The Full Wiki

EVA Air: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

EVA Air
長榮航空
IATA
BR
ICAO
EVA
Callsign
EVA
Founded 8 March 1989
Hubs Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport
Focus cities Kaohsiung International Airport

Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport

Frequent flyer program Evergreen Club
Member lounge Evergreen Lounge
Subsidiaries UNI Air
Fleet size 55
Destinations 50 (incl. cargo)
Company slogan Sharing the World, Flying Together
Parent company Evergreen International Corporation
Headquarters Lujhu, Taoyuan County, Taiwan
Key people Dr. Chang Yung-fa (Founder)
Lin Bou-Shiu (Chairman)
Jeng Kung-Yeun (President)
Website http://www.evaair.com

EVA Airways Corporation (pronounced "E-V-A Air(ways)"; Chinese: 長榮航空pinyin: Chángróng Hángkōng) is an airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to over 40 international destinations in Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.[1] EVA Air is largely privately owned and flies a fully international route network.[2][3] It is the second largest Taiwanese airline, next in size to its main rival, China Airlines.[3] EVA Air is headquartered in Lujhu, Taoyuan County.

Since its founding in 1989 as an affiliate of shipping conglomerate Evergreen Group,[4] EVA Air has expanded to include air cargo, airline catering, ground handling, and aviation engineering services.[2] Its cargo arm, EVA Air Cargo, links with the Evergreen worldwide shipping network on sea and land.[3] Its domestic and regional subsidiary, UNI Air, operates a medium and short-haul network based in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.[3]

EVA Air operates a mixed fleet of Airbus, Boeing, and McDonnell Douglas aircraft, with A330, B747, and B777 airliners primarily used on passenger routes, along with B747 and MD11 freighters used on cargo routes.[3] The airline was one of the first carriers to introduce the premium economy class, which it debuted in 1991.[3] EVA Air's slogan is "Sharing the World, Flying Together."

Contents

History

Advertisements

Launch

In September 1988, during the 20th anniversary celebration of Evergreen Marine Corporation’s founding, company chairman Chang Yung-fa announced his company’s intentions to establish Taiwan’s first private international airline.[3] The opportunity to create a major Taiwanese airline had just arisen following a decision by the Taiwanese government to liberalise the country’s air transportation system.[3][4] Government requirements still mandated global experience and financial capital requirements for any company seeking permission to initiate international airline service from Taiwan.[5]

Upon recipient of regulatory approval, EVA Airways Corporation was formally established in March 1989.[5] The airline was originally to be called Evergreen Airways,[6] however this was deemed too similar to the unrelated Evergreen International cargo airline.[7] In October 1989, the newly-formed EVA Airways Corporation placed a US$3.6 billion order for 26 aircraft from Boeing and McDonnell Douglas, including Boeing 747-400 and MD-11 airliners.[6]

Operations began on 1 July 1991 with a small fleet of EVA Air Boeing 767-300ER aircraft featuring business and economy class seating.[7][8] Initial destinations from Taipei were Bangkok, Seoul, Jakarta, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur.[7] By the end of the year, the EVA Air network had expanded to include additional cities in East Asia and its first European destination, Vienna.[7] First year revenues reached US$40 million.[7]

Expansion in the 1990s

Aircraft in flight. Side view of quad-engine jet with extended landing gear and flaps.
EVA Air Boeing 747-400 in original livery (1991–2003)

In 1992, EVA Air received the first of its Boeing 747-400 aircraft on order, and launched its premium economy class, "Economy Deluxe," on its 747 transpacific flights to Los Angeles, beginning in December of that year.[3][7] EVA Air's premium economy cabin, one of the first in the airline industry,[7] featured a wider 2-4-2 abreast configuration,[3] legrests, individual seatback video, and enhanced meal services. EVA Air's Economy Deluxe cabin (later renamed "Evergreen Deluxe" and "Elite Class") proved popular with the traveling public.[3][9] For international services, EVA Air's 747s were configured with 104 premium economy seats as part of a 370-seat, four-class cabin, in addition to first, business and economy classes.[7] In 1993, EVA Air added flights to Seattle, New York, Bangkok and Vienna with the B747-400.[3]

By 1994, EVA Air was providing regular service to 22 destinations worldwide, and carrying over 3 million passengers annually.[7] In 1995, the airline posted its first profit on revenues of US$1.05 billion, one year ahead of schedule.[3][4][7] Internationally, EVA Air's rapid expansion and increased passenger volume was boosted by its safety record, in contrast to its primary competitor, China Airlines.[3][10] In addition to receiving IOSA (IATA Operational Safety Audit) certification,[11] EVA Air in 1997 achieved simultaneous official ISO 9002 certification in the areas of Passenger, Cargo, and Maintenance Services.[12]

Dedicated EVA Air Cargo operations began in April 1995, with the first weekly McDonnell Douglas MD-11 freighter flights to Taipei, Singapore, Penang, San Francisco, New York, and Los Angeles.[3] EVA Air Cargo's fleet was expanded to five freighters by the end of the year.[3] Previously, EVA Air Cargo operations mainly relied on passenger aircraft cargo space.

