Earlham College: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Earlham College
Earlham-College.png
Motto Vita Lux Hominum
Established 1847
Type private coeducational
Endowment $254 million[1]
President Douglas C. Bennett
Faculty 97[2]
Undergraduates 1,194[3]
Location Richmond, IN, USA
Campus large town:
800 acres (3.2 km2)
Athletics
16 Division III NCAA teams
Colors maroon and white          
Nickname The Hustlin' Quakers[4]
Mascot Mr. Quaker
Affiliations Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)
Website www.earlham.edu

Earlham College is a liberal arts college in Richmond, Indiana. It was founded in 1847 by the Quakers and has approximately 1,200 students. The current president is Douglas C. Bennett. In keeping with Friends' belief in equality, everyone addresses each other at Earlham by his or her first name, without the use of titles such as "doctor" or "professor" and "freshmen" are referred to as "first year (student)(s)".

While Earlham is primarily a residential undergraduate college, it also has two graduate programs — the master of arts in teaching and the master of education — which provide a route for teacher licensure to students with liberal arts undergraduate degrees.

Earlham College is listed in Loren Pope's book, Colleges That Change Lives.[citation needed]

Contents

History

The following is copied, with permission, from the Short History page of the Earlham College website[5]

Earlham has its roots in the Great Migration of Quakers from the eastern United States, especially from North Carolina, in the first half of the nineteenth century. A peculiarly Quaker combination of idealism and practicality drew them to the Northwest Territory. As Friends, those who came out of the South had found themselves increasingly uneasy living in a slave society. As small farmers, the abundance of cheap, fertile land made Ohio and Indiana magnets of migration.

This migration gave rise to the Indiana Yearly Meeting[6] of Friends in 1821. By 1850, it was the largest meeting in the world. Its center was Richmond, where the yearly meetinghouse for the orthodox body was located. Thus when Indiana Friends decided in 1832 to open a boarding school "for the guarded religious education of the children of Friends," they placed it in Richmond. After fifteen years of laborious fund-raising, the school opened on June 6, 1847. In 1859, a collegiate department was added and the school became Earlham College, in honor of English Quaker minister Joseph John Gurney, who had been an early supporter and whose English estate home was named Earlham Hall.[7] Earlham was the second Quaker college in the world, and the first coeducational one.

Most Quakers changed in the late nineteenth century, and Earlham changed with them. Originally a "select" school, open only to Friends, by 1865 the school accepted non-Quaker students, and hired its first non-Quaker professor in 1886. Gradually Quaker plain dress and the plain language disappeared from campus. By 1890, art and music, originally forbidden by Quaker beliefs, had become part of the curriculum. In the 1890s, intercollegiate athletics became part of Earlham life.

Change did not come without controversy. Between 1895 and 1915, Professor of Bible Elbert Russell[8] was the target of numerous protests for introducing modernist methods of Bible study to the college. In 1920-1921, the college was actually the target of a heresy investigation aimed at liberalism and evolution. Between 1930 and 1941, many Quakers fiercely protested the relaxation of rules banning dancing and smoking. During World War II, the enrollment of Japanese-American students outraged some local residents.

Earlham transformed itself after World War II, with building and financial growth and the advent of a new generation of faculty, many veterans of Civilian Public Service. The student body became national and international. In 1960, in order to meet a growing demand for leadership in the Society of Friends, the Earlham School of Religion opened as the only accredited Quaker theological seminary in the world. A few years later Earlham created Conner Prairie, the living history museum near Indianapolis that became independent in 2006. Although Quakers are now a minority amongst students and faculty, the college maintains its Quaker identity through its Community Code,[9] its governance by consensus-seeking,[10] its curriculum[11] and its affiliation with Indiana and Western Yearly Meetings[12] of Friends.

For a full history of Earlham see Thomas D. Hamm's Earlham College: a history, 1847-1997 (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997).

Campus

Earlham’s 800-acre campus lies at the southwestern edge of Richmond, Indiana, a city of 39,124 (2000 census). The main quadrangle of the campus is called "the Heart." It is surrounded by Earham Hall (with the Runyan Center student union directly behind it), Olvey-Andis Hall, Lily Library, Carpenter Hall, Landrum Bolling Center, the science buildings (Stanley Hall, Noyes Hall and Dennis Hall), Tyler Hall, Bundy Hall and Barrett Hall. Eighty-seven percent of Earlham studentslive on campus in a variety of settings.[13] The campus includes eight residence halls (Barrett Hall, Bundy Hall, Earlham Hall, Mills Hall, Hoerner Hall, Olvey-Andis Hall, Warren Hall and Wilson Hall)[14] and 28 theme and friendship houses, which border the North and East edges of the campus.[15] U.S. Route 40 runs along the edge of the campus.

