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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eboli
—  Comune  —
Comune di Eboli
Eboli is located in Italy
Eboli
Location of Eboli in Italy
Coordinates: 40°29′N 15°07′E / 40.483°N 15.117°E / 40.483; 15.117Coordinates: 40°29′N 15°07′E / 40.483°N 15.117°E / 40.483; 15.117
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno (SA)
Frazioni Santa Cecilia, Cioffi, Corno d'oro, Fiocche, Taverna nova
Government
 - Mayor Martino Melchionda
Area
 - Total 138.7 km2 (53.6 sq mi)
Elevation 145 m (476 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 37,711
 - Density 271.9/km2 (704.2/sq mi)
 - Demonym Ebolitani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84020, 82025
Dialing code 0828
Patron saint Saint Vitus
Saint day June 15
Website Official website

Eboli is a town and comune of Campania, southern Italy, in the province of Salerno, on the south edge of the hills overlooking the valley of the Sele.

An agricultural centre, Eboli is known mainly for olive oil and for dairy products, among which the most renowned is the buffalo mozzarella from the area.

Contents

History

The archaeological excavations have proved that the area of Eboli was inhabited since the Copper and Bronze Ages, and also attested (from the 5th cenury BC) is the presence of the so-called Villanovan civilization.

The ancient Eburum was a Lucanian city, mentioned only by Pliny the Elder and in inscriptions, not far distant from the Campanian border. It lay above the Via Popilia, which followed the line taken by the modern railway. The Romans gave it the status of municipium.

The town was destroyed first by Alarich in 410 AD, and then by the Saracens in the 9th and 10th centuries. Later it was a stronghold of the Principate of Salerno, with a massive castle built by Robert Guiscard.

During the 1930s Eboli could expand in the plain after a project of land reclamation was carried out by the Fascist government. It was severely damaged during the Irpinia earthquake in 1980.

Main sights

Remaining arches of the Roman aqueduct.

The main attraction is the Colonna castle (11th century). Scanty remains of the ancient polygonal walls (4th century BC) can still be seen, as well as of a Roman imperial villa in the locality of Paterno. Eboli is also home to several 15th-16th century palazzi.

The sacristy of St. Francis contains two 14th century pictures, one by Roberto da Oderisio of Naples. Also notable is the Badia (Abbey) of San Pietro alli Marmi (1076).

Culture

A local saying, "Cristo si è fermato a Eboli" ("Christ stopped at Eboli"), was used by 20th century writer Carlo Levi as the title of a book, referring to the poverty in the south of Italy at the beginning of the 20th century.

Twin towns

References

Alt meaning: n A particularly potent strain of coli' bacterium that infects as though it were a virus similar to the deadly African Ebola virus.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

EBOLI (anc. Eburum), a town of Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, from which it is 16 m. E. by rail, situated 470 ft. above sea-level, on the S. edge of the hills overlooking the valley of the Sele. Pop. (1901) 9642 (town), 12,423 (commune). The sacristy of St Francesco contains two 14th-century pictures, one by Roberto da Oderisio of Naples. The ancient Eburum was a Lucanian city, mentioned only by Pliny and in inscriptions, not far distant from the Campanian border. It lay above the Via Popillia, which followed the line taken by the modern railway. Some scanty remains of its ancient polygonal walls may still be seen. (T. As.)


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