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Ectopic pregnancy
Classification and external resources

Ectopic by Reinier de Graaf
ICD-10 O00.
ICD-9 633
DiseasesDB 4089
MedlinePlus 000895
eMedicine med/3212 emerg/478 radio/231
MeSH D011271
.An ectopic pregnancy, or eccyesis, is a complication of pregnancy in which the pregnancy implants outside the uterine cavity.^ An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized ovum is implanted and develops outside the uterine cavity .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.gynaeonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ectopic pregnancy is any pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.estronaut.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An ectopic pregnancy results when an early pregnancy becomes implanted anywhere outside the cavity of the womb.
  • Ectopic pregnancy (brochures.mater.org.au) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC brochures.mater.org.au [Source type: Original source]

[1] .With rare exceptions, ectopic pregnancies are not viable.^ Ectopic pregnancies can rarely resolve on their own.
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC patients.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Unfortunately, an ectopic pregnancy is not a viable one.
  • HowStuffWorks "What is an ectopic pregnancy?" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cornual pregnancy is a rare form ectopic pregnancy.
  • ISPUB - A ruptured cornual ectopic pregnancy at 18 weeks' gestation: A case report 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

.Furthermore, they are dangerous for the mother, internal bleeding being a common complication.^ The most common complication is rupture with internal bleeding that leads to shock.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy - NY Times Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy, Health Information, UW Health, University of Wisconsin Hospital, Madison 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC apps.uwhealth.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic pregnancy- medco.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medcohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Hillcrest Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC hillcrest2.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy Information at myOptumHealth 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.myoptumhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drexelmed.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • FloridaHealthFinder.gov | Health Encyclopedia | Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.floridahealthfinder.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC forthealthcare.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Health Diseases & Medical Conditions - South Florida Hospital 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.mhs.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.bcbswny.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.shands.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Complications: The most common complication is rupture with internal bleeding that leads to shock.
  • Ectopic pregnancy; Baltimore, Maryland MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.harborhospital.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • DC Health - Ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies occur in 1 in every 40 to 1... 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.whcenter.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Complications The most common complication is rupture with internal bleeding that leads to shock.
  • What is Ectopic pregnancy? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most ectopic pregnancies occur in the Fallopian tube (so-called tubal pregnancies), but implantation can also occur in the cervix, ovaries, and abdomen.^ The embryo then begins to develop in the fallopian tube which is known as an ectopic pregnancy.
  • An Explanation of an Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.pregnancydiary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Explanation of an Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.pregnancydiary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ectopic pregnancy is also called “tubal pregnancy.” .
  • Is The Development Of Your Fetus Outside The Uterus? Facts About Ectopic Pregnancy! | The Pregnancy Zone 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thepregnancyzone.com [Source type: General]

^ Implantation can occur in the fallopian tubes, abdomen, ovaries, or other areas outside of the uterus.
  • Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.justmommies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments : Concerns and Complications : Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.justmommies.com [Source type: General]

.An ectopic pregnancy is a potential medical emergency, and, if not treated properly, can lead to death.^ Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death.
  • Memorial for an Ectopic Pregnancy - VirusHead 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.virushead.net [Source type: Original source]

^ How is ectopic pregnancy treated ?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - a knol by Aniruddha Malpani 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy : Diagnosis, Treatment, Effect on Fertility 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drmalpani.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC patients.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

Contents

Overview

Ruptured tubal pregnancy with approx 6-weeks-embryonic-age or 8-weeks-gestational-age embryo, with intact amniotic sac
.
Oviduct with an ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy) showing an embryo of approx.
^ Ultrasound showing uterus and tubal pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Will ectopic pregnancys show up in a pregnancy test?
  • WikiAnswers - Will a home pregnancy test show an ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tubal ligation can predispose to ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

6-7 menstrual weeks
Another example of a tubal pregnancy (fetus is 8 weeks gestational age, 6 weeks from conception)
.In a normal pregnancy, the fertilized egg enters the uterus and settles into the uterine lining where it has plenty of room to divide and grow.^ An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized egg develops outside the uterus.
  • HowStuffWorks "Ectopic Pregnancy" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With this procedure, mature eggs are fertilized in the lab and then implanted into the uterus.
  • OhioHealth - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • MayoClinic.com Health Library - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.riversideonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • georgiahealthinfo.gov 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC georgiahealthinfo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It normally attaches to the inside lining of the uterus and develops into a baby.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.About 1% of pregnancies are in an ectopic location with implantation not occurring inside of the womb, and of these 98% occur in the Fallopian tubes.^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The embryo then begins to develop in the fallopian tube which is known as an ectopic pregnancy.
  • An Explanation of an Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.pregnancydiary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Explanation of an Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.pregnancydiary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's a pregnancy that develops outside the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.in [Source type: General]
  • spontaneous abortion, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum, placenta praevia 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womenhealthandbeauty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.In other words it can be said that in an ectopic pregnancy the embyonic implantation occurs outside the uterus, most commonly in the fallopian tubes but at times also in the extra tubal locations.^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that grows in a location other than the lining of the uterus.
  • Your Health - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aurorahealthcare.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mount Sinai - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.mountsinai.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Lifescript.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]
  • St. David's HealthCare - Health Information - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stdavids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Women & Infants Providence, RI 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womenandinfants.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy ; Seattle Washington WA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.swedish.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information Details 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ridgeviewmedical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Northern Arizona Healthcare - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.nahealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. Joseph and Redwood Memorial Hospitals - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stjosepheureka.myhospitalwebsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some pregnancies are lost because they are ectopic that is, growing outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
  • Sexual Health - Early pregnancy assessment units (EPAU) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC healthcarea2z.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It poses serious threat to the general and reproductive health of the mother.^ But Benson knows many will end up victims, too, not just of crime but of one of the most serious public health threats facing Wisconsin and the rest of the country.
  • Rates of sexually transmitted diseases among teens reaching epidemic levels 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC host.madison.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though detection and treatment have greatly improved, ectopic pregnancies still pose a serious health risk to the mother.
  • CUF.org :: Catholics United for the Faith 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cuf.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While they often end in early miscarriage, waiting indefinitely for miscarriage to occur poses a grave threat to the mother.
  • CUF.org :: Catholics United for the Faith 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cuf.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ectopic pregnancy comprises of 2% of all pregnancies reported to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC].^ But not all ectopic pregnancies are caused by STDs.
  • iEmily.com, health and wellness site for girls 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.iemily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is important to note that not all ectopic pregnancies can be prevented.
  • Signs Of Ectopic Pregnancy: Facts On Tubal Pregnancy, Including Signs, Causes and Treatment 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ectopic pregnancy, women diseases .
  • A Case of Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy - Malaysian Abstracting and Indexing System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC myais.fsktm.um.edu.my [Source type: Academic]

It has been noted that ectopic pregnancy is steadily and persistently rising since 1970.
.Between 1970 and 1992, the rate of ectopic pregnancy increased from 4.5 to 19.7 per 1000 reported pregnacies [including live birth, legal abortions and ectopic pregnancies].^ By 1992, the number of ectopic pregnancies had increased to 108,800.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In an ectopic pregnancy, however, the rate of this increase is much slower.