Carpenter Hall at Earlham College

The Joseph Moore Museum is a natural history museum located on campus and run by students and biology department faculty, focusing on Indiana's natural history. It is open to the public (free of charge) and tours are available upon request. The majority of Earlham College's campus is undeveloped forest and meadow, including the undeveloped "back campus" area, which serves as an outdoor classroom.

Earlham College has been singled out in the National Wildlife Federation's national report card on sustainability in higher education as having exemplary programs.[16] Earham's Environmental Plan (approved 2005) is an assessment of how Earlham impacts the environment, what steps have been or can be taken to reduce impacts.[17]

Curriculum and community

Earlham is nationally recognized for its strong programs in Biology,[18] Japanese Studies,[19] Peace and Global Studies[20] and German (two students recently received Fulbright scholarships in German).[21] The Earlham libraries are known for their course-integrated program of information literacy instruction. Notably, Earlham ranks 8th in the nation (out of 1,302 colleges and universities) in its percentage of graduates who go on to receive a Ph.D. in the biological sciences and 26th in the percentage of students going on to Ph.D. programs in all fields.[22] Earlham is known for its "Super Languages" program where a full year of a language is taught intensively for one semester.

Almost two-thirds of Earlham students go on a semester-length off-campus program to such destinations as Mexico, the U.S./ Mexican border, Vienna, Martinique, Northern Ireland, Great Britain, France, Germany, Spain, New Zealand , Japan and Tanzania.[citation needed] In addition, there are a number of shorter off-campus May terms, with destinations both within the U.S. and abroad (Australia, Galapagos, Senegal, Menorca, and Turkey, as recent examples). Earlham has an exchange program with Waseda University in Japan, which has existed informally for decades. In addition, Earlham College works with the SICE program[23] in Morioka, Japan, a program in which about twelve to fourteen students teach English in middle schools in Morioka.

Earlham has an entirely student-managed public radio station, WECI 91.5FM.[24]

Earlham College is a member of the Great Lakes Colleges Association.

Adjacent Institutions

There are two institutions located adjacent to the Earlham College undergraduate campus: Earlham School of Religion, a Quaker theological graduate school and Bethany Theological Seminary, an independent Church of the Brethren institution offering graduate and non-degree programs.

Athletics

Earham competes in NCAA Division III. The women's sports are basketball, cross country, field hockey, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, tennis, and volleyball. The men's sports are baseball, basketball, cross country, football, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, and tennis.[25] Earlham College was a member of the North Coast Athletic Conference and starting in Fall 2010 will be a member of the HCAC. Earlham has won championships in men's cross country[citation needed]. The athletics teams are known as the Quakers. They originally had been the Fightin' Quakers; although the name was meant tongue-in-cheek, it was changed in the 1980s to the Hustlin' Quakers after the college's board of regents decided that it was inappropriate for Quakers to fight.[citation needed] In the 1990s, the name was changed again to simply Quakers. Perhaps the Quakers' most notable football game was against Japan's Doshisha University Hamburgers in 1989.[26]

Earlham has many Club teams: some of the more successful ones are Ultimate Frisbee and Women's rugby. Other club teams are Bike Co-Op, Cheerleaders, Earthquakers (Competitive Dance), Equestrian Program, Martial Arts Co-Op, Men's Volleyball, and Outdoors Club.[27] A $13-million Athletics and Wellness Center opened at the beginning of the Fall 1999 semester. Students are not charged to use the facility It features an energy center for cardiovascular and strength training, a group fitness studio for aerobics and yoga, Weber Pool (25 meters by six lanes), racquetball courts, tennis courts, a running track, a climbing wall and Schuckman Court (a performance gymnasium with seating for 1,800).[25] In 2007, Earlham opened its new 2,000 seat Darrell Beane Stadium, with a football field and running track.[28]

Among the student body, the chant sometimes sung publicly is

Fight, Fight, Inner Light!
Kill, Quakers, Kill!
Knock 'em Down, Beat 'em Senseless!
Do It 'til We Reach Consensus!

