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Earl Cain
A book cover. At the top is a tricolored banner with 花とゆめ Comics inside, followed by 忘れられたジュリエット in red and a smaller 伯爵カインシリーズ 1 in yellow underneath; below a line is 由貴 香織里 in blue and a framed close up of a windswept, brown-haired boy with green eyes, who smiles against a background of twisted trees.
Cover of the first Earl Cain volume, published in Japan by Hakusensha on July 17, 1992
伯爵カインシリーズ
(Hakushaku Kain Shirīzu)
Genre Horror, Mystery
Manga
The Cain Saga
Author Kaori Yuki
Publisher Japan Hakusensha
English publisher Canada United States Viz Media
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Japan Hana to Yume
Original run 19921994
Volumes 5 (List of volumes)
Manga
Godchild
Author Kaori Yuki
Publisher Japan Hakusensha
English publisher Canada United States Viz Media
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Japan Hana to Yume
English magazine Canada United States Shojo Beat
Original run 20012004
Volumes 8 (List of volumes)
Anime and Manga Portal

Earl Cain (伯爵カインシリーズ Hakushaku Kain Shirīzu?), also known as Count Cain, is a gothic manga series written and illustrated by Kaori Yuki. Earl Cain consists of five parts or "Series": Forgotten Juliet (忘れられたジュリエット Wasurerareta Jurietto?), The Sound of a Boy Hatching (少年の孵化する音 Shōnen no Fukasuru Oto?), Kafka (カフカ Kafuka?), The Seal of the Red Ram (赤い羊の刻印 Akai Hitsuji no Kokuin?), and the sequel series Godchild (ゴッド チャイルド Goddo Chairudo?).

Appearing as serials in the Japanese magazine Hana to Yume, the chapters of Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram ran from 1992 to 1994, and the Godchild chapters appeared between 2001 and 2004. Together, the series spans 13 tankōbon volumes, with five for Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram and eight for Godchild. Two drama CDs based on the series were also released. Set in 19th century England, the series focuses on a young earl named Cain Hargreaves who solves murders while encountering his father's secret organization, Delilah, that experiments with reviving the dead.

Earl Cain is licensed for English-language release in North America by Viz Media, which published Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram as The Cain Saga. The first volume of The Cain Saga was published in October 2006; the final volume was published in June 2007. Godchild was released simultaneously, as well as being serialized in Viz's manga anthology Shojo Beat from July 2005 to June 2006.

Yuki was influenced by films from Western culture, which Earl Cain, her first series, contains allusions to as a result. The Cain Saga received mixed reviews from critics: some felt that the mysteries were well-done with detailed art while others thought the art was crude and the short stories confusing. Reviewers praised the sequel, Godchild, as an entertaining series with detailed art, but criticized the confusing and overdone plot.

Contents

Plot

Set in Victorian England, the series focuses on Cain Hargreaves, the son of Alexis Hargreaves and Alexis's sister, Augusta. Cain is abused throughout his childhood: Alexis whips him daily and orders the servants to ignore him. Despite this, Cain befriends a new servant named Riff, after Riff speaks to him. Cain acknowledges that his father despises him and has been slowly poisoning him with arsenic. When he secretly visits his mother at a mental institution, she mistakes him for Alexis and jumps out the window. Dying, she warns him to escape from Alexis. He returns home and poisons his father. Before Alexis plunges into the sea, he curses his son to have a miserable life and die alone. Cain inherits his father's title of earl as a result of Alexis's presumed death. Years later Cain, now seventeen, solves murders with Riff's help and collects poisons. During one mystery, he adopts young Mary Weather, who he believes is his half sister. He also encounters his half brother Jizabel Disraeli, a member of a secret organization that focuses on resurrecting the dead. From him, Cain learns that Alexis had survived his suicide and became the leader of that organization, renaming it Delilah. After the death of the woman that Cain loves, a Delilah "doll" or resurrected corpse surviving on the fresh blood and organs of others, he vows to end Delilah's experiments with the dead.

Sequel

Accompanied by Riff, Cain continues to solve murders while periodically running into Jizabel and other members of Delilah. After encountering Delilah's doll of his deceased half-sister Suzette, Cain becomes obsessed with destroying the organization and learns that it is secretly building a memorial temple. Meanwhile, despite Jizabel's efforts to delay Riff's second, hidden, and cruel personality from awakening, the hypnosis suppressing it breaks. Riff later declares to Cain that he secretly works for Delilah: the loyal Riff Cain had known is a false personality implanted by the organization. Alexis had intended for Cain to develop a close bond with Riff, only to break it, to remind Cain that he is unloved. After Riff's departure, Cain resolves to confront Alexis and promises Mary that they will have a tea party after the conflict with Delilah ends. Led by a former member of Delilah, he reaches the tower within the temple where Alexis plans to sacrifice the brainwashed people of London to revive Augusta. Within the tower, Riff reveals his intent to overthrow Alexis. Unconcerned, Alexis divulges that Riff is Delilah's longest surviving doll and will soon die. Riff attacks Cain, but Riff's other personality resurfaces, causing him to deliberately shoot himself. Riff's loyal personality triumphs over the cruel one, but he and Cain are separated. Because Riff's wound cannot heal, Jizabel commits suicide so Riff can use his blood to briefly remain alive and return to Cain. Meanwhile, Cain successfully poisons his father and with his death, the tower begins to crumble. Cain, unable to escape and hurt by the falling debris, reunites briefly with Riff. However, the ceiling collapses and Riff tries to push him away. Cain embraces him, choosing to stay.