^ Ectopic pregnancy rates were reported as ectopic pregnancies per 1,000 reported pregnancies.
  • Surveillance for Ectopic Pregnancy -- United States, 1970-1989 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[3][4]
.Detection of ectopic pregnancy in early gestation has been achieved mainly due to enhanced diagnostic capability.^ A common complication early in pregnancy, an ectopic pregnancy can be life threatening if not detected.
  • LEARN ABOUT ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: Information on Tubal Pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC sharedjourney.com [Source type: General]

^ Ectopic pregnance detected on a pregnancy test?
  • WikiAnswers - Will a home pregnancy test show an ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He said it could be an early pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy.
  • ectopic pregnancy - Women's Health Support Forums 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womens-health.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite all these notable successes in diagnostics and detection techniques ectopic pregnancy remains a source of serious maternal morbidity and mortality all over the world.^ Ectopic pregnance detected on a pregnancy test?
  • WikiAnswers - Will a home pregnancy test show an ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But not all ectopic pregnancies are caused by STDs.
  • iEmily.com, health and wellness site for girls 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.iemily.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These ectopic pregnancies are very dangerous and the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity is high.
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
In a typical ectopic pregnancy, the embryo does not reach the uterus, but instead adheres to the lining of the Fallopian tube.
^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that grows in a location other than the lining of the uterus.
  • Your Health - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aurorahealthcare.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - HealthLibrary - Somerville, New Jersey NJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.somersetmedicalcenter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mount Sinai - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.mountsinai.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy – UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.upmc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. David's HealthCare - Health Information - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stdavids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Content Viewer 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svmh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy ; Seattle Washington WA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.swedish.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • News Archive - Valley Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealthlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy (Tubal Pregnancy) | ThirdAge Articles 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thirdage.com [Source type: General]
  • Northern Arizona Healthcare - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.nahealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. Joseph and Redwood Memorial Hospitals - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stjosepheureka.myhospitalwebsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In an ectopic pregnancy, the embryo does not reach the uterus, but rather, attaches to the lining of the Fallopian tube.
  • DES may lead to a dangerous ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.weitzlux.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The implanted embryo burrows actively into the tubal lining.^ The implanted embryo burrows actively into the tubal lining.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]
  • Complete Information on Ectopic Pregnancy With Treatment and Prevention | Pregnancy Info Blog 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancy-info.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ectopic Pregnancy An ectopic pregnancy, also called a "tubal pregnancy," is any pregnancy in which the fertilized egg implants on any tissue other than the endometrial lining of the uterus (womb).
  • Fast Facts on Ectopic Pregnancy - DrDonnica.com - The First Name in Women's Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drdonnica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The zygote's cells develop into the embryo (the organism in its first two months of development) and placenta (a spongy structure that lines the uterus and nourishes the developing organism).
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Alternative treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.stateuniversity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most commonly this invades vessels and will cause bleeding.^ Most commonly this invades vessels and will cause bleeding.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ Most usually this invades vessels and will induce bleeding.
  • Complete Information on Ectopic Pregnancy With Treatment and Prevention | Pregnancy Info Blog 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancy-info.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medicine is most likely to work when an early ectopic pregnancy is not causing bleeding and: .
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This intratubal bleeding (hematosalpinx) expels the implantation out of the tubal end as a tubal abortion.^ This bleeding expels the implantation out of the tubal end as a tubal abortion.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]
  • Complete Information on Ectopic Pregnancy With Treatment and Prevention | Pregnancy Info Blog 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancy-info.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tubal Pregnancy : The tubal pregnancy ends in following way- Formation of some thing called a tubal mole Tubal abortion through fimbrial end (one end of the tube).
  • 1to9 months.com- India's first exclusive vortal on pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.1to9months.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Formation of some thing called a tubal mole Tubal abortion through fimbrial end (one end of the tube).
  • Infertility Clinic In Mumbai,India, Infertility Center In Mumbai,India - GynaecWorld.com. 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.gynaecworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some women thinking they are having a miscarriage are actually having a tubal abortion.^ Some women who believe they're having a miscarriage are actually having an end to an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Miscarriage 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some women thinking they are having a miscarriage are actually having a tubal abortion.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.health-disease.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ Are 35-44 years of age Have had a previous ectopic pregnancy Have had pelvic or abdominal surgery Have Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Have had several induced abortions Women who get pregnant after having a tubal ligation or while an IUD is in place What are the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy : American Pregnancy Association 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.americanpregnancy.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC hobh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no inflammation of the tube in ectopic pregnancy.^ Alternatively, there is an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: Pregnancy Complications: Merck Manual Home Edition 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If the ectopic pregnancy is in the fallopian tube the tube will have to be removed.

^ There is no clear reason for ectopic pregnancies.
  • Ectopic pregnancy symptoms 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy symptoms 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC tntn.essortment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pain is caused by prostaglandins released at the implantation site, and by free blood in the peritoneal cavity, which is a local irritant.^ But the pain experienced is due to prostaglandins secreted at the implantation venue and by free blood in the peritoneal cavity, which is locally irritant.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy � Information on Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms and Treatment 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC lifestyle.iloveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pain is caused by prostaglandins released at the implantation site, and by free blood in the peritoneal cavity, which is a local irritant.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ Intraperitoneal blood eventually causes peritonitis.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: Abnormalities of Pregnancy: Merck Manual Professional 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.Sometimes the bleeding might be heavy enough to threaten the health or life of the woman.^ Sometimes the bleeding might be heavy enough to threaten the health or life of the woman.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ Physicians are keen to conserve fallopian tubal integrity, to facilitate less invasive medical management and to prevent potentially life-threatening abdominal bleeding.
  • Edinburgh Research and Innovation: Diagnostic Biomarkers for Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.research-innovation.ed.ac.uk [Source type: Academic]

^ Calling your health care provider: A woman who has symptoms of ectopic pregnancy (especially lower abdominal pain or abnormal vaginal bleeding) should call her health care provider.
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Edward Hospital, Naperville IL Area 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.edward.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Usually this degree of bleeding is due to delay in diagnosis, but sometimes, especially if the implantation is in the proximal tube (just before it enters the uterus), it may invade into the nearby Sampson artery, causing heavy bleeding earlier than usual.^ In few other cases of Ectopic pregnancy when the implantation occurs in the proximal tube (the place just before the fertilized egg is about to enter the uterus), it may invade into the adjoining Sampson artery resulting in profuse bleeding earlier than usual.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy � Information on Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms and Treatment 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC lifestyle.iloveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Heavy bleeding if the tube ruptures.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Edward Hospital, Naperville IL Area 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.edward.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Penn Pregnancy Health Center: Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.pennmedicine.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Staying healthy during pregnancy - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: General]
  • Alegent; Omaha - Ectopic Pregnancy. 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.alegent.com [Source type: General]
  • Staying healthy during pregnancy - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.marylandgeneral.org [Source type: General]

^ Usually this degree of bleeding is due to delay in diagnosis, but sometimes, especially if the implantation is in the proximal tube (just before it enters the uterus), it may invade into Sampson's artery, causing heavy bleeding earlier than ususal.

.If left untreated, about half of ectopic pregnancies will resolve without treatment.^ Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC patients.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This question about " Ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic pregnancy? - Yahoo!7 Answers 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Oral methotrexate for treatment of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ann Arbor, MI Methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy. methotrexate Methotrexate is... 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.sjmercyhealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Exempla Healthcare Online Library 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.exempla.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are the tubal abortions.^ These are the tubal abortions.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ These are known as tubal abortions.
  • Biomoz » Blog Archive » Ectopic Pregnancy - For Biology Lovers 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC biomoz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these represent "tubal abortions" in which the products of conception (POCs) are already being exuded from the tube into the abdomen.
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The advent of methotrexate treatment for ectopic pregnancy has reduced the need for surgery; however, surgical intervention is still required in cases where the Fallopian tube has ruptured or is in danger of doing so.^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ What are the dangers of an ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview - Yahoo! Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | MeritCare Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview - MSN Health & Fitness - Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • The University of Kansas Hospital - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.kumed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - AOL Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aolhealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview - MSN Health & Fitness - Health Topics 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.peacehealth.org [Source type: General]
  • Mills-Peninsula Medical Group 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC mpmg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Caring4Cancer 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.caring4cancer.com [Source type: General]