Also:

Fight, Fight, Inner Light!
Kill, Quakers, Kill!
Beat 'em, Beat 'em, Knock 'em Senseless!
Tell Me, Do We Have Consensus?

A popular cheer that was emoted by the Earlham College Fightin' Quakers football cheerleaders (circa 1979), when the opposing team had possession of the ball, was:

Fight exuberantly!
Fight exuberantly!
Compel them to relinquish the ball!

An earlier cheer was:

Rock 'em. sock 'em!
Knock 'em in the mud!
Shake 'em, brake 'em!
We want blood!
Kill, Quakers, kill! Kill![citation needed]

Wilderness programs

Earlham was one of the first colleges in the country to initiate student and faculty led wilderness programs, back in 1970 {Earlham College Wilderness Program Instructors Manual, 1975, by Douglas Steeples, Phil Shore, Alan Kesselheim, Henry Merrill "and others", edited by Phil Shore and Alan Kesselheim}. These programs were designed for incoming first-year and transfer students who received credit for them. The program is divided into the Water August Wilderness and the Mountain August Wilderness and lasts for approximately three weeks; the former canoes in Wabakimi Provincial park in Ontario and the latter hikes in the Uinta Mountains in Utah. Students in the past have taken ice climbing, white water kayaking, rock climbing and canoeing for credit. The program leads backpacking and canoeing trips to places like Big Bend National Park in southwestern Texas and runs a May Term (a condensed three-week term after the spring semester) course which trains students to lead its August Wilderness program.

Earlham College remains the only American institution of tertiary education that allows students to study aardvarks extensively in their native habitat in the Kakamega Forest.[29]

Student life

Earlham's "dry campus" policy is controversial among members of the student body and some faculty members. Drinking is fairly commonplace; some students refer to the campus as "pleasantly moist." In August 2007, as part of New Student Orientation for the incoming class of 2011, the Earlham faculty revealed their new approach to dealing with alcohol issues. Although the official alcohol policy remains the same, the primary focus is now on education and personal responsibility, as opposed to enforcement.

Tension sometimes arises between students and the Quaker Indiana and Western Yearly Meetings over issues of sexuality. Western and, to an even greater degree, Indiana Yearly Meeting tend to be more conservative on issues such as condom distribution, pregnancy, and homosexuality. This tension has been a recurrent feature of Earlham life for decades.

In 2005, the Committee on Campus Life approved a new pregnancy policy, stating that pregnant women may reside in on-campus housing, but are also offered a housing exemption if they so desire.

Most students stay on-campus during the weekends. The Student Activities Board, Earlham Film Series, student bands, theater productions, etc. offer a variety of activities on the weekends.

In March 2005, William Kristol, founder and editor of The Weekly Standard, was hit in the face with an ice cream pie by a student during a lecture he gave on campus.[30] This event made national and international news and was carried by many leading news outlets. Many students and faculty at the lecture showed strong disapproval of the act, and applauded when Kristol resumed his talk. The event sharply divided students and, to a lesser extent, faculty, with some showing support for the act of pieing and most showing strong disapproval. Many, however, felt that the act was unjustly punished by the President (who was also indirectly hit by the pie). The student was subsequently suspended for the rest of the semester and dropped out the following year. Additionally, President Doug Bennett overturned a College Judiciary Council ruling that found the students who knew about the pieing ahead of time not guilty; this act further divided the campus. Shortly after the incident, conservative commentators Pat Buchanan and David Horowitz were 'attacked' (with salad dressing and a pie, respectively) and a 'teach-in' at Earlham was conducted which featured three faculty members sharing their views. Nearly three years ex post facto, the pieing, the punishment, and whether William Kristol should have even been invited to speak at Earlham all continue to be issues of contention amongst the faculty and student body.

Advertisements

The Hash

Earlham has the only student-run Hash House Harriers running group, founded in 1989 and still continuing at present (2009). While only loosely connected with national organizations, the student group maintains weekly runs and has been described by visitors as the "Galapagos of Hashes" for the creativity and development of hashing practices. The Hash run takes place on the "back campus," which may include the back property of the neighboring cemetery, during all seasons. The Campus Safety and Security office and Student Development office share concern about the event and do not condone its happening. The Campus Safety and Security team has requested that the event be brought to an end via an article in the student-run newspaper, The Earlham Word.

