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Ebensee: Wikis


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View of Ebensee and Lake Traun
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Ebensee
Ebensee is located in Austria
Country  Austria
State Upper Austria
District Gmunden
Mayor Herwart Loidl (SPÖ)
Basic statistics
Area 194.5 km2 (75.1 sq mi)
Elevation 443 m  (1453 ft)
Population 8,253  (31 December 2005)
 - Density 42 /km² (110 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate GM
Postal code 4802
Area code 06133

Coordinates: 47°48′30″N 13°46′30″E / 47.80833°N 13.775°E / 47.80833; 13.775

Ebensee (Boarisch:Emsee) is located in Upper Austria, Austria, at the south end of Lake Traun (Traunsee) and has a population of about 8500. Linz lies approximately 90 km to the north. The nearest towns are Gmunden and Bad Ischl.

House in the town.



Ebensee is the primary production center for salt in Austria, with brine being delivered via pipeline from salt mines around the Salzkammergut. Historically, the site was chosen because of the rich forests, whose wood was used to boil the salt out of the brine. Although a former industrial center in the Salzkammergut, it has recently fallen on bad fortunes with the closure of some of the larger factories.


View of the Traunsee.

The town is surrounded by three picturesque lakes, the Traunsee, the Langbathsee, and Offensee. The Traunsee is large enough to be used for boating, but the other two lakes are smaller, surrounded by mountains, and used only for bathing; both are protected natural areas.

Another tourist attraction is a small skiing area, with about ten lifts, on the Feuerkogel.

Nazi Concentration Camp

In 1943, the SS established Ebensee concentration camp (codename "Zement") near the town. It was part of the Mauthausen network. Slave laborers were worked to death digging tunnels for armaments storage. The camp was liberated by American soldiers in May, 1945. Due to the extremely high death rates, Ebensee is considered one of the most horrific Nazi concentration camps.

External links

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