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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

East Sussex
EnglandEastSussex.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Origin Historic
Region South East England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
Ranked 33rd
1,792 km2 (692 sq mi)
Ranked 30st
1,709 km2 (660 sq mi)
Admin HQ Lewes
ISO 3166-2 GB-ESX
ONS code 21
NUTS 3 UKJ22
Demography
Population
- Total (2008 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 29th
766,400 (ceremonial county)
428 /km2 (1,109/sq mi)
Ranked 24th
Ethnicity
Politics
Arms of East Sussex County Council
East Sussex County Council

http://www.eastsussex.gov.uk/

Executive Conservative
Members of Parliament
Districts
East Sussex Ceremonial Numbered.png
  1. Hastings
  2. Rother
  3. Wealden
  4. Eastbourne
  5. Lewes
  6. Brighton & Hove (Unitary)

East Sussex (pronounced /ˈsʌsɨks/) is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent, Surrey, Brighton and Hove and West Sussex, and to the south by the English Channel.

Contents

History

See main article:History of Sussex

East Sussex is part of the ancient kingdom of the South Saxons, who established themselves there in the fifth century AD, after the departure of the Romans, although the area had been populated for many thousands of years before then. Archaeological remains are plentiful, especially in the upland areas. The area's position on the coast has also meant that there were many invaders, including the Romans and later the Normans. Earlier industries have included fishing, iron-making, and the wool trade, all of which have declined, or lost completely.

Governance

The ancient kingdom of Sussex has had two separate county administrations since the 12th century, with the county town of the eastern division being Lewes.[2] This situation was formalised by Parliament in 1865, and the two parts were given distinct elected county councils in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888. In East Sussex there were also three self-administered county boroughs: Brighton, Eastbourne and Hastings.

In 1974 East Sussex was made a ceremonial county, and the three county boroughs became districts within the county. At the same time the western boundary was altered, so that the Mid Sussex region (including Burgess Hill and Haywards Heath) was transferred to the county of West Sussex. In 1997, Brighton and Hove became a self-administered unitary authority; it was granted city status in 2000, whilst remaining part of the ceremonial county of East Sussex.

East Sussex is divided into five local government districts. Three are larger, rural, districts (from west to east) are: Lewes; Wealden; and Rother. Eastbourne and Hastings are mainly urban areas. The rural districts are further subdivided into civil parishes.[3]

Geography

Geology

See map reproduced in Weald

From a geological point of view East Sussex is part of southern anticline of the Weald: the South Downs, a range of moderate chalk hills which run across the southern part of the county from west to east and mirrored in Kent by the North Downs. To the north lie parallel valleys and ridges, the highest of which is the Weald itself (the Hastings beds and Wealden Clay). The sandstones and clays meet the sea at Hastings; the Downs, at Beachy Head.

Relief and drainage

The relief of the county reflects the geology.

The chalk uplands of the South Downs occupies the coastal strip between Brighton and Eastbourne. There are two river gaps: the Rivers Ouse and Cuckmere. The Seven Sisters, where the Downs meet the sea, are the remnants of dry valleys cut into the chalk; they end at Beachy Head, 530 feet (162 m) above sea level. To the east of Beachy Head lie the marshlands of the Pevensey Levels, formerly flooded by the sea but now enclosed within a deposited beach. At Bexhill the land begins to rise again where the sands and clays of the Weald meet the sea; these culminate in the sandstone cliffs east of Hastings. Further east are the Pett Levels, more marshland, beyond which is the estuary of the River Rother. On the far side of the estuary are the dunes of Camber Sands. The highest point of the Downs within the county is Ditchling Beacon, at 814 feet (248 m): it is termed a Marilyn.

The Weald occupies the northern borderlands of the county. Between the Downs and Weald is a narrow stretch of lower lying land; many of the rivers and streams occupying this area originate in the Weald. The High Weald is heavily wooded in contrast to the South Downs; the Low Weald less so. Part of the Weald is the Ashdown Forest.

Settlements

The location of settlements in East Sussex has been determined both by its history and its geography. The original towns and villages tended to be where its economy lay: fishing along the coast and agriculture and iron mining on the Weald. Industry today tends to be geared towards tourism, and particularly along the coastal strip. Here towns such as Bexhill-on-Sea, Eastbourne, and Hastings lie. Newhaven and Rye are ports, although the latter is also of historical importance. Peacehaven and Seaford are more dormitory towns than anything else. Away from the coast lie former market towns such as Hailsham, Heathfield and Uckfield; Crowborough is a centre for the Ashdown Forest. Lewes, the County town of East Sussex; and Battle, with its Norman Conquest beginnings. are the other two towns of significance.

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex (Brighton & Hove has a separate table) at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[4] Agriculture[5] Industry[6] Services[7]
1995 4,359 84 1,053 3,222
2000 4,953 54 1,155 3,744
2003 5,326 69 1,252 4,004

Landmarks

The Long Man of Wilmington on the South Downs

Beachy Head is one of the most famed local attractions, along with the flats along Normans Bay. The county is well known for being one of the most green in the country.[citation needed]

Apart from the physical landmarks such as the Downs and the Weald, East Sussex has a great many landmarks of historical interest. There are castles at Bodiam, Herstmonceux, Lewes and Pevensey; and defence works such as the Martello towers and Eastbourne Redoubt.[8] Battle Abbey, built to commemorate the Battle of Hastings; Bateman's, home of Rudyard Kipling, and the University of Sussex buildings at Falmer are among interesting buildings.