^ An ectopic pregnancy is not viable and requires medical or surgical treatment.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy -- eCureMe.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ecureme.com [Source type: Academic]

.This intervention may be laparoscopic or through a larger incision, known as a laparotomy.^ This intervention may be laparoscopic or through a larger incision, known as a laparotomy.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms - Ectopic Pregnancy - Signs of Ectopic Pregnancy - Vital Signs » Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ If the growth of the foetal tissue outside of the womb is quite large or the amount of blood lost is thought to be life threatening, then a laparotomy (this is when a larger incision is made in the stomach) may be required.
  • Early Pregnancy Loss. Ectopic Pregnancy, Molar Pregnancy, Hydatidiform Mole, GTD, Gestational Trophoblastic Disease 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.paternityangel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The diagnosis can be confirmed by inserting a laparoscope (a lighted, tubelike instrument) into the abdominal cavity through a small incision made below the navel.
  • HowStuffWorks "What is an ectopic pregnancy?" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Classification

Tubal pregnancy

.The vast majority of ectopic pregnancies implant in the Fallopian tube.^ Infection causes an ectopic pregnancy by damaging or obstructing the fallopian tubes.

^ Infection causes an ectopic pregnancy by damaging or obstructing the Fallopian tubes.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information by MedicineNet.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The vast majorities (95%) of these are in the fallopian tubes.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.estronaut.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pregnancies can grow in the fimbrial end (5 % of all ectopics), the ampullary section (80%), the isthmus (12 %), and the cornual and interstitial part of the tube (2%).^ An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that grows in a location other than the lining of the uterus.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - HealthLibrary - Somerville, New Jersey NJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.somersetmedicalcenter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy – UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.upmc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. David's HealthCare - Health Information - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stdavids.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Women & Infants Providence, RI 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womenandinfants.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • News Archive - Valley Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealthlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy (Tubal Pregnancy) | ThirdAge Articles 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thirdage.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information Details 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ridgeviewmedical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Tufts Medical Center - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tufts-nemc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Northern Arizona Healthcare - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.nahealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Abdominal ectopic pregnancy occurs when the placenta is attached to some part of the peritoneal cavity other than the uterus or tube.
  • ectopic pregnancy (pathology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ruptured ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester and accounts for 10 to 15 percent of all maternal deaths.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - February 15, 2000 - American Academy of Family Physicians 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

[5] .Mortality of a tubal pregnancy at the isthmus or within the uterus (interstitial pregnancy) is higher as there is increased vascularity that may result more likely in sudden major internal hemorrhage.^ Ultrasound showing uterus and tubal pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mortality rate of interstitial pregnancy is more than twice that of other tubal pregnancies.
  • ISPUB - A ruptured cornual ectopic pregnancy at 18 weeks' gestation: A case report 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It may increase the chances to have an ectopic pregnancy again.

Nontubal ectopic pregnancy

.Two percent of ectopic pregnancies occur in the ovary, cervix, or are intraabdominal.^ Ectopic pregnancy is any pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.estronaut.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in rare cases, ectopic pregnancies can occur in the ovary, stomach area, or cervix.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy - NY Times Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Hillcrest Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC hillcrest2.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In rare cases an ectopic pregnancy can occur in an ovary, in the abdominal cavity or in the cervix.
  • Channel 4 - Family - Maybe Baby 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.channel4.com [Source type: General]

.Transvaginal ultrasound examination is usually able to detect a cervical pregnancy.^ Transvaginal ultrasound examination is usually able to detect a cervical pregnancy.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transvaginal ultrasoundexamination is usually able to detect a cervical pregnancy .
  • Ectopic pregnancy Obstetrics 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Transvaginal ultrasound examination is usually able to detect a cervical pregnancy .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An ovarian pregnancy is differentiated from a tubal pregnancy by the Spiegelberg criteria.^ Therefore, the Spiegelberg criteria [9] are important to diagnose ovarian pregnancy.
  • Primary ectopic ovarian pregnancy (report of three cases). Mehmood SA, Thomas JA J Postgrad Med 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.jpgmonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An ovarian pregnancy is differentiated from a tubal pregnancy by the criteria set by Spiegelberg.
  • Ectopic pregnancy Obstetrics 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: Academic]

^ An ovarian pregnancy is differentiated from a tubal pregnancy by the Spiegelberg criteria.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.While a fetus of ectopic pregnancy is typically not viable, very rarely, a live baby has been delivered from an abdominal pregnancy.^ I had an ectopic pregnancy which turned into an abdominal pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Question - Page 4 - Catholic Answers Forums 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ An ectopic pregnancy will not live.
  • Surgeru India-Salpingo-Oophorectomy-Ectopic Pregnancy Surgeon India, Best Salpingo-Oophorectomy-Ectopic Pregnancy Hospital Pune India, Best Salpingo-Oophorectomy-Ectopic Pregnancy Surgeon Hospital Bangalore India 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.indianhealthguru.com [Source type: General]

^ Ectopic pregnancies can rarely resolve on their own.
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC patients.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

.In such a situation the placenta sits on the intraabdominal organs or the peritoneum and has found sufficient blood supply.^ In such a situation the placenta sits on the intraabdominal organs and the peritoneum and has found sufficient access to support a fetus to viability.
  • Ectopic pregnancy Obstetrics 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: Academic]

^ In such a situation the placenta sits on the intraabdominal organs or the peritoneum and has found sufficient blood supply.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise for replenishment Daily movement is one way to ensure fresh blood supply and oxygen to all your organs.

.This is generally bowel or mesentery, but other sites, such as the renal (kidney), liver or hepatic (liver) artery or even aorta have been described.^ In this author's experience this is invariably bowel or mesentery, but other sites, such as the renal (kidney), liver or hepatic (liver) artery or even aorta have been described.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ectopic pregnancy is judged to be too large for medical treatment or if the patient has other conditions, which would prevent the use of methotrexate, such as a history of kidney or liver disease.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy – UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.upmc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Content Viewer 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svmh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emergency surgery is needed if: The ectopic pregnancy is judged to be too large for medical treatment or if the patient has other conditions, which would prevent the use of methotrexate, such as a history of kidney or liver disease.
  • Your Health - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aurorahealthcare.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - HealthLibrary - Somerville, New Jersey NJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.somersetmedicalcenter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Women & Infants Providence, RI 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womenandinfants.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy ; Seattle Washington WA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.swedish.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy (Tubal Pregnancy) | ThirdAge Articles 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thirdage.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information Details 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ridgeviewmedical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Tufts Medical Center - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tufts-nemc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Northern Arizona Healthcare - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.nahealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. Joseph and Redwood Memorial Hospitals - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stjosepheureka.myhospitalwebsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Support to near viability has occasionally been described, but even in third world countries, the diagnosis is most commonly made at 16 to 20 weeks gestation.^ Support to near viability has occasionally been described, but even in third world countries, the diagnosis is most commonly made at 16 to 20 weeks gestation.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only way to get better is to deliver the baby.  Preeclampsia most commonly shows up after 37 weeks, but it can develop at any time during the second half of pregnancy including during labor or even after delivery.  Preeclampsia affects 3-8% of pregnant women.  .

