The Full Wiki

Eastern Romance languages: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Balkans with regions inhabited by Romanians/Vlachs highlighted

The Eastern Romance languages, sometimes known as the Vlach languages, are a group of Romance languages that developed in Southeastern Europe from the local eastern variant of Vulgar Latin.

Contents

History

Several hundred years after the Roman Empire's dominance of the region, the local form of Vulgar Latin developed into Proto-Romanian, a language which had most of the features of modern Romanian. Probably due to foreign invasions (see Romania in the Dark Ages) and the migration of Vlach shepherds (see Vlachs in Wallachia), between 800CE and 1200CE Proto-Romanian split into five separate languages: Daco-Romanian (today called Romanian in Romania and in Moldova), Aromanian, Vlach, Megleno-Romanian and Istro-Romanian.

Common features

Eastern Romance languages

Vulgar Latin language
Substratum
Thraco-Roman culture

Romanian (Moldovan, Vlach)
Grammar | Nouns | Verbs
Numbers | Phonology | Lexis
Regulating bodies

Aromanian

Megleno-Romanian

Istro-Romanian
Grammar

The Proto-Romanian branch was one of the earliest language groups to be isolated from the larger Latin family. As such, the languages contain a few words that were replaced with Germanic borrowings in Western Romance languages, for example, the word for white is derived from Latin "albus" instead of Germanic "blank".

They also share a few sound changes with the western Romance languages: some with Italian, such as [kl] > [kj] (Lat. clarus > Rom. chiar, Ital. chiaro) and also a few with Dalmatian, such as [gn] > [mn] (Lat. cognatus > Rom. cumnat, Dalm. comnut). However, most of them are original, see: Latin to Romanian sound changes.

The languages that are part of this group have some features that differentiate them from the other Romance languages, notable being the grammatical features shared within the Balkan linguistic union as well as some semantic peculiarities, such as lume ("world") being derived from Latin lumen ("light"), inimă ("heart") being derived from Latin anima ("soul"), etc.

They also contain a Paleo-Balkanic substrate of a few hundreds of words, shared with Albanian and 70 early Slavic borrowings, but the Hungarian language words are found only in Romanian and Istro-Romanian.

Languages

See also

Advertisements

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|Map of Balkans with regions inhabited by Romanians/Vlachs highlighted]]

The Eastern Romance languages, sometimes known as the Vlach languages, are a group of Romance languages that developed in Southeastern Europe from the local eastern variant of Vulgar Latin.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message