After Cain's disappearance, Mary becomes head of the Hargreaves. Augusta possesses Alexis, and seeks out Mary in the mausoleum Cain built before leaving to confront Alexis. Augusta reveals that she manipulated Alexis into abusing his sons and trying to resurrect her for her amusement. Before she can kill Mary, Augusta triggers Cain's trap in the mausoleum and dies. Years later, a medium close to Cain sets up a tea party for Mary, fulfilling Cain's promise; he then reminisces on how he found Cain being held by Riff's corpse within the ruined tower.

Main characters

Cain C. Hargreaves (カイン・C・ハーグリーヴス?)
The antihero of the series.[1] He has golden green eyes as a result of being a child born of incest.[2] The only people he trusts are his manservant Riff and Mary Weather. Riff is the first person Cain trusted and the only one he allows to see and touch his scars from Alexis's nightly abuse.[3] He fears becoming like his father, because he fell in love with his half-sister, Suzette.[4] Kaori Yuki felt that Cain looked older than his intended age of seventeen in The Cain Saga.[5]
Riffael "Riff" Raffit (リフェール・ラフィット?)
Cain's manservant. Riff dresses Cain and ties his shoes for him, which Yuki considers "a form of communication between the two of them because they've been together so long that they're almost like father and child."[6] Secretly a high ranking member of Delilah, he is placed with Cain to cause him more suffering.[7] Riff had murdered his own family and died in the ensuing fire he intentionally set. Resurrected by Delilah and given an alternate, kinder personality, he is the longest surviving of all the dolls, occasionally brought to the organization's hideout and given blood transfusions to keep him alive.[8] However, his will to rebel against Delilah grew stronger as the hypnosis faded, which allows him to kill his original, cruel personality.[8]
Mary Weather Hargreaves (マリーウェザー・ハーグリーヴス?)
Cain's ten year old half sister. After her mother commits suicide to protect her from her obsessive suitor, Mary lives on the streets of London as a fortuneteller. Cain believes that she is his half sister, and adopts her.[9] However, she is not related to Cain, who loves her despite this.[10] Outgoing and strong-willed, she is often annoyed by Cain's relationships with women.[11] Throughout the series, her life is often threatened.[12] She does not like how Cain shelters her, but accepts it because she believes that it eases his suffering.[13]
Jizabel Disraeli (ジザベル・ディズレーリ?)
Alexis' illegitimate son and Cain's half brother.[14] Jizabel is a sadistic doctor who works for Alexis's secret organization Delilah. As a child, he cared for the lives of animals, but was tricked into eating his pet sheep by Alexis.[15] Alexis also murdered his older sisters so their healthy organs could be transplanted into Jizabel's sickly body.[15] Upon learning of this, Jizabel felt that he was unworthy of love and became depressed.[15] Like Cain, his back is scarred from Alexis's whippings; he sees the scars as "symbols of [his] father's love".[15] He despises the close bond Cain has with Riff because he believes that unconditional love does not exist.[16] He was Yuki's favorite character to draw in the beginning.[17]
Alexis Hargreaves (アレクシス・ハーグリーヴス?)
Cain and Jizabel's father. A skillful manipulator[18] and "monstrously abusive",[12] Alexis blames Cain for Augusta's insanity and death, and resolves to make life impossible for him. As the leader of Delilah, he assigns members within the secret organization their ranks. The only person he ever loved was his sister, Augusta, despite his arranged marriage to a woman he later murders.[2] While Cain believes that Alexis raped Augusta,[19] she actually seduced him.[10] After Augusta's death, he stole her head from her coffin before she is cremated on their father's orders.[20] Using cells extracted from her head, Alexis makes several clones of her; all except for one perish. The remaining clone is soulless and he hopes to coax her spirit into it, using a magic ritual.[20] The research Alexis puts into creating a new body for his sister leads to the creation of the dolls.[20] Alexis simultaneously despised and wanted happiness for his sons.[20]