^ The serum human chorionic gonadotrophin level was 12350 IU/mL. A diagnosis of a viable pregnancy in a uterine scar was made.
  • ISPUB - Ectopic Pregnancy In A Previous Cesarean Section Scar: A Case Report 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

.Such a fetus would have to be delivered by laparotomy.^ Such a fetus would have to be delivered by laparotomy .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such a foetus would have to be delivered by laparotomy.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such a fetus will have to be delivered by laparotomy .
  • Ectopic pregnancy Obstetrics 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: Academic]

.Maternal morbidity and mortality from extrauterine pregnancy is high as attempts to remove the placenta from the organs to which it is attached usually lead to uncontrollable bleeding from the attachment site.^ These ectopic pregnancies are very dangerous and the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity is high.
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maternal morbidity and mortality from extrauterine pregnancy is high as attempts to remove the placenta from the organs to which it is attached usually lead to uncontrollable bleeding from the attachment site.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any attempt to separate placenta will evoke uncontrollable bleeding.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - D. El-Mowafi 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.gfmer.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the organ to which the placenta is attached is removable, such as a section of bowel, then the placenta should be removed together with that organ.^ If the organ to which the placenta is attached is removable, such as a section of bowel, then the placenta should be removed together with that organ.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maternal morbidity and mortality from extrauterine pregnancy is high as attempts to remove the placenta from the organs to which it is attached usually lead to uncontrollable bleeding from the attachment site.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In such a situation the placenta sits on the intraabdominal organs or the peritoneum and has found sufficient blood supply.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is such a rare occurrence that true data are unavailable and reliance must be made on anecdotal reports.^ This is such a rare occurrence that true data are unavailable and reliance must be made on anecdotal reports.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7][8][9] .However, the vast majority of abdominal pregnancies require intervention well before fetal viability because of the risk of hemorrhage.^ I can relate also because I had a m/c at 7 weeks before this pregnancy.
  • 9-Week Human Embryo from Ectopic Pregnancy on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the vast majority of abdominal pregnancies require intervention well before fetal viability because of the risk of hemorrhage.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the vast majority of abdominal pregnancies require intervention well before fetal viability because the risk of hemorrhage.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Heterotopic pregnancy

.In rare cases of ectopic pregnancy, there may be two fertilized eggs, one outside the uterus and the other inside.^ An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that grows in a location other than the lining of the uterus.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - HealthLibrary - Somerville, New Jersey NJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.somersetmedicalcenter.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Lifescript.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy – UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.upmc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Content Viewer 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svmh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Women & Infants Providence, RI 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womenandinfants.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy ; Seattle Washington WA 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.swedish.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • News Archive - Valley Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealthlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy (Tubal Pregnancy) | ThirdAge Articles 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thirdage.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information Details 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ridgeviewmedical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Northern Arizona Healthcare - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.nahealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What symptoms may indicate an ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

^ An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized ovum is implanted and develops outside the uterine cavity .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.gynaeonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is called a heterotopic pregnancy.^ This is called a heterotopic pregnancy .
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is called a heterotopic pregnancy and it's more likely to happen if you've had fertility treatments, such as in-vitro fertilization.
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy can even occur in both the womb and the tube at the same time (which is called a heterotopic pregnancy), but this is rare, affecting only about 1/10,000 pregnancies.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dannytucker.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Often the intrauterine pregnancy is discovered later than the ectopic, mainly because of the painful emergency nature of ectopic pregnancies.^ A few tests can be done to discover an ectopic pregnancy - .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy – A Dangerous Pregnancy Outside the Uterus | A Disease A Day 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.diseaseaday.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How often do ectopic pregnancies occur?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Ectopic pregnancy and an Intrauterine pregnancy by several methods.
  • The Cochran Firm 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cochranfirm.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since ectopic pregnancies are normally discovered and removed very early in the pregnancy, an ultrasound may not find the additional pregnancy inside the uterus.^ What symptoms may indicate an ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

^ Ultrasound showing uterus and tubal pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laparoscopy in very early ectopic pregnancy may rarely show a normal looking Fallopian tube.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When hCG levels continue to rise after the removal of the ectopic pregnancy, there is the chance that a pregnancy inside the uterus is still viable.^ What are the chances of having another ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic pregnancy (brochures.mater.org.au) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC brochures.mater.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ And there is a 1 in 10 chance of any future pregnancy being ectopic.
  • Surgeru India-Salpingo-Oophorectomy-Ectopic Pregnancy Surgeon India, Best Salpingo-Oophorectomy-Ectopic Pregnancy Hospital Pune India, Best Salpingo-Oophorectomy-Ectopic Pregnancy Surgeon Hospital Bangalore India 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.indianhealthguru.com [Source type: General]

^ Salpingectomy with ectopic pregnancy removed from the tube .

This is normally discovered through an ultrasound.
.Although rare, heterotopic pregnancies are becoming more common.^ A home birth is becoming more and more common.

^ Q : Why have ectopic pregnancies become more common as of late?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Edward Hospital, Naperville IL Area 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.edward.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Penn Pregnancy Health Center: Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.pennmedicine.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although they're becoming more common in recent years, ectopic pregnancies are generally rare.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - BurlingtonFreePress 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.burlingtonfreepress.com [Source type: Academic]
  • HealthyOntario.com - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.healthyontario.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The survival rate of the uterine fetus of an ectopic pregnancy is around 70%.^ A tubal ectopic pregnancy never survives.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An ectopic pregnancy occurs outside the uterus and the fetus cannot survive ...
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - a comprehensive view - Wellsphere 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.wellsphere.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A fetus in an ectopic pregnancy sometimes survives for several weeks.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: Pregnancy Complications: Merck Manual Home Edition 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

[1]
.Successful pregnancies have been reported from ruptured tubal pregnancy continuing by the placenta implanting on abdominal organs or on the outside of the uterus.^ Ultrasound showing uterus and tubal pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In an ectopic pregnancy, a fertilized egg has implanted outside the uterus .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.kidshealth.org [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC kidshealth.org [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC kidshealth.org [Source type: General]

^ Ruptured tubal pregnancy masquerading as poisoning .
  • Paper 1: Ruptured tubal pregnancy masquerading as poisoning : Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.geradts.com [Source type: Academic]

Persistent ectopic pregnancy

.A persistent ectopic pregnancy refers to the continuation of trophoplastic growth after a surgical intervention to remove an ectopic pregnancy.^ Treatment for an ectopic pregnancy is the surgical removal of the embryo.
  • HowStuffWorks "What is an ectopic pregnancy?" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Salpingectomy with ectopic pregnancy removed from the tube .

.After a conservative procedure that attempts to preserve the affected fallopian tube such as a salpingotomy, in about 15-20 % the major portion of the ectopic may have been removed, but some trophoblastic tissue perhaps deeply embedded has escaped removal and continues to growth, generating a new rise in hCG levels.^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ She was operated on to remove her fallopian tube.
  • Chlamydia and ectopic pregnancies | Life and style | The Guardian 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ If your fallopian tube has been damaged, it may also need to be removed.
  • NHS Direct Wales - Encyclopaedia : Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.nhsdirect.wales.nhs.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thefamilygp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .After weeks this may lead to new clinical symptoms including bleeding.^ On examination, there were no clinical findings or symptoms such as abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding.
  • ISPUB - Ectopic Pregnancy In A Previous Cesarean Section Scar: A Case Report 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This is because if left untreated, it may cause the fallopian tube to rupture, which leads to very heavy bleeding.
  • Sexual Health - Early pregnancy assessment units (EPAU) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC healthcarea2z.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ectopic pregnancy may cause the following symptoms: Abnormal vaginal bleeding .
  • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP155-- Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For this reason hCG levels may have to be monitored after removal of an ectopic to assure their decline, also methotrexate can be given at the time of surgery prophyllactically.^ This tissue may have to be removed using methotrexate or additional surgery.

^ Expectant management may have a role when ß-hCG levels are low and declining.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - February 15, 2000 - American Academy of Family Physicians 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A dose of methotrexate may be given if this occurs.