It also has a number of great parks suitable for tourists. The Seven Sisters Park is to become a National Park in the near future.

Transport

Roads

The A23, one of the major North-South routes.

Unusually East Sussex has no motorways. The main roads through the county are those part of the radial pattern from London: the A21 to Hastings; the A22 to Eastbourne; and the A23 to Brighton. Cross-country routes include the A26 which carries traffic from Newhaven and Lewes north into Kent; and the south coast trunk route, which starts in Folkestone (Kent) as the A259 trunk road, and traverses the south coast to Eastbourne, where it becomes the A27 trunk road and heads westwards towards Chichester in West Sussex and ultimately to Honiton in Devon. All the main roads suffer from congestion and traffic problems: the A27 which connects Eastbourne to Portsmouth is one of the busiest trunk roads in the UK.

Bus routes serve all the main areas of settlement and many of the villages in the county.

Railways

The railways serve the main towns in a similar fashion to the roads. Until the closures of many branch railways in the 20th century, rural East Sussex was well-served by rail: few such branch lines escaped the Beeching Axe so that today only main-line services remain. They include the East Coastway Line (including the Marshlink Line); the London-Hastings line; and the Uckfield branch, the terminus of the Oxted Line. There are three heritage railways: the Kent and East Sussex Railway operates from Tenterden in Kent to Bodiam; the Bluebell Railway from Sheffield Park to Kingscote with a planned extension to East Grinstead; and the Lavender Line Steam Railway near Lewes.

Footpaths

see also Recreational walks in East Sussex

Among the long-distance footpaths in East Sussex are the South Downs Way; 1066 Country Walk, High Weald Landscape Trail, Saxon Shore Way, Sussex Border Path, Sussex Ouse Valley Way, Vanguard Way and the Wealdway.

Education

There are 150 primary schools in East Sussex, many of them small and serving small communities. East Sussex has a comprehensive education system with 27 state secondary schools (not including sixth form colleges) and 12 independent secondary schools. Each of the larger towns also has a further education college. There are also a number of independent boarding schools in the county. The Pestalozzi Children's Village, an international foundation, is located at Sedlescombe.

See also

References

  1. ^ Census 2001 profile http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/21-A.asp
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ See List of civil parishes in East Sussex
  4. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  5. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  6. ^ includes energy and construction
  7. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
  8. ^ Eastbourne Redoubt Fortress Military Museum Eastbourne Redoubt is the home of the Royal Sussex Regimental Museum

External links

Coordinates: 50°56′06″N 0°14′02″E / 50.935°N 0.234°E / 50.935; 0.234


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Map of East Sussex
Map of East Sussex
An iconic image, The Seven Sisters and Cuckmere Haven, nr Seaford
An iconic image, The Seven Sisters and Cuckmere Haven, nr Seaford

East Sussex [1] is a county in the South East of England.

  • Brighton and Hove — East Sussex's hub and only real city is a famous English seaside resort
  • Battle - Site of a famous battle in 1066
  • Crowborough A hilltop town situated in the beautiful Ashdown Forest
  • Eastbourne A popular seaside resort, popular with all generations
  • Hastings A Castle, History, Beach and beautiful countryside
  • Lewes The County town, situated in the South Downs, perfect for a brief visit
  • Newhaven The counties Ferry port to the continent - but with a little more under its belt
  • Rye — a singularly picturesque medieval seaside town
  • Uckfield Between the High Weald and the Low Weald, a small town with a sprinkling of History
  • Hartfield this beautiful Ashdown village has a famous resident - Pooh bear
Hastings rooftops
Hastings rooftops
  • Ashdown Forest, for walking, wildlife, and Winnie The Pooh; Ashdown Forest Tourism Association [2]
  • Bodiam Castle
  • The South Downs
  • Beachy Head
  • The Bluebell Railway, near East Grinstead, Ardingly and Uckfield. Timetable and fare information is available [3].
  • The Long Man of Wilmington [4], near Eastbourne. Car park is open all year, 24 hours a day. A prehistoric (maybe) chalk representation of a man carved into the side of a hill. Admission to the site and car park is free. Walking on the figure or the surrounding vegetation is not permitted.
  • The Cuckoo Trail: 11 miles of mostly traffic-free path for walkers and cyclists between Heathfield and Polegate along a disused railway line, with a further 3 miles link path to Eastbourne. It is also possible to cycle from Tunbridge Wells to East Grinstead (and Crawley) along the The Forest Way, which passes through Forest Row. The two paths link up on an on road link; see sustrans [5] and East Sussex County Council Cycle Network Page [6] for more information
  • Cuckmere Haven famed for its meanders

