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See also: East Los Angeles (region)
East Los Angeles, California
—  CDP  —
Welcome sign on Atlantic Boulevard.
Location of East Los Angeles in Los Angeles County, California.
Coordinates: 34°1′53″N 118°10′7″W / 34.03139°N 118.16861°W / 34.03139; -118.16861
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Area
 - Total 7.4 sq mi (19.3 km2)
 - Land 7.4 sq mi (19.3 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 200 ft (61 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 124,283
 Density 16,697.4/sq mi (6,446.9/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 90022, 90063
Area code(s) 323
FIPS code 06-20802
GNIS feature ID 1660583

East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este de Los Ángeles) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, the area had a total population of 124,283. The CDP area includes the separate community of City Terrace.[1][2] East Los Angeles is represented by Gloria Molina in the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. This community receives its police service from the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and fire service is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department.

Contents

Geography

East Los Angeles is located at 34°1′53″N 118°10′7″W / 34.03139°N 118.16861°W / 34.03139; -118.16861 (34.031462, -118.168653).[3] East Los Angeles lies directly east of downtown Los Angeles.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19.3 km²), all of it land.

East Los Angeles is bounded by the city of Los Angeles to the west, the unincorporated area of City Terrace to the northwest, the city of Monterey Park to the northeast, the city of Montebello to the east, and the city of Commerce to the south. It forms part of the East Los Angeles region. The unincorporated area of East Los Angeles was once known as "Maravilla"[4] and also "Belvedere Gardens".[5]

Demographics

East Los Angeles CDP
Population by year [1], [2]

2000 124,283
1990 126,379
1980 110,017
1970 104,881
1960 104,270

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 124,283 people, 29,844 households, and 25,068 families
residing in the community. The population density was 16,697.4 people per square mile (6,449.7/km²). There were 31,096 housing units
at an average density of 4,177.8/sq mi (1,613.7/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 6.77% non-Hispanic White, 4.52% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 54.01% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 96.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

There were 29,844 households out of which 51.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.0% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.15 and the average family size was 4.42.

The age distribution of the community was as follows: 34.6% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 14.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the community was $28,544, and the median income for a family was $29,755. Males had a median income of $21,065 versus $18,475 for females. The per capita income for the community was $9,543. About 24.7% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.0% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over. East Los Angeles has a very large Latino population that consists of Mexicans, Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Hondurans.

Transportation

Gold Line Eastside extension East L.A. Civic Center station.

Light rail service to East L.A. is provided by Metro Gold Line's Eastside Extension, which opened in 2009.

Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) provides bus service from East L.A. to throughout the L.A. area. In addition, local shuttle service is provided by the El Sol (East Los Angeles Shuttle).

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

East Los Angeles is split between Los Angeles Unified School District and Montebello Unified School District.[7][8]

LAUSD operates Amanecer PC in East Los Angeles.[9] LAUSD elementary schools in East Los Angeles include Anton, Belvedere, Brooklyn Avenue, City Terrace, Eastman, Fourth Street, Ford Boulevard, Harrison, Humphreys Avenue, Robert F. Kennedy, Marianna, and Rowan Avenue.[8] Hamasaki Elementary School, originally named Riggin Elementary School and renamed in 1990,[10] is adjacent to and outside of the CDP.[8] At one time Hammel Elementary School was in the East Los Angeles CDP.[11]

The middle schools in the CDP include Belvedere Middle School and Griffith Middle School.[8] Stevenson Middle School, adjacent to the CDP, is in Los Angeles.[8] James A. Garfield High School is the sole traditional LAUSD public high school in East Los Angeles.[8] Garfield High School participates in the "East LA Classic" against Theodore Roosevelt High School a football game that traditionally draws over 20,000 fans.[citation needed] Ramona High School, an alternative public high school, is in East Los Angeles.[12] Alfonso Perez School, a K-12 alternative school, is in the CDP.[13]

There are current plans for the building of Esteban Torres High School (East Los Angeles High School #2) in the former Hammel Street Elementary School grounds and in former housing developments.[11][14] The high school is expected to open in 2010.

Montebello USD schools include Gascon Elementary School, Montebello Park Elementary School, and Winter Gardens Elementary School.[8]

Adult Education programs from the Eastside Learning Center and East Los Angeles Occupational Center are intended and currently plan to be relocated at the East LA Star Hospital site. The East LA Star Adult Education project is expected to be completed by 2011.

Oscar De La Hoya Animo High School ranks 6 out of the top 100 schools in the state of California according to the California Department of Education.