Causes

.There are a number of risk factors for ectopic pregnancies.^ Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy .
  • Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The use of an IUD is a classic "risk factor" for ectopic pregnancy.
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Factors that can increase your risk of having an ectopic pregnancy include: 1 .
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, in as many as one third [11] to one half [12] of ectopic pregnancies, no risk factors can be identified.^ The greatest risk factor for an ectopic pregnancy is a prior history of an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information by MedicineNet.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy .
  • Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many factors are known to increase the chance of having an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC dannytucker.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Risk factors include: pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, use of an intrauterine device (IUD), those who have been exposed to DES, tubal surgery, smoking, previous ectopic pregnancy, and tubal ligation.^ Scar tissue from previous pelvic or fallopian surgery can also lead to tubal pregnancy.
  • Explore... Women: What You Need to Know About Tubal Pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.trans4mind.com [Source type: General]

^ Because an ectopic pregnancy is closely associated with a previous pelvic infection .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tabebak.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A history of any pelvic inflammatory disease, .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tabebak.com [Source type: Academic]

[13]

Cilial damage and tube occlusion

.Hair-like cilia located on the internal surface of the Fallopian tubes carry the fertilized egg to the uterus.^ The Fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnancy Topics - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

^ The tiny embryo is 'wafted' along a fallopian tube to the uterus by tiny hairs (cilia).
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In most ectopic pregnancies, the fertilized egg has implanted in a fallopian tube.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fallopian cilia are sometimes seen in reduced numbers subsequent to an ectopic pregnancy, leading to a hypothesis that cilia damage in the Fallopian tubes is likely to lead to an ectopic pregnancy[14].^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Damage to the cilia or blockage of the Fallopian tubes is likely to lead to an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In most ectopic pregnancies, the fertilized egg has implanted in a fallopian tube.
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) have a high occurrence of ectopic pregnancy[15].^ Infertility occurs in 10 - 15% of women who have had an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Edward Hospital, Naperville IL Area 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.edward.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy Information at myOptumHealth 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.myoptumhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When you have an ectopic pregnancy, the stakes are high.
  • MayoClinic.com Health Library - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.riversideonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.webmd.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview - Yahoo! Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | MeritCare Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.meritcare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview - MSN Health & Fitness - Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • The University of Kansas Hospital - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.kumed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • OhioHealth - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - AOL Health 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aolhealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Topic Overview - MSN Health & Fitness - Health Topics 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • Mills-Peninsula Medical Group 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC mpmg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Caring4Cancer 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.caring4cancer.com [Source type: General]
  • FloridaHealthFinder.gov | Health Encyclopedia | Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.floridahealthfinder.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This results from the build-up of scar tissue in the Fallopian tubes, causing damage to cilia.^ Infection causes an ectopic pregnancy by damaging or obstructing the fallopian tubes.

^ Infection causes an ectopic pregnancy by damaging or obstructing the Fallopian tubes.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information by MedicineNet.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medicinenet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fallopian tube damage is a common cause of ectopic pregnancy .
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]. .If however both tubes were completely blocked, so that sperm and egg were physically unable to meet, then fertilization of the egg would naturally be impossible, and neither normal pregnancy nor ectopic pregnancy could occur.^ Normal and ectopic pregnancy .
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Valley Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg is unable to make its way to the uterus through fallopian tubes due to some reasons.
  • pregnancyinsight.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancyinsight.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ectopic pregnancies usually occur in a fallopian tube (called a tubal pregnancy ).
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Medbroadcast 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medbroadcast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tubal surgery for damaged tubes might remove this protection and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy[citation needed].^ I had an ectopic pregnancy and as a result had my right fallopian tube removed.
  • Did my ectopic pregnancy reduced my chances of conceiving? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.netdoctor.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Infection causes an ectopic pregnancy by damaging or obstructing the fallopian tubes.

^ What are the risks of ectopic pregnancies?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.Tubal ligation can predispose to ectopic pregnancy.^ Tubal ligation can predispose to ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tubal histopathology in ectopic pregnancies.
  • Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ectopic pregnancy after tubal sterilization.
  • Ectopic pregnancy after tubal sterilization. Shah JP, Parulekar SV, Hinduja IN J Postgrad Med 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.jpgmonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.Seventy percent of pregnancies after tubal cautery are ectopic, while 70% of pregnancies after tubal clips are intrauterine[citation needed].^ Tubal ligation can predispose to ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tubal histopathology in ectopic pregnancies.
  • Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A tubal ectopic pregnancy never survives.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Reversal of tubal sterilization (Tubal reversal) carries a risk for ectopic pregnancy.^ What are the risks of ectopic pregnancies?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Tubal ligation can predispose to ectopic pregnancy.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tubal histopathology in ectopic pregnancies.
  • Incidence, risk factors, and pathology of ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

.This is higher if more destructive methods of tubal ligation (tubal cautery, partial removal of the tubes) have been used than less destructive methods (tubal clipping).^ The affected tube is partially or fully removed.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy? - Yahoo! Answers 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This is higher if more destructive methods of tubal ligation (tubal cautery, partial removal of the tubes) have been used than less destructive methods (tubal clipping).
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surgeons use laparoscopy or laparotomy to gain access to the pelvis and can either incise the affected Fallopian and remove only the pregnancy (salpingostomy) or remove the affected tube with the pregnancy (salpingectomy).
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A history of a tubal pregnancy increases the risk of future occurrences to about 10%.^ A history of ectopic pregnancy increases the risk of future occurrences to about 10%.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A history of salpingitis increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy 4-fold.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Tubal pregnancy and the risk of subsequent infertility.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Surveillance, United States, 1970-1987 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[5] .This risk is not reduced by removing the affected tube, even if the other tube appears normal.^ This risk is not reduced by removing the affected tube, even if the other tube appears normal.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, the risk of a repeat ectopic pregnancy are increased even if the other tube seems normal.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - a knol by Aniruddha Malpani 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The affected tube is partially or fully removed.
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The best method for diagnosing this is to do an early ultrasound.^ Ectopic pregnancies have been seen with In Vitro Fertilization, but is uncommon and quickly diagnosed by the early ultrasounds that these intensively surveyed patients undergo.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In early pregnancy it will be difficult to diagnose with an ultrasound examination.
  • ectopic pregnancy@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But laparoscopy is not often used to diagnose a very early ectopic pregnancy, because ultrasound and blood pregnancy tests are very accurate.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other

.Patients are at higher risk for ectopic pregnancy with advancing age.^ What are the risks of ectopic pregnancies?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Any sexually active woman of childbearing age is at risk for ectopic pregnancy.
  • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP155-- Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the risk factors for an ectopic pregnancy?
  • (c) UrologyHealth.org - Search Results - Ectopic Ureter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.urologyhealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, it has been noted that smoking is associated with ectopic risk.^ Also, it has been noted that smoking is associated with ectopic risk.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Increased risk is associated with women who have a history of salpingitis or PID, tubal surgery of any type (including tubal ligation and reversal of), or prior ectopic pregnancy.
  • AllRefer Health - Ectopic Pregnancy (Abdominal Pregnancy, Cervical Pregnancy, Tubal Pregnancy) 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC health.allrefer.com [Source type: Academic]

^ And a few studies suggest you may also have a slightly increased risk for ectopic pregnancy if you smoke cigarettes or douche regularly.
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

.Vaginal douching is thought by some to increase ectopic pregnancies.^ Some ectopic pregnancies can be due to: .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy - NY Times Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • What is Ectopic pregnancy? 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy Information at myOptumHealth 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.myoptumhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drexelmed.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Health Diseases & Medical Conditions - South Florida Hospital 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.mhs.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Augusta Health - Ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies occur in 1 in every 40... 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.universityhealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.mercksource.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some women are at an increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy such as those: .
  • Ectopic pregnancy (brochures.mater.org.au) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC brochures.mater.org.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It may increase the chances to have an ectopic pregnancy again.