In the mid–1990s, EVA Air expanded into the domestic Taiwan market by acquiring shares in Makung International Airlines, followed by Great China Airlines and Taiwan Airways. On 1 July 1998, all three carriers, as well as EVA's existing domestic operations, merged under the UNI Air title.[3] UNI Air became EVA Air's domestic intra-Taiwanese subsidiary, operating shorthaul flights out of its base in Kaohsiung,[3] Taiwan's southern port and second-largest city.

Maturation in the 2000s

Aircraft takeoff. Side view of aircraft ascending, with landing gear still deployed.
EVA Air's long-haul flagship, the Boeing 777-300ER

In 2000, EVA Air embarked on its first major long-haul fleet renewal. The airline became a launch customer for the Boeing 777-300ER, ordering four aircraft plus eight options.[3] At the same time, the airline placed three orders for the Boeing 777-200LR. In January 2001, EVA Air ordered its first Airbus aircraft, the A330-200. The Boeing 777 aircraft were intended for United States and European services, while the Airbus A330 aircraft were intended for regional Asian routes.[3]

In 2001, EVA Air began listing public stock offerings on the Taiwan Stock Exchange.[7] Initially, one percent of the company's shares was offered over-the-counter, with one-quarter held by parent company Evergreen Marine Corporation and EVA Air employees, respectively.[3] In 2002, EVA Air underwent internal corporate reforms, with staff reductions and streamlined management.[3] This culminated a process which had begun in 1997, when the Asian currency crisis began affecting profitability.[3] The 2002–2003 SARS contagion also affected passenger traffic for medium-haul flights in Southeast Asia, while long-haul flights to North America, Japan, and Europe were less affected.[3]

In 2004, EVA Air converted its remaining eight options for Boeing 777-300ERs into firm orders.[13] The first Boeing 777-300ER entered service as EVA Air's new flagship aircraft in July 2005. With the arrival of its new B777s, EVA Air launched a comprehensive revamp of its cabins, introducing lie-flat seats in its new Premium Laurel business class cabin, and upgrading its premium economy product to the new Elite Class cabin.[14] The airline's A330s were introduced with two-class Premium Laurel and Economy cabins.

As of December 2005, EVA Air and its associated divisions had 5,098 employees, and the airline's network spanned 40 passenger destinations worldwide, with additional cargo destinations.[2]

Recent developments

Side view of aircraft in flight; fuselage painted with cartoon faces and reads 'Hello Kitty'.
EVA Air Airbus A330-200 in "Hello Kitty" livery

In 2007, EVA Air announced a nonstop Taipei to New York (Newark) nonstop service, to be operated with its new long-range B777-300ERs.[15] At the same time, the airline withdrew passenger service from Taipei to Paris.[16] On Oct. 31, 2008, EVA Air announced a resumption of Taipei to Paris service with thrice-weekly passenger flights beginning January 21, 2009.[17] In 2008, the airline also announced the suspension of services to Auckland.[18] The carrier also prepared to increase direct flights to mainland China,[19] after initiating weekly charter flights in July 2008 following changes to the Three Links travel agreements.

For the 2007–2008 period, EVA Air coped with a 34% surge in fuel prices, which contributed to a US$61.2 million 2007 loss.[20] In August 2008, EVA Air reported a second quarterly loss due to increased fuel costs.[21] In response, the airline implemented cost-saving measures, including flight schedule reductions and fee increases.[19] In early 2008, EVA Air's business office in El Segundo, California, announced a major staff reduction, with over half the staff advised that they would no longer be employed by May 2008.[22] Functions performed by those local staff were first shifted to Taiwan, some of which (such as reservation call center) were then later on moved to China.

EVA Air carried 6.2 million passengers in 2007,[20] and employed 4,800 as of April 2008.[20] In 2008, EVA Air's Elite Class cabin received the "Best Premium Economy Class" award in Skytrax's annual World Airline Awards.[23] In 2010, EVA Air had released a newsflash about their service approaching into Toronto. Service is to begin on March 29th, 2010.

