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Edinburgh South
Burgh constituency
EdinburghSouthConstituency.svg
Edinburgh South shown within Scotland
Created: 1885
MP: Nigel Griffiths
Party: Labour
Type: House of Commons
Council areas: City of Edinburgh
EP constituency: Scotland

Edinburgh South is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, first used in the general election of 1885. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Prior to the 2005 general election the constituency had the same boundaries as the Scottish Parliament constituency with the same name. See Edinburgh South (Scottish Parliament constituency).

Contents

Boundaries

When created in 1885, the Westminster constituency was partly a replacement for the Edinburgh constituency. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of the Municipal Wards of St. George, St. Cuthbert, and Newington.[1]

In 1918 the constituency consisted of the "Merchiston, Morningside, and Newington Municipal Wards of Edinburgh."

In 2005, prior to the general election, Edinburgh South was one of six covering the City of Edinburgh council area. Five were entirely within the city council area. One, Edinburgh East and Musselburgh, straddled the boundary with the East Lothian council area, to take in Musselburgh.

For the 2005 election, the constituency was enlarged to enclude areas from the former Edinburgh Pentlands constituency, and became one of five constituencies covering the city area, all entirely within that area.[2]

The constituency covers a southern portion of the city area, and is predominantly suburban. In terms of wards used in elections to the City of Edinburgh Council 1999 to 2007, it includes the wards of Alnwickhill, Fairmilehead, Gilmerton, Kaimes, Marchmont, Merchiston, Moredun, Little France, Newington, North Morningside and the Grange, Sciennes, and South Morningside.

These wards were replaced with new wards in 2007, as a result of the Local Governance (Scotland) Act 2004. THe constituency therefore contains almost no electoral division in its entirety. Those within its boundaries are Southside/Newington, Meadows/Morningside, a handful of streets from the extreme north-east of Fountainbridge/Craiglockhart ward, Colinton/Fairmilehead, and Liberton/Gilemerton.

2010 election

On the 1st of February 2010, Nigel Griffiths announced that he would not stand as the Labour candidate in the 2010 general election[3]. The Liberal Democrats have selected former City of Edinburgh councillor Fred Mackintosh as their candidate. The Scottish Conservatives have selected veterinary surgeon Dr. Neil Hudson as their candidate. The SNP have selected financial consultant Sandy Howat as their candidate.

The constituency is recognised as a top target seat for both the Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives against the Labour Party; The Lib Dem candidate was just 405 votes behind the successful Labour candidate in the last general election. In early 2008 Charles Clarke included it in his early 2008 "Doomsday Memo" of at-risk Labour constituencies, predicting that it could be taken by the Liberal Democrats with a swing of under 0.5%.[4] In October 2009 a polling of marginal Scottish constituencies suggested that it could be taken by the Liberal Democrats [5].

Members of Parliament

Elected Member Party
1885 George Harrison Independent Liberal
1886 Hugh Childers Liberal
1892 Herbert Paul Liberal
1895 Robert Cox Liberal
1899 Arthur Dewar Liberal
1900 Sir Andrew Agnew, 9th Baronet Liberal Unionist
1906 Arthur Dewar Liberal
1910 Charles Henry Lyell Liberal
1917 James Edward Parrott Liberal
1918 Charles David Murray Unionist
1922 Samuel Chapman Unionist
1945 William Darling Unionist
1957

Michael Clark Hutchison

Unionist
1965 Conservative
1979 Michael Ancram Conservative
1987 Nigel Griffiths Labour

