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Coordinates: 53°43′40″N 2°03′08″W / 53.727915°N 2.052297°W / 53.727915; -2.052297

Eastwood
Eastwood, Todmorden.jpg
Cottages by the Rochdale Canal, in Eastwood
Eastwood is located in West Yorkshire
Eastwood

 Eastwood shown within West Yorkshire
OS grid reference SD965257
Parish Todmorden
Metropolitan borough Calderdale
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TODMORDEN
Postcode district OL14
Dialling code 01706
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Calder Valley
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Eastwood is a small, settled locality within the civil parish of Todmorden and Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 8 miles (12.9 km) west from Halifax, roughly equidistant from Todmorden's town centre, which is 2 miles (3.2 km) to the southwest, and Hebden Bridge, which is 2 miles to the northeast, along the course of the River Calder.

Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, sources suggest that Eastwood's name was almost certainly taken from the Eastwoode family, who were local landowners active from the 13th to 17th centuries. Eastwood Old Hall is the former seat of this family, and remains as a landmark and manorhouse within the locality

Contents

History

Eastwood Old Hall is the ancient seat of the Eastwoode family

The earliest reference for Eastwood is in 1286 when it was called "Estwoode".[1] The name was almost certainly taken from the Eastwoode family who were local landowners acitive from the 13th to 17th centuries,[1] and who owned a large manorhouse (Eastwood Old Hall) within the locality.

In the 19th century, Eastwood was an important (and relatively wealthy) habitation with a considerable amount of industry, supported by its own railway station, which was used to support local mill workers and industrialists travel to towns as far as Rochdale and Manchester.[2]

Though today a small hamlet, Eastwood once contained its own school, chapel and cricket team.

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Eastwood family

The family of Eastwood is thought to have given its name to the locality. Eastwood continues to be a common name in and around this part of northern England. Some members of this lineage included John Eastwood who fabricated Todmorden Mills in Toronto Canada.

Governance

From a very early time, Eastwood formed part of the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Halifax.[3]

From 1894 until 1939, Eastwood, together with Heptonstall and parts of the south Pennines formed part of the Todmorden Rural District, in the West Riding of Yorkshire,[4] and from 1939 until 1974, lay within Hepton Rural District, also from the West Riding.[5]

Under the Local Government Act 1972, the West Riding of Yorkshire was abolished[6] and Eastwood has since formed part of the metropolitan borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire.

Eastwood forms part of the civil parish of Todmorden.

Geography

Eastwood, set amongst the easterly portion of two wooded areas, lies along the course of the River Calder, parallel to Halifax Road and a section of the Caldervale railway line, on the west side of Jumble Hole Clough.

The Rochdale Canal passes through the settlement.

References

  1. ^ a b Charlestown and Eastwood History Group. "Eastwood Home Page". http://www.charlestownhistory.org.uk/eastwood/. Retrieved 2007-06-10.  
  2. ^ Charlestown and Eastwood History Group. "Eastwood Station and Eastwood School". http://www.charlestownhistory.org.uk/eastwood/station.html. Retrieved 2007-06-10.  
  3. ^ GENUKI. "The Ancient Parish of Halifax". http://www.genuki.org.uk:8080/big/eng/YKS/WRY/Halifax/. Retrieved 2007-06-10.  
  4. ^ A Vision of Britain through time. "A vision of Todmorden RD". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10026489. Retrieved 2007-06-10.  
  5. ^ A Vision of Britain through time. "A vision of Hepton RD". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10002308. Retrieved 2007-06-10.  
  6. ^ A Vision of Britain through time. "A vision of West Riding". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10200120. Retrieved 2007-06-10.  

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