Understand

Geology

The Rocks that underlay most of East Sussex are Jurassic to Cretaceous in age (150 million years ago to 65); around 2 million years ago the Wealden Anticline was formed, due to the continental collision of Africa with Europe. The dome extends from the coast to the North Downs, in Kent and Surrey and across the channel to France; Sussex has played an important role in Geology, the first dinosaur was identified (others had been found, but not identified) in Cuckfield, in West Sussex, one of the greatest hoaxes of modern times, the Piltdown Man was 'discovered'in Piltdown near Uckfield and the cliffs that line the coast are noted for their specimens of Ammonites, fishes and other marine animals, (the cliffs at Peacehaven, nr Brighton are famous for their giant ammonites). Dinosaur Footprints can be seen at Fairlight, East of Hastings. For those interested in Minerals small deposits of Aluminate are present in the Tertiary sands of Newhaven

History

In prehistoric times, the whole of Sussex was populated by tribesmen, some of whom settled on the tops of the downs. Sites can still be seen at Firle Beacon, Mount Caburn and other sites. From the invasion in AD46 Sussex played a major role in Roman Britain. The Romans left Pevensey Castle and various Roman Roads as a reminder of their presence. In West Sussex Fishbourne Roman Villa remains a prime example of Roman houses in this part of the world. From the 5th–11th centuries, Sussex became the Kingdom of Sussex, controlled by a succession of monarchs.

Lewes Castle, Lewes
Lewes Castle, Lewes

It was in East Sussex from where the Normans landed in 1066 at Pevensey, where they fought Harold's army at a field near Battle which can be visited to this day. Battle Abbey was built by the Normans after the battle. Most of the county churches had their first stones laid at this time. During the Middle Ages, a great number of Castles were built or improved on—Bodiam Castle and Lewes castle are prime examples. Most the Churches in Sussex date from this time and offer brilliant examples of Middle Ages architecture.

Under the Tudors, Sussex prospered. Anne of Cleves House in Lewes is perfectly preserved with many examples of Tudor architecture. Hever Castle just over the border in Kent was frequented by Henry the Eighth himself. To ward against the Spanish, during Elizabeth's reign beacons were set up to warn of invasions, these live on as names, such as Ditchling Beacon and Crowborough Beacon. On Ashdown forest Iron working prospered, it is remembered today in the form of deep pools, once used to power the billows for the furnaces.

The Flamboyant Royal Pavilion, Brighton
The Flamboyant Royal Pavilion, Brighton

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Brighton was transformed from a small fishing village to seaside resort, with the Royal Pavilion being a stunning example of the eccentricity of the King and his subjects. Elsewhere in the country, towns grew and great houses began to be built in Lewes and Rye. In the late 18th and 19th centuries, Sussex's coast became popular with Londoners escaping the city on the new railways. Brighton continued to grow with the expansion towns like Eastbourne and Hastings, which offer fine examples of period architecture. The Volks Electric Railway was constructed—the first electric railway in the world. Some great houses, such as Firle House and Glyndebourne were constructed (Glyndebourne is a popular and world famous opera venue). Great Gardens were set up, like Sheffield Park near Uckfield.

The Royal Military Canal
The Royal Military Canal

Sussex was not just a place for pleasure; it was a place for defense. Some of the most important military constructions include the Newhaven Fort and the Royal Military Canal in the east, with Martello towers built along the coast. These monuments remain in Seaford, Eastbourne and Rye. In the 20th century, Sussex played a major role in WWI and WWII; in both Newhaven Fort assisted with the D-day landings and as a naval base.

Geography

Sussex has a varied and beautiful geography. From the stunning Seven Sisters Chalk Cliffs Near Eastbourne to the flat marshes of Pevenensy and the high Ground of Ashdown Forest to the beautiful lowlands and river landscapes of the Lower Weald. Sussex is the most Forested county in England and lost in Friston Forest or Ashdown Forest (although much of it is open land) it is easy to believe. often the only thing breaking the horizon is trees or the Downs.

The country has a dense and varied network of footpaths (see East Sussex Footpaths) making walking easy, walking books and ordinance survey maps are easily available - there's really no excuse to go out walking!

Talk

English - dialect is Home Counties.

Speakers of other languages may have trouble being understood, but locals are often willing to be patient and multilingual dictionaries are available at book stores. Tourist information offices hold multilingual information. Speakers of English from other countries (e.g Canadians, Australians and Americans) should have no trouble at all understanding.

The Seven Sisters Ferry, leaving Newhaven
The Seven Sisters Ferry, leaving Newhaven

After a checkered history ferries to Newhaven run to Dieppe (run by Transmanche Ferries) throughout the year, taking 5 and 4 hours, Transmanche Ferries [7] would be your first port of call
Telephones
United-Kingdom : 0800 917 1201
France : 0800 650 100

Alternatively tickets can be bought at the two ports, the ferry port in Newhaven is on the East Quay, while in Dieppe it is the the east of the main harbour, both are well signposted

The Ferries to Dieppe are some of the newest sailing in the English Channel, and due to the former troubled history of the route (and massive subsidies) this can be cheaper than Dover to Calais, also the view from the ferries of the Seven Sisters and Cuckmere Haven is beautiful

Road:

The A22, A/M23, A24, A26, A27, A272 and numerous other roads go into Sussex, destinations within Sussex include, Brighton, Lewes, Newhaven, Eastbourne.

Coming from the North

East Sussex is connected to the motorway network via the A/M23, which passes Crawley (in West Sussex) and south towards Brighton; from the A23 the A272 and the A27 - both offering great access to East Sussex; alternatively the A22 runs from London to just outside Eastbourne, passing by East Grinstead, Forest Row, Uckfield, Hailsham and Polegate. It offers a great route through the countryside and Ashdown Forest.