Private schools

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles operates Catholic schools in the CDP.[8] Schools include Our Lady of Lourdes School (PK-8),[15] Our Lady of Soledad School (PK, 1-8),[16] St. Alphonsus School (PK, 1-8),[17] and Our Lady of Guadalupe School (K-8).[18]

Colleges and universities

East Los Angeles College was once part of East Los Angeles until Monterey Park, California annexed East Los Angeles College.[citation needed]

Public libraries

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the East Los Angeles Library in the CDP.[8][19] The East Los Angeles Library opened on May 1, 1923; originally it was a collection of books in a store. A building was built to house the collection several months later. A new library building opened in 1924. In 1932 the library moved to a new building. In 1967 the library moved into another building, which was 15,120 square feet (1,405 m2) large. In 2004 the library moved to its current location, a 26,300 square feet (2,440 m2) facility designed by Stephen Finney of the Glendale, California firm CWA AIA, Inc. The current library has areas for adults and children, the Chicano Resource Center, a 175 person meeting room, a computer room, a Friends of the Library bookstore, and free parking areas. The library design has Mayan design and themes, as requested from area residents. References to the sun and moon, which are themes in Mayan art, were incorporated in the library.[19]

The county operates the City Terrace Library in the CDP. The library has been in its current location since 1979.[8][20] In addition the county operates the El Camino Real Library in the CDP.[8][21] The library opened in 1929 as the Stephenson Library. In 1972 the library moved to its current location, and in 1975 it was rededicated as the El Camino Real library, as it is located on the historic El Camino Real.[21]

Also the county operates the Anthony Quinn Library in the CDP. The library, originally known as the Belvedere Library, opened in January 1914. In 1925 the library moved to a storefront facility; at that time its collection was several thousand books. In 1937 the library moved to a new site. In 1973 the library moved to its current location. On January 5, 1982, the library took its current name; the childhood house of actor Anthony Quinn was located on the present day site of the library, and the library was renamed after Quinn. The First Supervisorial District funded a renovation that occurred in 2000. The library reopened in February 2001 with a new appearance and new furnishings.[8][22]

Government and infrastructure

As East Los Angeles is an unincorporated community, it does not have a local government, and relies on the County of Los Angeles for local services. Supervisor Gloria Molina represents East LA on the Board of Supervisors.

East Los Angeles is represented by many different elected officials in the California State Legislature. The unincorporated area is represented in the State Assembly, in order of area covered, by Charles Calderon of the 58th District, Kevin De Leon of the 45th District, John Pérez of the 46th District, and Mike Eng in the 49th District. In the State Senate, East Los Angeles is represented by Gloria J. Romero of the 24th District, Ronald S. Calderon of the 30th District, and Gil Cedillo of the 22nd District. In the U.S. House of Representatives, East LA is represented by Grace Napolitano of the 38th District, Lucille Roybal-Allard of the 34th District, and Judy Chu of the 32nd District.

Despite multiple failed attempts in the past, residents are currently campaigning for cityhood for East Los Angeles.[23] Proponents of incorporation include California State Senator Gloria Romero and Congresswoman Grace Napolitano.

Since East Los Angeles is an unincorporated area, fire protection in East Los Angeles is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the East Los Angeles Station in East Los Angeles.[24]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Central Health Center in Downtown Los Angeles, serving East Los Angeles.[25]

The United States Postal Service East Los Angeles Post Office is located at 975 South Atlantic Boulevard.[26]

Latino Walk of Fame

The Walk of Fame is similar to the one in Hollywood, but with a probable focus on Latino celebrities. The Latino Walk of Fame was inaugurated in April 30, 1997 to honor outstanding leaders who have made historical and social contributions with a Sun Plaque on Whittier Boulevard the heart of East L.A.. Spaces have been created for over 280 plaques. Permanent granite plaques have been put in place for the first 20 honorees. The merchants’ association of East Los Angeles sponsors a Comprehensive Clean-Up Campaign that cleans the sidewalks and gutters daily and removes litter and trash. [3]

Parks and recreation

Los Angeles County operates parks and recreation in East Los Angeles.

Atlantic Avenue Park in the CDP has a children's play area, picnic and barbecue areas, a men's locker room, a women's locker room, and a 50 meter, six lane swimming pool. In addition the park has a rose garden maintained by volunteers.[27] The 39.1-acre (15.8 ha) Belvedere Community Regional Park is located adjacent to and outside of the CDP. The park has baseball fields, basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a skate park, soccer (football), a splash pad, a swimming pool, and tennis courts.[8][28]

City Terrace County Park, located in the CDP, was developed in 1933 by Works Progress Administration crews; the park occupied a piece of 3.5 acres (1.4 ha) terrace that was formed after crews hacked a rugged and barren hill. In 1957 600,000 cubic yards (460,000 m3) pf soil that had been removed from the construction of the Los Angeles Civic Center was transported to the City Terrace County Park. The soil filled a ravine, tripling the park's original acreage. The park has a basketball court, a children's playground, a community room, a computer center, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, a swimming pool, and tennis courts.[8][29] Eugene A. Obregon Park, named after a Korean War Marine veteran and Medal of Honor recipient, is in the CDP. The park's official opening was on May 26, 1966. The park includes basketball courts, ceramic rooms, a community room, a computer center, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, a swimming pool, and a walking path.[8][30]

