East Kilbride: Wikis

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Coordinates: 55°45′52″N 4°10′38″W / 55.764529°N 4.177115°W / 55.764529; -4.177115

East Kilbride
Scottish Gaelic: Cille Bhrìghde an Ear
Parish Church, East Kilbride.jpg
East Kilbride parish church tower
East Kilbride is located in Scotland
East Kilbride

 East Kilbride shown within Scotland
Population 73,796 [1] (2001 census) est. 73,320[2] (2006)
OS grid reference NS635545
Council area South Lanarkshire
Lieutenancy area Lanarkshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G74-75
Dialling code 01355 & 0141
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow
Scottish Parliament East Kilbride
List of places: UK • Scotland •

East Kilbride (Scottish Gaelic: Cille Bhrìghde an Ear) is a large suburban town in the South Lanarkshire council area, in the West Central Lowlands of Scotland. Designated as Scotland's first new town in 1947, it forms part of the Greater Glasgow conurbation. The area lies on high ground on the south side of the Cathkin Braes, about 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Glasgow city centre and close to the boundary with East Renfrewshire.

The town is enclosed by the White Cart River to the west and the Rotten Calder to the east, the latter flowing northwards to join the River Clyde near Cambuslang. This area was previously the site of the small and historic village of East Kilbride, prior to its post-war development. The modern settlement serves both as a dormitory town for the city of Glasgow and maintains its own commercial centre.

Contents

History

East Kilbride
East Kilbride

The earliest evidence of habitation in the area dates back to ancient graves found near the Kype Water to the south of the district. Roman coins and footwear have also been found in the area.

East Kilbride takes its name from an Irish saint, St Bride (or Brigit) who founded a monastery for nuns and monks in Kildare, Ireland in the 6th century. Irish monks introduced her order to Scotland. Kil, from the Gaelic cill, means church or burial place.

The area of East Kilbride is home to a river valley which, apart from the Avon Gorge, is unique in the way it was formed. A river usually starts off narrow, fast-flowing, with steep cliffs, and in the hills. This is the youth of the river. Later once the river reaches flat land it begins to widen and meander and flow slower. This is the river's middle age. Calderglen is interesting in that it flows fast, has steep cliffs and is fairly narrow (youth stage) but also meanders. The Rotten Calder therefore has its river youth after its middle age, as the river source is on flatter land and is meandering and slow flowing.

Calderglen was in the past celebrated as a picturesque wooded valley. It was the home of a noble family known as the Maxwells of Calderwood who resided in Calderwood Castle. The remnants of Calderwood Castle were demolished in 1951.

The original parish church was located on the site of a pre-Christian sacred well, which is possibly the origin of the association with St. Brigit, since the well was dedicated to the Celtic goddess whose traditions the reverence of St. Brigit has continued. Over the centuries the church has been destroyed and rebuilt several times. As a result its current location has moved from its original site by about 50 m.

The presence of the oystercatcher bird in the coat of arms could arises because this bird was considered sacred to both St. Brigit and her pre-Christian antecedent or because it was part of the Lindsey family crest - which had local connections.

East Kilbride grew from a small village of around 900 inhabitants in 1930 to become eventually a large burgh. Behind this growth lay the rapid industrialisation of the nineteenth century which left much of the working population throughout Scotland's central belt from Glasgow to Edinburgh living in the housing stock built at the end of that century but accommodating far more people. The Great War postponed any better housing as did the Treaty of Versailles and the period of post war settlement it created. In turn this was followed by the Great Depression. After the Second World War, Glasgow, already suffering from chronic shortages of housing, had to deal with bomb damage from the war.