Notable Earlhamites

Notable alumni (A—M)

Notable alumni (N—Z)

Notable faculty

Not a faculty member, but a former Earlham trustee is Wayne Townsend, a member of both houses of the Indiana legislature and the Democratic candidate for governor in 1984.

References

  1. ^ http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2009_NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf
  2. ^ "Earlham Facts > Fast Facts > Faculty > Full-time". Earlham College. http://www.earlham.edu/fastfacts/academics. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  3. ^ "Earlham College – Fast Facts". Earlham College. http://www.earlham.edu/fastfacts/students. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  4. ^ "Earlham Style Guide > Sports Style" (pdf). Earlham College. http://www.earlham.edu/publicaffairs/documents/pdf/Style_Guide_PA_2004-05.pdf. Retrieved 2006-01-15. 
  5. ^ "You have my permission, and blessing, to copy the article from the website. Thanks for your interest. TH" - email 26 January 2008 from Thomas Hamm, Professor of History and College Archivist at Earlham College
  6. ^ Indiana Yearly Meeting website.
  7. ^ J.J. Gurney lived at Earlham Hall, near Norwich in the UK.
  8. ^ Elbert Russell (1871-1951): His papers are held at Swarthmore College. The website gives a brief biography.
  9. ^ Community Code: Principles and Practices (Earlham College website).
  10. ^ Earlham Governance Manual.
  11. ^ Earlham Curriculum Guide.
  12. ^ Western Yearly Meeting of Friends Church website.
  13. ^ "Campus". http://www.earlham.edu/fastfacts/content/campus.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  14. ^ "Residence Halls". http://www.earlham.edu/~sas/reslife/reshalls.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  15. ^ "Theme Houses". http://www.earlham.edu/~sas/reslife/houses/themehouses.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  16. ^ "Earlham Recognized in National Campus Sustainability Report". http://pressroom.earlham.edu/articles/2008/08/earlham-recognized-national-campus-sustainability-report. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  17. ^ "Planning at Earlham". http://www.earlham.edu/%7epres/content/planning.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  18. ^ http://www.earlham.edu/~biol/
  19. ^ http://www.earlham.edu/~jpnstudies/
  20. ^ http://www.earlham.edu/~pags/
  21. ^ [http://www.earlham.edu/publicaffairs/content/excellent/awards/fulbright.php "National Awards, Scholarships and Grants: Fulbright Grants"]. http://www.earlham.edu/publicaffairs/content/excellent/awards/fulbright.php. Retrieved 2008-05-29. 
  22. ^ "What's Excellent About Earlham". http://www.earlham.edu/publicaffairs/content/excellent/hedsc.php. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  23. ^ SICE: Studies in Cross-Cultural Education.
  24. ^ http://www.weciradio.org/
  25. ^ a b "Athletics". http://www.earlham.edu/~awpe/. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  26. ^ "Week's Lessons Extend Beyond Football Practice". New York Times: p. 151. September 10, 1989. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/09/10/style/campus-life-earlham-week-s-lessons-extend-beyond-football-practice.html?scp=1&sq=Earlham%20Hamburgers&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  27. ^ "Student Handbook - Club Sports". http://www.earlham.edu/handbook/student/content/wellness/club.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  28. ^ "Darrell Beane Stadium". http://www.earlham.edu/~awpe/content/sports/men/football/beane_stadium.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  29. ^ From Earlham college website.
  30. ^ http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2005/03/30/conservative_pundit_hit_in_face_with_pie/
  31. ^ http://ead.lib.uchicago.edu/view.xqy?id=ICU.SPCL.ALLEE&c=a
  32. ^ http://www.columbia.edu/cu/alumni/Magazine/Spring2005/llackerman.html
  33. ^ "'Build Us A University'—And That's What Dr. John Stuart Allen Did," St Petersburg Times, pp. 1D & 5D (April 26, 1970). Retrieved March 9, 2010.
  34. ^ University of Florida, Past Presidents, John S. Allen (1953–1955). Retrieved March 9, 2009.
  35. ^ http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/gsbonnin.htm
  36. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/73212/Gertrude-Bonnin
  37. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE0D61038F933A25755C0A9639C8B63
  38. ^ http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/biog/26658.htm