The 8.4-acre (3.4 ha) Ruben F. Salazar Memorial Park is in the CDP. The county purchased the original 1.47 acres (0.59 ha) of park property from Cedars of Lebanon Hospital on March 8, 1938. The land was officially designated as the "East Los Angeles Playground" two months later. On June 25, 1940 the property was renamed the "Laguna Park and Playground." On September 17, 1970 the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors gave the park its current name. The park was named after Ruben F. Salazar, a Los Angeles Times columnist and an executive at KMEX. Salazar Park includes a baseball diamond, basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, a computer center, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a senior center, a swimming pool, and tennis courts.[8][31] The 4.8-acre (1.9 ha) Saybrook Park is also in the CDP. The County Board of Supervisors approved final plans for developing the park on May 1, 1973. The park includes two outdoor basketball courts, a ball diamond, children's play areas, a community building with a community room, a computer technology building with a computer room, picnic and barbecue areas, and a tennis court.[8][32]

The Eastside Eddie Heredia Boxing Club, operated by the county, is located inside a former fire station in the CDP. The club was named after Eddie Heredia, the first club of the champion, who died of leukemia at age 17. One of the members of the Heredia club became a member of the United States Olympic Boxing Team and entered the 2008 Beijing Olympics.[8][33]

Popular culture

East L.A. is a major hub of the Los Angeles area's large Hispanic (esp. Mexican) population since the first wave of Mexican immigrants settled down in the 1920s, when older Anglo (non-Hispanic white) residents began to relocate out of the community and by 1950, the community has became majority Mexican-American, later a hotbed of activity of the Chicano movement.[citation needed]

The Boyle Heights area of Los Angeles is often mistakenly referred to as East L.A. although it's the eastern section of original Los Angeles in the late 19th century.

East L.A. was both the origin and destination of Cheech Marin in both the song and the movie Born in East L.A.. At the end of the song (which was a parody of Born in the U.S.A.), he parodies Randy Newman's I Love L.A. by singing the East L.A. streets Soto Street, Brooklyn Avenue, City Terrace, and Whittier Boulevard.

Dirty Vegas filmed their music video for their song "Days Go By" on the sidewalk in front of Chroni's Famous Sandwich Shop in East L.A. In the video, a man dances in front of Chroni's, supposedly year after year, in an effort to win his ex-girlfriend back into his life. Chroni's, along with other East L.A. landmarks, is also mentioned in Oscar Zeta Acosta's novel, The Revolt of the Cockroach People.

The area is also referenced in the Mötley Crüe song Wildside.

See also

References

  1. ^ East Los Angeles: city-data.com
  2. ^ 2000 census boundary map: East Los Angeles CDP
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Maravilla Foundation - Home
  5. ^ Unincorporated Area East Los Angeles
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://eastla.lacounty.info/edu_k12.htm eastla.lacounty.info
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "East Los Angeles CDP, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  9. ^ "Amanecer PC." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  10. ^ "Elementary School Named for Deceased Principal." Los Angeles Times. February 15, 1990. Metro Part B, Metro Desk. Start Page 2. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "rename an East Los Angeles elementary school in honor of its popular principal, ... Riggin Elementary School will become Morris K. Hamasaki Elementary."
  11. ^ a b DiMassa, Cara Mia. "Los Angeles; Accord Reached on High School for East L.A.; Proposal aims to ease the enrollment burden at Garfield. It involves building on the site of an elementary campus." Los Angeles Times. May 22, 2004. California Metro, Part B, Metro Desk. B3. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "building the school on the site of what is now Hammel Street Elementary,"
  12. ^ "Ramona High School." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  13. ^ Home page." Alfonso Perez School. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  14. ^ Merl, Jean. "Los Angeles; District Seeks Space for Charter Campuses, Eastside High School; L.A. Unified acts to provide land for charter sites under state law. Marchers demand a new campus for the East L.A. area." Los Angeles Times. March 31, 2004. California Metro, Part B, Metro Desk. B3. Retrieved on March 15, 2010. "next-best site for a 2000-student high school: Hammel Street Elementary and some adjacent housing in East Los Angeles. The grade school would be moved."
  15. ^ "Our Lady of Lourdes LA." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  16. ^ "Our Lady of Soledad School." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  17. ^ "St. Alphonsus School." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  18. ^ "Our Lady of Guadalupe LA." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  19. ^ a b "East Los Angeles Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  20. ^ "City Terrace Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  21. ^ a b "El Camino Real Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  22. ^ "Anthony Quinn Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  23. ^ Cityhood for East Los Angeles
  24. ^ "East Los Angeles Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  25. ^ "Central Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  26. ^ "Post Office Location - EAST LOS ANGELES." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  27. ^ "Atlantic Avenue Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  28. ^ "Belvedere Community Regional Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  29. ^ "City Terrace County Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  30. ^ "Eugene A. Obregon Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  31. ^ "Ruben Salazar Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  32. ^ "Saybrook County Park." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.
  33. ^ "Eastside Eddie Heredia Boxing Club." Los Angeles County. Retrieved on March 15, 2010.

External links








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