Corporate affairs and identity

Management

Multi-storey rectangular building with outlined windows; top floor is labeled 'EVA Air'.
EVA Air's headquarters in Luzhu, Taoyuan County

As of 2008, EVA Air's corporate leadership is headed by Chairman Lin Bou-Shiu, Vice Chairman Hsu Po-Jung, and President Chen Hsing-Te.[24] EVA Air's president plays a primary role in managing EVA's business operations.[3] Other members of EVA Air's board manage support and service services of the company, including its catering and maintenance divisions.[3] Related areas outside EVA Air's direct management include UNI Holidays, Evergreen's Evasión travel service[25] and Evergreen Laurel Hotels.[26]

EVA Air is largely privately-owned.[2] Primary shareholders are Evergreen Marine Corporation (20%), Evergreen founder Chang Yung-fa (15%), and Evergreen International Corporation (11%).[24] Foreign investors and individual stockholders combined hold 28% of EVA Air shares.[24]

Headquarters

EVA Air has its headquarters, known as the EVA Air Building, in Luzhu, Taoyuan County.[5][27][28]

The name "EVA" was taken from two letters of "Evergreen" and the first letter of "Airways." The name "EVA" is always spelled in capital letters. The airline uses the logo of its parent company, using green with an orange trim.[29]

Cultural details

EVA Air has differentiated its onboard service by using the order of "Hokkien (Taiwanese)–MandarinHakkaEnglish/foreign languages" for its cabin announcements on every flight.[9] This was aimed at attracting elderly Taiwanese passengers who have difficulty speaking Mandarin.[9] However, EVA Air has since switched the order of Hokkien and Mandarin. EVA Air also used Taiwanese folk songs in its boarding music, including an orchestral form of "Longing for Spring Wind" performed by the Evergreen Group's Evergreen Symphonic Orchestra.[9]

Double-deck aircraft in flight, with deployed landing gear.
EVA Air Cargo Boeing 747-400F in 2002–present livery

Livery and uniforms

The standard EVA Air livery utilizes dark green, signifying durability,[8] and orange, representing technological innovation.[8] The tail globe logo is intended to represent stability and reliability, and its positioning on the tail, with one corner off the edge, represents service innovation.[8] The EVA Air livery was updated in 2002, adding a larger typeface and the use of green covering the aircraft below the window line. The tail design and logo remained unchanged.

Since 2003, EVA Air has adopted its current uniform, featuring dark green dresses with cropped jackets. Chief pursers are distinguished by orange highlights, gold bands, and orange stripes; flight attendants feature green trim and white stripes. The current uniform replaced the former green-and-orange necktie ensembles used in EVA Air's first twelve years.[30]

Marketing slogans

EVA Air has used different slogans throughout its operational history. The first slogan appeared on English advertising in the United States,[31] while the 1996 and 2003 versions were introduced internationally in both English and Mandarin. In 2005, a second "Sharing the world" slogan was introduced to complement the arrival of the airline's B777s.[32] EVA Air slogans have been as follows:

  • "Fly EVA Air and Feel the Difference"[31] (1991 launch)
  • "The Wings of Taiwan"[31] (1996–2002)
  • "Just relax, you're home in the air"[33] (2003–2005)
  • "Sharing the world, flying together"[32] (2005–present)

Divisions

EVA Air Cargo

Side view of tri-jet aircraft in flight, with deployed landing gear.
EVA Air Cargo McDonnell Douglas MD-11F

Founded concurrently with the passenger operations of EVA Air, EVA Air Cargo operates facilities in Europe, Asia, and North America. Its cargo operations have diversified to include transportation of high-tech equipment and special care items such as museum artwork[34] and live zoological specimens.[35] EVA Air has stated its goal of achieving a 50/50 split in revenues between its passenger and cargo operations.[3] The airline's cargo operations are mainly operated via a fleet of Boeing 747-400, MD-11 dedicated freighters, Boeing 747-400 Combi aircraft, and additional belly cargo space on passenger aircraft.[3]

Following the establishment of its A330 fleet and the introduction of B777 long-haul aircraft, the airline converted some of its older Boeing 747-400 passenger aircraft to freighters to meet cargo market demands.[36] EVA Air Cargo established its European Cargo Center in Brussels in 2003[37] and opened its Southern China Cargo Center in Hong Kong in 2006.[38]

As of 2007, EVA Air Cargo has 43 weekly cargo flights to London, Vienna, Brussels and US destinations including Los Angeles, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Chicago, Atlanta and New York. The carrier also has code-shares with international airlines including Air Nippon (a subsidiary of All Nippon Airways), British Airways World Cargo, Austrian Airlines and Lufthansa Cargo.[39]

In recent years, the airline has focused its North American cargo operations solely on point-to-point routes. By 2004, EVA Air Cargo ranked among the world's top 10 largest air freight companies.[40] Industry publication Air Cargo World ranked EVA Air Cargo 6th out of 50 in its 2008 Air Cargo Excellence Survey, a measure of cargo service customer service and performance.[41] In 2008, EVA Air handled the transport of two Chinese pandas, donated as a gift to the Taipei Zoo.[42]

Maintenance and support

EVA Air service divisions further include pilot and cabin attendant training facilities, along with its Evergreen Sky Catering and Evergreen Airline Services ground support divisions. EVA Air has partnered with General Electric since 1998 to operate the Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corporation (EGAT), a heavy maintenance and aircraft overhaul service.[43] Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corporation provides safety, repair, and refit services for EVA Air and other airlines' aircraft, and has handled the modification of three Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter aircraft for Boeing's 787 Dreamliner program.[43]

Destinations

Most EVA Air flights originate out of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, its main hub near Taipei, Taiwan.[7] At Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, EVA Air's flight operations are concentrated in Terminal 2. Additionally, EVA Air and its domestic subsidiary UNI Air operate numerous flights out of Kaohsiung International Airport.[3] A focus city for EVA Air outside Taiwan is Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport, with westerly connections to all its European destinations except for Paris.