Coming from the West

The A272, A27 and A264 head towards East Sussex. Simply follow the signs to any town in East Sussex.

Coming from the East

Head towards Brighton, Newhaven or Eastbourne - these will bring you into East Sussex

By train

Services from London, Hampshire, Surrey and Kent; main terminus's and destinations are:

  • From London; Gatwick Airport – Hawards Heath, Wivelsfield (split to Lewes for Eastbourne and Seaford/Newhaven) – Brighton
  • From London to Uckfield passing through Oxted and Ashdown Forest
  • From London to Hastings passing through Tunbridge Wells, Battle and Robertsbridge
  • From Hampshire Chichester – Shoreham (Birghton City Ariport) –Hove (split heading up to London) Brighton
  • From Kent Hastings, Eastbourne, Lewes
  • From further afield From Reading (which has services to the Midlands, West Country and Wales) First Great Western run a service into Gatwick Airport (some trains terminate a little further up the line, in Redhill) from these services you can access trains to Brighton, Lewes, Eastbourne, Hastings etc

All the major towns in East Sussex have a rail connection, for further information and train times can be found on the National Rail Planner [8] or by calling 0845-748-4950 from anywhere in the UK (costs quite a bit, so if you have got a WAP enabled phone it may be better to use services provided on them.)

Plane:

Gatwick Airport [9] services the world, it is just outside East Sussex, but you’ll see the county on the way in! there is also the smaller 'Lydd Airport' running to Le Touquet in France at the moment it is a small airport, however major expansion is expected. Lydd Airport is in Kent, but about 10km from East Sussex. To the West there is Shoreham airport (or Brighton city) which deals with mainly UK destinations.

Southern Train, at Lewes
Southern Train, at Lewes

The county has a fairly good road network, with almost every destination attainable by road; traffic is a problem though, with most towns having inevitable weekday traffic; Brighton is the main transport hub, with trains to London, Hastings and Newhaven (via Lewes and Eastbourne) and west towards Portsmouth and Chichester. the only real central railway is from Uckfield to London, via Crowborough and Oxted. there is another line from Hastings - Battle to Tundbridge Wells, Kent and London.

Buses are fairly good; with Buses from Brighton to Tunbridge Wells (£6.00 return), Eastbourne to East Grinstead and Heathfield in the North, Brighton and Newhaven in the West and Bexhill and Hastings in the East, as well as local routes. Traveline South East [10] gives more route details and routes into the surrounding counties. Essencially if there is a main road, the chances are there is a bus route along it.

Everywhere is accessible by roads, but be aware that traffic is fairly horrific in most of the towns and Brighton during the rush hour(s) it is well worth buying either a county map or a country map (the AA and RAC among others produce decent enough maps, which are fairly modern). since roads in Sussex can be small and attractions in 'out of the way' places

Hastings Country Park
Hastings Country Park
On the Forest Way
On the Forest Way

Walking or cycling either in part or the whole thing

Long distance trails

these either pass wholly or partly through East Sussex; all are marked on Ordinance survey Maps (OS)

  • Abbots Wood near Hailsham has two walks, the Abbots Amble, 2.5km following yellow waymarks and Oak Walk, just over 1km following red waymarks.
  • Beaneys Lane 'A Walk For All Seasons' 1.5km on the outskirts of Hastings through the Maplehurst Woods (Site of Special Scientific Interest), following wren marker posts between The Ridge and Stonestile Lane; mostly flat and good surface, one incline near The Ridge.
  • Butcher's Trudge, a 2km circular walk from Butchershole near the town of Friston in Friston Forest following white waymarks.
  • Ditchling Common Country Park Trail, located between Haywards Heath and Lewes, 1.5km long following purple waymarking.
  • Forest Way circular walks incorporating parts of the Forest Way — 5km following orange waymarks from Forest Row, 4.5km following green waymarks and 6km following red waymarks from Hartfield, and 8km following purple waymarks from Groombridge
  • The High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty has lots of different walks; see the link to their website [11]
  • Marline Valley Nature Reserve on the outskirts of Hastings has various walks, but note they are steep and often muddy. No car park, access is from the B2092 Road (Queensway), car drivers are asked to park in one of the roads opposite the site and cross over Queensway (the road is quite busy). A pdf map of the site is available here [12]
  • Park Wood in Hellingly (to the north of Hailsham) has a number of signed circular walks.
  • Seven Sisters Country Park has an easy to follow path from its Visitor Centre at Exceat (on the A259 road from Eastbourne to Seaford), which goes alongside the River Cuckmere to the sea at Cuckmere Haven.
  • Great Dixter House and Garden [13] (Northiam) The spectacular planting here includes topiary, exotics and some stunning colour.
  • Michelham Priory [14] (Upper Dicker, near Hailsham) Features a sculpture trail, kitchen garden, medieval cloister garden and the longest medieval moat in England.
  • Sheffield Park Garden [15] (near Uckfield) Originally laid out by Capability Brown, these magnificent gardens surround four elegant lakes.
The Imposing fortress of Bodiam Castle
The Imposing fortress of Bodiam Castle

