The Full Wiki

East Dunbartonshire (UK Parliament constituency): Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 55°58′34″N 4°12′40″W / 55.976°N 4.211°W / 55.976; -4.211

East Dunbartonshire
County constituency
EastDunbartonshireConstituency.svg
East Dunbartonshire shown within Scotland
Created: 1950, 2005
MP: Jo Swinson
Party: Liberal Democrats
Type: House of Commons
Council areas: East Dunbartonshire
EP constituency: Scotland

East Dunbartonshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The current constituency was first used in the 2005 general election. There was also an earlier East Dunbartonshire constituency, from 1950 to 1983.

Contents

Boundaries

Council areas
grouped by the Fifth Periodical Review
East Dunbartonshire, North Lanarkshire.png
East Dunbartonshire and North Lanarkshire
Advertisements

Current

The existing constituency was created as a result of the Fifth Periodical Review of the Boundary Commission for Scotland, as one of two covering the East Dunbartonshire council area and one of five covering the East Dunbartonshire council area and the North Lanarkshire council area.[1]

The East Dunbartonshire constituency is entirely within the East Dunbartonshire council area, and the rest of the council area is covered by the Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East constituency, which also covers part of the North Lanarkshire council area. The rest of the North Lanarkshire area is covered by the Airdrie and Shotts, Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill, and Motherwell and Wishaw constituencies.[1]

The East Dunbartonshire constituency replaced most of the Strathkelvin and Bearsden constituency and some of the Clydebank and Milngavie constituency and some of the Coatbridge and Chryston constituency.[1]

The Fifth Periodical Review did not affect the boundaries of Scottish Parliament constituencies, which retain the boundaries of Westminster constituencies prior to implementation of the results of the review.

Historic

The historic constituency was created under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, and first used in the 1950 general election.[2]

As created in 1950, the constituency was one of two covering the county of Dunbarton. The other was West Dunbartonshire. The two new constituencies replaced the earlier constituencies of Dunbartonshire and Dumbarton Burghs.[2]

East Dunbartonshire covered the Cumbernauld, Kirkintilloch, and New Kilpatrick districts of the county and the burghs of Clydebank, Kirkintilloch, and Milngavie.[2]

For the 1951 general election the constituency boundaries were adjusted to take account of a change to the boundaries of the burgh of Clydebank.[2]

The results of the First Periodical Review of the Boundary Commission were implemented for the 1955 general election, but there was no change to the boundaries of East Dunbartonshire, and the boundaries of 1951 and 1955 were used also in the general elections of 1959, 1964, 1966 and 1970.[2]

The results of the Second Periodical Review were implemented for the February 1974 general election. The review took account of population growth in the county of Dunbarton, caused by overspill from the city of Glasgow into the new town of Cumbernauld and elsewhere, and East Dunbartonshire became one of three constituencies covering the county. East Dunbartonshire now covered the Kirkintilloch and Cumbernauld districts of the county and the burghs of Bearsden, Cumbernauld, and Kirkintilloch, but it lost Clydebank and Milngavie to the new constituency of Central Dunbartonshire. These boundaries were used also for the general elections of October 1974 and 1979.

In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, Scottish counties were abolished in favour of regions and districts and islands council areas, and the county of Dunbarton was divided between several districts of the new region of Strathclyde. The Third Periodical Review took account of new local government boundaries, and the results were implemented for the 1983 general election.

Members of Parliament

1950 - 1983

Election Member Party
1950 David Kirkwood Labour
1951 Cyril Bence Labour
1970 Hugh McCartney Labour
Feb 1974 Barry Henderson Conservative
Oct 1974 Margaret Bain SNP
1979 Norman Hogg Labour
1983 constituency abolished

2005 to present

Election Member Party
2005 constituency recreated
2005 Jo Swinson Liberal Democrat

Election results

Confirmed candidates for the next UK general election[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mary Galbraith
Conservative Mark Nolan
Liberal Democrat Jo Swinson

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: East Dunbartonshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Jo Swinson 19,533 41.8% +14.7
Labour John Lyons 15,472 33.1% -0.2
Conservative David Jack 7,708 16.5% -6.0
SNP Chris Sagan 2,716 5.8% -8.9
Scottish Green Stuart Callison 876 1.9% +1.9
Scottish Socialist Pamela Page 419 0.9% -1.5
Majority 4,061 8.7%
Turnout 46,724 72,1 +10.1
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing +7.4

The constituency of 1950 to 1983 has an unusual electoral history, in that in two consecutive general elections it was gained by the party in third place at the previous election. In October 1974 the SNP leapfrogged Labour to defeat the Tories, and in 1979 Labour leapfrogged the Tories to beat the SNP. Furthermore, the constituency went the opposite way to the nation in two consecutive changes of government. In February 1974, the Tories gained it from Labour, though losing nationally, while in 1979 Labour regained the seat from the SNP, though losing nationally. Apart from Ynys Mon in Wales, East Dunbartonshire is the only seat to have been be represented by the three main parties and the nationalists.

The October 1974 result was also particularly unusual since it produced both the smallest majority in the UK at that election, and the closest three-way result since 1945.

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: East Dunbartonshire [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Norman Hogg 23,268 37.9
Conservative Michael Hirst 20,944 34.1
SNP Margaret Bain 12,654 20.6
Liberal R Waddell 4,600 7.5
General Election Oct 1974: East Dunbartonshire [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Margaret Bain 15,551
Conservative Barry Henderson 15,529
Labour E.F. McGarry 15,122
Liberal J.A. Thompson 3,636

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: East Dunbartonshire [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cyril Bence 27,942
Conservative David Colville Anderson VRD QC 24,593
Communist A.E. Henderson 2,200
Majority 3,349

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c Boundary Commission for Scotland website
  2. ^ a b c d e Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, 1972
  3. ^ Burton, UKPollingReport
  4. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1980
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1977
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1963

See also


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message