it was decided that it would be more economical to rebuild them without cabs. Canadian Pacific also owns a few SD40-2Bs. These were created by welding metal plates over the cab windows of many of its ex-Norfolk Southern and some of its original SD40-2s.
|Main generator:||AR10 alternator|
|Traction motors:||6 × D77/78 DC|
|American SD40-2 orders|
|Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway||187||5020-5192, 5200-5213||Most now in service with BNSF Railway|
|Burlington Northern Railroad||779||900-925, 930-961, 980, 996, 6325-6385, 6700-6799, 6824-6836, 6917-6928, 7000-7291, 7832-7940, 8000-8181||Most now in service with BNSF Railway. 7167-7205, 7206-7235, & 8074-8089 were the only SD40-2's built by General Motors Diesel as exports to the United States.|
|Baltimore and Ohio Railroad||20||7600-7619||Now in service with CSX Transportation|
|Chicago and North Western Railway||135||6801-6935||Most now in service with Union Pacific Railroad|
|Conrail||167||6358-6524||Equipped with flexicoil trucks. Now renumbered and in service with CSX, Norfolk Southern, or leasing firms|
|Clinchfield Railroad||5||8127-8129, 8131-8132||Family Lines Paint, to Seaboard System, now in service with CSX Transportation|
|Illinois Central Gulf Railroad||4||6030-6033||6031 was converted into 6200, 6033 was destroyed in a collision in Flora, Mississippi on February 6, 1994|
|Kennecott Utah Copper Corporation||7||101-107|
|Kansas City Southern Railway||46||637-692||#637 was the very first SD40-2 constructed in January 1972.|
|Louisville and Nashville Railroad||191||1259-1278, 3554-3612, 8000-8039, 8067-8086, 8095-8126, 8133-8162||8000s units delivered in Family Lines paint; all to Seaboard System, now in service with CSX Transportation|
|Milwaukee Road||90||21-30, 171-209, 3000-3040||Now in service among several various railroads|
|Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad||37||600-636||Most now in service with Union Pacific Railroad|
|Missouri Pacific Railroad||306||790-838, 3139-3321, 6020-6073||Most without dynamic brakes, some still in service with Union Pacific Railroad, others in service with Canadian National Railway.|
|Norfolk and Western Railway||162||1625-1652, 6073-6207||Some are High hood units. Now in service with the Norfolk Southern Railway|
|Oneida and Western Railroad||8||9950-9957||Later became BC Rail 743-750, 749 is now GECX 749|
|Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad||10||4790-4799||Later became Illinois Central Gulf 6040-6049. Six are in service with Wisconsin and Southern Railroad|
|Seaboard Coast Line Railroad||36||8040-8066, 8087-8094, 8130||Delivered in Family Lines Paint, to Seaboard System, now in service with CSX Transportation|
|St. Louis-San Francisco Railway||8||950-957||Now in service with the BNSF Railway|
|Soo Line Railroad||57||757-789, 6600-6623||Most now in service with the Canadian Pacific Railway|
|Southern Railway||128||3201-3328||High hood units; now in service with Norfolk Southern Railway|
|Union Pacific Railroad||686||3123-3239, 3243-3304, 3335-3399, 3410-3583, 3609-3808, 8000-8002, 8035-8099||Several have been renumbered and others retired to leasers. 3200-3410 delivered with snoot noses.|
|Canadian SD40-2 orders|
|Algoma Central Railway||6||183-188|
|Canadian Pacific Railway||484||5560, 5565-5879, 5900-6069|
|Canadian National Railway||123||5241-5363||These units had the Canadian Safety Cab with 4 windows and were classified as SD40-2W|
|Ontario Northland Railway||8||1730-1737|
|Quebec, North Shore and Labrador Railway||44||221-264|
|Export SD40-2 orders|
|Chemin de Fer Boké (Guinea)||3||107-109||The only SD40-2's exported to an African country.|
|Estrada de Ferro Carajás (Brazil)||29||401-429||Constructed by Equipamentos Villares S.A. (EVSA) and built to Irish Gauge specifications. EFC #429 is the very last SD40-2 constructed in October 1989.|
|Ferrocarriles Unidos del Sureste (Mexico)||4||601-604|
|Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (Mexico)||103||8700-8798, 13001-13004|
|Rede Ferroviária Federal Sociedade Anônima (Brazil)||45||3711-3746||The only SD40-2's constructed in Europe for a Brazilian customer in Irish Gauge by Material y Construcciones S.A. (MACOSA).|
Conversely, several other models of EMD locomotive have sometimes been rebuilt to SD40-2 standards, including the SD40, SD45 and SD45-2. Normally this consists of electrical upgrades (-2) and replacing the 20 cylinder prime mover with a 16 cylinder version from a scrapped or damaged unit.
The Union Pacific donated 3028 - former Chicago & North Western 6847 - to the Illinois Railway Museum in Union, Illinois in June 2009. The locomotive has since been restored to its former CNW livery.
|RailPictures.Net – EMD SD40-2 photographs at RailPictures.Net.|