East Sussex has had a rich and varied history, from the site of an invasion to measures to protect against one - its all here:

  • Battle Abbey and battlefield [16] 1066 must be one of the most familiar dates in English history. Visit the place where it all happened.
  • Anne of Cleves’ House [17] (Lewes) A 16th century half-timbered house that formed part of Henry VIII’s divorce settlement to Anne of Cleves.
  • Newhaven Fort [18] Underground tunnels and interactive exhibits bring the events of wartime Britain to life.
  • Bodiam Castle [19] (near Robertsbridge) One of Britain’s most famous castles, built in 1385. Some of the interior survives.
  • Herstmonceux Castle [20] (nr Hailsham) A romantic moated castle surrounded by parkland. It boasts an Elizabethan walled garden and a reputation for ghost sightings.
  • Pevensey Castle [21] (nr Eastbourne) Dating back to Roman times, this ancient monument played an important part in English history.
Drusilla's Park is noted for its cute residents - not what you might expect in deepest Sussex!
Drusilla's Park is noted for its cute residents - not what you might expect in deepest Sussex!

East Sussex has many family attractions for all ages and interests

  • Smuggler’s Adventure [22] (Hastings) This labyrinth of caves is a scary smuggler’s lair.
  • Drusilla’s Park [23] (near Alfriston) A zoo, an adventure park and a fun day out for the family. in the summer months there is a mini railway
  • Paradise Park [24] (Newhaven) Discover dinosaurs, exotic plants and some fascinating Sussex history.
  • Yesterday's World [25] (Battle) Step back in time and enjoy a magical journey through 100 years of British history.
  • The Observatory [26] (Herstmonceux) Science comes alive at the former Greenwich Observatory.
  • For budding Palaeontologists or anyone interested in the deep past the cliffs and exposed rocks of East sussex provide perfect hunting grounds, among the best are Hastings, Eastbourne and Seaford Discovering Fossils [27] have more information and recommendation's for sites, please be aware that as with any activity safety must come first!
Batemans on a cold winter's morning
Batemans on a cold winter's morning

Whether it was the beautiful Sussex Countryside or their travels, writers have been drawn to East Sussex; their houses are popular tourist attractions.

  • Monk's House [28] (Rodmell) The former home of Leonard and Virginia Woolf, some of their personal possessions are on display. Owned by National Trust
  • Bateman's [29] (Burwash) Rudyard Kipling’s former home, the house and gardens remain as they were when he was alive. In the summer concerts and fireworks fill the Gardens; the home is owned by the National Trust
  • Lamb House [30] (Rye) Henry James, EF Benson and Rumer Godden have all lived in this charming 18th century house. the home is owned by the National Trust
  • Hartfield Winnie the Pooh lovers will find both Pooh Corner and the Pooh Sticks bridge in this country parish in Ashdown Forest.
Rye on a rainy afternoon
Rye on a rainy afternoon

The Beautiful countryside of East Sussex is mathced by some charming towns.

  • Alfriston With its narrow streets and quaint cottages, this is everything an English village should be. St Andrew’s Church and the Clergy House are popular attractions, as are the numerous cafes serving traditional cream teas.
  • Rye A delightful hillside town. Visitor attractions include antique shops, many historic buildings, and an audio ‘ghost tour’.
  • Lewes Cobbled lanes, antique emporiums and a castle are just a few of the attractions of this pretty Sussex town.
  • Winchelsea Perched on a hilltop near Rye is the smallest town in England
The Beautiful Severn Sisters, near Cuckmere Haven
The Beautiful Severn Sisters, near Cuckmere Haven
  • Bewl Water [31] (near Lamberhurst) From exciting watersports to leisurely ferry rides, there’s something for everyone at this scenic reservoir.
  • Knockhatch Adventure Park [32] (near Hailsham) Home to a state of the art dry ski slope and an adventure park that the whole family will enjoy.
  • Arlington Stadium [33] (near Eastbourne) Get close to the action and experience the excitement of Hotrod or Stockcar racing.
  • Various Footpaths East Sussex is Criss-Crossed by footpaths such as the South Downs Way and cyclepaths; including The Cuckoo Trail and The forest way. for more information see East Sussex Footpaths
  • Underwater World [34] (Hastings) A voyage of discovery to the depths of the ocean.
  • Ashdown Forest Llama Park [35] (near Nutley and Forest Row) See llamas and alpacas and find out more about these friendly South American animals. There is also a small tourism centre
  • Heaven Farm [36] (near Dane Hill and Chailey) Discover 170 years of farming history in the beautiful Sussex Weald. It also has a campsite.
  • Seven Sisters Sheep Centre [37] (East Dean) Rare breeds and traditional crafts and are just a couple of the attractions on offer.
  • Farm World [38] (Rye) Visit a real working farm and get some hands-on experience.
  • Middle Farm [39] (near Lewes) A working family farm with shops, restaurant and special events.
  • Spring Barn Farm Park [40] (near Lewes) A fun day out for children with a maize maze and haystack playground.
Brighton Pier - Eastbourne, Hastings and St Leonard's have piers too
Brighton Pier - Eastbourne, Hastings and St Leonard's have piers too