Themes

The theme of "the soiled childhood" occurs throughout the series, depicted by abused children or children's items such as dolls, pudding, and puppets playing a role in some murders, either in the background as in "The Little Crooked House" or as a major part of the plot as in "Solomon Grundy's Sunday".[21] The series also focuses on the characters' "tragic destinies" and how their suffering made their cruelty understandable.[21] In her works, Kaori Yuki frequently uses the "power of love" as a theme; Godchild focuses on "the darker side of love, and the extremes one will go to when they believe they are in it".[18] However, it also explores the positive side of love, shown when Cain rejects his father's belief that he is unloved and gains the strength to outwit him.[18] Another theme that occurs in Godchild is betrayal: Riff betrays Cain and Cain demonstrates that anyone can betray another by causing the death of a Delilah member.[22]

Jason Thompson, author of Manga: The Complete Guide, noted that Godchild, like another of Yuki's manga Angel Sanctuary, portrays "incest in a more classical tormented sense" from which "guilt, madness, and the punishment of heaven" results.[23]

Development

A tall, highly-decorated church with arched windows.
Yuki visited Westminster Abbey among other sites in London while doing historical research for the sequel, Godchild.[24]

Kaori Yuki chose the Victorian Age as the setting for Earl Cain because she liked films from that time period and was inspired by "the darker, grislier side" of the Victorian upper class.[17] Yuki has stated that while there is no model for Cain, British actor Rupert Graves "left a strong impression" on her with his films.[25] After completing the first four parts of Earl Cain: Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram, Yuki was uncertain about continuing the series.[26] She wrote the manga series Angel Sanctuary and the Earl Cain chapter "Solomon Grundy's Sunday", about a man whose personality changes from loving to murderous and greedy, as a "self-introduction" which convinced her to start Godchild.[26] Yuki did historical research for Godchild, traveling to London and visiting Westminster Abbey, Big Ben, the Tower of London, Windsor Castle, the British Museum, Thames River, and Hyde Park.[24] Because of the gap of several years between the publication of the final The Seal of the Red Ram volume and the first Godchild volume, Yuki included the characters in order of previous appearance with past episodes, and short explanations in the first Godchild volume.[24] Yuki noted that her drawing style differed from her previous series.[24] The darker plot of Godchild worried Yuki, but helped her to decide the series's ending.[27] Her method of creating suspense in Godchild included adding "lots" of black screen tone, "exaggerating" the characters' expressions, having an elaborate setting, and opening the chapter with an everyday scene to contrast with the "scary scenes".[17]

Yuki believed that the original story was unclear and added extra pages to clarify the twist ending of the series.[27] Because of her decision, the ending chapter of Godchild was eight pages longer than the usual thirty pages for a manga.[27] Yuki was divided between a happy or tragic ending for Cain, noting how readers of Angel Sanctuary had wanted a happy ending for the protagonists. She felt that the ending of Godchild was ambiguous as to whether Cain survived because there is no blood or a fatal wound on him.[27] Yuki chose the final line of Godchild from the rhyme "Simple Simon", joking in the postscript that at least the series did not conclude with "and then there were none".[27] As of finishing the series, Yuki said that she has no plans for additional chapters or side stories.[27]

Influences and cultural references

Earl Cain contains references to people and literary works. The first Godchild chapter, "Mad Tea Party", focuses on a mystery with elements from Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.[28] Yuki's minor character, Victoria, was inspired by Carroll's character, The Queen of Hearts.[28] Cain's last name, Hargreaves, alludes to Alice Liddell's married name.[29] Carroll's poem, The Hunting of the Snark, provided Yuki with the name of Jizabel's childhood pet, Snark.[30] Additionally, the title of the third part of the series, Kafka, refers to Franz Kafka, and the first line of his novella The Metamorphosis appears in the beginning of the volume.[31] Yuki also based the story of Mikaila, a doll created from Suzette's genes and obsessed with Cain, on the fairytale "Mermaid Princess".[32] The chapter "Oedipal Blade" takes its name from the Greek character Oedipus Rex, who unknowingly killed his father and married his mother.[33] References to the Bible also appear in the series. The protagonist shares his name with the murderer Cain,[2] and Augusta is compared to Delilah by her father.[10] Additionally, the series mentions the story of the Kiss of Judas, where Judas betrays Christ to Roman soldiers by identifying him through a kiss.[22]

References to and influence of films are seen in Earl Cain. Yuki is a fan of the television series Twin Peaks and reviewers have noted its influence on Forgotten Juliet, the first part of Earl Cain.[34][35] Yuki felt that two minor characters that appear in Forgotten Juliet, Maddi and Leland in the chapter "Branded Bibi", are reminiscent of the series.[36] Yuki also drew inspiration from the film Young Sherlock Holmes for "The Boys Who Stopped Time",[37] and based the appearance of Cain's aunt on Charlotte from A Room with a View.[38] In the chapter "Double", one of the characters shares his first name with the actor Emilio Estevez.[39] Additionally, Riff's name comes from The Rocky Horror Picture Show, which Yuki considers a visual influence along with Gothic, Legend of Billy Jean, Aliens, Lost Boys, and Torch-song Trilogy.[40] Overall as a mangaka, Yuki has been influenced by Western films and MTV, which she watched in her youth.[17]