Election results

Confirmed candidates for the General Election 2010[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Scottish Green Steve Burgess
SNP Sandy Howat
Conservative Neil Hudson
Liberal Democrat Fred Mackintosh
General Election 2005: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nigel Griffiths 14,188 33.2% -6.1
Liberal Democrat Marilyne MacLaren 13,783 32.3% +7.0
Conservative Gavin Brown 10,291 24.1% +1.4
SNP Graham Sutherland 2,635 6.2% -3.1
Scottish Green Steve Burgess 1,387 3.2% N/A
Scottish Socialist Morag Robertson 414 1.0% -1.2
Majority 405 0.9% -13.9
Turnout 42,698 69.9 +9.2
Labour hold Swing -6.5
General Election 2001: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nigel Griffiths 15,671 42.2% -4.7
Liberal Democrat Marilyne MacLaren 10,172 27.4% +9.7
Conservative Gordon Buchan 6,172 16.6% -4.7
SNP Heather Williams 3,683 9.9% -3.0
Scottish Socialist Colin Fox 933 2.5% N/A
Legalise Cannabis Margaret Hendry 535 1.4% N/A
Majority 5,499 14.8% -10.7
Turnout 37,166 57.7% -14.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1997: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nigel Griffiths 20,993 46.8%
Conservative Elizabeth Smith 9,541 21.3%
Liberal Democrat Mike Pringle 7,911 17.6%
SNP John Hargreaves 5,791 12.9%
Referendum Party Ian McLean 504 1.1%
Natural Law Bradley Dunn 98 0.2%
Majority 11,452 25.5%
Turnout 71.8
Labour hold Swing +8.1
General Election 1992: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nigel Griffiths 18,485
Conservative Struan Stevenson 14,309
Liberal Democrat B. McCreadie 5,961
SNP R. Knox 5,727
Natural Law G. Manclark 108
Majority 4,176
Turnout 72.67
Labour hold Swing
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Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1935: Edinburgh South [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Samuel Chapman 27,254
Labour Mrs B. Woodburn 5,365
General Election 1931: Edinburgh South [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Samuel Chapman unopposed

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1924: Edinburgh South [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Samuel Chapman 15,854
Liberal David Coupar Thomson 8,777
General Election 1923: Edinburgh South [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Samuel Chapman 12,504
Liberal W. Hope 10,194
By-election 9 April 1920: Edinburgh South [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Maj Charles David Murray CMG KC 11,176
Liberal D.T. Holmes 8,177

Elections in the 1910s

General Election 1918: Edinburgh South [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Maj Charles David Murray CMG KC 14,854
Liberal D. Caird 4,955
General Election Dec 1910: Edinburgh South [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maj the Hon Charles Henry Lyell 9,576
Conservative Maj Charles David Murray KC 7,986
By-election 28 April 1910: Edinburgh South [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maj the Hon Charles Henry Lyell 8,694
Liberal Unionist Ralph George Campbell Glyn 6,367
General Election Jan 1910: Edinburgh South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Dewar KC 10,235
Conservative Harold B Cox 7,901

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1906: Edinburgh South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Dewar KC 8,945 59.9
Conservative William C. Smith KC 5,985 40.1
General Election 1900: Edinburgh South [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Sir Andrew Noel Agnew Bt 5,766
Liberal Arthur Dewar KC 5,655

Elections in the 1890s

By-election 19 Jun 1899: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Dewar KC 5,820
Conservative Maj.-Gen. A. G. Wauchope 4,989
General Election 1895: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Robert Cox 4,902
Liberal Herbert Woodfield Paul 4,795
Majority 97
General Election 1892: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert Woodfield Paul 4,682
Liberal Unionist Lewis MacIver 4,251
Majority 431

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1886: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Childers 3,778
Liberal Unionist Robert Purvis 2,191
Majority 1,587

At a by-election on 9 February 1886, Mr Childers having accepted office, he was returned unopposed.

By-election 29 Jan 1886: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Childers 4,029
Conservative Hon Walter George Hepburne-Scott 1,730
General Election 1885: Edinburgh South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir George Harrison 4,273
Liberal Thomas Raleigh 2,874
Majority 1,399

Notes and references

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  2. ^ Fifth Periodical Review, Boundary Commission for Scotland
  3. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8490951.stm
  4. ^ PDF at Times Online
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Edinburgh South, UKPollingReport
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  9. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  10. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  11. ^ The Times, 23 April 1920. By-election followed Charles Murray's appointment as Solicitor-General for Scotland
  12. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  16. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901

See also

Coordinates: 55°54′50″N 3°09′31″W / 55.91389°N 3.15861°W / 55.91389; -3.15861


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