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East Siberian Laika
East Siberian Laika, young dog.
|Country of origin
The East Siberian Laika (Vostotchno-Sibirskaia
Laika) is a Russian breed of dog
of spitz type, a hunting dog originating
in parts of Siberia east of
Males are 55 to 66 centimetres (22 to 26 in), while females
are on the smaller side at 51 to 60 centimetres (20 to 24 in).
Black and tan, with light patches (called karamis), grizzle,
patched, ticked, white, grey, black, red and brown of all shades.
There are two major types, the Evenki and the Irkutsk; other less
important types are the Yakutia, Amur and Tofolar. These types vary
in color and physique, as the ESL is still more of a diverse
conglomerate breed than the other three Russian Laika
breeds. Physically the ESL is somewhat rangy, nearly square in
proportion, slightly higher at the withers than at the croup,
robust in bone; head shape varies with the regional varieties. Ears
are erect and triangular, the tail carried in a curve over the
back. The coat is a medium long double coat with straight coarse
guard hair and a soft thick undercoat.
The ESL is a natural hunting dog used for a wide variety of
small and large game, ranging from squirrels, marten, sable, and
grouse to moose, bear, wild boar and mountain lions. They can also
be used as sled dogs.
Highly aggressive towards large predators, they are calm and
well-tempered with people, although they can be good watchdogs and
if encouraged will be protective against human intruders. Generally
they seem to be good companion dogs.
The breed designation was established at the All-Union
Cynological Congress in 1947, along with that of the other three Laika
breeds. The breed originated with dogs from the Lake Baikal region, Irkutsk Province, Evenki National
Territory, the Amur
River basin and Maritime
Territory. The first breed standard was set by wildlife
biologist K. G. Abramov. Systematic breeding began in the 1970s in
government kennels at Irkutsk and in Leningrad.
- Voilotchnikov, A.T. and Voilotchnikova, S.D. Hunting Laikas, .
Moscow: Forest Industry Publishing House 1982. (Russian)
- Voilotchnikov, A. T. and Voilotchnikova, S.D.Laikas and Hunting
With Them . Moscow: Forest Industry Publishing House, 1972. (Russian)
- Beregovoy, Vladimir Hunting Laika Breeds of
Russia. Crystal Dream Publishing, 2001. (English)
- Maria Georgievna Dmitrieva-Sulima The Laika, and Hunting
with Laika (Лайка и охота с ней). (2003, original
edition 1911). Aquarium Book, ISBN 978-5-94838-125-1. (Russian)