Media

Manga

Written and illustrated by Kaori Yuki, Earl Cain is the collective name for Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, The Seal of the Red Ram, and the sequel Godchild. Appearing in Hana to Yume, Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram were serialized between 1992 and 1994, and Godchild ran from 2001 to 2004. Hakusensha collected the individual chapters of Earl Cain into tankōbon volumes, with Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram spanning five volumes, and Godchild collected into eight volumes. Hakusensha published the Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram from July 17, 1992 to October 1994.[41][42] It published the first volume of Godchild on November 19, 2001; the final volume was released January 16, 2004.[43][44] Hakusensha later combined chapters from Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram into two volumes. The first was released on December 20, 2004; the second was published on January 28, 2005.[45][46] Hakusensha is re-releasing the series, beginning on July 15, 2009.[47]

Viz Media licensed Earl Cain for English language release in North America.[48] It serialized Godchild in its manga anthology Shojo Beat from the July 2005 issue through the June 2006 issue.[49][50] It published the series' first volume on March 7, 2006; the final volume was released on February 5, 2008.[51][52] Viz published Forgotten Juliet, The Sound of a Boy Hatching, Kafka, and The Seal of the Red Ram as The Cain Saga and released the first volume during the Godchild release, on October 3, 2006; the final volume was released on June 5, 2007.[53][54] Earl Cain is also licensed for regional language releases in Germany and Sweden by Carlsen Comics,[55][56] in Italy by Planet Manga,[57] in Taiwan by Tong Li Publishing,[58] in Spain by Glénat,[59] and in France by Editions Tonkam.[60][61] Godchild ran in multiple manga anthologies: the French Magnolia,[62] the German Daisuki,[63] and the Swedish Shojo Stars.[64]

Drama CD cover with a black butterfly perched on a black border and light purple text at the top reading Count of Poison, followed by a masked blonde putting her arm around a black haired man. White text at the bottom reads 切り刻まれ食べられたミス·プディングの悲劇
The cover of the drama CD, Kirikizamareta Taberareta Miss Pudding no Higeki, released by Geneon Entertainment on November 17, 1999

Drama CDs

On April 21, 1999, Geneon Entertainment released a drama CD titled Hakushaku Kain Shiriizu: Kafuka (伯爵カインシリーズ~カフカ?). It featured Hideo Ishikawa, Kyoko Hikami, Takehito Koyasu, and music by Tomohiko Kira.[65] The same company released a second drama CD, HCD Hakushaku Kain Shiriizu: Kirikizamareta Taberareta Miss Pudding no higeki (HCD伯爵カインシリーズ「切り刻まれ食べられたミス·プディングの悲劇?), on November 17, 1999. The drama CD featured Hideo Ishikawa, Kyoko Hikami, Takehito Koyasu, from Kafuka and included Taeko Kawada and Junko Asami.[66]

Reception

The Cain Saga received mixed reviews from critics. Manga Sanctuary awarded the French edition of the first volume five stars, describing it as "excellent."[67] IGN's A. E. Sparrow described it as "a wonderful introduction to shojo manga for the uninitiated" and felt that both The Cain Saga and its sequel Godchild could "appeal to a very broad audience."[34][68] The Book Report's Courtney Kraft praised the "fine attention to detail and aesthetics" of the art and liked the concept of murder mysteries based on children's rhymes and stories, commenting that Yuki "masters the art of creating a mystery."[69] Conversely, Mania Entertainment's Danielle Van Gorder considered the art "still much less refined than her later work in Angel Sanctuary,"[70] and criticized the amount of tragedy in the series.[71] Manga News rated the first volume 15 out of 20, commenting that the male characters looked similar and had similar facial expressions while the female characters were more recognizable.[72] In Manga: The Complete Guide, Jason Thompson rated the series two and a half stars out of four, stating: "In its best moments, The Cain Saga captures the genuine ghoulishness of the Victorian era, or at least of its stereotypes."[73] According to Thompson, the "often rough and crowded" art of The Cain Saga was better at conveying the plot while the detailed artwork of Godchild attempted to make up for the garbled storyline.[73][74] The Cain Saga was also criticized for scenes with "poorly organized" artwork,[35] one-dimensional characters,[75] predictable mysteries,[71][75] and confusing plot,[35][76] caused by the back-story and characters.[76]