'Sussex by the Sea' the whole coast of Sussex is suitable for bathing with good water quality; however these three resorts have more facilities etc:

  • Brighton one of the major seaside resorts of Britian - should be on every traveller to Sussex's list
  • Hastings and St Leonard’s There’s more to these seaside towns than the famous battle. Popular attractions include Hastings old town, the shipwreck heritage centre and flamingo adventure park.
  • Eastbourne Stroll along the prom, amuse yourself on the pier or enjoy an ice-cream on the beach. Eastbourne is one of England’s most genteel seaside resorts.
  • Bexhill-on-Sea Timelessly elegant, Bexhill is a delightful traditional English seaside town. Very popular with the older generations

Artistic Attractions

Brighton is the artistic center, but its ripples have spread into the countryside

  • Firle Place [41] Home to a collection of Old Masters, including work by Gainsborough and Reynolds.
  • Charleston [42] (near Firle) This quirkily decorated farmhouse was home to ‘Bloomsbury’ couple Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell. Charleston is famous for its extravagant murals and unique cottage-style garden.
  • Towner Art Gallery [43] (Eastbourne) A fine collection of 19th and 20th century British art featuring works by celebrated war artist, Eric Ravilious.
  • Denys Church [44]. (Rotherfield) Features stained glass windows designed by Sir Edward Burne Jones and made by William Morris.
  • Berwick Church [45] The brightly decorated wall panels were painted by Duncan Grant and Vanessa Bell of the Bloomsbury set

Steam Railways

Reminders of the 'Age of Steam', all these lines have steam locomotives, often running special trains, such as Thomas the Tank Engine or Diesel Trains

  • Bluebell Railway [46](Sheffield Park, near Fletching) Runs between Sheffield Park and Kingscote. It has the largest collection of steam locomotives after the National Railway Museum in York, and a collection of carriages and wagons unrivalled in the south of England.
  • Kent & East Sussex Railway [47] (Bodiam) Operates between Bodiam and Tenterden in Kent, passing through some very attractive countryside in the process
  • Lavender Line [48] (Isfield nr Uckfield) Mile long line between Isfield and Little Horsted. It can be reached by bus (route 29/129 not 29A or 129A) from Brighton, Lewes, Uckfield or Tunbridge Wells, ask for a ticket to 'Isfield'.

Eat

Sussex is pretty well serviced for food, every town has at least one supermarket with almost every village have a pub (or public house), food is to the standard of the rest of the UK, with a greater variety in towns. Brighton and Hove pride themselves on having a vast cultural array of foods, from Mexican to McDonald's and from Chinese to Celtic. Specialist diets (vegan, vegetarian kosher etc) are well supported, although in the countryside and surrounding towns there will only be one or two (albeit very nice) vegetarian dishes on the menu

It is highly recommended to visit a farmers shop or market, since produce here is generally much better quality and often a lower price than supermarkets. Most towns will have a farmers market at least once a month. Farm shops are dotted around the country:

  • Boathouse farm shop [49] on the A26 north of Lewes
  • Middle farm shop [50] on the A27 east of Lewes
A Cow
A Cow

Organic food shops are also popular:

  • Birdbrook Organic Farm Station Road, Stonegate, Wadhurst 01435 883517
  • Fletching Post Office Stores Fletching, Nr Uckfield 01825 722032
  • Food for thought Wickham Manor Farm, Panel Lane, Winchelsea 01797 225575
  • Hen on the Gate Farm Shop Claytons Farm, Newick lane, Mayfield 01435 874852
  • Hollypark Organics hollypark, North La, Hastings 01424 812229
  • Simply Wild Brightling Road, Robertsbridge 01424 838454
  • Trinity Wholefoods 3, Trinity Street, Hastings 01424 430473

Supermarkets also stock organic produce.

For more details on food produced in East Sussex Sussex Food Finder [51] will be able to assist. More eclectic towns such as Lewes, Brighton, and to an extent Eastbourne, have specialist dealers with organic, locally produced, fairtrade (which is increasing in popularity, with Uckfield and Lewes being named 'fairtrade towns') foodstuffs on offer.

Harveys Brewery, Lewes
Harveys Brewery, Lewes

Sussex has numerous local beers and drinks, with cider being mainly produced in the east (connections with Kentish cider), Lewes houses Harvey’s Brewery [52] which supplies almost all of East Sussex and much of West Sussex with award winning real ale, wine is produced and with global warming kicking in Sussex and Kentish wine is being compared to Champagne (increasingly favourably), home pressed apples juice is for sale at farms and farm shops. The usual array of drinks are available at all bars and clubs, varying in price quite considerably.

Line of Quality Seaside Hotels in Eastbourne
Line of Quality Seaside Hotels in Eastbourne

Loads of hotels in Brighton, Hastings and Eastbourne due to their seaside resort heritage. In outlying areas its best finding a hotel and booking it in advance, since there are relatively few, however those that do exist tend to be of good quality.

The usual chains of hotels are beginning to spring up.