  39. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1986/02/04/sports/carter-had-built-record-of-success.html?&pagewanted=all
  40. ^ http://www.reallygoodmusic.com/rgm.jsp?page=composers2&compid=123140
  41. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/13/obituaries/dr-joseph-j-copeland-82-dies-led-city-college-in-turbulent-era.html?sec=&spon=
  42. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=D000241
  43. ^ http://www.sonesdemexico.com/index2.html
  44. ^ http://www.steppenwolf.org/ensemble/history/productions/index.aspx?id=448
  45. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=D000372
  46. ^ http://www.plaxo.com/directory/profile/64427256595/97581a37/Liza/Donnelly
  47. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=E000017
  48. ^ http://www.wildkingdom.com/nostalgia/fowler_bio.html
  49. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0342302/
  50. ^ http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20213025_2,00.html
  51. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ej8-Rqo-VT4
  52. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0355910/bio
  53. ^ http://www.sho.com/site/dexter/home.do
  54. ^ http://sealang.net/thai/haas-uc.htm
  55. ^ http://www.nap.edu/readingroom.php?book=biomems&page=mhaas.html
  56. ^ http://authors.library.caltech.edu/5456/1/hrst.mit.edu/hrs/apollo/public/people/mhamilton.htm
  57. ^ http://www.usgs.gov/future_challenges/hirsch.asp
  58. ^ http://www.brown.edu/Research/Breaking_Ground/results.php?d=1&first=Mary%20Inda&last=Hussey
  59. ^ http://www.sigmapipct.com/int_fathers.html
  60. ^ http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/J/htmlJ/jenkinschar/jenkinschar.htm
  61. ^ http://www.mrl.lib.in.us/history/biography/jenkinscf.htm
  62. ^ http://www.iowalum.com/magazine/presidents/11-jessup.html
  63. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=J000138v
  64. ^ http://www.lib.udel.edu/ud/spec/findaids/johnsn_r.htm
  65. ^ http://www.averymuseum.com/marmon%20biography.htm
  66. ^ http://74.125.93.132/search?q=cache:uNwq1rhhpHIJ:www.nixonlibrary.gov/forresearchers/find/textual/central/smof/porter.php+BA+Earlham&cd=214&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=firefox-a
  67. ^ http://www.robertquine.com/bio.html
  68. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F02E0D81E31F93BA35755C0A9629C8B63
  69. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/richardhell/articles/story/6128328/hell_remembers_quine
  70. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0CE5D6133AF936A15754C0A9669C8B63
  71. ^ http://home.frognet.net/~ejcov/roberts.html
  72. ^ http://www.aaa.si.edu/collectionsonline/rusholiv/overview.htm
  73. ^ http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=2790202
  74. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CEFD81F38F934A35750C0A964958260
  75. ^ http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1946/stanley-bio.html
  76. ^ http://www.laurastepp.com/index2.html
  77. ^ http://diglib.princeton.edu/ead/getEad?eadid=MC121&kw=
  78. ^ http://www.lib.uconn.edu/online/research/speclib/ASC/findaids/Teale/MSS19810009.html
  79. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dbeeler/PaulMcGeorgeWW.html
  80. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=V000050
  81. ^ http://www.boston.com/sports/specials/marathon/articles/2006/04/18/record_setter_warren_had_a_ball_with_this_one/
  82. ^ http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/06/061207.wissler.shtml
  83. ^ http://www.ndi.org/wollackk
  84. ^ http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=7667
  85. ^ http://ed.fnal.gov/symposium/speakers/2007white.html
  86. ^ http://www.earlham.edu/landrumbollingcenter/profile.html
  87. ^ http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/05/051011.booth.shtml
  88. ^ http://www.nba.com/coachfile/del_harris/index.html
  89. ^ "France Honors Dr. Robert L. Kelly". New York Times. November 8, 1919. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9F00EEDC123FE432A2575BC0A9679D946896D6CF. Retrieved February 1, 2009. 
  90. ^ http://www.earlham.edu/publicaffairs/content/pressroom/archive/2004/february/040217s-kirk.php
  91. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/28/us/28noyd.html?_r=1
  92. ^ http://nwda-db.wsulibs.wsu.edu/findaid/ark:/80444/xv99873
  93. ^ http://www.waynet.org/people/biography/trueblood.htm

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message