EVA Air's route network is affected by the political status of Taiwan, which has historically limited access for Taiwanese airlines to Europe and certain Asian countries.[3] Because Taiwanese carriers did not have direct access to mainland China, EVA Air has used Hong Kong and Macau as interline destinations.[36] EVA Air operated regular charter flights to China in 2008. The airline began regularly scheduled, direct cross-strait operations in December 2008, following the restoration of direct travel links.[44]

Fleet

The EVA Air fleet consists of the following aircraft as of February 2009:[45]

EVA Air Fleet
Aircraft Total Orders Passengers
(Premium Laurel/Elite/Economy)
Notes
Airbus A330-200 11 0 252(24/0/228)
Boeing 747-400 3 0 372(36/56/280)
Boeing 747-400M (Combi) 4 0 276(28/86/162) Two-class, Super Business and Evergreen Deluxe
Boeing 777-300ER 14 1 316(42/63/211) Delivered from October 2008 to March 2010
McDonnell Douglas MD-90 6 0 134(12/0/122)
152(12/0/140)
Two-class, short-haul Business and Economy
EVA Air Cargo Fleet
Aircraft Total Capacity Notes
Boeing 747-400F 3 120,000 kg (260,000 lb)
Boeing 747-400BCF 6 120,000 kg (260,000 lb) Passenger-freight aircraft conversion
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F 8 90,800 kg (200,000 lb)

Special liveries

In October 2005, EVA Air launched a campaign with Japanese company Sanrio to create the "Hello Kitty Jet," featuring the popular Japanese character.[46] Using the airline's A330-200, the exterior adopted a livery of Hello Kitty characters. A year later, the airline launched a second Hello Kitty Jet. The aircraft featured a Hello Kitty motif on exterior and interior fittings and features.[47] Both planes were used to serve Japanese destinations,[48] and from mid–July 2007, also Taipei-Hong Kong routes. The Hello Kitty livery was scheduled for retirement in 2009.

Side view of twin-jet aircraft on runway in front of airport buildings.
EVA Air Boeing 777-300ER in "Rainbow" livery (B-16701)

In July 2006, EVA Air's third new Boeing 777-300ER was Boeing's center stage at the 2006 Farnborough Airshow in a static display.[49] The aircraft, with its special 777-300ER "Rainbow" livery, was leased by Boeing for a week to be presented at the show. The first three EVA Air B777 aircraft feature this livery.

Fleet plans

EVA Air has ordered 15 Boeing 777-300ER, with 14 already delivered. In 2006, the airline decided against its existing three Boeing 777-200LR orders (stating that with the 777-300ERs it has sufficient passenger capacity), and the 777-200LR orders were converted into 777-300ER orders.[50] Despite the airline's focus on cargo operations, EVA Air in 2007 indicated it had no current plans to acquire the Boeing 777 Freighter.[36] Instead, with the arrival of additional passenger B777 aircraft, EVA Air will transfer more B747 aircraft to freighter operations.[36]

Services

Check-in

At Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, if passengers were to check in for an EVA Air flight, they would previously have to go to an airline representative at the counters. Now, since December 2009, EVA Air has introduced the EVA Air Check-in Kiosks at T2, counters 6A, allowing passengers to check-in and print their boarding passes electronically.[51] The kiosks are currently available at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, but over time, EVA will install these counters in airports in China and international EVA Air destinations.[51]

Onboard

Airline business class cabin. Seats arranged in twos, with forward display screens.
Premium Laurel, business class

EVA Air offers three classes of service on its long-haul flights: "Premium Laurel" (business), "Elite Class" (premium economy) and Economy Class.[14] All cabins feature satellite phones, audio video on demand (AVOD) entertainment,[52] SMS service,[53] and in select B777 cabins, mood lighting.[52] Domestic and short-haul international services flown by EVA Air and UNI Air MD-90 aircraft also feature a short-haul business class.