[5] .Women exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero (aka "DES Daughters") also have an elevated risk of ectopic pregnancy, up to 3 times the risk of unexposed women[citation needed].^ While any woman can have an ectopic pregnancy, the risk is highest for women who are over 35 and have had: .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC kidshealth.org [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - The Children's Hospital-Denver Area, Colorado, Rocky Mountain Region 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.thechildrenshospital.org [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.seattlechildrens.org [Source type: General]

^ What are the risks of ectopic pregnancies?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Women exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero (aka "DES Daughters") also have an elevated risk of ectopic pregnancy, up to 3 times the risk of unexposed women.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Symptoms

.Early symptoms are either absent or subtle.^ Early symptoms are either absent or subtle.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Clinical presentation of ectopic pregnancy occurs at a mean of 7.2 weeks after the last normal menstrual period, with a range of 5 to 8 weeks.^ When was your last period, and was it normal?

^ Can you have a period with an ectopic pregnancy?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Hospitals & Clinics: Ectopic pregnancy .
  • Ectopic pregnancy Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Later presentations are more common in communities deprived of modern diagnostic ability.^ Later presentations are more common in communities deprived of modern diagnostic ability.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hence a more lateral implantation will present later as either pain or rupture.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Doctor | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Early signs include:
.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen, and inflammation (Pain may be confused with a strong stomach pain, it may also feel like a strong cramp)
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain and discomfort, usually mild.^ Pain on one side of the lower abdomen.
    • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The bleeding that results can be painful and create a fullness-like feeling in the abdomen.
    • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Medbroadcast 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medbroadcast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Jackson Sun 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.jacksonsun.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pain and discomfort, usually mild.
    • Ectopic Pregnancy Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC ectopicpregnancy.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .A corpus luteum on the ovary in a normal pregnancy may give very similar symptoms.
  • Vaginal bleeding, usually mild.^ What symptoms may indicate an ectopic pregnancy?
    • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ectopic pregnancy may cause the following symptoms: Abnormal vaginal bleeding .
    • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP155-- Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Vaginal bleeding, usually mild.
    • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .An ectopic pregnancy is usually a failing pregnancy and falling levels of progesterone from the corpus luteum on the ovary cause withdrawal bleeding.^ Not all ectopic pregnancies will cause bleeding in the abdomen.
    • Ectopic pregnancy (brochures.mater.org.au) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC brochures.mater.org.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An ectopic pregnancy is usually a failing pregnancy and falling levels of progesterone from the corpus luteum on the ovary cause withdrawal bleeding.
    • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The cause of ectopic pregnancy is unknown.
    • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This can be indistinguishable from an early miscarriage or the 'implantation bleed' of a normal early pregnancy.
  • Pain while having a bowel movement
.Patients with a late ectopic pregnancy typically experience pain and bleeding.^ As the pregnancy grows it causes pain and bleeding.
  • Multikulti : English : Health : Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.multikulti.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Any advice or any experience with ectopic pregnancy?
  • ectopic pregnancy - Women's Health Support Forums 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womens-health.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patients with a late ectopic pregnancy typically have pain and bleeding.
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This bleeding will be both vaginal and internal and has two discrete pathophysiologic mechanisms:
  • External bleeding is due to the falling progesterone levels.
  • Internal bleeding (hematoperitoneum) is due to hemorrhage from the affected tube.
.The differential diagnosis at this point is between miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, and early normal pregnancy.^ Normal and ectopic pregnancy .
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Valley Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Table 2 lists the common differential diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Diagnosis and Management of Ectopic Pregnancy - November 1, 2005 -- American Family Physician 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ He said it could be an early pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy.
  • ectopic pregnancy - Women's Health Support Forums 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.womens-health.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The presence of a positive pregnancy test virtually rules out pelvic infection as it is rare indeed to find pregnancy with an active Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).^ A history of any pelvic inflammatory disease, .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tabebak.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.webmd.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The University of Kansas Hospital - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.kumed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • OhioHealth - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mills-Peninsula Medical Group 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC mpmg.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Caring4Cancer 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.caring4cancer.com [Source type: General]
  • FloridaHealthFinder.gov | Health Encyclopedia | Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.floridahealthfinder.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As many as 50% of women with ectopic pregnancies have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Alternative treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.stateuniversity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The most common misdiagnosis assigned to early ectopic pregnancy is PID.
More severe internal bleeding may cause:
.
  • Lower back, abdominal, or pelvic pain.
  • Shoulder pain.^ Abdominal or pelvic pain .
    • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP155-- Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Lower back, abdominal, or pelvic pain.
    • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Symptoms: Abnormal vaginal bleeding Amenorrhea Breast tenderness Low back pain Mild cramping on one side of the pelvis Nausea Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area If the area of the abnormal pregnancy ruptures and bleeds, symptoms may get worse.
    • Augusta Health - Ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancies occur in 1 in every 40... 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.universityhealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This is caused by free blood tracking up the abdominal cavity and irritating the diaphragm, and is an ominous sign.
  • There may be cramping or even tenderness on one side of the pelvis.
  • The pain is of recent onset, meaning it must be differentiated from cyclical pelvic pain, and is often getting worse.
.Ectopic pregnancy can mimic symptoms of other diseases such as appendicitis, other gastrointestinal disorder, problems of the urinary system, as well as pelvic inflammatory disease and other gynaecologic problems.^ What symptoms may indicate an ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic pregnancy | BabyCenter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.com [Source type: General]

^ A history of any pelvic inflammatory disease, .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tabebak.com [Source type: Academic]

^ What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

Diagnosis

.An ectopic pregnancy should be considered in any woman with abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding who has a positive pregnancy test.^ We shall continue to talk about the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancyAny woman who has a positive pregnancy test and experiencing abdominal pain or vagina bleeding, an ectopic pregnancy would be suspecte… .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy // BlogCatalog Topic // BlogCatalog 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: General]

^ The classic clinical triad of ectopic pregnancy is pain, amenorrhea, and vaginal bleeding.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Abdominal pain after methotrexate injection for ectopic pregnancy?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.An ultrasound showing a gestational sac with fetal heart in the fallopian tube is clear evidence of ectopic pregnancy.^ Ultrasound showing uterus and tubal pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Infection causes an ectopic pregnancy by damaging or obstructing the fallopian tubes.

^ Ectopic pregnancies usually occur in a fallopian tube (called a tubal pregnancy ).
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Medbroadcast 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medbroadcast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An abnormal rise in blood β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels may indicate an ectopic pregnancy.^ Since ectopic pregnancies may not be detected by ultrasound, the hCG level is also measured.

^ Trend of hCG titers with ectopic pregnancies .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A series of blood tests to measure the levels of a pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).
  • Ectopic and Molar Pregnancy - March of Dimes 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.marchofdimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The threshold of discrimination of intrauterine pregnancy is around 1500 IU/ml of β-hCG. A high resolution, transvaginal ultrasound showing no intrauterine pregnancy is presumptive evidence that an ectopic pregnancy is present if the threshold of discrimination for β-hCG has been reached.^ Ultrasound showing uterus and tubal pregnancy .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trend of hCG titers with ectopic pregnancies .
  • Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy and Fertility Problems 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.advancedfertility.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The threshold of discrimination of intrauterine pregnancy today is around 3000 IU/ml of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG).
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medic8.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An empty uterus with levels higher than 1500 IU/ml may be evidence of an ectopic pregnancy, but may also be consistent with an intrauterine pregnancy which is simply too small to be seen on ultrasound.^ An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that grows in a location other than the lining of the uterus.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Lifescript.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]
  • Tufts Medical Center - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tufts-nemc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. Joseph and Redwood Memorial Hospitals - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stjosepheureka.myhospitalwebsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An ultrasound scan may confirm an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since ectopic pregnancies may not be detected by ultrasound, the hCG level is also measured.

