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Edouard Van Beneden

Edouard Van Beneden
Born 5 March 1846
Leuven
Died 28 April 1910
Liège
Nationality Belgian
Fields embryologist
Institutions University of Liège
Known for meiosis

Edouard Joseph Marie Van Beneden (Leuven, 5 March 1846 – Liège, 28 April 1910), son of Pierre-Joseph Van Beneden, was a Belgian embryologist, cytologist and marine biologist. He was professor of zoology at the University of Liège. He contributed to cytogenetics by his works on the roundworm Ascaris. In this work he discovered how chromosomes organized meiosis (the production of gametes).

Beneden elucidated, together with Walther Flemming and Eduard Strasburger, the essential facts of mitosis, where, in contrast to meiosis, there is a qualitative and quantitative equality of chromosome distribution to daughter cells. (See karyotype)

References

  • Hamoir, G (March 1992). "The discovery of meiosis by E. Van Beneden, a breakthrough in the morphological phase of heredity". Int. J. Dev. Biol. 36 (1): 9–15. PMID 1627480.  
  • Hamoir, G (October 1986). "[Edouard Van Beneden, biologist and stoic]". Revue médicale de Liège 41 (20): 779–85. PMID 3541105.  

Bibliography "Edouard van Beneden." SpeedyLook encyclopedia. 22 Mar. 2009 <http://www.speedylook.com/Edouard_van_Beneden.html>.

"Embryology." Answers.com. 22 Mar. 2009 <http://www.answers.com/topic/embryology>.

"Meiosis." Answers.com - Online Dictionary, Encyclopedia and much more. 22 Mar. 2009 <http://www.answers.com/M%C3%A9iose>.


Simple English

Edouard Joseph Marie Van Beneden (Leuven, 5 March 1846 – Liège, 28 April 1910), cytologist and marine biologist. He was professor of zoology at the University of Liège.[1] He contributed to cytology and genetics by his work on the roundworm Ascaris. In this work he discovered how chromosomes combined during meiosis, during the production of gametes.[2]

Beneden elucidated, together with Walther Flemming and Eduard Strasburger, the essential facts of mitosis, where, in contrast to meiosis, there is a qualitative and quantitative equality of chromosome distribution to daughter cells. (See karyotype)

References

  1. *Hamoir, G (1986). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Edouard van Beneden, biologist and stoic"]. Revue médicale de Liège 41 (20): 779–85. PMID 3541105. 
  2. Hamoir, G (1992). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "The discovery of meiosis by E. van Beneden, a breakthrough in the morphological phase of heredity"]. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 36 (1): 9–15. PMID 1627480. 


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