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Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests: Wikis

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Gangkhar Puensum from Ura La, Bhutan

The Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests is a temperate coniferous forests ecoregion which is found in the middle and upper elevations of the eastern Himalayas, in western Nepal, Bhutan, northern India, and eastern Pakistan.

Contents

Setting

The ecoregion forms an area of coniferous forest covering 27,500 square kilometres (10,600 sq mi) from 3,000 to 4,000 metres (9,800 to 13,000 ft) elevation extending from the Gandaki River in Nepal east through Bhutan and into Arunachal Pradesh in India. It is part of a transition zone from Indomalaya ecozone, in the south, to the Palearctic ecozone, in the north.

Flora

These forests are typically found on steep, rocky, north-facing slopes. The most common trees are Abies spectabilis, Larix griffithii, Juniperus recurva, Juniperus indica, Betula utilis, Acer spp., and Sorbus spp. The understory features a rich community of rhododendrons, including Rhododendron hodgsonii, Rhododendron barbatum, Rhododendron campylocarpum, Rhododendron campanulatum, Rhododendron fulgens, and Rhododendron thomsonii. Other shrubs include Viburnum grandiflorum and Lonicera angustifolia.

Tsuga dumosa occurs in wetter areas and lower elevations. Pinus wallichiana occurs in dryer areas around Tibet. It is particularly common in the Khumbu region. Taxus baccata is important but uncommon.

Juniper woodlands grow in flat, inner river valleys, mixed with various species of Salix and Prunus. Those in Bhutan's Jigme Dorji National Park are important habitat for takin.

Fauna

This ecoregion is home to some eighty-nine species of mammals. The musk deer and red panda are important inhabitants. Mandelli's Mouse-eared Bat, the Asiatic wild dog, the Asiatic black bear, and the Himalayan tahr are considered vulnerable.

About 200 species of birds have been recorded in this ecoregion.

Conservation

A considerable portion of this ecoregion is protected. Protected areas in this ecoregion:

External links

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