In the later half of 2007, EVA Air's Boeing 747-400 fleet (except Combi aircraft) was upgraded to feature the airline's latest seating classes; the addition of Premium Laurel class on the B747-400 succeeded the previous "Super First" and "Super Business" cabins.[54][55]

Cabin classes

Premium Laurel, EVA Air's new business class cabin, was introduced in 2003 with the A330-200, and expanded to more destinations with the B777-300ER in 2005 and refitted B747-400 (replacing "Super First") in 2007. Seats are pitched at 1,500 mm (59 in) in Premium Laurel in a pod-style layout, and can convert to an angled lie-flat bed.[53] Laptop power is available. Premium Laurel class seating is in a 2-2-2 abreast arrangement on the B777,[56] B747 (2-2 in the forward nose section),[57] and A330.[58]

Airline premium economy cabin. Rows of seats arranged between aisles.
Elite Class, premium economy class

Elite Class, EVA Air's premium economy product, is offered in a dedicated cabin on the Boeing 777 and 747. Elite Class has wider seating and legroom (in a 2-4-2 layout), and a seat similar to short-haul business class with an extendable legrest, 970 mm (38 in) pitch, adjustable winged headrests, and laptop power.[53] Service levels in Elite Class are similar to Economy Class, but food and amenities are improved, along with the seating. Elite passengers further receive an amenity kit on most flights.[59]

Economy Class is available on all EVA Air aircraft, featuring 840 mm (33 in) pitch, touchscreen personal entertainment screens, sliding seat cushions, and adjustable winged headrests.[14] Each seat is also equipped with a personal handset satellite telephone which can be used with a credit card. Economy seating is in 3-3-3 arrangement on the B777,[56] 3-4-3 on the B747,[57] and 2-4-2 on the A330.[58]

In-flight entertainment

EVA Air's new audio video on demand (AVOD) entertainment system, Star Gallery, is available in all classes. This system has 40 movies and short features, interactive games, and over 100 music albums.[60] Programs are mainly in Mandarin and English, with some selections in Japanese, German and French.

Airline economy cabin. Rows of seats arranged between two aisles. Each seatback has a monitor.
Economy Class, with Star Gallery entertainment system

Sky Gallery entertainment categories include such areas as Sky Hollywood (films), Sky Concert Hall (music and playlist creator), Kids' World (entertainment geared toward younger travelers), among others. The Panasonic Avionics 3000i system can display Mandarin, English, or Japanese text. Since 2005, customers can also send SMS text messages and emails to the ground using their personal handsets and seatback screens.[54] On non-refitted B747-400s, personal entertainment screens are available in business class and premium economy. Seatback video is not available on the A320s, MD-90s and in Economy Class on non-refitted B747-400s.

VERVE is EVA's inflight magazine and features articles in English, Mandarin and Japanese.[61] EVA Air's duty-free shopping brochure, EVA Air Sky Shop, is included at each seat in either paper or video form, with sales occurring in-flight, typically after meal services. EVA Air also stocks a supply of newspapers and magazine publications on international flights,[53] selection depending on route.

Catering

EVA Air offers a variety of meals on intercontinental routes, depending on seat class, destination and flight length. Western and Eastern menu selections are typically offered,[62] including seasonal menu selections varied by destination. Special meal offerings can be requested in each class during booking, including children's, religious, vegetarian, and other meals.

Business class meal. Cloth-covered tray with napkin, tall glass, two round bowls with fruits and chocolate cake; plate with bread and butter, large dish with potatoes, meat, and vegetables.
Premium Laurel Class, Taipei to Hong Kong inflight meal

In Premium Laurel Class, passengers can pre-order gourmet entreés, depending on destination,[53] including specialties produced by Din Tai Fung, the award-winning Taiwanese restaurant. Premium Laurel cabins on the B777 also feature an in-flight salad bar, and European wine selections are served.[63]

Evergreen Club

EVA Air's frequent flyer program, Evergreen Club, awards members points based on miles traveled and class of service. Membership into the program is free. The program is divided into four tiers: Green, Silver, Gold, and Diamond.[64] Qualification levels and general benefits are as follows:[64]

  • Green Card - Permanent status; accrues mileage on EVA Air and qualifying flights, plus member discount benefits.
  • Silver Card - 30,000 miles or more accumulated on six of more flights within one year; added benefits include member reservations, separate check-in, lounge access, and extra baggage allowance.
  • Gold Card - 50,000 miles or more accumulated within one year; further benefits include priority baggage, lounge access with companion, EVA Sky Shop 10% discount, and bonus mileage.
  • Diamond Card - 120,000 miles or more accumulated within one year; further benefits include lounge access with companion(s), complimentary upgrade privileges, and bonus mileage.
Lounge entrance. An open marble doorway is flanked by two light sconces, potted plants, and three signs. Inside is a wood-lined hallway.
Evergreen Lounge entrance at Taoyuan International Airport

Evergreen Club points are redeemable for upgrades and free tickets, and can also be accumulated through credit card use, rental car agencies, Evergreen Laurel Hotels, and other participating services. Membership benefits include a dedicated reservation line, Evergreen Lounge access, additional baggage allowance with priority handling, and discounts on car rentals and hotels. The program also accepts miles flown on American Airlines and Continental Airlines, provided that the flights are booked and logged according to EVA Air frequent flier rules.[64]

Evergreen Lounges

EVA Air operates airline lounges, under the brand name Evergreen Lounge, in major destination airports. Passengers eligible to enter these facilities include business class passengers and Evergreen Club Diamond, Gold, and Silver card holders.[65] EVA Air's flagship lounge, located at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, features separate Lounge, Garden, and Club facilities.[65] Other lounges are operated in cooperation with partner airlines.

