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Eastern Counties Railway
Dates of operation 1839–1862
Successor Great Eastern Railway

The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) was an English railway company which began operating on 20 June 1839 with a train service running from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford, now part of the Great Eastern Main Line. The line was extended the following year to a new London terminus at Shoreditch (later renamed Bishopsgate) and the line was subsequently extended to cover the 51 miles between London and Colchester.

The ECR tracks were originally set to a gauge of five feet but between September and October 1844 the gauge was converted to standard gauge (4′8½″). At the same time the associated Northern & Eastern Railway was also converted.

In 1846, the ECR was linked to the Eastern Union Railway at Colchester and in 1862 the two companies amalgamated along with a number of other East Anglian railways to form the Great Eastern Railway.

The ECR is notable as the first company to utilise a two-wheel pony truck in 1859, using the design of American inventor Levi Bissell.

References

  • The Railway Year Book, 1912

Simple English

Eastern Counties Railway
Dates of operation 1839–1862
Successor Great Eastern Railway

The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) was an English railway company which began operating on 20 June 1839. It ran a train service from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford. This is now part of the Great Eastern Main Line. The line was extended the following year to a new London terminus at Shoreditch (later renamed Bishopsgate) and the line was subsequently extended to cover the 51 miles between London and Colchester.


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