.If the diagnosis is uncertain, it may be necessary to wait a few days and repeat the blood work.^ A few days after a severe bleed it may fall to as little as 30 g/l.
  • http://www.meb.uni-bonn.de/dtc/primsurg/docbook/html/x5061.html 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.meb.uni-bonn.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Blood testing for hCG may be needed for a few weeks after the treatment to check for this.
  • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP155-- Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The patient's periods are usually a few days to a few months late, and she may rightly think she is pregnant.
  • http://www.meb.uni-bonn.de/dtc/primsurg/docbook/html/x5061.html 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.meb.uni-bonn.de [Source type: Original source]

.This can be done by measuring the β-hCG level approximately 48hrs later and repeating the ultrasound.^ Beta-hCG levels may assist in interpreting ultrasound findings.
  • Diagnosis and Management of Ectopic Pregnancy - November 1, 2005 -- American Family Physician 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Since ectopic pregnancies may not be detected by ultrasound, the hCG level is also measured.
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.uptodate.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Modern advances in ultrasound technology and the determination of serum beta-subunit human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) levels have made it easier to diagnose ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - February 15, 2000 - American Academy of Family Physicians 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

.If the β-hCG falls on repeat examination, this strongly suggests a spontaneous abortion or rupture.^ The most common of these are appendicitis, salpingitis, ruptured corpus luteum cyst or ovarian follicle, spontaneous abortion or threatened abortion, ovarian torsion, and urinary tract disease.
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Expectant management may be offered to asymptomatic women with small adnexal masses, lower [beta]-hCG levels, and evidence of spontaneous resolution (eg, falling [beta]-hCG levels) who are willing to accept the risk of tubal rupture.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: expectant management or immediate surgery? An algorithm to improve outcomes | Journal of Family Practice | Find Articles at BNET 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC findarticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most common of these are appendicitis , salpingitis , ruptured corpus luteum cyst or ovarian follicle, spontaneous abortion or threatened abortion , ovarian torsion , and urinary tract disease .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.A laparoscopy or laparotomy can also be performed to visually confirm an ectopic pregnancy.^ The laparoscopy can confirm the diagnosis and the exact position of the ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy removal – laparoscopic: Patient's Guide 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.privatehealth.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These may be performed by laparoscopy or laparotomy.
  • Regular Review: Ectopic pregnancy -- Tay et al. 320 (7239): 916 Data Supplement - Longer version -- BMJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ectopic pregnancy identified at laparoscopy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - February 15, 2000 - American Academy of Family Physicians 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

.Often if a tubal abortion or tubal rupture has occurred, it is difficult to find the pregnancy tissue.^ Secondary: usually after tubal rupture or abortion.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - D. El-Mowafi 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.gfmer.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How often do ectopic pregnancies occur?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Tubal rupture of the ectopic pregnancy occurs in less than 5%.
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A laparoscopy in very early ectopic pregnancy rarely shows a normal looking fallopian tube.^ Normal and ectopic pregnancy .
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Valley Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fallopian tube damage is a common cause of ectopic pregnancy .
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most ectopic pregnancies occur because the fallopian tube is not functioning normally.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Lifescript.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]
  • Tufts Medical Center - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tufts-nemc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • St. Joseph and Redwood Memorial Hospitals - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC stjosepheureka.myhospitalwebsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Culdocentesis, in which fluid is retrieved from the space separating the vagina and rectum, is a less commonly performed test that may be used to look for internal bleeding.^ In this procedure a needle is inserted into the space at the top of the vagina, behind the uterus and in front of the rectum.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Alternative treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.stateuniversity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a woman of reproductive age presents with abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, syncope, or hypotension, the physician should perform a pregnancy test.
  • Diagnosis and Management of Ectopic Pregnancy - November 1, 2005 -- American Family Physician 11 September 2009 11:37 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ For an early ectopic pregnancy that is not causing bleeding, you may have a choice between using medicine or surgery to end the pregnancy.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this test, a needle is inserted into the space at the very top of the vagina, behind the uterus and in front of the rectum.^ The uterus is at the top of the vagina.
  • Ectopic pregnancy removal – laparoscopic: Patient's Guide 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.privatehealth.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your doctor may insert swabs into the vagina and cervix to take samples.
  • Health24 - Medical - Head 2 Toe 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is performed by inserting a needle through the posterior fornix of the vagina into the cul-de-sac and attempting to aspirate blood.
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

.Any blood or fluid found may have been derived from a ruptured ectopic pregnancy.^ Surgery is preferred for ruptured ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: expectant management or immediate surgery? An algorithm to improve outcomes | Journal of Family Practice | Find Articles at BNET 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC findarticles.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blood tests that show low levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or a slower than usual rise in hCG can point to an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Jackson Sun 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC health.jacksonsun.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other less frequent ectopic locations are the cornual, ovarian and cervical kind, where an extrauterine pregnancy may develop ( Ginsburg et al.
  • Ectopic pregnancy in animals and humans -- Corpa 131 (4): 631 -- Reproduction 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.reproduction-online.org [Source type: Academic]

.Cullen's sign can indicate a ruptured ectopic pregnancy.^ Ruptured ectopic pregnancy .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is this normal Or is it a sign of ectopic pregnancy?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Tubal ectopic pregnancy After Rupture .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tabebak.com [Source type: Academic]

Treatment

Medical

.Early treatment of an ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate is a viable alternative to surgical treatment[16] since at least 1993.[17] If administered early in the pregnancy, methotrexate can disrupt the growth of the developing embryo causing the cessation of pregnancy.^ Early treatment of an ectopic pregnancy with the drug methotrexate has proven to be a viable alternative to surgical treatment.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Methotrexate treatment is usually the first choice for ending an early ectopic pregnancy.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ectopic pregnancies can be resistant to treatment.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Surgical

.If hemorrhage has already occurred, surgical intervention may be necessary.^ At this time, surgical intervention may be warranted.
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If hemorrhaging has already occurred, surgical intervention may be necessary if there is evidence of ongoing blood loss.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC maybemom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surgical intervention is only necessary when there is hypotension or a decrease in packed cell volume.
  • Regular Review: Ectopic pregnancy -- Tay et al. 320 (7239): 916 Data Supplement - Longer version -- BMJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

.However, whether to pursue surgical intervention is an often difficult decision in a stable patient with minimal evidence of blood clot on ultrasound.^ Surgical treatments, however, increase the risk of future ectopic pregnancies and/or reduce fertility, and there are situations in which postponing surgical intervention can be medically advantageous.
  • CUF.org :: Catholics United for the Faith 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cuf.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Miscarriage Around a quarter of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, however it is often difficult to determine the cause.
  • Sexual Health - Early pregnancy assessment units (EPAU) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC healthcarea2z.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the patients were clinically stable and asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic.
  • Evaluation of ectopic pregnancy by magnetic resonance imaging -- Kataoka et al. 14 (10): 2644 -- Human Reproduction 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC humrep.oxfordjournals.org [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
.Surgeons use laparoscopy or laparotomy to gain access to the pelvis and can either incise the affected Fallopian and remove only the pregnancy (salpingostomy) or remove the affected tube with the pregnancy (salpingectomy).^ She was operated on to remove her fallopian tube.
  • Chlamydia and ectopic pregnancies | Life and style | The Guardian 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ A fallopian tube segment is removed.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ruptured fallopian tube and remnant of the early pregnancy are then removed.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The first successful surgery for an ectopic pregnancy was performed by Robert Lawson Tait in 1883.[18]