Evergreen Lounge services typically include refreshments, business facilities, and television and reading entertainment.[65] The lounge at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Terminal 2, has separate eating facilities at different levels; a check-in facility is reserved for Diamond card holders.[65]

Codeshare agreements

EVA Air is not part of an airline alliance but has codeshare arrangements with 16 carriers.[53] Codeshare passenger agreements with EVA Air include Air Canada [terminated 28 March], All Nippon Airways, American Airlines, Continental Airlines, Qantas, US Airways, and Bangkok Airways [begins March 2010][66]. The original agreement with US Airways was signed with America West Airlines.

Incidents

As of December 2009, EVA Air has had no aircraft losses or passenger fatalities in its operational history.[67]

  • On 28 March 2005, EVA flight BR 2196 encountered severe turbulence while on final approach to Tokyo's Narita International Airport.[68] The A330-200, carrying 251 passengers, landed safely, but 49 people suffered minor injuries and were taken to hospital. The aircraft was undamaged in the incident.[68]
  • On 15 April 2008, EVA flight BR 901 took off from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, during which one tire on the MD-90 aircraft was blown, and the gear door fell off onto the runway.[69] When it approached Kaohsiung International Airport, the pilots circled the airport two times to let the control tower check their wheels. After the plane landed, two more tires blew, and sparks were created by the rim of the wheels. All 36 passengers and 6 crew onboard were safe.[69]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Taiwan's EVA Air to launch charter flights to Saipan". AFX News Limited. 2007-03-22. http://www.forbes.com/business/feeds/afx/2007/03/22/afx3544681.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d "EVA Air Annual Report 2006" (PDF). EVA Airways Corporation. 2006. p. 14,129. http://www.evaair.com/NR/rdonlyres/AED6B7BC-6627-43C5-ADB7-FF808991F728/0/annual06e.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Thomas, Geoffrey. EVA Air: The Stealth Airline. Air Transport World, June 2003, p. 52-54.
  4. ^ a b c Ionides, Nicholas. Evergreen Optimism: EVA Air. Airline Business, May 2002, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p. 76-78.
  5. ^ a b c ‘’Lloyd’s List,” Evergreen: Evergreen Ambitions Reach for the Skies, August 1994, p. 24–26.
  6. ^ a b Lev, Michael (1989-10-07). "Boeing and McDonnell Get Taiwan Jet Order". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE7DA163CF934A35753C1A96F948260. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "EVA Airways Corporation -- Company History". International Directory of Company Histories. 2007. http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/EVA-Airways-Corporation-Company-History.html. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  8. ^ a b c d Edwards, Graham, and Endres, Gunter. Jane's Airline Recognition Guide. Smithsonian Collins, 1996, p. 180. ISBN 0061137294
  9. ^ a b c d "Sky rivals vie in hot market for air travel". Taiwan Journal. 1996-07-12. http://taiwanjournal.nat.gov.tw/site/Tj/ct.asp?xItem=14356&CtNode=118. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  10. ^ Sicherheitsbilanz 2006 (Safety record 2006) Aero International, March 2007, p. 93
  11. ^ "EVA Air IATA IOSA Certification". International Air Transport Association. 2008. http://www.iata.org/ps/certification/iosa/operator?c=EVA. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  12. ^ "European Airline Industry Magazine Gives EVA Air High Safety Ranking". Asia Pacific News. 2006-03-14. http://www.apn.btbtravel.com/s/Editorial-Airlines-And-Airports.asp?printVersion=now&_Title=European-Airline-Industry-Magazine-Gives-EVA-Air-High-Safety-Ranking&ReportID=132415. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  13. ^ "EVA Airways Corp.'s aircraft purchase contract". Airports International. 2004-06. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6671/is_/ai_n26139181. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  14. ^ a b c EVA to unveil new B777. Travel Weekly, Issue 1789, 30 November 2005, p 61–61.
  15. ^ "Taiwan's EVA Air set to go non-stop to New York". The China Post. 2007-10-02. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/business/2007/10/02/124953/Taiwan%27s%2DEVA.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  16. ^ "EVA to cease passenger flights to Paris". Taipei Times. 2007-09-27. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/biz/archives/2007/09/29/2003380966/print. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  17. ^ "EVA Air to resume Taipei-Paris passenger services". EVA Air. 2008-10-31. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/eva/News/2008/news200810310002.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  18. ^ "Taiwan's EVA Air to suspend flights to Auckland". Agence France-Presse. 2008-08-10. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hv9Ia3Tyf54Wu4gRv1lOkKQO3iSg. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  19. ^ a b Knowler, Greg (2008). "Oil price fall a relief for EVA Air Cargo". Cargonews Asia. http://www.avbuyer.com.cn/e/2008/28394.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  20. ^ a b c World Airline Report. Air Transport World, July 2008, p. 70
