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Eagle Pass, Texas
—  City  —
Downtown Eagle Pass
Nickname(s): El Aguilón
Location of Eagle Pass, Texas
Coordinates: 28°42′38″N 100°29′22″W / 28.71056°N 100.48944°W / 28.71056; -100.48944Coordinates: 28°42′38″N 100°29′22″W / 28.71056°N 100.48944°W / 28.71056; -100.48944
Country United States
State Texas
County Maverick
 - Type City manager
 - Mayor Chad Foster
 - Total 7.4 sq mi (19.2 km2)
 - Land 7.4 sq mi (19.2 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 732 ft (223 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 22,413
 Density 3,030.3/sq mi (1,170.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78852-78853
Area code(s) 830
FIPS code 48-21892[1]
GNIS feature ID 1356538[2]
Map of the city 1887
The restored Fort Duncan in Eagle Pass is located near the International Bridge.
The International Bridge across the Rio Grande in Eagle Pass
Eagle Pass City Hall at the foot of International Bridge

Eagle Pass is a city in and the county seat of Maverick County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 22,413 at the 2000 census.

Bienvenidos, Eagle Pass, Texas
The Rio Grande at Eagle Pass, Texas, with Mexico in the background

Eagle Pass borders the city of Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico, which is to the southwest and across the Rio Grande. The Eagle Pass-Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area (EG-PN) is one of six bi-national metropolitan areas along the United States-Mexican border. As of January 2008 (United States Census, 2008), the Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population is 48,401 people, and the Piedras Negras Metropolitan Area's population is 169,771.


Eagle Pass history

Eagle Pass was the first United States settlement on the Rio Grande. Originally known as Camp Eagle Pass, it served as a temporary outpost for the Texas militia, which had been ordered to stop illegal trade with Mexico during the Mexican-American War.[4]

The United States Army established the presumably permanent Fort Duncan on March 27, 1849, a couple of miles upstream from Camp Eagle Pass. Captain Sidney Burbank supervised the construction of Fort Duncan, which was named after Colonel James Duncan, a hero of the Mexican War. After the Mexican-American war, trade flourished under the protection of the fort. The fort was near the trail of westward immigration to California. It also served as an outpost against hostile Apache. It was abandoned and reopened several times. In March 1860, it served as the base of operations against the border assaults arranged by Juan N. Cortina.[5]

Fort Duncan was held by the Confederacy during the American Civil War. On July 4, 1865, General Joseph O. Shelby, en route to offer his troops' service to Maximilian in Mexico, stopped at Fort Duncan and buried in the Rio Grande the last Confederate flag to have flown over his men.[4] In 1870, Colonel William R. Shafter trained Seminole and African American scouts at Fort Duncan. After several decades of deactivation, Fort Duncan was activated as a training camp during World War I. In 1938, the City of Eagle Pass acquired the fort and still operates a museum and a children's library at the site.[5]

In 1850, Rick Pawless opened a trading post called Eagle Pass. In 1871, Maverick County was established, and Eagle Pass was named the county seat. During the remainder of the 1800s schools and churches opened, the mercantile and ranching industries grew, and a railway was built.

General William Leslie Cazneau (1807–1876) founded the Eagle Pass townsite in the 1840s.[6]

Eagle Pass today

Chad Foster has been the mayor of Eagle Pass since 2004.

Eagle Pass City Hall today is located near the base of the International Bridge. The municipality has a city manager form of government. Chad Foster, a real estate broker, has been the mayor, elected citywide, since 2004. Across from City Hall is a small monument adjacent to a gazebo which commemorates the police officers of Eagle Pass and surrounding communities who have died in the line of duty. Much of the small business growth of the new century has been toward the southern portion of the city off FM 375, also known as Bibb Street.

Sportsmen enjoy fishing for the large Rio Grande catfish, Lake Amistad in Del Rio (bassfish) and hunting for white-tailed deer and upland game birds. Eight miles south of Eagle Pass is the 125-acre reservation for the Kickapoo Indians. The tribe operates the Lucky Eagle Casino along with restaurants.[4]

Continental Airlines serves the Eagle Pass/ Piedras Negras, Mexico area via Del Rio International Airport in Del Rio, Texas. The airport services the Middle Rio Grande region.


Eagle Pass has been sued by the U.S. government for access to land to construct a border fence between the United States and Mexico.[7]


Eagle Pass is located at 28°42′38″N 100°29′22″W / 28.71056°N 100.48944°W / 28.71056; -100.48944 (28.710622, -100.489331).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19.2 km²), of which, 7.4 square miles (19.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.40%) is water.


As of the census[1] of 2006, there were 24,847 people, 6,925 households, and 5,588 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,030.3 people per square mile (1,169.4/km²). There were 7,613 housing units at an average density of 1,029.3/sq mi (397.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.73% White, 0.27% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 22.71% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 94.90% of the population.

There were 6,925 households out of which 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.3% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.69.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,623, and the median income for a family was $27,140. Males had a median income of $26,350 versus $17,346 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,414. About 26.0% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.0% of those under age 18 and 39.1% of those age 65 or over.

Eagle Pass lies in Maverick County in the United States. The majority of the income is attributed to dependence of the community on employment in the public sector.


Eagle Pass is served by the Eagle Pass Independent School District. The district comprises roughly fourteen elementary schools, two junior high schools and two high schools which compete in UIL academics and sports.

The community is served by branches of four-year Sul Ross University in Alpine, in the form of Rio Grande College, and Southwest Texas Junior College, a two-year community college based in Uvalde.


On April 24, 2007 at 7:00 p.m CST, a tornado tore through Eagle Pass and caused loss of life and property damage. The community was paralyzed for more than a week[9].

See also


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b c Texas Transportation Commission, Texas State Travel Guide, 2008, p. 232
  5. ^ a b Texas Historical Commission, historical marker at Fort Duncan, Eagle Pass, Texas, 1970
  6. ^ Handbook of Texas Online
  7. ^ Texas City Ordered to Turn Over Land to Feds for Border Fence Construction, January 16, 2008
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Tornado Kills 7 Near Eagle Pass On Mexican Border". CBS 11 TV. 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 

External links

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