Conversely, the sequel, Godchild, received positive reviews. When the first chapter premiered in Shojo Beat, reviewers commented on the potiental and art of the series, but found the chapter "listless" and confusing.[77][78] In a follow up review, Gorder felt that the "series has really come a long way and developed into something that a wide range of readers can love."[79] One reviewer found "elements of Victorian mystery and the penny dreadful (lurid serial stories popular in 19th Britain), as well as elements of pulp fiction and the cozy mystery" in the series.[80] Critics praised the art of the series as detailed. About.com's Deb Aoki placed Godchild on her Horror Manga Recommended Reading List, commenting on the "ravishing" artwork and "lush gothic details."[1] Publishers Weekly described the art as "lovingly detailed but dramatically cut, with startlingly odd angles and abrupt jumps from closeups to distant shots; managing to create and sustain a giddy mood in which the absurd action can be convincing and even moving."[12] While describing the series as "the manga equivalent of Twizzlers" and the premise as "ahistoric and just plain silly," Katherine Dacey of Popculture Shock added, "Kaori Yuki's distinctive artwork and macabre sensibility make this overripe setup entertaining, even if the occasionally slangy dialogue and CSI-style forensics seem implausible in a Victorian London setting."[81] Two reviewers noted the difference in the illustrations of The Cain Saga and Godchild, with B. D. Gest's M. Natali commenting that "one senses immediately how the art of Kaori Yuki has evolved and improved since [The Cain Saga]".[82][83] Although Yuki's character designs stuck to "certain shojo conventions", they were seen as detailed[84] and "perfect" for the mood of Godchild.[85] Reviewers enjoyed the conclusion to the series, although one wanted a clearer fate for Cain and another commented on the "rushed" ending scenes.[86][87][88] Godchild was also criticized for the characters' cruelty,[89] Jizabel's disturbing back-story,[18][89] and limited appeal of the series's universe.[90]

