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Edinburg, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389
Country United States
State Texas
County Hidalgo
Government
 - Mayor Joe Ochoa
Area
 - Total 37.4 sq mi (96.9 km2)
 - Land 37.4 sq mi (96.8 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 64,465
 Density 1,296.9/sq mi (500.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78539-78541
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-22660[1]
GNIS feature ID 1335095[2]
Website http://www.cityofedinburg.com

Edinburg is a city in and the county seat of Hidalgo County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 48,465 at the 2000 census.

Edinburg is one of the principal cities of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hidalgo County.

This city is the home of the University of Texas-Pan American and the Edinburg Roadrunners, an independent league baseball team in the United Baseball League.

Contents

History

In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community (the town square of which is now located at the crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107). The town was named Chapin in honor of one of the developers. It became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat, Hidalgo, Texas.[4] When Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio, Texas [5], the community changed its name to Edinburg to honor a prominent businessman who was born in [6] Edinburg incorporated in 1919.

Geography

Edinburg is located at 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389 (26.304225, -98.163751).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.4 square miles (96.9 km²), of which, 37.4 square miles (96.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.13%) is water.

Demographics

Population as of the census[1] of 2000, there were 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km²). There were 16,031 housing units at an average density of 429.0/sq mi (165.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 22.67% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.68% of the population. However, overlap of the race and Hispanic/Latino categories is the source of considerable dispute; for example, in Census 2000 data, the "other races" category overlaps by 95% with the Hispanic/Latino category.[8]

There were 14,183 households out of which 46.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.71.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and the median income for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under age 18 and 23.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

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Colleges and universities

Edinburg is the home of the University of Texas-Pan American and the Rio Grande Bible Institute. Edinburg is also located in the South Texas College District.

Elementary and secondary education

Almost all of the city is served by the Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District, comprising three high schools, one alternative secondary school, five middle schools, and 20 of the District's elementary schools. A small portion is served by the McAllen Independent School District, including Memorial High School, Lamar Academy, Cathey Middle School, and McAllen's Gonzalez Elementary.

In addition, the South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve Edinburg. South Texas Business Education & Technology Academy (BETA) is in Edinburg. Students from Edinburg also have the chance to attend other South Texas ISD schools in Mercedes -South Texas High School for the Medical Professions and The Science Academy of South Texas.

The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates St. Joseph Catholic School, an elementary and middle school. The Diocese has announced that it will open San Juan Diego Regional Catholic High School in Edinburg in Fall 2010.

Museums

Edinburg is home to the Museum of South Texas History, formerly the Hidalgo County Historical Museum.

State prisons

Edinburg is also the home of two prisons operated by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. [1]

1) The Lopez Unit [2] 2) The Segovia Unit [3]

Radio stations

Area newspapers

  • The Monitor
  • The Edinburg Review
  • The Mid Valley Town Crier

Television

The Edinburg area is served by numerous local television affiliates.

Notes

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Edinburg, A Story of a Town, Edinburg Bicentennial Heritage Committee.
  5. ^ San Antonio Light Newspaper Dec 7, 1911 Page 2
  6. ^ Edinburg, A Story of a Town, Edinburg Bicentennial Heritage Committee.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Rodriguez, Clara E. 2000. Changing Race: Latinos, the Census, and the History of Ethnicity in the United States. New York: New York University Press.

External links


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