  21. ^ Pevzner, Alex (2008-08-29). "Big Taiwan Airlines Post Record Losses". Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121995573123180731.html?mod=googlenews_wsj. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 
  22. ^ Heschmeyer, Mark (2008-04-03). "Eva Airways Corp - Facility Closures and Layoffs". CoStar Group. http://www.costar.com/News/Article.aspx?id=37C68CC487B23D81DB5BB0EE22F0C0D7&ref=1&src=rss. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  23. ^ "Eva Air's Elite Cabin scoops prestigious award". Travel Counsellors UK. 2008-08-22. http://news.travelcounsellors.co.uk/Eva_Airs_Elite_Cabin_scoops_prestigious_award_18745684.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  24. ^ a b c "EVA Airways Corporation - Company Profile". EVA Airways Corporation. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/eva/Investor_service/Company_Profile/. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  25. ^ "EVA Air Adds Sixth Destination In Japan, More Flights To Osaka". Asia Pacific News. 2006-05-11. http://www.apn.btbtravel.com/s/Editorial-Airlines-And-Airports.asp?ReportID=137700&_Title=EVA-Air-Adds-Sixth-Destination-In-Japan-More-Fligths-To-Osaika. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  26. ^ Bender, Andrew, Grundvig, Julie, and Kelly, Robert. Lonely Planet: Taiwan. pp. 92. ISBN 174059360X
  27. ^ "Evergreen Club." EVA Air. 24/28. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  28. ^ "Directory: World Airlines - EVA Air". Flight International. 1995-04-5-11. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1995/1995%20-%200993.html. 
  29. ^ "Corporate Image." Eva Air. April 22, 1997. Retrieved on September 29, 2009.
  30. ^ "EVA Air gets New Look". EVA Airways Corporation. 2003. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/eva/News/2003/Apr_7_2003+-+EVA+GETS+NEW+LOOK.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  31. ^ a b c EVA Air advertisements, Newsweek (1992), and National Geographic (1996)
  32. ^ a b Reitshammer, Christiane (2005-07-19). "EVA AIR: Erste B777-300ER im Anflug". Travel Management Austria. http://www.tma-online.at/?id=2417. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  33. ^ "EVA Air slogan changes". Taipei Times. 2004-07-30. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2004/07/30/2003180999/print. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  34. ^ EVA air moves masterpieces from France to Taiwan exhibit. World Trade, 1 January 2002
  35. ^ "Operation animal airlift" (PDF). Brisbane Airport. 2004-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20070901204849/http://bne.com.au/files/pdf/quest_04Nov25.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  36. ^ a b c d Putzger, Ian (2007). "Air Cargo World Online - EVA's Shift". Air Cargo World. http://web.archive.org/web/20080323050929/http://www.aircargoworld.com/regions/pacific_1207.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  37. ^ EVA Air opens EVA Air Cargo Center Europe in Brussels. Air Transport World, 1 October 2003
  38. ^ "ATW Daily News: EVA Air Southern China Cargo Center". Air Transport World. 2006-06-01. http://atwonline.com/news/story.html?storyID=5254. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  39. ^ "Air cargo excellence survey ranks EVA 6th among top 50 carriers". AV Buyer. 2008-04-03. http://www.avbuyer.com.cn/e/2008/24649.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  40. ^ "The World's Top 50 Cargo Airlines" (PDF). Air Cargo World. 2004. http://web.archive.org/web/20060314024409/http://www.aircargoworld.com/Graphics/month/24ACWD0905.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  41. ^ "Air Cargo World's Air Cargo Excellence Survey". Air Cargo World. 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080208222150/http://www.aircargoworld.com/features/0306_2.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  42. ^ Lu, Meggie (2008-12-24). "Chinese pandas arrive at Taipei Zoo". Taipei Times. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2008/12/24/2003431931. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  43. ^ a b The world's largest air freighter. (747 Large Cargo Freighter, Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corp.) Logistics Today, October 2006.