References

  1. ^ a b Aoki, Deb. "Horror Manga: 13 Creepy Comics and Gruesome Graphic Novels - Horror Manga Recommended Reading List". About.com. http://manga.about.com/od/recommendedreading/tp/13horrormanga.htm. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c Yuki, Kaori (2006). "The Sound of a Boy Hatching". The Cain Saga: The Sound of a Boy Hatching. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-59116-977-2. 
  3. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). "Black Sheep". Godchild. 1. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0233-5. 
  4. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Kafka Part 3". The Cain Saga: Kafka. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0089-8. 
  5. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). Godchild. 3. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-4215-0477-3. 
  6. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Postscript". The Cain Saga: Kafka. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0089-8. 
  7. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Judas Kiss Scene 5". Godchild. 6. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1016-3. 
  8. ^ a b Yuki, Kaori (2008). "Godless Scene IV". Godchild. 8. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1536-6. 
  9. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). "The Hanged Man". The Cain Saga: The Sound of a Boy Hatching. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-5911-6977-2. 
  10. ^ a b c Yuki, Kaori (2008). "Godless Scene VI". Godchild. 8. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1536-6. 
  11. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). "The Little Crooked House Part 1". Godchild. 1. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0233-5. 
  12. ^ a b c "Fiction 2/13/2006". Publishers Weekly. 13 February 2006. http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6306041.html. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  13. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Misericorde Scene 1". Godchild. 7. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1134-4. 
  14. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Bloody Maria Scene 1". Godchild. 4. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0478-0. 
  15. ^ a b c d Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Misericorde Scene 2". Godchild. 7. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1134-4. 
  16. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Little Miss Muffet Scene 3". Godchild. 4. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0478-0. 
  17. ^ a b c d Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Interview with Kaori Yuki". Godchild. 6. San Francisco: Viz Media. pp. 189–190. ISBN 978-1-4215-1016-3. 
  18. ^ a b c d Henderson, Lori. "Comics Village - Godchild Volume 7". Comics Village. http://www.comicsvillage.com/review.aspx?reviewID=348. Retrieved 30 March 2009. 
  19. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Oedipal Blade Scene 2". Godchild. 7. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1134-4. 
  20. ^ a b c d Yuki, Kaori (2008). "Godless Scene V". Godchild. 8. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-1536-6. 
  21. ^ a b "Dossier Comte Cain [Report Count Cain]" (in French). Manga News. http://www.manga-news.com/index.php/report/Comte-Cain. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  22. ^ a b Henderson, Lori. "Godchild Volume 6". Comics Village. http://www.comicsvillage.com/review.aspx?reviewID=347. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  23. ^ Thompson, Jason (11 March 2010). "The Other Love that Dares Not Speak its Name". Comixology.com. http://www.comixology.com/articles/365/The-Other-Love-that-Dare-Not-Speak-its-Name. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  24. ^ a b c d Yuki, Kaori (2006). Godchild. 1. San Francisco: Viz Media. pp. 197–8. ISBN 978-1-4215-0233-5. 
  25. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). "Postscript". The Cain Saga: The Seal of the Red Ram, Part 2. San Francisco: Viz Media. ISBN 978-1-4215-0475-9. 
  26. ^ a b Yuki, Kaori (2007). Godchild. 5. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 181. ISBN 978-1-4215-1015-6. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f Yuki, Kaori (2008). Godchild. 8. San Francisco: Viz Media. pp. 206–7. ISBN 978-1-4215-1536-6. 
  28. ^ a b Yuki, Kaori (2006). "Mad Tea Party". Godchild. 1. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4215-0233-5. 
  29. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). The Cain Saga: Forgotten Juliet. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-59116-975-8. 
  30. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). Godchild. 7. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-4215-1134-4. 
  31. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). The Cain Saga: Kafka. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-4215-0089-8. 
  32. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). Godchild. 7. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-4215-1134-4. 
  33. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). Godchild. 7. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4215-1134-4. 
  34. ^ a b Sparrow, A. E. (10 October 2006). "IGN: The Cain Saga Vol. 1 Review". IGN Comics. http://comics.ign.com/articles/738/738187p1.html. Retrieved 2 February 2009. 
  35. ^ a b c "Fiction Reviews: Week of 10/2/2006 -10/2/2006". Publishers Weekly. 2 October 2006. http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6376148.html. Retrieved 4 February 2009. 
  36. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). The Cain Saga: Forgotten Juliet. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-59116-975-8. 
  37. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). The Cain Saga: Forgotten Juliet. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 111. ISBN 978-1-59116-975-8. 
  38. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2007). Godchild. 5. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-4215-1015-6. 
  39. ^ Yuki, Kaori (2006). The Cain Saga: Forgotten Juliet. San Francisco: Viz Media. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-59116-975-8. 
