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The Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests is a temperate broadleaf forest ecoregion which is found in the middle elevations of the eastern Himalayas, including parts of Nepal, India, and Bhutan.



The ecoregion covers an area of 83,100 square kilometres (32,100 sq mi), constituting a band of temperate broadleaf forest lying between approximately 2,000 and 3,000 metres (6,600 and 9,800 ft), extending from the Kali Gandaki River in Nepal across the Indian state of Sikkim, West Bengal, Bhutan, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

At lower elevations, the temperate broadleaf forests yield to the Himalayan subtropical pine forests and Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests. At higher elevations, the temperate broadleaf forests transition to the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests.


The Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests are diverse and species-rich, with a great diversity of oaks and rhododendrons in particular. The ecoregion has two broad forest types: evergreen and deciduous.

Evergreen forests are characterized by oaks (Quercus spp.), chiefly Quercus lamellosa, together with Lithocarpus pachyphylla, Rhododendron arboreum, Rhododendron falconeri, Rhododendron thomsonii, Michelia excelsa, Michelia cathcartii, Bucklandia populnea, Symplocos cochinchinensis, Magnolia spp., Cinnamomum spp., and Machilus spp.

In the deciduous forests, the predominant tree species are Acer campbellii, Juglans regia, Alnus nepalensis, Betula alnoides, Betula utilis, and Echinocarpus dasycarpus.



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