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The East India College was founded in February 1806 as the training establishment for the British East India Company (BEIC). At that time, the BEIC provided general and vocational education for young gentlemen of sixteen to eighteen years old, who were nominated by its directors to writerships in the overseas civil service.

Contents

History

Haileybury College today

Charles Grant, BEIC Chairman and MP, was closely involved in its foundation. The college was temporarily located in Hertford Castle, then moved in 1809 to its purpose-built site at Hertford Heath, near Hertford, now used by Haileybury. Its architect, William Wilkins, also designed the National Gallery in London.

In 1856 an open competitive examination replaced the system of appointment to the civil service by patronage. In the wake of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British government took over the administration of India in January 1858, and the college closed. The site was reopened as Haileybury in 1862.

Administrators

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Principals

The College had four principals; the first was Samuel Henley[1]. From 1815, until his death in 1837, the Revd. Joseph Hallett Batten, D.D., of Penzance held the position[2]. Batten was succeeded by Charles Webb Le Bas, who resigned in 1843[3]. The Revd. Henry Melvill, afterwards Canon of St. Paul's, was the final principal 1844 - 1858[4].

Deans

The position of Dean was filled by one of the professors: William Dealtry, MA (1813) Charles Webb Le Bas, MA (1814–38) James Amiraux Jeremie (Professor of Classics) (1838–50) W E Buckley (1850–57)

Registrars

The position of Registrar was filled by one of the professors: William Dealtry (1813) Bewick Bridge (1814–16) Edward Lewton (1816–30) Henry George Keene (1831–34) James Michael (1834–37) Fred Smith (1838–57)

Professors

Languages

Other professors at the College included[7][8]

  • Henry George Keene, who served at the Battle of Seringapatam with the first Lord Harris (his uncle), and whose American wife, though she came of a New England family, was related to Lord Cornwallis. His son became a Fellow of the University of Calcutta and a prolific writer.
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, Examiner in Sanskrit (1837–57), and
  • Major J.W.J.Ouseley, Professor of Persian and Arabic (previously Professor of the Arabic and Persian Languages in the College of Fort-William, Calcutta[9]) (1844–57)

Assistants in the Oriental Department included Maulavi Abdal Aly (1809–12), Maulavi Mirza Khedel (1809–19), The Revd. Robert Anderson (1820–25), and David Shea (1826–36). Moonshy Ghoolam Hyder and Thomas Medland taught oriental writing.

Law

  • Edward Christian (1806–18)
  • James Mackintosh was Professor of Law and General Politics 1818-24.
  • William Empson,[10] was Professor of Law (1824–52).
  • John Farley Leith QC (1872–80), later Member of Parliament for Aberdeen

Political Economy

  • Thomas Malthus taught from 1805-34. In 1809 he moved into the east side of a house (Hailey House), which he then bought in 1815 and occupied until his death, after which it was taken over by Mr Empson.
  • Richard Jones was Professor of History and Political Economy (1834–55).
  • The Rt Hon Sir James Stephen also taught political economy (1855–57)

Mathematics and Natural Philosophy

Classical and General Literature

  • Edward Lewton (1806–30)
  • Joseph Hallett Batten (1806–15)
  • James Amiraux Jeremie (also Dean) (1830–50), elected in 1850 Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge.
  • W.E.Buckley (1850–57) previously tutor and fellow at Brasenose College, Oxford and Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford (1844–50), and a member and subsequently vice-president of the Roxburghe Club.

Famous alumni

External links

References

  1. ^ ODNB article by G. P. Moriarty, ‘Henley, Samuel (1740–1815)’, rev. John D. Haigh, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2007 [1], accessed 21 Sept 2007.
  2. ^ Our Public Schools: Their Influence on English History By James George Cotton Minchin, S. Sonnenschein & co., ltd, 1901 [2], accessed 9 Oct 2007.
  3. ^ Our Public Schools: Their Influence on English History By James George Cotton Minchin, S. Sonnenschein & co., ltd, 1901 p121 [3]
  4. ^ ODNB article by G. C. Boase, ‘Melvill, Henry (1798–1871)’, rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [4], accessed 18 Sept 2007
  5. ^ ODNB article by Cecil Bendall, ‘Johnson, Francis (1795/6–1876)’, rev. Parvin Loloi, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [5], accessed 21 Sept 2007.
  6. ^ ODNB article by Stanley Lane-Poole, ‘Eastwick, Edward Backhouse (1814–1883)’, rev. Parvin Loloi, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [6], accessed 20 Sept 2007.
  7. ^ Men and Events of My Time in India by Sir Richard Temple, John Murray, London, 1882 p 18 accessed 9 Oct 2007
  8. ^ F.C. Danvers, M Monier-Williams and others: Memorials of Old Haileybury College, Westminster, Archibald Constable, 1894 , quoted in A Dictionary of Public Administration by Shriram Maheshwari
  9. ^ The Mulfuzāt Timūry (Autobiographical Memoirs) of the Moghul Emperor Timūr p 16 accessed 9 Oct 2007
  10. ^ ODNB article by Joanne Shattock, ‘Empson, William (1791–1852)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [7], accessed 20 Sept 2007
  11. ^ ODNB article by M. C. Curthoys, ‘Dealtry, William (1775–1847)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [8], accessed 20 Sept 2007.

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