  40. ^ "Kaori Yuki" (in German). Carlsen Comics. http://www.carlsen.de/web/manga/person?id=30161. Retrieved 22 September 2009. "Zu ihren größten visuellen Einflüssen zählen Werke wie "Legend of Billy Jean", "Gothic", "Lost Boys", "Aliens", aber auch "Torch-song Trilogy" und die "Rocky Horror Picture Show", aus der sie den Namen des Butlers Riff für Count Cain entlieh." 
  41. ^ "忘れられたジュリエット 伯爵カインシリーズ1 [Forgotten Juliet - Earl Cain Series 1]" (in Japanese). Hakusensha. http://www.s-book.net/plsql/slib_detail?isbn=4592125975. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  42. ^ "赤い羊の刻印 (2) (花とゆめComics―伯爵カインシリーズ) [Seal of the Red Ram (2) (Hana to Yume Comics―Earl Cain)]" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. http://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/4592122356/. Retrieved 3 May 2009. 
  43. ^ "ゴッド チャイルド 伯爵カインシリーズ5 1 [Godchild, Earl Cain Series 5 (1)]" (in Japanese). Hakusensha. http://www.s-book.net/plsql/slib_detail?isbn=4592178017. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  44. ^ "ゴッド チャイルド 伯爵カインシリーズ5 8 [Godchild, Earl Cain Series 5 (8)]" (in Japanese). Hakusensha. http://www.s-book.net/plsql/slib_detail?isbn=4592178084. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  45. ^ "完全版 少年の孵化する音 伯爵カインコレクション 1 [The Earl Cain collection (1)]" (in Japanese). Hakusensha. http://www.s-book.net/plsql/slib_detail?isbn=4592142268. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  46. ^ "完全版 赤い羊の刻印 伯爵カインコレクション 2 [The Earl Cain collection (2)]" (in Japanese). Hakusensha. http://www.s-book.net/plsql/slib_detail?isbn=4592142276. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  47. ^ "伯爵カイン 1 [Earl Cain 1]". Hakusensha. http://www.s-book.net/plsql/slib_detail?isbn=9784592888253. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  48. ^ "Comic-Con News Wrap". Anime News Network. 24 July 2006. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2006-07-24/comic-con-news-wrap. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 
  49. ^ "Shojo Beat July 2005 Issue". Viz Media. http://shojobeat.com/manga/01.php. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  50. ^ "Shojo Beat June 2006 Issue". Viz Media. http://shojobeat.com/manga/12.php. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  51. ^ "Viz To Launch Two New Manga Series". ICv2. 1 December 2005. http://www.icv2.com/articles/news/7882.html. Retrieved 18 October 2008. 
  52. ^ "Godchild, Vol. 8". Viz Media. http://www.viz.com/products/products.php?product_id=6806. Retrieved 26 November 2008. 
  53. ^ "The Cain Saga, Vol. 1". Viz Media. http://www.viz.com/products/products.php?product_id=5146. Retrieved 26 November 2008. 
  54. ^ "The Cain Saga, Vol. 4". Viz Media. http://www.viz.com/products/products.php?product_id=6189. Retrieved 26 November 2008. 
  55. ^ "God Child" (in German). Carlsen Comics. http://www.carlsen.de/web/manga/serie?id=30462. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  56. ^ "God Child [Godchild]" (in Swedish). Bonnier Carlsen. http://www.bonniercarlsen.se/Bocker/Bokpresentationssida/?isbn=9789163859137. Retrieved 17 April 2009. 
  57. ^ "God Child [Godchild]" (in Italian). Panini Comics. http://www.paninicomics.it/web/guest/search_product?search=God+Child. Retrieved 17 April 2009. 
  58. ^ "毒藥伯爵 [Earl Cain]" (in Chinese). Tong Li Publishing. http://www.tongli.com.tw/BooksList.aspx?B=HC623. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  59. ^ "La Saga de Caín [The Saga of Cain]" (in Spanish). Ediciones Glenat. http://www.edicionesglenat.es/asp/serie.asp?pSer=221. Retrieved 5 May 2009. 
  60. ^ "Comte Cain [Count Cain]" (in French). Editions Tonkam. http://www.editions-tonkam.com/serie.php?id=7. Retrieved 2 July 2009. 
  61. ^ "God Child [Godchild]" (in French). Editions Tonkam. http://www.editions-tonkam.com/serie.php?id=24. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
  62. ^ "Magnolia Vol. 1" (in French). Manga News. http://www.manga-news.com/index.php/manga/Magnolia/vol-1. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  63. ^ Pannor, Stefen (24 January 2003). "Mädchen-Manga "Daisuki": Trendy Statt Wendy" (in German). Der Spiegel. http://www.spiegel.de/kultur/literatur/0,1518,232119,00.html. Retrieved 18 December 2009. 
  64. ^ "Hem - Shojo Stars [Home - Shojo Stars]" (in Swedish). Bonnier Carlsen. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071013014900rn_1/www.shojostars.se/shojo_stars/. Retrieved 7 November 2009. 
  65. ^ "HCD Series: Count Cain Series [Kafuka Drama CD (Hideo Ishikawa, Takehito Koyasu, Taeko Kawada, et al.)"]. CD Japan. http://www.cdjapan.co.jp/detailview.html?KEY=MMCC-7701. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  66. ^ "HCD Series: Count Cain Series [Kirikizamareta Taberareta Miss Pudding no Higeki Drama CD"]. CD Japan. http://www.cdjapan.co.jp/detailview.html?KEY=MMCC-7007. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  67. ^ "Critiques du staff, Comte Cain [Staff Critiques, Count Cain]" (in French). Manga Sanctuary. 2 October 2007. http://www.manga-sanctuary.com/bdd/manga/712-comte-cain/critiques-du-staff.html. Retrieved 1 July 2009. "Un excellent premier tome, à se procurer immediatement si vous aimez les histoires sombres. (translation: An excellent first volume, to obtain immediately if you love dark stories.)" 
  68. ^ Sparrow, A. E. (22 May 2006). "IGN: Godchild Vol. 1 Review". IGN Comics. http://comics.ign.com/articles/709/709604p1.html. Retrieved 12 January 2009. 
  69. ^ Kraft, Courtney. "The Cain Saga". The Book Report. http://www.graphicnovelreporter.com/content/cain-saga-review. Retrieved 2 April 2009. 
  70. ^ Van Gorder, Danielle (9 May 2007). "Cain Saga Vol#2". Mania Entertainment. http://www.mania.com/mangareviews/cain-saga-vol02_article_82830.html. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  71. ^ a b Van Gorder, Danielle (5 April 2007). "Cain Saga Vol#01". Mania Entertainment. http://www.mania.com/mangareviews/cain-saga-vol01_article_82829.html. Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