The towns below have accommodation throughout the year:

  • Eastbourne This is one of England’s most famous seaside resorts. The elegant seafront is flanked by flowerbeds. Visitor attractions include parks and gardens, a thriving marina and the cliffs at nearby Beachy Head.
  • Hastings and St Leonard’s Popular seaside resorts, surrounded by stunning countryside. Hastings also has a picturesque old town.
  • Lewes is one of the county’s oldest towns. Attractions include the castle and Anne of Cleves’ house. Around Lewes there are many picturesque villages to visit.
  • Rye and surrounding areas With its steep cobbled streets and picture-postcard cottages, Rye is a charming town. Surrounding attractions include Camber Sands and Winchelsea.
  • Seaford is a quiet beach resort. A great base for exploring the South Downs and Seven Sisters Country Park.

Individual town pages will have more information on accommodation.

Learn

East Sussex has various Private schools (boarding and day) along with colleges and two universities, The University of Sussex [53] (Falmer, just outside Brighton) and The University of Brighton [54] (4 sites, 2 in central Brighton, 1 at Falmer and 1 in Eastbourne) because of the two universities Brighton has a rich, varied and exciting night life.

A Market during the Brighton Festival
A Market during the Brighton Festival

There's plenty in Sussex for those who don't wish to spend plenty of cash on attractions:

  • Walking - 3500km of walking paths, bridleways, scenic roads - all for free [55]
  • Go for a swim: Sussex has some of the cleanest beaches in the UK, with Brighton Beach renowned for its packed seafront, less well used areas, such as Eatbourne, Bexhill and Hastings still have facilities and cleanliness.
  • Brighton itself can be one big performance, the Brighton Festival [56] and the Brighton Festival Fringe [57] between the dates of the 3rd and 25th of May (2008) features street performers, theatre groups, musicians, guided walks and a whole host of other great activities.
  • Town museums: Often they will charge, but some such as Brighton Museum and Art Gallery [58] and Newhaven Museum are free (donations are gratefully welcomed though)

Get out

Attractions outside of East Sussex include:

Long Man of Wilmington, on the route of the South Downs Way
Long Man of Wilmington, on the route of the South Downs Way
  • Tunbridge Wells (on the A26, signposted from most of the country) - Victorian spa town with bars, pubs and drinking fountains for the local water, is popular in summer with locals and Londoners. Has a large shopping district/center and theaters, worth a day visit.
  • Running from Eastbourne in the east all the way to Petersefield in the West, spanning three counties the South Downs Way is a popular walking path with numerous books and guides out there. Walking the full length is completely feasible. Depending on your skill, activity, perserverance, and need for sleep, the path can be completed as quickly as 48 hours (most people take up to a week to complete it). There are outstanding views throughout almost all of the path. Various guide books have been published on the path and its route (which is well singposted) including accommodation, food, and the local history of the areas that the path passes through.
  • London is only a train ride away. Most stations have a service, indirect or direct (also frequent and infrequent) to the capital. Alternatively one could drive; but it's not advised; please be aware that trains timetabled to arrive in the capital (and Brighton) before 10.00 are liable to peak travel prices
  • France For a daytrip or a short break sailings from Newhaven to Dieppe in Normandy
  • See the entries for Kent, Surrey, and West Sussex for further activities.
This is a guide article. It has a variety of good, quality information including hotels, restaurants, attractions, arrival and departure info. Plunge forward and help us make it a star!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
East Sussex

Plural
-

East Sussex

  1. A county in south east England bordered by Kent, Surrey, West Sussex and the English Channel.

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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East Sussex
Image:EnglandEastSussex.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county

<tr><th>Origin</th><td>Historic</td></tr>

Region South East England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
Ranked 33th
1,792 km² (691.9 sq mi)
Ranked 30st
1,709 km² (659.8 sq mi)

<tr><th>Admin HQ</th><td class="label">Lewes</td></tr><tr><th>ISO 3166-2</th><td>GB-ESX</td></tr>

ONS code 21
NUTS 3 UKJ22
Demographics
Population
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 28th Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
757,600
(ceremonial county)
422/km² (1,093/sq mi)
Ranked 26th Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Ethnicity 96.5% White
1.0% S. Asian
Politics
Arms of East Sussex County Council
East Sussex County Council

http://www.eastsussexcc.gov.uk/ <tr><th>Executive</th><td>Conservative </td></tr>

Members of Parliament
Districts
Image:East Sussex Ceremonial Numbered.png
  1. Hastings
  2. Rother
  3. Wealden
  4. Eastbourne
  5. Lewes
  6. Brighton & Hove (Unitary)

East Sussex is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent, Surrey and West Sussex, and to the south by the English Channel.

The ancient kingdom of Sussex has had separate county administrations since the 12th century, with the county town of the eastern division being Lewes [1]. This situation was formalised by Parliament in 1865, and the two parts were given distinct elected county councils in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888.

In East Sussex there were three self-administered county boroughs: Brighton, Eastbourne and Hastings. In 1974 East Sussex was made a ceremonial county too, and the three county boroughs became districts within the county. At the same time the western boundary was altered, so that the Mid Sussex region (including Burgess Hill and Haywards Heath) was transferred to the county of West Sussex.

In 1997, the Brighton & Hove district of East Sussex became a self-administered unitary authority and was granted city status in 2000. It remains part of the ceremonial county of East Sussex.