From this unlikely backdrop a new dawn emerged which would bring East Kilbride to its unlikely success. In 1946 the Greater Glasgow Regional Plan allocated sites where overspill satellite "new towns" could be constructed to help alleviate the housing shortage.[3] Glasgow would also undertake the development of its peripheral housing estates. East Kilbride was the first of five new towns in Scotland to be designated, in 1947, followed by Glenrothes (1948), Cumbernauld (1956), Livingston (1962) and Irvine (1964).[4]

The town has been subdivided into residential precincts, each with its own local shops, primary schools and community facilities. The housing precincts surround the shopping centre, which is bound by a ringroad. Industrial estates are concentrated at sites to the north, west and south, on the outskirts of the town.

Geography

East Kilbride forms part of the Greater Glasgow Conurbation.

Governance

East Kilbride District 1975-96
Scot1975EKilbride.png

From 1975 East Kilbride lent its name to a local government district in the Strathclyde region. In 1996 administrative functions were taken over by the South Lanarkshire unitary council. (See: Subdivisions of Scotland)

There is an East Kilbride constituency of the Scottish Parliament. Since the opening of the Scottish Parliament, the constituency has been represented by Andy Kerr MSP (Labour).

East Kilbride was formerly a constituency of the UK Parliament. In 2005 it was replaced by the constituency of East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow. The seat has been held since 1987 by Adam Ingram.

Economy

East Kilbride

The town centre is occupied by a large shopping centre comprising 6 linked malls, developed in phases. The malls are known by local residents as "The Centre".

The six malls are The Plaza (development started in 1972), Princes Mall (1984), Olympia (1988), Southgate (1989), Princes Square (1997) and Centre West (2003). The shopping centre has come under recent criticism for losing major retail chains in light of rising rental prices. This coupled with the Centre West expansion and decreasing shopper numbers has allowed swathes of properties within the centre to remain closed for months at a time, notably on the first floor of Centre West and the Plaza.

A £400m redevelopment of East Kilbride town centre has been given the go-ahead by South Lanarkshire Council. The plan would demolish some existing buildings to create a new civic centre, a state-of-the-art health centre, a library and shopping facilities.[5][6]

East Kilbride ice rink

It would also see a "landmark" arts and culture complex with a 1,000-seat theatre, a 500-seat conference centre, a museum and a new town square.

Parking spaces in the town centre would increase from 3,000 to 8,700 spaces. The first stage of the plan was due to start in 2006, with completion of the major elements in 2012/2013, but the project has been indefinitely delayed. It is hoped the project, the various phases of which will require full planning permission, will create up to 3,000 temporary jobs over the 10-year construction programme and 2,000 permanent jobs.

The new civic and health facilities would be created at the site currently occupied by Plaza Tower, which would be demolished, with the theatre and arts facilities being created at the adjoining Olympia Centre.

The current civic centre and the adjoining Hunter Health Centre would be demolished to make way for the first phase of development, which would include a major food retail store.

There is to be a relocation of the hunter health center to a more central area where consumers can access it.

Transport

East Kilbride is connected to Glasgow city centre by road and rail. Three main roads connect East Kilbride with surrounding suburbs and the city, one being the A727 (formerly A726) leading west to Busby and on to Clarkston Toll. Another route being the A749 which runs north into Rutherglen. Recently, the addition of the 'southern orbital' road links the west of the town to the M77. This road has taken over the designation A726. East Kilbride bus station, at the shopping centre, was recently rebuilt and provides modern facilities. East Kilbride railway station is situated in the Village. Trains depart to Glasgow Central railway station every half hour, with a journey time of 27 minutes. The town is also served by Hairmyres railway station in Hairmyres.

East Kilbride's primary bus operator is First Glasgow which provides regular services to the city centre, Busby, Clarkston, Castlemilk, Cambuslang, Rutherglen, Hamilton, Motherwell and the surrounding area. Stagecoach West Scotland provide a half-hourly to hourly service to Ayr, McKindless used to provide an hourly service to Wishaw, Carluke and Lanark, and smaller bus operators provide links to other destinations such as Strathaven and Newarthill. Arriva have recently started a new hourly 600 service to the Airport via: Busby, Clarkston, Giffnock, Thornliebank, Silverburn Centre, Hurlet, and Paisley.