  44. ^ Chang, Meg (2009-01-02). "Direct links to provide new business opportunities". Taiwan Journal. http://www.taiwantoday.tw/ct.asp?xItem=47483&CtNode=429. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  45. ^ "EVA Air Fleet Details". EVA Airways Corporation. 2008. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/eva/Corporate_profile/Fleet_facts/. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  46. ^ "Hello Kitty to fly on Taiwan's Eva Air". Kyodo News International. 2005-10-20. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-17107555_ITM. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  47. ^ Ho, Jessie (2006-10-21). "EVA panders to Hello Kitty fans". Taipei Times. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/biz/archives/2006/10/21/2003332749/print. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  48. ^ Baker, Tom (2008-09-05). "I am Kitty; hear me purr". The Daily Yomiuri. http://www.theage.com.au/executive-style/culture/i-am-kitty-hear-me-purr-20090518-b8s9.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  49. ^ "EVA Air's Boeing 777-300ER Arrives at Farnborough International Air Show 2006". The Boeing Company. 2006-07. http://www.boeing.com/commercial/news/2006/q3/060716a_pr.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  50. ^ Francis, Leithen (2006-11-21). "EVA bolsters cargo with order swap". Flight International. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2006/11/21/210660/eva-bolsters-cargo-with-order-swap.html. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  51. ^ a b "EVA Air Airport Service Kiosk". EVA Air. 2009-12-02. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/tips/Airport_service/kiosk. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  52. ^ a b Chandler, Jerry (2007-08-27). "More ‘Triple-Sevens’ do transpacific duties – EVA Air’s entry". Cheapflights.com. http://news.cheapflights.com/airlines/2007/08/more-triple-sev.html. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  53. ^ a b c d e f "Executive travel - EVA Air uncontained success for Taiwan's shipping-owned airline". OAG. 2005-10. http://www.oag.com/oag/website/com/en/Home/Travel+Magazine/Executive+Travel/Travelers+Briefing/Eva+Air+-+uncontained+success+for+shipping-owned+airline+of+Taiwan+130106. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  54. ^ a b Davies, Phil (2007-10-08). "EVA Aito run upgraded B747-400 on London route". TravelMole. http://www.travelmole.com/stories/1122998.php. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  55. ^ "FlatSeats - EVA Air Business Class". Skytrax. 2008. http://flatseats.com/Reviews/eva.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  56. ^ a b "SeatGuru Seat Map EVA Air Boeing 777-300ER (773)". SeatGuru. http://www.seatguru.com/airlines/Eva_Airways/Eva_Airways_Boeing_777-300.php. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  57. ^ a b "SeatGuru EVA Air Boeing 747-400". SeatGuru. http://www.seatguru.com/airlines/Eva_Airways/Eva_Airways_Boeing_747-400_380.php. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  58. ^ a b "SeatGuru EVA Air Airbus A330-200 (332)". SeatGuru. http://www.seatguru.com/airlines/Eva_Airways/Eva_Airways_Airbus_A330-200.php. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  59. ^ Rogers, Mark (2007-06-04). "EVA Air's Elite Class is an affordable upgrade from economy". TravelAgentCentral. http://www.travelagentcentral.com/air-travel/eva-airs-elite-class. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  60. ^ "EVA Air to put spruced-up 747 on Taipei-London". Shephard Group. 2007-10-06. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011035934/http://www.shephard.co.uk/Inflight/default.aspx?Action=-1000945703&ID=1673b334-06bb-4c12-ad7d-9ce660836268. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  61. ^ "Department of International Trade Case Study: EVA Air" (in Mandarin). Lunghwa University of Science and Technology. 2005. http://elc.it.lhu.edu.tw/LHUIT/AssignHW/56/89/D91421134/%E5%9C%8B%E9%9A%9B%E8%A1%8C%E9%8A%B7%E6%9C%9F%E6%9C%AB%E5%A0%B1%E5%91%8A-%E5%80%8B%E6%A1%88%E5%85%AC%E5%8F%B8-%E9%95%B7%E6%A6%AE%E6%B5%B7%E9%81%8B%E9%95%B7%E6%A6%AE%E7%A9%BA%E9%81%8B.doc. Retrieved 2009-06-13. "Premium Laurel (桂冠艙), Elite Class (菁英艙), Super First (超級頭等艙), Super Business (超級商務艙), Evergreen Deluxe (長榮客艙), Economy Deluxe (經濟豪華艙)" 
  62. ^ Rogers, Mark. Destinations - Pacific/Asia: EVA Air's Elite Class. TravelAgent, July 2007, p. 64.
  63. ^ "Business Traveller Cellars in the Sky Awards". Business Traveller. 2008-05-02. http://www.businesstraveller.com/news/business-traveller-cellars-in-the-sky-awards-2007. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  64. ^ a b c "EVA Air - Evergreen Club Evergreen Club". EVA Airways Corporation. 2008. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/club/Join_the_club/Terms_and_conditions. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  65. ^ a b c d "EVA Air - Lounge Service". EVA Airways Corporation. 2008. http://www.evaair.com/html/b2c/english/tips/Airport_service/Lounge_service/#. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  66. ^ http://www.etravelblackboard.com/showarticle.asp?id=101741&nav=2
  67. ^ "Event Rates of Airlines in Asia and Australasia Since 1970". AirSafe.com. 2008. http://www.airsafe.com/events/regions/asia.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  68. ^ a b Associated Press (2005-03-28). "Dozens injured as turbulence hits EVA Airways jet". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/travel/news/2005-03-28-japan-turbulence_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  69. ^ a b "Plane lands with ruptured tires". Taipei Times. 2008-04-16. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2008/04/16/2003409387/print. Retrieved 2008-09-18. 

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message