Earl of Perth: Wikis

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Coat of arms of the Rt. Hon. The Earl of Perth, Chief of Clan Drummond

The title Earl of Perth was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1605 for James Drummond, 4th Lord Drummond.

The Drummond family claim descent from Maurice, son of George, a younger son of King Andrew I of Hungary. Maurice arrived in Scotland on the ship which brought Edgar Atheling, the Saxon claimant to the crown of England after the Norman Conquest, and his sister Margaret, to Scotland in 1068. Maurice was given lands in Lennox (Dumbartonshire), together with the hereditary stewardship of the county. His successor John Drummond, the 7th Steward, was deprived of the lands and retired into Perthshire.[1]

John Drummond, Justiciar of Scotia was created a Lord of Parliament in 1487/8 by King James III of Scotland. His direct descendant, James, Lord Drummond, Ambassador to Spain, was created Earl of Perth in 1605.

James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth was attainted for supporting the Jacobites during the rising of 1715. He was created "Duke of Perth" by the exiled James Stuart, the Jacobite pretender to the British throne. This creation, in the Jacobite Peerage, was never recognised in Britain. He and his successors nonetheless continued to claim the earldom along with their dukedom. Upon the death of the sixth Duke in 1760, the Jacobite dukedom and the claim to the earldom of Perth passed to the heir male, a second cousin, descended from the younger brother of the 4th Earl and 1st Jacobite Duke, John Drummond, first Earl and Jacobite Duke of Melfort, by his first wife. He was succeeded by his third but only surviving son, as the 11th de jure Earl and 8th Jacobite Duke of Perth, who obtained in 1783 the restoration of the estates, forfeited as a result of the Jacobite rebellion of 1745. He did not succeed, however, in removing the attainder of 1716, but was created by George III, in 1797, Lord Perth, Baron Drummond of Stobhall, in the Peerage of Great Britain, which title became extinct on his death in 1800. He was succeeded, as 12th de jure Earl and 9th Jacobite Duke of Perth by his cousin, James Lewis Drummond, fourth Duke of Melfort, another holder of a titular Jacobite dukedom.

In 1853, the sixth titular Duke of Melfort, George Drummond, was by Act of Parliament deemed Earl of Perth, and the previous attainder was reversed. Drummond also dropped the use of the nominal dukedom of Melfort. At his death in 1902, several titles held by him, such as the Earldom of Melfort, became dormant because no-one could prove a claim to the title. The Earldom of Perth passed to William Huntly Drummond, 11th Viscount Strathallan. Because some writers count the claimants to the Earldom in the numbering, the restored 5th Earl is sometimes referred to as the 14th Earl, and so on.

The subsidiary titles held by the Earl of Perth are: Viscount Strathallan (created 1686), Lord Drummond of Cargill (1488), Lord Drummond of Stobhall (1605), Lord Maderty (1609) and Lord Drummond of Cromlix (1686). The title Viscount Strathallan is the courtesy title of the Earl's eldest son and heir. All titles are in the Peerage of Scotland.

The Earl of Perth is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Drummond.

The family seat remains at Stobhall, near Perth, Scotland.

Contents

Lords Drummond (1488)

  • John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond (1438–1519)
  • David Drummond, 2nd Lord Drummond (c. 1515–1571)
  • Patrick Drummond, 3rd Lord Drummond (1550–1600)
  • James Drummond, 4th Lord Drummond (d. 1611) (became Earl of Perth in 1605)

Earls of Perth (1605)

Jacobite Dukes of Perth (1701) and claimants to the Earldom of Perth (1716–1853)

  • James Drummond, 1st Duke of Perth (c. 1649–1716) created Duke of Perth in the Jacobite Peerage in 1701, de jure 4th Earl of Perth after 1716
  • James Drummond, 2nd Duke of Perth (d. 1720) de jure 5th Earl of Perth
  • James Drummond, 3rd Duke of Perth (d. 1746) de jure 6th Earl of Perth
  • John Drummond, 4th Duke of Perth (d. 1747) de jure 7th Earl of Perth
  • John Drummond, 5th Duke of Perth (d. 1757) de jure 8th Earl of Perth
  • Edward Drummond, 6th Duke of Perth (d. 1760) de jure 9th Earl of Perth
  • James Lundin, after 1760, Drummond, 7th Duke of Perth (1707–1781) de jure 10th Earl of Perth
  • James Drummond (formerly Lundin), 8th Duke of Perth (1744–1800) de jure 11th Earl of Perth, Lord Perth, Baron Drummond of Stobhall
  • James Louis Drummond, 4th Earl and Duke of Melfort and 9th Duke of Perth (1750–1800) de jure 12th Earl of Perth
  • Charles Edouard Drummond, 5th Earl and Duke of Melfort and 10th Duke of Perth (1752–1840) de jure 13th Earl of Perth
  • George Drummond, 6th Earl and Duke of Melfort and 11th Duke of Perth (1807–1902) de jure 14th Earl of Perth, restored 1853

Lord Perth, Baron Drummond of Stobhall (1797)

  • James Drummond (formerly Lundin) (1744–1800)

Earls of Perth (1605, restored 1853)

  • George Drummond, 5th Earl of Perth (1807–1902) (restored 1853)
  • William Huntly Drummond, 11th Viscount Strathallan and 6th Earl of Perth (1871–1937), de jure 15th Earl and titular (Jacobite) 12th Duke of Perth
  • James Eric Drummond, 7th Earl of Perth (1876–1951), de jure 16th Earl and titular (Jacobite) 13th Duke of Perth
  • John David Drummond, 8th Earl of Perth (1907–2002), de jure 17th Earl and titular (Jacobite) 14th Duke of Perth
  • John Drummond, 9th Earl of Perth (b. 1935), de jure 18th Earl and 15th titular (Jacobite) Duke of Perth

The Heir Apparent is the present holder's son James David Drummond, Viscount Strathallan (b. 1965).
The Heir Apparent's Heir Presumptive is his brother, the Hon. Robert Eric Drummond (b. 1967).

Notes

  1. ^ Brown, Peter The Peerage of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1834: 98.
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