  72. ^ "Comte Cain Vol.1 [Count Cain Vol. 1]" (in French). Manga News. http://www.manga-news.com/index.php/manga/Comte-Cain/vol-1#review. Retrieved 27 November 2009. "Le trait de la mangaka est bien loin de la poésie, même maladroite... les représentants de la gente masculine se ressemblent tous plus ou moins, et les expressions sont communes à un certain nombre de visages. Les femmes, elles, sont plus facilement identifiables... (translation: The line drawning of the manga-ka is far from poetry, even clumsy... the representatives of the masculine gender all resemble each other more or less, and the expressions are common to a certain number of faces. The women, they, are more easily identifiable...)" 
  73. ^ a b Thompson, Jason (2007). Manga:The Complete Guide. New York: Del Ray Books. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-345-48590-8. 
  74. ^ Thompson, Jason (2007). Manga:The Complete Guide. New York: Del Ray Books. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-345-48590-8. 
  75. ^ a b Volin, Eva. "Reviews, Cain Saga". No Flying No Tights. http://www.noflyingnotights.com/new.html#cainsaga01. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  76. ^ a b Douresseaux, Leroy (13 May 2007). "The Cain Saga: Volume 1". Coolstreak Cartoons. http://www.comicbookbin.com/thecainsaga001.html. Retrieved 17 April 2009. "Each of the first four tales (which are much longer than the concluding story, the darkly comic revenge tidbit, “The Death of Cleo Dreyfus”) features multiple passages in which the narrative is garbled because of back story or confusing characters." 
  77. ^ Welsh, David. "Title Pun Shortage Strikes Manga Columnist". Comic World News. http://www.comicworldnews.com/cgi-bin/index.cgi?column=flipped&page=26. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  78. ^ McElhatton, Greg (15 June 2005). "Shojo Beat Vol.1 Issue 1". Read About Comics. http://www.readaboutcomics.com/2005/06/15/shojo-beat-vol-1-issue-1/. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
  79. ^ Van Gorder, Danielle (7 November 2007). "God Child Vol. #5". Mania Entertainment. http://www.mania.com/mangareviews/god-child-vol05_article_83100.html. Retrieved 20 September 2008. "Despite a rough beginning, this series has really come a long way and developed into something that a wide range of readers can love." 
  80. ^ Douresseaux, Leroy (28 July 2007). "Godchild: Volume 6". Coolstreak Cartoons. http://www.comicbookbin.com/godchild006.html. Retrieved 29 October 2009. "It has elements of Victorian mystery and the penny dreadful (lurid serial stories popular in 19th Britain), as well as elements of pulp fiction and the cozy mystery." 
  81. ^ Dacey, Katherine (9 November 2006). "Manga Reviews: Godchild, Vol. 3". Popculture Shock. http://www.popcultureshock.com/godchild-volume-3/40625/. Retrieved 25 May 2009. 
  82. ^ M. Natali (20 July 2006). "God Child 6" (in French). BD Gest. http://www.bdgest.com/chronique-1601-BD-Comte-Cain-God-Child-T06.html. Retrieved 27 July 2009. "Graphiquement, en revanche, on sent tout de suite combien le dessin de Kaori Yuki a évolué et s’est amélioré depuis Comte Cain. (translation: With the illustrations, however, one senses immediately how the art of Kaori Yuki has evolved and improved since Count Cain [The Cain Saga].)" 
  83. ^ Jeong-Hu. "Critique du staff, God Child [Staff Critiques, Godchild]" (in French). Manga Sanctuary. http://www.manga-sanctuary.com/bdd/manga/1498-god-child/critiques-du-staff.html. Retrieved 27 July 2009. "D'ailleurs on remarque fortement la différence de trait entre les premiers Comte Cain et God Child. (translation: One remarks strongly on the difference of the line drawing between the first Count Cain [The Cain Saga] and Godchild.)" 
  84. ^ Aronson, Michael. "Godchild v6 Review". Manga Life. http://www.mangalife.com/reviews/Godchildv6.htm. Retrieved 20 November 2009. "While many character designs do follow certain shojo conventions, it’s far more elaborate than the average series, comparable to the level of detail and emotive expressions in Death Note." 
  85. ^ Brenner, Robin. "Godchild, Volume 1". The Book Report. http://www.teenreads.com/reviews/142150233X.asp. Retrieved 4 April 2009. 
  86. ^ Kraft, Courtney. "Godchild, Volumes 1-8". The Book Report. http://www.graphicnovelreporter.com/content/godchild-volumes-1-8-review. Retrieved 4 April 2009. "The final volume is loaded with twists and turns. However, despite the extra eight pages, the final scenes become rushed trying to explain who is who and what was really going on behind the scenes." 
  87. ^ Ellingwood, Holly (3 February 2008). "Godchild Vol. 8 (Advance Review)". Active Anime. http://www.activeanime.com/html/content/view/2536/36/. Retrieved 28 July 2009. "Kaori Yuki has outdone herself in the finale of the Gothic horror Godchild." 
  88. ^ Henderson, Lori. "Godchild Volume 8". Comics Village. http://www.comicsvillage.com/review.aspx?reviewID=252. Retrieved 7 January 2010. "In all, it was an excellent conclusion...I guess this ambiguity isn't bad, as it leaves Cain's fate up to the reader, but I would have preferred a little more concrete of an answer." 
  89. ^ a b Dacey, Katherine (13 November 2007). "On the Shojo Beat: Godchild, Nana, and S.A.". Popculture Shock. http://www.popcultureshock.com/reviews/on-the-shojo-beat-godchild-nana-and-sa/. Retrieved 30 March 2009. "I found the characters’ behavior too cruel and stomach-churning to be moving but not ridiculous enough to be campy fun... I found Jizabel’s backstory just too much for me–I really have a hard time with animal cruelty (even when it’s implied), so I’m sure that’s influencing my score for this volume." 
  90. ^ "God Child vol. 1" (in French). Manga News. http://www.manga-news.com/index.php/manga/God-child/vol-1. Retrieved 31 July 2009. "Malheureusement, donc, l’univers de God Child pourra avoir du mal à séduire les plus pragmatiques (qui se lasseront de la dimension mystique), surtout que le premier tome ne fait que poser les bases sans développer de véritable intrigue. (translation: Unfortunately, the universe of Godchild will not charm the very pragmatic (who will tire of the mystical dimension), especially as the first volume lays down the bases without developing true intrigue.)" 

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