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Eastport, Maine
—  City  —
Washington Street

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Eastport, Maine is located in Maine
Eastport, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°54′49″N 67°0′14″W / 44.91361°N 67.00389°W / 44.91361; -67.00389Coordinates: 44°54′49″N 67°0′14″W / 44.91361°N 67.00389°W / 44.91361; -67.00389
Country United States
State Maine
County Washington
Incorporated (town) February 24, 1798
Incorporated (city) March 18, 1798
Area
 - Total 12.1 sq mi (31.2 km2)
 - Land 3.7 sq mi (9.5 km2)
 - Water 8.4 sq mi (21.8 km2)
Elevation 105 ft (32 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 1,640
 Density 447.7/sq mi (172.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04631
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-21730
GNIS feature ID 0565748

Eastport is a small city (consisting entirely of islands) in Washington County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,640 at the 2000 census. The principal island is Moose Island, which is connected to the mainland by causeway. Eastport is the easternmost city in the continental United States (although nearby Lubec is the easternmost municipality).

Contents

History

The native Passamaquoddy Tribe has called this area home for at least 10,000 years. Some archeologists estimate the inhabitation at 20,000 years.[1] However, the first known European contact was the St. Croix colony founded by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1604. Near present day Calais, the Saint Croix Island Acadia settlement predates the first successful English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia by three years. On June 25, 1604, Champlain and his men spent a long and severe winter on St. Croix Island with no fresh water and diminished supplies. Two-fifths of the men died of Scurvy and the colony moved across the bay to Port Royal in present day Nova Scotia. [2]

Eastport and Passamaquoddy Bay, 1839, by William Henry Bartlett

Fishermen and traders visited the area in the 1600s. Moose Island was first settled in 1772 by James Cochrane of Newburyport, Massachusetts, who would be joined by other fishermen from Newburyport and Portsmouth, New Hampshire. On February 24, 1798, Eastport was incorporated as a town from Plantation Number 8 PS by the Massachusetts General Court, and named for being the easternmost port in the United States. Lubec, on the mainland, was set off and incorporated as a town on June 21, 1811.

From 1807 to 1809, the town was a center of extensive 2-way smuggling during the Embargo Act imposed by President Thomas Jefferson. In 1809, Fort Sullivan was erected atop a village hill, but it was captured by a British fleet under command of Sir Thomas Hardy on July 11, 1814 during the War of 1812. England claimed that Moose Island was on the British side of the international border which had been determined in 1783. Nevertheless, the town was returned to United States' control in 1818. The boundary between the U. S. and Canada in the area remained disputed until settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. Eastport would be incorporated as a city on March 18, 1893.[3]

Farms produced hay and potatoes. Industries included a grain mill, box factory and carding mill. But the island's economy was primarily directed at the sea. With tides of about 25 feet (8 meters), Eastport's spacious harbor remained ice-free year round. The first sardine factory was built here about 1875. The population grew with the emergence of the sardine fishery and related canning businesses, which studded the shoreline by the end of the 19th-century. By 1886, the town contained 13 sardine factories, which operated day and night during the season, and produced approximately 5,000 cases per week. About 800 men, women and children worked in the plants. But the industry would decline, and many people moved away. Indeed, the city went bankrupt in 1937. In 1976, the Groundhog Day Gale destroyed many structures along the waterfront. Today, catching fish remains the principal industry, although tourism has become important as well.

Eastport is a port of entry. An international ferry crosses to Deer Island, New Brunswick during the summer months. Each 4th of July, the city becomes a destination for thousands of celebrants. Navy ships have docked there during the 4th of July celebration for many years. Eastport celebrated its bicentennial in 1998. Each September, the city hosts the annual Maine Salmon Festival in the historic downtown district.

4th of July

Independence Day in Eastport is not simply a festival, but rather a celebration of the birth of a nation. Towns and villages throughout Maine and Canada come together to party, but also to remember those who sacrificed so much to preserve and protect America. Eastport hosts the largest Fourth of July celebration in Maine. Grand Independence Parade, Fireworks over the Bay, free entertainment at Overlook Park, greasy pole and water sports, antique car show, contests and games for all ages with prizes. Since 1905, U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard ships have made a port call over the 4th and provided free tours.[4]

List of U.S. Navy Ships which have visited the Port of Eastport 4th of July:[5]