Similar to other New Towns, the road network within the town is populated by many roundabouts; Glaswegians jokingly refer to East Kilbride as "roundabout city". The reference is in fact "Polo mint City" after the round, mint sweet.[7]

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Cycling

East kilbride is a good place for cycling with many of the busy roundabouts having underpasses for pedestrians and cyclists. On 19 June 2009, National Cycling Route 756 was opened and connects East Kilbride and Rutherglen with the Glasgow City Boundary.

Landmarks

Dollan Baths

Dollan Baths

One of the most significant buildings of an earlier phase of development was Dollan Baths leisure complex (opened 1968) which has category A listed status. The Dollan Baths are the subject of a local urban myth, which told that the pool was built 5 cm short of Olympic size. In actual fact, the pool was built as 55 yards long, but is only six lanes wide, rather than the Olympic standard of 50m and ten lanes wide.

Hunter House Museum

Contains exhibits relating to medical pioneers, William and John Hunter, who were born in the area.

St. Brides's Church

By architects Gillespie, Kidd and Coia, 1957-1964.

East Kilbride Night Life

Parks and sports

Dynamica Drum Corps are based in East Kilbride.

East Kilbride Thistle is the town's main football club. (It is the largest town in Scotland without a senior football team.)

East Kilbride RFC, are based at Calderglen Country Park.
East Kilbride Lawn Tennis Club is one of the oldest tennis club in Scotland.
East Kilbride Pirates play in the British American Football League.

EK82 Handball Club Founded in 1972, they train at the John Wright Sports Centre and the Alistair McCoist Complex. They playing in the Scottish National League.

East Kilbride Chess Club East Kilbride Chess Club was founded in 1968 and is now based in the Murray Owen Centre, 1 Liddell Grove, East Kilbride G75 9AD

East Kilbride Cricket Club, founded in 1962, is also based at Calderglen Country Park.

East Kilbride Gymnastics Club, founded in 1972 by Foster McLean and now based permanently within Greenhills Sports Centre, Stroud Road, East Kilbride.

Ki Aikido Club, founded in 1967 by Matt Tennant the club has trained in the John Wright Sports Centre in St Leonards since it opened in 1972 to the present day.

East Kilbride Ice Figure Skating Club, based within the "Ice Bowl" Ice Rink at East Kilbride Shopping Centre

Athletics in the town is covered by 3 athletics clubs. Whitemoss, East Kilbride and Calderglen. Both Whitemoss and East Kilbride Athletic Club are based at the John Wright Sports centre.

East Kilbride's Premier Amateur Football Team

http://www.ekmfc.co.uk/ East Kilbride's Model Flying Club. East Kilbride Model Flying Club has been in existence since 1985 and was formed to meet the need for modellers wanting to build and fly model aircraft in East Kilbride and the surrounding district.

Twin town

Notable people

  • George Orwell (pen name of Eric Blair), entered Hairmyres Hospital, which was on the edge of the then village of East Kilbride, in the week before Christmas 1947 with what was later diagnosed as tuberculosis. He had been living on the isle of Jura and was working on the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four at the time.
  • William and John Hunter, medical pioneers, were born at Long Calderwood within the present-day area of East Kilbride.
  • Lorraine Kelly, television presenter for GMTV was born in the town.
  • Iain Harvie, guitarist with Scottish rock band Del Amitri, was an East Kilbride resident. His late father, John Harvie, was the popular headmaster of Claremont High School in East Kilbride in the 1980s and early 1990s.
  • Actor John Hannah of Rebus and Four Weddings and a Funeral fame was a resident of East Kilbride, residing in the Murray area. He has recently caused debate in the area after commenting that it had "gone downhill" since he lived there.
  • Adair Turner, former Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), lived there during his youth.
  • Liam Fox, Conservative MP for Woodspring and Shadow Secretary of State for Defence since 2005, was born and raised in the town. He was educated at St Bride's High School, and stood as a candidate for election to East Kilbride District Council in 1984.
  • Scottish rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain were formed in the town.
  • Muriel Gray , journalist and broadcaster, was born in the town.
  • Roddy Frame, frontman of Scottish indie band Aztec Camera, was born in the town.
  • David Scott, singer-songwriter of The Pearlfishers has many produced notable records from a recording studio in the East Kilbride Arts Centre.
  • Ally McCoist, Scottish former professional footballer,and now assistant manager at Glasgow Rangers was brought up in the town and continued to live there during much of his playing career
  • Kirsty Young, Scottish television and radio presenter and actress was born in the town.
  • Chancery Stone, novelist, was born and grew up in the town.
  • Ross Montgomery, Scottish darts player and resident of East Kilbride.

