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Eduard Schensnovich
January 6, 1853(1853-01-06) - January 3, 1911 (aged 57)
Edward Szczesnowicz.jpg
Eduard Schensnovich
Place of birth Archangelsk
Place of death Saint Petersburg
Allegiance  Russian Empire
Service/branch Imperial Russian Navy
Years of service 1871-1910
Rank Vice Admiral
Battles/wars Russo Japanese War
Awards Order of St. George
Order of St. Vladimir
Order of Saint Stanislaus
Order of St. Anna

Eduard Nikolayevich Schensnovich (Russian: Эдуа́рд Никола́евич Щенсно́вич), occasionally transliterated as Szczesnowicz (born 1852 died 1910) was an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy.

Schensnovich was born into an ethnic Polish noble family in the service of the Russian Empire. His father, Nikolai Schensnovich was a naval officer. Schensnovich joined the Sea Cadet Corps graduating in 1871. He initially served on the gunboat Smerch. In 1876 he was posted to the Black Sea Fleet serving on board torpedo boats during the Russo Turkish War of 1877. In 1878 he joined the mine warfare school of the Baltic Fleet and represented Russia during the Exposition Universelle (1878) in Paris.

In 1885 he was promoted to Captain 2nd Rank and commanded the destroyer division of the Pacific Fleet. In 1886 he returned to the Baltic Fleet and commanded gunboats and destroyers. In 1895 he was base commander in Valdivostok.

In 1898 he was promoted to Captain 1st Rank and was sent to Philadelphia to supervise the construction of the battleship Retvizan and cruiser Varyag in America. He returned to Russia in 1902 aboard the Retvizan which he commanded for the duration of her Russian Navy career.

During the Russo Japanese War Schensnovich was based in Port Arthur and took part in the Battle of the Yellow Sea where he was wounded in the abdomen by shrapnel. He never fully recovered from this injury.

After repatriation following the war Schensnovich was based in the Baltic Fleet as head of the diving school and base commander at Libau and later commander of the first Russian Navy submarine squadron. He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1905 and Vice Admiral in 1909.


  • This article incorporates material translated from Russian and Polish Wikipedia Articles
  • Lech Trawicki: Polacy na Rietwizanie w: Morza, Statki i Okręty 3/2004, s. 43-48 (Polish Language)
  • Article in Russian Language


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