Complications

.The most common complication is rupture with internal bleeding that leads to shock.^ The most common complication is rupture with internal bleeding that leads to shock.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drexelmed.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Rupture can lead to shock, an emergency condition.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drexelmed.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This is because if left untreated, it may cause the fallopian tube to rupture, which leads to very heavy bleeding.
  • Sexual Health - Early pregnancy assessment units (EPAU) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC healthcarea2z.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Death from rupture is rare in women who have access to modern medical facilities.^ Death from rupture is rare.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.drexelmed.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ It is logical that women do not go to a medical facility to adopt their babies out.
  • Newsvine - Baltimore Finds A Common Sense Solution to Crisis Pregnancy Centers 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC an-uncommon-scold.newsvine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Women who's mothers took the medication DES (diethlystilbestol) during pregnancy are also at greater risk for developing an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments : Concerns and Complications : Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.justmommies.com [Source type: General]

.Infertility occurs in 10 - 15% of women who have had an ectopic pregnancy.^ Many women who have ectopic pregnancies go on to have other, healthy pregnancies.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Valley Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cnnstudentnews.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • OhioHealth - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC edition2.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Who gets ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Health | Patient UK 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How often do ectopic pregnancies occur?
  • WikiAnswers - Ectopic Pregnancy Questions including "What are test tube babies" 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

Prognosis

Future fertility

.Fertility following ectopic pregnancy depends upon several factors, the most important of which is a prior history of infertility.^ What are the risk factors for an ectopic pregnancy?
  • (c) UrologyHealth.org - Search Results - Ectopic Ureter 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.urologyhealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy that should be recognized include: a prior history of ectopic pregnancy .
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Follow-up: Ectopic Pregnancy .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Radiology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[19] .The treatment choice, whether surgical or nonsurgical, also plays a role.^ Any time a surgical approach is chosen as the treatment of choice, consider the complications attributable to the surgery, whether it is laparotomy or laparoscopy.
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1988 Jul; 95(7): 711-6 Rulin MC: Is salpingostomy the surgical treatment of choice for unruptured tubal pregnancy?
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Rulin MC. Is salpingostomy the surgical treatment of choice for unruptured tubal pregnancy?.  Obstet Gynecol . Dec 1995;86(6):1010-3.  [Medline] .
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.For example, the rate of intrauterine pregnancy may be higher following methotrexate compared to surgical treatment.^ Oral methotrexate for treatment of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Exempla Healthcare Online Library 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.exempla.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A review of retrospective and prospective relevant studies on ectopic pregnancy showed no significant difference in rates of intrauterine or recurrent ectopic when radical and conservative surgical treatment were compared.
  • Regular Review: Ectopic pregnancy -- Tay et al. 320 (7239): 916 Data Supplement - Longer version -- BMJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Fertility after treatment Rates of intrauterine pregnancy after expectant management are comparable to those after medical or surgical management (between 80% and 88%), (56) (57) and rates of recurrent ectopic pregnancy vary between 4.2% and 5%.
  • Regular Review: Ectopic pregnancy -- Tay et al. 320 (7239): 916 Data Supplement - Longer version -- BMJ 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.bmj.com [Source type: Academic]

[20] .Rate of fertility may be better following salpingostomy than salpingectomy.^ In 1997, Yao and Tulandi concluded from a literature review that laparoscopic salpingostomy had equal or slightly better reproductive performance than salpingectomy; however, slightly higher recurrent ectopic pregnancy rates were noted in the salpingostomy group.
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Fertil Steril 1993 Aug; 60(2): 231-5 Parker J, Bisits A: Laparoscopic surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy: salpingectomy or salpingostomy?
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

^ While the rate in 2007, 121, was slightly better than in 2000, it is still nearly double the 2010 target.
  • Rates of sexually transmitted diseases among teens reaching epidemic levels 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC host.madison.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20]

Notable cases

.On 19 April 2008 an English woman, Jayne Jones (age 37) who had an ectopic pregnancy attached to the omentum, the fatty covering of her large bowel, gave birth.^ Emergency-room personnel and other health-care providers should consider and rule out ectopic pregnancy when treating women of reproductive age who have symptoms associated with ectopic pregnancy.
  • Surveillance for Ectopic Pregnancy -- United States, 1970-1989 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC wonder.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The ectopic pregnancy is judged to be too large for medical treatment or if the patient has other conditions, which would prevent the use of methotrexate, such as a history of kidney or liver disease.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy | Lifescript.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

^ Women over 35 years old, nonwhites, or those who have a history of infertility are at a greater risk of experiencing an of ectopic pregnancy.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.tabebak.com [Source type: Academic]

.The baby was delivered by a laparotomy at 28 weeks gestation.^ After carrying a fetus or baby for 40 weeks, expecting mothers look forward to delivering their baby and starting a new life challenge.

^ The premature babies often face health problems and sometimes if the gestation period is even less than 34 weeks the health problems can even be fatal and cost life.
  • pregnancyinsight.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancyinsight.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Funny you should mention that, did you see the recent case where a woman DELIVERED a baby that resided and gestated for 9mos in her abdomen??!!
  • Ectopic Pregnancy Question - Page 4 - Catholic Answers Forums 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

.The surgery, the first of its kind to be performed in the UK, was successful, and both mother and baby survived.^ However, I can never be a mother nor feel the excitement of the quickening, that moment when she first feels her baby moving inside her.
  • 9-Week Human Embryo from Ectopic Pregnancy on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: General]

[21]
.On May 29, 2008 an Australian woman, Meera Thangarajah (age 34), who had an ectopic pregnancy in the ovary, gave birth to a healthy full term 6 pound 3 ounce (2.8 kg) baby girl, Durga, via Caesarean section.^ Many women who have ectopic pregnancies go on to have other, healthy pregnancies.
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Ectopic pregnancy - Valley Health System 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.valleyhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cnnstudentnews.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • OhioHealth - Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.ohiohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC edition2.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Sadly, neither ectopic nor molar pregnancies can result in the birth of a baby.
  • Ectopic and Molar Pregnancy - March of Dimes 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.marchofdimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many women who have had an ectopic pregnancy can have healthy pregnancies in the future.
  • Ectopic and Molar Pregnancy - March of Dimes 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.marchofdimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.She had no problems or complications during the 38-week pregnancy.^ During the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Health Information 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.svcmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CIGNA - Ectopic Pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Exempla Healthcare Online Library 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.exempla.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MVP but do not face any complications during pregnancy.
  • pregnancyinsight.com 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC pregnancyinsight.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A period of intense research characterized the rate of rise of hCG in normal pregnancy as at least 66% and more often 100% in a 2 day period during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Publications - Ectopic Pregnancy Overview E. Daiter, MD 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.obgyn.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22][23]
.The case of Olivia, Mary and Ronan had an extrauterine fetus (Ronan) and intrauterine twins.^ While dilatation and curettage is easy and effective, it can provide false reassurance in cases of heterotropic pregnancies where multiple gestations are present, with at least one being intrauterine and one being extrauterine.
  • Welcome to Medceu 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.medceu.com [Source type: Academic]

All three survived. The intrauterine twins were taken out first.[24]

Ectopic gestation

Ectopic gestation exists in other mammals.
In sheep, it can go to term, with mammary preparation to parturition, and expulsion efforts.
.The foetus can be removed by caesarian section.^ If you've had any abdominal surgery, including an appendix removal or a caesarian section .
  • Ectopic pregnancy 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC www.babycenter.in [Source type: General]

Pictures of caesarian section of a ewe, 5 days after parturition signs.

References

  1. ^ Page EW, Villee CA, Villee DB. Human Reproduction, 2nd Edition. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1976. p. 211. ISBN 0-7216-7042-3. 
  2. ^ Serdar Ural (May 2004). "Ectopic pregnancy". KidsHealth. http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/pregnancy_newborn/pregnancy/ectopic.html. Retrieved 2006-11-26. 
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