  • 2009 U.S.C.G.C. Jefferson Island
  • 2008 U.S.S. Hawes
  • 2007 U.S.S. McFaul
  • 2006 U.S.S. Porter
  • 2005 U.S.S. Ramage
  • 2004 U.S.S. Kauffman
  • 2003 U.S.S. Ticonderoga
  • 2002 U.S.S. Gonzalez
  • 2001 No ship available
  • 2000 U.S.S. Mitscher
  • 1999 U.S.S. Hawes
  • 1998 U.S.S. Stephen W. Groves
  • 1997 U.S.S. Sirocco
  • 1996 U.S.S. Estocin
  • 1995 U.S.S. Avenger
  • 1994 U.S.S. Fahrion
  • 1993 No ship available
  • 1992 U.S.S. LaMoure County
  • 1991 U.S.S. Morison
  • 1990 U.S.S. Sylvania
  • 1989 U.S.S. Thomas C. Hart
  • 1988 U.S.S. Manitowoc
  • 1987 U.S.S. Peterson
  • 1986 No ship available
  • 1985 U.S.S. Butte
  • 1984 U.S.S. Dewey
  • 1983 U.S.S. Sellers
  • 1982 U.S.S. Gallery
  • 1978-1981 unknown
  • 1977 U.S.S. Myles C. Fox
  • 1976 U.S.S. Basilone
  • 1974-1975 unknown
  • 1973 U.S.S. Dash
  • 1972 unknown
  • 1971 Submarine U.S.S. Corporal
  • 1963-1970 unknown
  • 1962 U.S.S. Perry
  • 1935-1961 unknown
  • 1934 U.S.S. Mississippi
  • 1933 U.S.S. Indianapolis
  • 1928-1932 unknown
  • 1927 Submarine S-22
  • 1924-1926 unknown
  • 1923 U.S.S. Savannah
  • 1905-1922 unknown

Notable residents

Frontier National Bank in c. 1915, now the Eastport Police Station

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.1 square miles (31.2 km²), of which, 3.7 square miles (9.5 km²) of it is land and 8.4 square miles (21.8 km²) of it (69.65%) is water. Eastport is located on the southeasterly part of Moose Island, which lies between Cobscook Bay to the west and Passamaquoddy Bay to the east. The city faces Deer Island to the northeast and Campobello Island to the southeast—both in Canada.

Old Sow, the largest whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere, sits on the international boundary between Eastport and Deer Island.

Demographics

The population peaked at 5,311 in 1900. It fell more or less constantly until about 1970 when it stabilized at around 2,000 people. As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,640 people, 750 households, and 444 families residing in the city. The population density was 447.7 people per square mile (173.0/km²). There were 1,061 housing units at an average density of 289.7/sq mi (111.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.60% White, 0.37% African American, 3.96% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 750 households out of which 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,488, and the median income for a family was $31,328. Males had a median income of $22,875 versus $17,917 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,864. About 11.2% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

References

  1. ^ Eastpot Maine Chamber of Commerce. (2009). Eastport History. Retrieved on February 6, 2010 from http://www.eastport.net/eastport.php
  2. ^ Chronicles of America. (2009). Explorations in Acadia, 1603-1607. Retrieved on February 6, 2010 from http://www.chroniclesofamerica.com/french/explorations_in_acadia_1603-1607.htm
  3. ^ Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). Doris A. Isaacson. ed. Maine: A Guide 'Downeast'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc.. pp. 335–337. 
  4. ^ Maine.info. (2008). 4th of July in Maine. Retrieved on February 6, 2009 from http://www.maine.info/July4.php
  5. ^ Finch, B. (2008). Eastport 4th of July. Navy Ships. Retrieved on February 6, 2009 from http://www.eastport4th.com/navyships.htm
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Eastport (Maine) article)

From Wikitravel

Contents

Eastport a town in the Down East region of Maine on Moose Island at the junction of Cobscook and Passamaquoddy Bays. A causeway on Route 90 connects the island to the mainland.

Get in

Route 1 to Route 190 into town. It's a beautiful drive.

  • Tides Institute and Museum of Art, 43 Water Street, Phone: +1 207 853-4047, [1]. W-Su 10AM-5PM.
  • Old Sow, Passamaquoddy Bay northeast of Eastport, [2]. Old Sow is the largest natural whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere. Ferries and excursions sometimes pass through or near the Old Sow (its location varies). Large boats can handle it, smaller ones should not.
  • Sylvina W. Beal Schooner Cruises, 104 Water Street, Head of the Breakwater, Phone: +1 207 853-2500, [3]. Whale watching, sunset cruises, charters on this old-time 84ft schooner.
  • Eastport Arts Center, 36 Washington Street. Phone: +1 207 853-2358, [4].
  • Salmon Festival, first Sunday after Labor Day in September. Celebrate the commercial salmon farms in Cobscook, Johnson’s, and Passamaquoddy Bays.
  • The Commons Eastport, 53 Water Street, Phone: +1 207 853-4123, [5]. Fifty area artists.
  • Crow Tracks Gallery, 11 Water Street, Phone: +1 207 853-2336, [6]. Delightful wood carvings.
  • Eastport Chowder House, 167 Water St, Phone: +1 207 853-4700. Nice views and great seafood.
  • The Happy Crab, 35 Water St., Phone: +1 207 853-9400. Sports bar atmosphere.
  • La Sardina Loca, 28 Water Street, Phone: +1 207 853-2739. Mexican.
  • WaCo Diner, 47 Water Street. Breakfast here.
  • The Motel East, 23A Water Street, Phone: +1 207 853-4747, Email: moteleastport@prexar.com, [7]. Overlooking Passamaquoddy Bay. $105-$120.
  • The Chadbourne House Bed & Breakfast, 19 Shackford Street, Toll Free: 888-853-2728, Phone: +1 207 853-2727, Fax: +1 207 853-2728, [8].
  • Todd House Bed and Breakfast, 1 Capen Avenue, Todd's Head, Phone: +1 207 853-2328, Fax: (207) 853-2328, [9]. Three efficiencies and four rooms. $60-$100.
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