Contents

History

East Sussex is part of the ancient kingdom of the South Saxons, who established themselves there in the 5th Century AD, after the departure of the Romans, although the area had been populated for many thousands of years before then. Archaeological remains are plentiful, especially in the upland areas. The area's position on the coast has also meant that there were many invaders, including the Romans and later the Normans. Earlier industries have included fishing, iron-making, and the wool trade, all of which declined, so that, in more modern times, Sussex has become popular with tourists, so that the main towns are seaside resorts.

see the main article History of Sussex

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex (Brighton & Hove has a separate table) at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[1] Agriculture[2] Industry[3] Services[4]
1995 4,359 84 1,053 3,222
2000 4,953 54 1,155 3,744
2003 5,326 69 1,252 4,004
  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

Education

East Sussex has a comprehensive education system with 27 state schools (not including sixth form colleges) and 12 independent schools. The Wealden district has the largest school population, and most schools in the Rother, Eastbourne and Lewes districts do not have sixth forms, but the schools in the other two districts all have sixth forms (except a school in the Wealden district on the outskirts of Eastbourne). The average number of pupils gaining grades A-C, including English and Maths at GCSE in England is 45.8%; for East Sussex's 5300 pupils takng GCSE at 16 it is 41.3%. At GCSE, the best performing state school is the St Richard's Catholic College in Bexhill-on-Sea, followed by Claverham Community College in Battle (both in the Rother district). At A-level, the performance is even lower than GCSE, being one of the lowest in South East England. Heathfield Community College gets the best results for a state school, but the best results are at the independent schools, with St Leonards-Mayfield School, a girls school in Mayfield, being the best, followed by the Moira House Girls' School in Eastbourne. Brighton and Hove LEA gets much higher results at A level than East Sussex.

GCSE results by district council (%)

% of pupils achieving 5 A-C grades including English and Maths.

  • Wealden 50.3
  • Rother 48.6
  • Lewes 44.6
  • (Brighton and Hove Unitary Authority 41.8)
  • Eastbourne 36.7
  • Hastings 27.5

Geography

Geology

From a geological point of view East Sussex is part of southern anticline of the Weald: the South Downs, a range of moderate chalk hills which run across the southern part of the county from west to east and mirrored in Kent by the North Downs. To the north lie parallel valleys and ridges, the highest of which is the Weald itself (the Hastings beds and Wealden Clay). The sandstones and clays come the sea at Hastings; the Downs at Beachy Head.

see the map at Geology of the British Isles

Relief and drainage

The relief of the county reflects the geology.

The coast

From west to east along the coast between Brighton and Eastbourne are the gradually rising chalk uplands, with breaks at Newhaven where the River Ouse enters the sea; and likewise at Cuckmere Haven. The cliffs beyond here are named the Seven Sisters, and are the remnants of dry valleys cut into the chalk; they end at Beachy Head, 162m (530ft) above sea level. To the east of Beachy Head lie the marshlands of the Pevensey Levels, formerly flooded by the sea but now enclosed within deposited beach. At Bexhill the land begins to rise again where the sands and clays of the Weald meet the sea; these culminate in the sandstone cliffs east of Hastings. Further east are the Pett Levels, more marshland; this followed by the estuary of the River Rother. On the far side of the river is Camber Sands.

Inland

The southern part of the county is dominated by the South Downs; its highest point is Firle Beacon, 217m (712 ft) above sea level. The northern part is dominated by the High Weald. Between the Downs and Weald is a narrow stretch of lower lying land, before the southern slopes of the Weald, through which the rivers mentioned above flow. The highest point in the county is Ditchling Beacon, at 248m (814ft). It is also a Marilyn.

Settlements

Towns

Apart from Lewes, the county's administrative centre, the principal towns in East Sussex are concentrated along the coastal strip. From west to east they are:

Larger towns and villages include:

Villages

Communications

Roads

The main roads through the county are those part of the radial pattern from London, including the A21 to Hastings; and the A22 to Eastbourne. There are two coastal routes: the older A259, and the A27 trunk road which begins north of Eastbourne and takes traffic away from the towns.

Railways

The railways serve the main towns in a similar fashion to the roads. Until the closures of many branch railways in the 20th century, East Sussex was well-served by rail. The services today include the East Coastway Line; the London-Hastings line; and the Uckfield branch. The Kent and East Sussex Railway heritage railway operates from Tenterden in Kent to Bodiam. The Bluebell Railway steam heritage railway operates from Sheffield Park to Kingscote with a planned extension to East Grinstead.

Local government

East Sussex is divided into five local government districts, as follows:

The three latter districts are further subdivided into civil parishes: see List of civil parishes in East Sussex for details.

Places of interest

See also

External links



This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at East Sussex. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "East Sussex" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

East Sussex

Motto of County Council: ?
Geography
Status
Region South East England
Area
- Total

1,792 km² (692 sq mi)

ISO 3166-2GB-ESX
ONS code 21
NUTS 3 UKJ22
Demography
Population
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 28th
752,900 (ceremonial county)
419/km² (1,085/sq mi)
Ranked 28th
Ethnicity 96.5% White
1.0% S. Asian
Politics

East Sussex County Council

http://www.eastsussexcc.gov.uk/

ExecutiveConservative
Members of Parliament
Districts

East Sussex is a county in South East England.

Location

It is bordered by the counties of Kent, Surrey and West Sussex, and to the south by the English Channel.








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