References

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: East Kilbride Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. http://www.scrol.gov.uk/scrol/browser/profile.jsp?profile=Population&mainArea=east+kilbride&mainLevel=Locality. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  2. ^ http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data
  3. ^ http://www.theglasgowstory.com/story.php?id=TGSFG10
  4. ^ Cowling, D. (1997). An Essay for Today: the Scottish New Towns 1947-1997. Edinburgh: Rutland Press. 
  5. ^ http://www.eastkilbride.org.uk/community/redeveloping-east-kilbridede.htm East Kilbride Town Centre redevelopment
  6. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4870462.stm BBC News (2006) New town could get £400m facelift
  7. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/7334457.stm BBC News (2008) Roundabouts in East Kilbride

External links

Further interest

New towns


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

East Kilbride is a town in the Central Belt of Scotland.

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Simple English

East Kilbride
Gaelic - Cille Bhrìghde an Ear

File:Parish Church, East
East Kilbride parish church tower


Population 73,796[1] (2001 census) est. 73,320[2] (2006)
OS grid reference NS635545
Council area South Lanarkshire
Lieutenancy area Lanarkshire
Constituent country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G74-75
Dialling code 01355 & 0141
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
Scottish Parliament East Kilbride
UK Parliament East Kilbride, Strathaven and Lesmahagow CC
European Parliament Scotland
List of places: UK • Scotland
Coordinates: 55°45′52″N 4°10′38″W / 55.764529°N 4.177115°W / 55.764529; -4.177115

East Kilbride is a large suburban town in the South Lanarkshire council area of Scotland. It is Scotland's first new town, and lies on high ground on the south side of the Cathkin Braes, about 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Glasgow city centre. The Rotten Calder river flows along the east side of the settlement, northwards toward the River Clyde. The town is also known as the Polo Mint city due to its many roundabouts.

Contents

Landmarks

Dollan Baths

One of the most significant buildings of an earlier phase of development was Dollan Baths leisure complex (opened 1968) which has Grade A listed status.

Twin towns

Notable people

  • William and John Hunter, medical pioneers, were born at Long Calderwood within the present-day area of East Kilbride.
  • Lorraine Kelly, television presenter for GMTV was born in the town.
  • Iain Harvie, guitarist with Scottish rock band Del Amitri, was an East Kilbride resident. His late father, John Harvie, was the popular headmaster of Claremont High School in East Kilbride in the 1980s and early 1990s.
  • Actor John Hannah of Rebus and Four Weddings and a Funeral fame was a resident of East Kilbride, residing in the Murray area. He has recently caused debate in the area after commenting that it had "gone downhill" since he lived there .
  • Scottish rock band The Jesus and Mary Chain was formed in the town.
  • Muriel Gray , journalist and broadcaster, was born in the town.
  • Chancery Stone , author of The DANNY Quadrilogy, was born in East Kilbride and lived in West Mains for the first 18 years of her life.
  • Mikey, famous for his antics and passion for food in Calderglen High
  • Roddy Frame, frontman of Scottish indie band Aztec Camera, was born in the town.

References

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